Jérôme Jacquin

Jérôme Jacquin
University of Lausanne | UNIL · Section des sciences du langage et de l'information

PhD - Linguistics

About

49
Publications
10,574
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192
Citations
Introduction
Jérôme Jacquin is Senior Lecturer of Linguistics in the Department of Language & Information Sciences at University of Lausanne, Switzerland. He is also Research Associate on the Language in the Workplace Project at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - July 2020
Universität Bern
Position
  • Lecturer
August 2017 - present
University of Lausanne
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2015 - July 2017
University of Lausanne
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 2007 - May 2012
University of Lausanne
Field of study
  • Linguistics
September 2002 - June 2007
University of Lausanne
Field of study
  • French Linguistics ; General Linguistics

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
L'article revient sur le pronom ON en réinterrogeant la capacité qu'on lui octroie régulièrement d'anonymiser le référent. Cette possibilité étant tout à fait avérée, comme en témoigne la phrase précédente, elle a eu tendance à monopoliser les recherches et à contribuer à consolider une démarche substitutive dans le traitement des emplois de ON : s...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines argumentative talk-in-interaction in video-recorded public debates held in Switzerland, during which all the participants were temporally and spatially co-present. It focuses on the issue of segmenting talk into argumentative moves, by looking at the way gestures combine with the verbal mode to enhance and display the differen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the French epistemic marker je sais [I know] in a ten-hour video-recorded corpus of public and TV debates. A statistical survey reveals only a dozen tokens, which appears to be a low frequency both in comparison with other expressions such as on sait [one/you/we know] or je sais pas [I don’t know] and considering the interaction...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines argumentative talk-in-interaction in the workplace. It focuses on counter-argumentative references, which consist of the various resources that the opponent uses to refer to the origin/source of his/her opposition, namely the confronted position and the person who expressed it. Particular attention is paid to the relationship –...
Article
Full-text available
Si l’on considère l’abondance et la diversité des travaux qui, dans le champ des sciences du langage, se proposent d’éclairer le fonctionnement de l’argumentation, on admettra sans doute aisément que la notion même d’« argumentation » est polysémique. Notre contribution entend proposer une définition de travail de l’argumentation qui privilégie l’o...
Article
Full-text available
La présente contribution propose une analyse de cinq verbes d’apparence du français tels qu’ils émergent dans un corpus de 28h d’interactions naturelles documentant des débats publics, des débats télévisés et des réunions d’entreprise. Après avoir résumé à grands traits l’état de la littérature, qui se caractérise par des analyses sémantiques, synt...
Article
The present paper uses corpus linguistics methods to study a born-digital cultural artifact, namely the collectible card game Hearthstone, released in 2014 and still under active development in 2020. As indicated by the developers’ public statements, such a game, which is framed as an ongoing service rather than a final product, needs to strike a b...
Article
https://linguistique-ecrit.org/pub-257955. JACQUIN Jérôme, 2021, Liage planifié et liage émergent: Éléments pour une genèse de l’argumentation dans "Le Neutre" de Roland Barthes. Linguistique de l’écrit 2.
Article
Full-text available
The paper documents the constitution of a video-recorded corpus of work meetings, accumulating 19 events, 23h of recording and 45 participants. This research log is not intended to be a manual or a model, but rather an account of the challenges, problems, and solutions that have been found, with the aim of drawing attention to some aspects and dime...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Jacquin, Jérôme (2019). Prendre une position épistémique dans l’interaction. Les marqueurs du savoir, du non-savoir et du doute en français // Projet soumis au Fonds National Suisse de la recherche [100012_188924]. Lausanne : Université de Lausanne, 27 p.
Chapter
Full-text available
Quelle que soit la définition de l'argumentation que l'on se donne, elle ne peut faire l'économie d'une composante linguistique : la pertinence du langage dans l'argumentation tient non seulement au fait qu'il est un moyen de représenter le monde, mais aussi à sa capacité d'indexer d'autres contenus représentés ou implicites. Certes, la fracture hi...
Article
Full-text available
L'article revient sur la pratique consistant à utiliser le code-switching, c'est-à-dire l'alternance d'une langue à l'autre dans l'interaction ver-bale, pour gérer l'inclusion respectivement l'exclusion d'un ou de plusieurs interactant(s) du cadre de participation, et en particulier de processus décisionnels. L'originalité de la contribution réside...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on a descriptive and language-oriented approach to argumentation, this paper explores the multimodal dimension of argumentation in talk-in-interaction by considering the various resources used by an opponent to refer to and position themselves in relation to the target of their opposition, namely the adverse position and/or the person who e...
