Jerzy Stanislaw Gielecki

Jerzy Stanislaw Gielecki
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn · Department of Anatomy

MD, PhD

About

58
Publications
60,087
Reads
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1,141
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
836 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Polish Academy of Sciences
January 2009 - present
January 2007 - present
Nicolaus Copernicus University
Position
  • Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz of the Nicolaus Copernicus University of Torun

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the 3D cerebral vascular network is one of the pressing issues impacting the diagnostics of various systemic disorders and is helpful in clinical therapeutic strategies. Unfortunately, the existing software in the radiological workstation does not meet the expectations of radiologists who require a computerized system for detailed, qu...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Variations within musculocutaneus nerve (MCN) are very frequent. Such cases should be discussed extensively to reduce the risk of iatrogenic damage during surgery. Aim In this paper, we wanted to present the unusual variability within the brachial plexus, which is the double MCN. Case study We present a case of accesory MCN found dur...
Chapter
The main idea of our system is to create a fusion of CT & MRI data of the same patient. We care about the accuracy of fused data correlation, emphasising vascular structures. We propose volumetric correlation method, vascular system reconstruction using tubular structures, error measurement and analysis using surface distance measurements. The resu...
Article
The affordances of technology‐based assessments, like the Objectively Structured Practical Examination, have become an integral part of gross anatomy courses. The Department of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine at the University of Warmia and Mazury developed and introduced an application for tablet devices which has been implemented in student examinati...
Article
The flipped spotters learning model is a modern student‐activity‐based and learner‐centered method in medical education. The aim of the study was to determine if the flipped spotters learning model improves students’ learning. Participants were 1,214 medical students of Polish (PD), and English (ED) divisions between 2013‐2019 academic years at the...
Chapter
The anatomy of the gallbladder and biliary tract is complex and displays a wide range of variations. Anatomical variations with clinical significance are found in 20% of laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Common iatrogenic injuries are directed towards the biliary tree and surrounding blood vessels, with such injuries possibly causing severe morbidity...
Article
Introduction: The development of systems that merge existing technologies with gathered data may bring some spectacular effects that are usable both in preoperative and educational processes. Augmented reality (AR) is one of the key aspects of the new medical approach. Newly fused data sets draw from it and give users a better overall experience. A...
Article
Introduction: Iatrogenic nerve injury during surgery is a major source of concern for both patients and surgeons. This study aimed to identify the nerves most commonly injured during surgery, along with the commonly associated operative procedures. Materials and methods: A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database to identify ner...
Article
Full-text available
Background The left ventricle is built to carry out its function as a powerful pump. To detail recent findings of anatomical variants associated with the left ventricular compartment, we will first review the external and general features, followed by the internal features and subsequently, the standard variants that can exist within this chamber o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The history of the cardiac anatomy dates back to 3500 B.C. when the Greeks and Egyptians based their understanding of this structure on their religious beliefs. During the 5th century, Hippocrates, the “Father of medicine,” established medicine as a science and highlighted the principles of medical knowledge, replacing these previous te...
Article
Full-text available
Background The anatomy of the left atrium is of great clinical importance due to the increase of interventional procedures that require access to the left atrium such as catheter ablations and valvular repair. The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the anatomical features and clinical relevance of the left atrium, including its locatio...
Article
Full-text available
Background The right ventricle is the most anteriorly positioned chamber of the heart, sitting directly posterior to the sternum. The distinct anatomical features of the right ventricle create an approximately 10-fold difference in vascular resistance between the right and left ventricular systems. We will first review the external and general feat...
