Jessica A. Mong

Jessica A. Mong
University of Maryland, Baltimore | UMB · Department of Pharmacology

Ph.D.

About

91
Publications
8,972
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3,427
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
1272 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - December 2010
The Rockefeller University
January 2002 - December 2007
January 1997 - December 2012
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Position
  • University of Maryland-School of Medicine

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have identified sex-differences in auditory physiology and in the susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). We hypothesize that 17β-estradiol (E2), a known modulator of auditory physiology, may underpin sex-differences in the response to noise trauma. Here, we gonadectomized B6CBAF1/J mice and used a combination of electro...
Article
Gonadal steroids and gender are risk factors for sleep disruptions and insomnia in women. However, the relationship between ovarian steroids and sleep is poorly understood. In rodent models, estradiol (E2) suppresses sleep in females suggesting that E2 may reduce homeostatic sleep need. The current study investigates whether E2 decreases sleep need...
Preprint
Studies report estradiol (E2) suppresses sleep in females; however, the mechanisms of E2 action remain largely undetermined. Our previous findings suggest that the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) is a key nexus for E2 action on sleep. Here, using behavioral, neurochemical and pharmacological approaches, we investigated whether E2 influenced the slee...
Article
Dysregulation of the kynurenine pathway (KP) of tryptophan catabolism has been implicated in psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is a KP metabolite synthesized by kynurenine aminotransferases (KATs) from its biological precursor kynurenine and acts as an endogenous antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspart...
Preprint
To further our understanding of how gonadal steroids impact sleep biology, we sought to address the mechanism by which proestrus levels of cycling ovarian steroids, particularly estradiol (E2), suppress sleep in female rats. We showed that steroid replacement of proestrus levels of E2 to ovariectomized female rats, suppressed sleep to similar level...
Article
Full-text available
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychomotor stimulant that is reported to enhance sexual desire and behavior in both men and women, leading to increases in unplanned pregnancies, sexually-transmitted infections, and even comorbid psychiatric conditions. Here, we discuss our rodent model of increased sexually-motivated behaviors in which the co-administ...
Chapter
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Sleep is a phenomenon in animal behavior as enigmatic as it is ubiquitous, and one deeply tied to endocrine function. Though there are still many unanswered questions about the neurochemical basis of sleep and its functions, extensive interactions have been identified between sleep and the endocrine system, in both the endocrine system’s effect on...
Article
Hearing loss is the most common form of sensory impairment in humans, with an anticipated rise in incidence as the result of recreational noise exposures. Hearing loss is also the second most common health issue afflicting military veterans. Currently, there are no approved therapeutics to treat sensorineural hearing loss in humans. While hearing l...
Article
Breast cancer patients using aromatase inhibitors (AIs) as an adjuvant therapy often report side effects including hot flashes, mood changes, and cognitive impairment. Despite long-term use in humans, little is known about the effects of continuous AI administration on the brain and cognition. We used a primate model of human cognitive aging, the c...
Article
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Background: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most prevalent form of acquired hearing loss and affects about 40 million US adults. Among the suggested therapeutics tested in rodents, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) has been shown to be otoprotective from NIHL; however, these results were limited to male mice. Methods: Here we teste...
Preprint
Full-text available
Methamphetamine, a psychostimulant drug of abuse, increases sexual motivation both in humans and in rodent models. The activation of dopamine type-1 receptors (D1Rs) within the medial amygdala, in the presence of ovarian hormones (EB+P), are both necessary and sufficient for increases in proceptive, or sexually motivated, behaviors. Here, we demons...
Article
The kynurenine pathway (KP) of tryptophan degradation has been implicated in psychiatric disorders. Specifically, the astrocyte-derived metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA), an antagonist at both N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine (α7nACh) receptors, has been implicated in cognitive processes in health and disease. As KYNA level...
Article
Methamphetamine (Meth) is a psychomotor stimulant associated with increased sexual drive and risky sexual behaviors in both men and women. Females are comparatively understudied, despite the fact that are just as likely as men to use methamphetamine. Importantly, Meth-associated sexual behaviors put female-users at a greater risk for unplanned preg...
Article
Full-text available
Inadequate sleep is a prevalent problem within our society that can result in cognitive dysfunction. Elevations in kynurenic acid (KYNA), a metabolite of the kynurenine pathway (KP) of tryptophan degradation known to impact cognition, in the brain may constitute a molecular link between sleep loss and cognitive impairment. To test this hypothesis,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Although research into the neurobiology of sexual desire in women is active, relatively little is understood about the origins of sexual motivation in women. The purpose of our review is to discuss factors that influence a central sexual motivate state and generalized arousal as potential drivers of sexual motivation in women and female r...