Book
Full-text available
This volume focuses on the role language plays at all levels of the argumentation process. It explores the effects that specific linguistic choices may have in the production and the reception of arguments and in doing so, it moves beyond the first, necessary, descriptive stance provided by current literature on the topic. Each chapter provides an...
Chapter
Full-text available
This collective volume is devoted to the exploration of the intricate relationships between argumentative practices and the linguistic, discursive and cognitive underpinnings of their verbal realisation. The volume gathers a selection of 11 contributions that were presented during the inaugural edition of the Argumentation and Language conference s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
In Swiss semi-direct democracy, citizens are often summoned to the polls. To vote reasonably, they need to be properly informed. The media therefore have the responsibility to provide them with arguments for and against each issue of voting. Here, we focus on argumentation in a television ‘civic debate’ about abolishing compulsory military service....
Article
Drawing on Digital Humanities as a specific, reflexive way of using new information technology to enhance learning, teaching, and research, this article describes a tool whose development began in 2011 with the goal of helping students, teachers, and researchers to share, transcribe, and comment on audio/video data without having to experience comp...
Article
Full-text available
Argumentation can be considered as a specific way of managing disagreements and conflicts. Such a definition stresses the importance of the contact between a position that is defended in a discourse and its contestation in a counter discourse. This paper analyzes the multimodal way this contact is managed and the disagreement expressed in situation...
Chapter
Le présent volume souhaite rendre hommage à Anne-Claude Berthoud et à sa carrière marquée par ce qui constitue à la fois un objet de recherche et une ambition : agir dans la diversité des langues. Professeure honoraire de l’Université de Lausanne, Anne-Claude Berthoud a été responsable des chaires de linguistique générale et appliquée à partir de...
Book
Le présent volume souhaite rendre hommage à Anne-Claude Berthoud et à sa carrière marquée par ce qui constitue à la fois un objet de recherche et une ambition : agir dans la diversité des langues. Professeure honoraire de l’Université de Lausanne, Anne-Claude Berthoud a été responsable des chaires de linguistique générale et appliquée à partir de 1...
Book
Pratique verbale à la fois familière et fondamentale dans les sociétés démocratiques contemporaines, le débat reste paradoxalement peu connu et peu étudié en tant que tel. L’ouvrage propose de plonger au cœur de cette pratique et d’opérer ce travail à deux niveaux étroitement articulés. À un niveau théorique, le débat pose certaines questions aux...
Article
Full-text available
Cette contribution entend problématiser la question de l'élaboration des corpus en analyse des discours et de la communication publics. En lieu et place d'une discussion théorique du problème, je propose d'aborder la question d'une manière à la fois pratique (par la description relativement factuelle d'une expérience concrète) et réflexive (par la...
Article
Full-text available
Cette publication est le fruit d'une journée d'étude, qui a eu lieu à l'Université de Lausanne le 30 septembre 2013 et qui a été l'occasion pour quatre chercheurs expérimentés d'interroger la pertinence d'un niveau d'analyse intermédiaire, dit « méso-interactionnel », en tant que lieu particulier pour questionner le rapport entre langage et activit...
Article
Full-text available
Most linguistic and interactional studies on public and media debates focus on the way talk-in- interaction is locally managed by the moderator. For example, they analyze the extent to which the questions asked are both sequentially and categorically relevant. The present paper aims at enriching these studies by discussing the profitability of a mu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at questioning the observability of a specific locus of involvement for social actors : the debate. Drawing on the characteristics usually associated with the debate by scholars in discourse and talk-in-interaction analysis, the paper proposes a comprehensive analysis of a prototypical excerpt taken from a public debate and aims at...
Article
Full-text available