Article
An estimated 1.4% of the population worldwide has been diagnosed with Gender Dysphoria, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Gender reassignment, which holistically encompasses psychotherapy, hormonal therapy and genital and nongenital surgeries, is considered the most effective treatment for transgender non‐conf...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the vascular supply associated with the sacrotuberous ligament is incomplete, and at most attributed to a single coccygeal branch. Our aim was to investigate the sacrotuberous ligament vasculature with a focus on its origin and distribution. We dissected 21 hemipelvises (10 male and 11 female). The gluteus maximus was reflected mediall...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of predatory journals has become increasingly more prevalent over the past decade, as the open-access model of publishing has gained prominence. Although the open-access model is well-intentioned to increase accessibility of biomedical research, it is vulnerable to exploitation by those looking to corrupt medical academia and circumvent e...
Article
Conjoined twins are suggested to result from aberrant embryogenesis. The two main theories proposed to explain the phenomena are fission and fusion. The incidence rate is 1 in 50,000 births; however, since about 60% of the cases are stillborn, the true incidence is approximated at 1 in 200,000. There is a higher predisposition towards female than m...
Article
Central venous catheterization is a commonly used and important intervention. Despite its regular use it is still associated with a high incidence of complications especially infection and catheter tip embolization. Addition of ultrasound guidance to the technique has shown great improvement to the time and number of attempts for successful cathete...
Article
The transverse pericardial sinus is a uniquely located structure subdivided into many parts. However, discrepancies still exist on the nomenclature and divisions. As noninvasive diagnostic technology such as CT and MR imaging improve, the transverse pericardial sinus and constituent recesses are visualized with more clarity, increasing the risk for...
Article
Trisomy 18 is the second most common aneuploidy after trisomy 21. Due to its multi-systemic defects, it has a poor prognosis with a 50% chance of survival beyond one week and a <10% chance of survival beyond one year of life. However, this prognosis has been challenged by the introduction of aggressive interventional therapies for patients born wit...
Article
Trisomy 12 is a rare aneuploidy and fetuses with this defect tend to spontaneously abort. However, mosaicism allows this anomaly to manifest itself in live births. Due to the fact that mosaicism represents a common genetic abnormality, trisomy 12 is encountered more frequently than expected at a rate of 1 in 500 live births. Thus, it is imperative...
Article
Turner syndrome is one of the most common sex chromosome abnormalities and results from total or partial monosomy of the X chromosome. It occurs in 1 in 2000 newborn girls and is also believed to be present in a larger proportion of conceptuses. There are various anatomic anomalies that have been associated with Turner syndrome and the consequences...
Article
Full-text available
The nature, function, and anatomy of the heart have been extensively studied since 3500 B.C. Greek and Egyptian science developed a basic understanding of the heart, although this was primarily related to religious beliefs. During the Hippocratic era, Hippocrates and his colleagues developed a more scientific and less religious understanding of the...
Article
A woven coronary artery is a rare congenital vascular variation that involves the separation of the artery into several thin channels, which later merge distally to form a single lumen. This mesh of intertwining small vessels may occur anywhere along the vessel and may be present in multiple coronaries. Although generally a benign incidental findin...
Article
Genitofemoral neuralgia is a cause of neuropathic pain that is often debilitating in nature. It is characterized by chronic neuropathic groin pain that is localized along the distribution of the genitofemoral nerve. The symptoms include groin pain, paresthesias, and burning sensation spreading from the lower abdomen to the medial aspect of the thig...
Article
Occipital neuralgia is a debilitating disorder first described in 1821 as recurrent headaches localized in the occipital region. Other symptoms that have been associated with this condition include paroxysmal burning and aching pain in the distribution of the greater, lesser, or third occipital nerves. Several etiologies have been identified in the...
Article
Background Myocardial bridging (MB) is a common anatomic variation of the human heart in which an epicardial coronary artery takes an intramural course within the myocardium. Studies have proposed that myocardial bridges offer a “protective effect” from atherosclerosis within the involved coronary artery. Methods We examined 250 formalin-fixed hum...
Conference Paper
Myocardial bridging (MB) is a common anatomic variation of the human heart in which an epicardial coronary artery takes an intramural course within the myocardium. Studies have proposed that myocardial bridges offer a “protective effect” from atherosclerosis within the involved coronary artery. METHODS: We examined 250 formalin-fixed human hearts w...