Article
Study objectives: Tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine pathway may represent a key molecular link between sleep loss and cognitive dysfunction. Modest increases in the kynurenine pathway metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA), which acts as an antagonist at N-methyl-d-aspartate and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the brain, result in cogniti...
Article
Loss of ovarian function in women is associated with sleep disturbances and cognitive decline, which suggest a key role for estrogens and/or progestins in modulating these symptoms. The effects of ovarian hormones on sleep and cognitive processes have been studied in separate research fields that seldom intersect. However, sleep has a considerable...
Article
Introduction Cognitive dysfunction is a negative consequence of sleep loss. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine pathway may represent a key molecular link between sleep and cognition. Modest increases in the kynurenine pathway metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA) result in cognitive impair...
Article
Full-text available
Methamphetamine (Meth) is a psychomotor stimulant strongly associated with increases in sexual drive and impulse in both men and women. These changes in sexual motivation have a greater impact on women due to their likelihood of facing the greater burden of unplanned pregnancies, as well as increased risk for psychiatric co-morbidities such as depr...
Article
Full-text available
Menopausal women often suffer from hot flashes and sleep disturbances that significantly impact their quality of life. Both human and animal studies suggest that loss of estrogens during menopause contribute to these symptoms. In the female rat, both core body temperature (CBT) and sleep are sensitive to 17β-estradiol (E2) levels, but important...
Article
Full-text available
Men and women sleep differently. While much is known about the mechanisms that drive sleep, the reason for these sex differences in sleep behaviour is unknown and understudied. Historically, women and female animals are underrepresented in studies of sleep and its disorders. Nevertheless, there is a growing recognition of sex disparities in sleep a...
Article
Full-text available
Methamphetamine (MA) is a psychomotor stimulant associated with increases in sex drive in both men and women. Women, however, are far more likely to face social disadvantages as a consequence of MA use, and their increased sexual motivation poses additional health concerns such as unplanned pregnancies. To better understand the mechanisms underlyin...
Article
This review discusses the unique contribution of nonhuman primate research to our understanding of the neurocognitive effects of estrogens throughout the adult lifespan in females. Mounting evidence indicates that estrogens affect many aspects of hippocampal, prefrontal and cholinergic function in the primate brain and the underlying mechanisms are...
Article
Full-text available
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychomotor stimulant strongly associated with increases in sexual drive and impulsive sexual behaviors that often lead to unsafe sexual practices. In women METH users, such practices have been associated with increases in unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Despite this significant heath concern, th...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause sleep-wake disturbances and excessive daytime sleepiness. However, the pathobiology of sleep disorders in TBI is not well understood and animal models have been underutilized in studying such changes and potential underlying mechanisms. Here we used the rat lateral fluid percussion (LFP) model to analyze sleep...
Article
Study objectives: To determine whether sleep disturbances are found in the valproic acid model of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Design: Comparative study for sleep behavior, sleep architecture, electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral analysis, and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65/67 protein expression in juvenile rats exposed to valproic acid...
Article
Full-text available
Study objectives: The basal forebrain (BF) has been implicated as an important brain region that regulates the sleep-wake cycle of animals. Gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) neurons are the most predominant neuronal population within this region. However, due to the lack of specific molecular tools, the roles of the BF GABAergic neurons hav...
Article
The paucity of clinical and preclinical studies investigating sex differences in sleep has resulted in mixed findings as to the exact nature of these differences. Although gonadal steroids are known to modulate sleep in females, less is known about males. Moreover, little evidence exists concerning the origin of these sex differences in sleep behav...
Article
Full-text available
Ovarian hormones are thought to modulate sleep and fluctuations in the hormonal milieu are coincident with sleep complaints in women. In female rats, estradiol increases waking and suppresses sleep. Here, we asked whether this effect is mediated via circadian or homeostatic regulatory mechanisms. Ovariectomized female rats received daily injections...
Article
Full-text available
In utero exposure to cigarette smoke has severe consequences for the developing fetus, including increased risk of birth complications and behavioral and learning disabilities later in life. Evidence from animal models suggests that the cognitive deficits may be a consequence of in utero nicotine exposure in the brain during critical developmental...
Article
While much is known about the mechanisms that underlie sleep and circadian rhythms, the investigation into sex differences and gonadal steroid modulation of sleep and biological rhythms is in its infancy. There is a growing recognition of sex disparities in sleep and rhythm disorders. Understanding how neuroendocrine mediators and sex differences i...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that maternal nicotine ingestion increases matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression in fetal hearts, which is mediated by the generation of reactive oxygen species. Timed pregnant guinea pigs were administered either water alone, nicotine (200 μg/mL), N-acetylcysteine (NAC), or nicotine plus NAC in their drinking w...
