Jessica H. L. Elm

Jessica H. L. Elm
Life Paths Research Center

MSW, PhD

About

17
Publications
4,503
Reads
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158
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
154 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
Dr. Elm conducts research in promoting equity for American Indians, exposure to social stressors, and protective effects of social support and connectedness, while considering historical, sociopolitical, cultural, and life course contexts.
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - present
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • PhC
January 2013 - December 2013
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Despite alarming health disparities among American Indians (AIs) and acknowledgement that stressors negatively influence health, conceptualization of the full spectrum of stressors that impact Indigenous communities is underdeveloped. To address this gap, we analyze focus group transcripts of AI adults with type 2 diabetes from five tribal communit...
Chapter
American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) experience devastatingly high rates of suicide yet remain understudied and underserved regarding suicide prevention and intervention efforts. This chapter provides an overview of suicide among AI/AN populations, including AI/AN youth who experience some of the greatest risks and highest rates of death by suic...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous communities lack representation in psychiatric epidemiology despite disproportionate exposure to risk factors. We document the cumulative and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders across the early life course among a sample of Indigenous young adults and compare prospective and retrospective reporting of lifetime mental disorders....
Article
Full-text available
Background Extensive research demonstrates that Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are highly interconnected and have numerous health consequences well into adulthood. Yet, there is a dearth of focused research that examines ACEs and health inequities for American Indians (AIs). Objective To assesses the prevalence of ten types of childhood adve...
Article
Full-text available
Background Racial discrimination, including microaggressions, contributes to health inequities, yet research on discrimination and microaggressions has focused on single measures without adequate psychometric evaluation. To address this gap, we examined the psychometric performance of three discrimination/microaggression measures among American Ind...
Article
Full-text available
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) studies transformed our understanding of the true burden of trauma. Notable elements of Felitti and colleagues' findings include the influence of adversity on many physical as well as psychological problems and the persistence of impacts decades after the traumas occurred. In this article, we make the case t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Decades of evidence link adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to worse health. Despite disproportionate rates of ACEs and health disparities in tribal communities, a gap exists in understanding the effects of ACEs on American Indian (AI) health. The purpose of this study is to estimate frequencies of eight categories of ACEs, assess th...
Article
Full-text available
Research on recognition of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and poly-victimization has transformed our understanding of violence and trauma exposure. Both concepts point to the importance of understanding the cumulative burden of trauma and the interconnections among forms of violence and abuse. However, there has been little conceptualization...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Existing research finds that LGBTQ youth of color are overrepresented in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Structural racism and LGBTQ stigma likely increase the risk of that LGBTQ youth of color will enter these systems. Once in the system, LGBTQ youth of color tend to remain longer and face an elevated risk of discrimination and vio...
Article
Full-text available
American Indian health disparities have reached crisis levels, and there is a need to develop culturally congruent interventions through meaningful tribal involvement and ethical community-oriented approaches. Hence, it is imperative that researchers and university administrators better understand how research translation occurs for tribally driven...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of select adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among a sample of American Indian (AI) adults living with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and the associations between ACEs and self-rated physical and mental health. We also examined associations between sociocultural factors and health, includ...
Article
Full-text available
American Indian and Alaska Native sexual minority (two-spirit) women are vulnerable to substance misuse and mental health challenges due to multiple minority oppressed status and exposure to stress and trauma. Yet, these women find pathways toward healing and wellness. We conducted a qualitative data analysis of interviews derived from a national h...
Article
Full-text available
In 2007 the federal Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Minority Health, collaborating with other federal agencies, sponsored the Indian Country Methamphetamine Initiative (ICMI). ICMI was undertaken to create community-driven, culture-based best practices in methamphetamine prevention and treatment which could then be disseminated...

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