Article
New research on the vermiform appendix has shed light on its function. In further understanding the function of the appendix, this information should not negatively impact the clinical judgment in the event of appendicitis. Although the appendix and its pathology have been noted for centuries, it still presents a challenge in the operating room. Th...
Article
Jacob Winslow was a Dutch born, French naturalized anatomist and physician whose contributions to medicine are abundant. His importance to medicine is undisputed. His personal life included a religious crisis that resulted in his estrangement from his family, but afforded him patrons in Paris to continue his work. Following this conversion, he chan...
Article
Knee pain is a very common complaint seen in the clinical setting. A torn medial meniscus, osteochondral defects, inflammation, or an irritated medial plica are some of the most common causes of medial knee pain. Plicae are synovial invaginations that are believed to be remnants of the embryological development of the knee. They have a potential to...
Article
Full-text available
Subclavian 'steal' phenomenon is a function of the proximal subclavian artery (SA) steno-occlusive disease, with subsequent retrograde blood flow in the ipsilateral vertebral artery (VA). The symptoms from the compromised vertebrobasilar and brachial blood flows constitute the subclavian steal syndrome (SSS), and include paroxysmal vertigo, drop at...
Article
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of colon obstruction in adults. In infants and children, it is exceedingly rare with only sporadic cases reported so far. SVs from secondary causes, with congenital megacolon being the most important, are nevertheless more common in young people. The etiology of this disorder is not completely unders...
Article
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of colon obstruction in adults. In infants and children, it is exceedingly rare with only sporadic cases reported so far. SVs from secondary causes, with congenital megacolon being the most important, are nevertheless more common in young people. The etiology of this disorder is not completely unders...
Article
Introduction Grisel’s syndrome (GS) is a rare otolaryngologic condition that involves rotatory subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint in the absence of trauma. Sir Charles Bell was the first to describe this condition in 1830. However, it was named after Pierre Grisel, a French ENT specialist who in 1930 described three such cases in children. Meth...
Article
IntroductionThe anatomy and role of the aorta in prenatal life differ from those in postnatal life.AimWe aimed at investigating the development of the aorta during a period between the 4th and 8th months of fetal life. We also analyzed the influence of sex on the values of the parameters examined.Materials and Methods We examined the diameters of a...
Article
IntroductionUp to date studies dealing with embryogenesis of the pulmonary trunk and arteries seldom analyze the anatomical variations between sexes and proportions of the pulmonary arteries dimensions. A large number of investigated subjects in our study enabled a detailed description of the growth of the pulmonary trunk and pulmonary arteries. Ot...
Article
IntroductionThe aortic isthmus is a specific feature of fetal circulation. It undergoes regression by becoming wider postpartum. Developmental abnormalities of an isthmus may lead to congenital defects.AimThe aim of this work was a morphometric study of the aortic isthmus in human fetuses aged between 4 and 8 months of fetal life.Materials and Meth...
Article
Dr. August Henri Forel was a world-renowned psychiatrist, neuroanatomist, myrmecologist, social reformer, and promoter of world peace. His collected works (1907) included a description of what is now known as the tegmental fields of Forel and the zona incerta. In 1887, he described the cellular functional units within the brain, setting the foundat...
Article
Full-text available
Esophageal hiatal hernias have been reported to affect anywhere from 10 to 50% of the population. Hiatal hernias are characterized by a protrusion of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through a widening of the right crus of the diaphragm. There are four types of esophageal hiatal hernias: sliding (type I), paraesophageal (type II), and combined...
Article
Full-text available
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is the most prevalent cardiovascular defect and is more often seen in females; premature babies are at increased risk. For both sexes, a relationship exists between the risk of this defect occurring and the higher dimensions of the ductus arteriosus. In this study, we examined the relationship between the dimensions o...