Cette contribution entend questionner à nouveaux frais le caractère observable de l’argumentation dans le cadre d’une approche interactionnelle des discours. Après la présentation des modalités de construction d’un corpus à forte probabilité argumentative, je présente rapidement le modèle dialogal de l’argumentation proposé par Christian Plantin :...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘Spheres of Contextualization’. Methodological Study on Text-to- Text(s) Contextualization in Corpus Constitution.This paper discusses the notion of contextualization from the perspective of textual discourse analysis (analyse textuelle des discours). Contextualization is here defined as a process through which the researcher attempts to establ...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Lorsque nous communiquons, nous ne faisons pas que transmettre de l'information, mais nous nous positionnons par rapport au degré de certitude dans cette information ainsi que par rapport à son origine. Le projet vise à étudier les marqueurs du savoir, du non-savoir et du doute en français à partir de vidéo-enregistrements de débats politiques et de réunions d'entreprise.
Project
One of the most fascinating dimensions of language lies in the fact that it allows the speaker to inscribe in the utterance (the product) something about its context of production. In that way, the speaker can not only manage the presence and absence of the self and others in discourse, but also take more or less responsibility for the information conveyed by the utterance. This phenomenon is what we usually call stancetaking in discourse and interaction. It raises some critical questions: To which degree does the speaker manifest responsibility for the utterance and the embedded point of view? Does (s)he take a point of view into account without taking it in charge (i.e. without adopting it)? Does (s)he delegate the responsibility for it to other people? If yes, does (s)he attribute it in an explicit way, or does (s)he expect the recipient to understand to whom it refers? Such questions, which relate to the implication of the speaker and the stance (s)he takes in context, are not only anthropological issues. They are also relevant for Applied Linguistics, the aim of which is to describe linguistic resources as they are part of the situated establishment of social realities, whether ordinary or institutional. E-STAMP focuses on a specific dimension of stancetaking: the degree of certainty or uncertainty, or even of delegation of knowledge, that the speaker can implement in the utterance and in their interaction with others. The state of the art of this issue is strongly fragmented. Theoretically, we know that epistemic stancetaking concerns the degree of certainty towards information (I know, I guess, I don’t know), as well as the source or origin of the information (me, you, someone else). We also know that these two facets of stancetaking are distributed across various levels of linguistic description: deixis (expression, in the utterance, of the personal, spatial and temporal aspects of talk), modality (expression of the attitude of the speaker toward the content expressed in the utterance), and intertextuality or dialogism (expression of the voices and points of view of other people, through reported speech and polyphonic markers). However, we do not know how these levels – and the corresponding observables – are linked to one another in talk-in-interaction, and we know even less when taking multimodality into account. Multimodality refers to the fact that the verbal resources used in talk-in-interaction are embodied and therefore embedded in a larger semiotic environment, where prosody, gaze direction and gestures play a role in expressing and interpreting phenomena. E-STAMP therefore aims to study epistemic stancetaking in its enunciative, interactional and multimodal complexity. At the theoretical and methodological levels, the project will link together three disciplinary fields: French Enunciative Linguistics, Interactional Linguistics, and Multimodal Conversation Analysis. At the analytical and descriptive levels, the study will be based on French video-recorded data collections that document various institutional genres related to political communication (public and TV debates) and workplace interaction (work meetings and collaborative work). Each collection will document one phenomenon (e.g. all the parenthetical expressions ‘I don’t know’; every example of indirect reported speech), which is to be studied at the interactional and multimodal levels, investigating both the position and function of the unit in the turn and sequence, alongside the prosodic and mimo-gestural environment of the unit. The expected results are (i) a theoretical model of epistemic stancetaking that takes the two facets of the issue (i.e. degree of certainty and source of information) into account, (ii) an analytical device that reflects such a model and that encompasses both the linguistic and non-linguistic observables to be considered and the relationships that such observables tend to have, and (iii) analyses and descriptions of epistemic stancetaking in French empirical data collections. In terms of its relevance and potential impact, the project will contribute to a better understanding of language use in general, and of the nature of specific verbal resources from an interactional point of view. It will not only promote a mutual enrichment of French Enunciative Linguistics and Interactional Linguistics, but it will also integrate multimodality at the theoretical and analytical levels. Finally, the project will provide analyses of a language – French – that has not been discussed a great deal from the perspective of epistemic stancetaking. It will therefore lay the foundations for cross-linguistic comparison, the significance and value of which is currently particularly acknowledged.