Article
Sleep complaints such as insufficient sleep and insomnia are twice as prevalent in women. Symptoms of sleep disruption are often coincident with changes in the gonadal hormone profile across a women's lifespan. Data from a number of different species, including humans, non-human primates and rodents strongly implicate a role for gonadal hormones in...
Article
Following transcription of the SRY gene on the Y chromosome of genetic males, a cascade of genomic and biochemical events causes the developing brain to be influenced by two testosterone metabolites, the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone and the aromatization product estradiol (E2). These steroid hormones binding to their cognate nuclear receptor...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is classically defined as a motor disorder resulting from decreased dopamine production in the basal ganglia circuit. In an attempt to better diagnose and treat PD before the onset of severe motor dysfunction, recent attention has focused on the early, non-motor symptoms, which include but are not limited to sleep disorders...
Article
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychomotor stimulant strongly associated with increases in sexual drive and behavior in women and men. Even though men and women are equally as likely to be addicted to or use METH, studies of sexual behavior often focus on male users. The paucity in studies examining the effect of METH in women is of great concern, whe...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep disruptions are a common clinical feature observed in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). These include irregular sleep-wake patterns, delayed sleep latencies, and problems with sleep maintenance. The etiology of these sleep disturbances is unknown and remains relatively unexplored in any animal model of ASD. Prenatal valproic acid...
Article
In the CNS, lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is predominantly a non-neuronal enzyme responsible for the production of PGD(2), an endogenous sleep promoting substance. We have previously demonstrated that estradiol differentially regulates L-PGDS transcript levels in the rodent brain. In hypothalamic nuclei, estradiol increases L-PGD...
Article
Methamphetamine (MA) abuse has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. Users of MA report dramatic increases in sexual drive that have been associated with increased engagement in risky sexual behavior leading to higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancies. The ability of MA to enhance sexual drive in females...
Article
Morphological plasticity in response to estradiol is a hallmark of astrocytes in the arcuate nucleus. The functional consequences of these morphological changes have remained relatively unexplored. Here we report that in the arcuate nucleus estradiol significantly increased the protein levels of the two enzymes in the glutamate-glutamine cycle, glu...
Article
Full-text available
Estrogens exert important actions on fear and anxiety in both humans and non-humans. Currently, the mechanisms underlying estrogenic modulation of fear are not known. However, evidence suggests that estrogens may exert their influence on fear and anxiety within the amygdala. The purpose of the present study was to examine the genomic effects of est...
Article
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We develop methods to compare the positions of quantitative trait loci (QTL) with a set of genes selected by other methods, such as microarray experiments, from a sequenced genome. We apply our methods to QTL for addictive behavior in mouse, and a set of genes upregulated in a region of the brain associated with addictive behavior, the nucleus accu...
Article
Studies from multiple species, including humans, suggest that gonadal hormones, and ovarian hormones in particular, influence the physiology of sleep, but the mechanisms by which these hormones influence sleep behaviors are unknown. Previously, we demonstrated a 50% reduction in lipocalin-prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) transcript levels, followi...
Article
Full-text available
Social recognition constitutes the basis of social life. In male mice and rats, social recognition is known to be governed by the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) through its action on OT receptors (OTRs) in the medial amygdala. In female rats and mice, which have sociosexual behaviors controlling substantial investment in reproduction, an important role...
Article
The development of microarray technology makes it possible to simultaneously assay the expression level of hundreds to tens of thousands of mRNA transcripts in one experiment. Genome-wide transcriptional analysis has increasing importance for many areas of neuroendocrinology research. The expense and technical complexity of microarray experiments c...
Article
Sex differences in brain morphology underlie physiological and behavioral differences between males and females. During the critical perinatal period for sexual differentiation in the rat, gonadal steroids act in a regionally specific manner to alter neuronal morphology. Using Golgi-Cox impregnation, we examined several parameters of neuronal morph...
Article
Rapidly emerging evidence suggests that glial cells in the central nervous system are sensitive to oestrogen actions. However, the functional consequences of the cellular mechanisms of these cells have proven difficult to study in vivo because of the intimate relationships between neurones and glia. Microarray technology offers the potential to unc...
Article
This study examined the neuroarchitecture of the male and female killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) hypothalamus to evaluate whether sexual dimorphism of this brain region exists in fishes as it does in mammals and other vertebrates. The rostral medulla, a brain region distinct from the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, was also examined to deter...