Article
Full-text available
The human coronary sinus is an evolutionary modification of the terminal part of the left sinus horn. Anatomically, the coronary sinus is a short, broad vessel that runs along the coronary groove situated on the diaphragmatic surface of the heart. This structure, which opens into the right atrium, collects blood from the great cardiac vein and from...
Article
Although a site common for pathology and of great importance to the neurosurgeon, the three-dimensional (3D) morphometry of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) has had incomplete descriptions in the literature. Using a novel 3D digital-image computer data analysis system, 115 patients underwent evaluation of their ACoA based on DICOM files der...
Article
With an increase in the understanding of the formation and treatment of cerebral aneurysms and an improvement in imaging technology, actual standardized measurement values for the cerebral arteries are necessary. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide a detailed assessment of the three-dimension (3D) morphology (vessel's curvature and traj...
Article
Most prior morphometry data regarding the A2 segment of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) have been based on cadaveric measurements. With newer imaging modalities, surgical techniques, and minimally invasive procedures, new standards for the anatomy of this vessel are necessary. A novel computer-based data system was used to analyze the three-dime...
Article
Objective The thorough knowledge about anatomy and morphology of the stapedial artery is of such importance to the laryngologist. In rat this artery persists throughout life. The following study was performed to analyze the morphology and course of stapedial artery in rat. Methods 30 Wistar rats weighing 300–400 g were used to analyze the stapedia...
Article
Anatomical variation of the thoracic splanchnic nerves is as diverse as any structure in the body. Thoracic splanchnic nerves are derived from medial branches of the lower seven thoracic sympathetic ganglia, with the greater splanchnic nerve comprising the more cranial contributions, the lesser the middle branches, and the least splanchnic nerve us...
Article
The thorough knowledge about anatomy and morphology of the stapedial artery is of such importance to the laryngologist. In rat this artery persists throughout life. The following study was performed to analyze the morphology and course of stapedial artery in rat. 30 Wistar rats weighing 300-400 g were used to analyze the stapedial artery. After the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Abstracts of platform presentations of 2009 EACA meeting.
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the type of heart vasculature is in any way related to the length of the main stem of the left coronary artery. The study was inspired by publications describing a shorter main stem of the left coronary artery in adults with left coronary artery predominance, also associated with a worse clinical outcom...
Article
Full-text available
The morphometrical and volumetrical changes of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during the fetal period of development were analyzed by digital-image analysis system (DIAS). Examinations were performed on 304 MCAs from 152 brains of human fetuses ranging from the 12th to 40th weeks of gestation. MCAs were analyzed with respect to its branching from...
Article
The heart receives blood from 2 vessels: the right and the left coronary arteries. Depending on the relationship between these 2 vessels, types with the right, the left or with neither coronary artery predominating can be distinguished. The incidence of particular types varies according to different reports. All available data regarding this issue...
Article
The present study's purpose has been to examine the development of the human suprarenal glands (SGs) during the prenatal period. Special attention was paid to sexual dimorphism and the differences between the parameters of the right and left SGs. Specimens were obtained from 187 human fetuses spontaneously aborted between the 4th and 7th months of...
Article
Full-text available
The coeliac trunk is a surgically significant artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the supracolic organs. Branches of this arterial trunk supply the primary organs of the abdomen and divert a significant volume of blood from the abdominal aorta. Past research has shown that the anatomy of the coeliac trunk is not identical for...
Article
We investigated the cardiac baroreflex in response to carotid baroreceptor activation and inactivation in 15 obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) patients before and following one month of cPAP treatment. In order to activate and inactivate the carotid baroreceptors we used a neck chamber to produce neck suction and pressure, respectively. The cardiac ba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new method of blood vessels geometric parameters measurements is developed using the microcomputer image analysis system. The method is applied to biometric research of the circle of Wlillis brain arterial system of cattle fetuses.

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