Article
There is a growing appreciation for the importance of glial cells to overall brain function. For decades, glial cells have been considered relatively passive supporters of nerve cell function, providing only structural and metabolic support to the communicating neurons. Now, rapidly emerging evidence demonstrates that glial cells are active partici...
Article
Full-text available
Regulated gene expression in single neurons can be linked to biophysical events and behavior in the case of estrogen-regulated gene expression in neurons in the ventrolateral portion of the ventromedial nucleus (VMN) of the hypothalamus. These cells are essential for lordosis behavior. What genes are coexpressed in neurons that have high levels of...
Article
Full-text available
Genes induced by estrogens in the mammalian forebrain influence a variety of neural functions. Among them, reproductive behavior mechanisms are very well understood. Their functional genomics provide a theoretical paradigm for linking genes to neural circuits to behavior. We propose that estrogen-induced genes are organized in modules: Growth of hy...
Article
Full-text available
In female rodents, sleep and activity levels fluctuate over the estrous cycle. When estradiol (E2) levels are highest, sleep is reduced whereas locomotion is increased. The preoptic area (POA) is a key site for estrogenic regulation of these functions. However, molecular mechanisms by which E2 acts to reduce sleep and increase activity are unclear....
Article
Underlying all motivated behavior is the concept of brain arousal, the generalized activation of forebrain and behavior. A concrete expression of this would be sexual arousal and behavior. The sex behavior whose mechanisms are best understood is the lordosis response, a vertebral dorsiflexion by the female permitting fertilization. Estrogenic facil...
Article
Estrogen treatment induces transcription and increases excitability and reproductive behavior. Estrogens provide the structural basis for increased synaptic activity and greater behavior-facilitating output. Administration of progesterone amplifies the effect of estrogens on mating behavior. The role of GnRH is to synchronize reproductive behavior...
Article
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Microarrays comprise an efficient approach to discovering large numbers of differentially expressed mRNA transcripts in the CNS resulting from changes in hormonal milieu. We used high-density oligonucleotide microarrays to examine the short- and long-term actions of estradiol (E(2)) on the transcriptomes from the medial basal hypothalamus and other...
Article
The arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus is one of several sexually dimorphic hypothalamic nuclei. We have previously demonstrated that astrocytes in the neonatal arcuate nucleus exhibit a marked sexually dimorphic morphology as a result of differential exposure to gonadal steroids by postnatal day (PN) 2, with males having complex stellate cells co...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing appreciation for the importance of astrocytes, a type of nonneuronal glial cell, to overall brain functioning. The ability of astrocytes to respond to gonadal steroid hormones with changes in morphology has been well documented in the adult brain. It is also apparent that astrocytes of the developing brain are permanently differe...
Article
A central goal of neuroendocrinology is the understanding of how hormones modulate a variety of neurobiological functions including releasing factors for anterior pituitary secretions and behavior. We know that mechanisms of hormone actions clearly include the activation and repression of genes either directly through nuclear hormone receptors or i...
Article
Full-text available
Our previous work has demonstrated that astrocytes in the developing arcuate nucleus of the rat hypothalamus are sexually dimorphic as a result of differential exposure to oestradiol. Moreover, our experiments in neonatal rats suggest an absence of oestrogen receptors (ER) in arcuate nucleus astrocytes in vivo. This, along with the conspicuous lack...
Article
The developing brain is exquisitely sensitive to gonadal steroid hormones, which permanently differentiate the neural substrate during a critical developmental period. One of the more striking sexual dimorphisms in the adult rat brain is synaptic patterning in the arcuate nucleus (ARC); females have twice the number of axospinous synapses as males...
Article
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides have been highly successful agents at modulating gene expression in the adult brain and widely exploited in the field of neuroendocrinology. We have also used this technique in the developing brain to explore the role of select proteins during sensitive periods of development, particularly those influenced by steroid...
Article
We have previously demonstrated that astrocytes in the developing arcuate nucleus of the rat hypothalamus exhibit a sexually dimorphic morphology as a result of differential exposure to gonadal steroids. Testosterone via its aromatized byproduct, estrogen, induces arcuate astrocytes to undergo differentiation during the first few days of life. Thes...
Article
Full-text available
One of the more striking sexual dimorphisms in the adult brain is the synaptic patterning in some hypothalamic nuclei. In the arcuate nucleus (ARC) males have twice the number of axosomatic and one-half the number of axodendritic spine synapses as females. The opposite pattern is observed in the immediately adjacent ventromedial nucleus (VMN). In b...