Jérôme Dupras

Jérôme Dupras
Université du Québec en Outaouais · Institut des sciences de la forêt tempérée

PhD Université de Montréal

About

77
Publications
21,879
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,218
Citations
Citations since 2017
53 Research Items
1135 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
My research focuses on the economic valuation of ecosystem services (ES), a concept that refers to benefits drawn by the human communities from products and functions of ecosystems. I also work in two other areas of research on the ES, the analysis of the relationship between the structure of ecosystems and their ES production and the consideration of ES valuation in decision-making processes. In that sense, I am interest in land use planning and management practices and research.
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - August 2014
McGill University
Position
  • Postdoctoral Research Trainee

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
This study provides the first complete framework for the valuation of ecosystem services of agroforestry and uses a tree-based intercropping (TBI) system in southern Québec, Canada, as a case study. Ten ecosystem services were estimated, all of which were of interest and directly applicable to most agricultural systems worldwide: nutrient mineraliz...
Article
Full-text available
Urban sprawl is central to the issues surrounding sustainable urban develop- ment. It generally leads to multiple impacts on land-use change, including loss of sensitive natural areas, farmland and fragmentation of ecosystems, which negatively impact the production of a wide range of ecosystem services (ES). In this study, we evaluate the value of...
Article
Over the past fifty years, the world's wildlife populations have drastically declined. This stems from multiple causes, including the loss of natural habitat, which plays a vital role. Effective strategies to help endangered wildlife species recovery requires broad public support to be politically viable. In this study, we conducted a randomized su...
Article
Full-text available
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are incentive-based instruments that provide conditional economic incentives for natural resources management. Research has shown that when economic incentives are parachuted into rural communities, participation and benefits are collectively negotiated and shared. However, we know little about how benefit-shar...
Article
Coastal ecosystems are recognized as important providers of ecosystem services such as carbon storage, increased fish productivity, and wave energy reduction. In a context of climate change, coastal ecosystems are exposed to erosion and subject to coastal squeeze, even as they provide natural coastal protection against extreme weather. While civil...
Article
Governing ecosystem services entails the recognition of mutual and interdependent relations between different actors (i.e. beneficiaries, providers and intermediaries) in relation to each other and the living world. Appreciating these social interdependencies requires understanding ecosystem services as commons, generated at the entanglement of soc...
Article
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fine particles (PM2.5) have been associated with childhood asthma onset. Trees have been suggested to reduce PM2.5 levels in urban settings. However, the influence of the urban forest on asthma onset is unclear as trees can reduce air pollution but also emit pollen and biogenic organic compounds. We aim to characterize the influ...
Article
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are a popular conservation instrument in the Global South. However, little is known about how evolving PES design features affect local institutions and collective participation dynamics. Drawing on long-term field research spanning over a decade, we address this gap by investigating the evolution of PES design...
Article
Field studies have shown that dense tree canopies and regular tree arrangements reduce noise from a point source. In urban areas, noise sources are multiple and tree arrangements are rarely dense. There is a lack of data on the association between the urban tree canopy characteristics and noise in complex urban settings. Our aim was to investigate...
Article
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs in agriculture are designed to encourage farmers to adopt agro-environmental practices through financial or non-financial incentives. Using a choice-based conjoint (CBC) analysis, we measured public preferences regarding different constitutive attributes of PES (e.g., types of agro-environmental measur...
Article
Full-text available
The evaluation of the water footprint of goods is a good step towards the evaluation of the circularity of water. The assessment of the whole life cycle of a product allows the quantification of its actual consumption of water – including direct and indirect water usage as well as water devalued through contamination. The circular economy seeks to...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to allergenic tree pollen is an increasing environmental health issue in urban areas. However, reliable, well-documented, peer-reviewed data on the allergenicity of pollen from common tree species in urban environments are lacking. Using the concept of ‘riskscape’, we present and discuss evidence on how different tree pollen allergenicity...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ce projet visait à mesurer et analyser économiquement les bénéfices fournis par le capital naturel retrouvé sur le territoire de la Ville de Québec et de la Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (CMQ); et à évaluer la production future des services écosystémiques par les écosystèmes de la région selon différents scénarios réalistes d’utilisation des...
Article
Urban green infrastructures (GI) are important features of cities which provide many ecosystem services promoting citizens’ well-being. As space is often limited in cities for establishing new GI, it is important to optimize the contribution of ecosystem services of existing GI. The objective of this paper is to compare the performance of lawns to...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of information on the value of ecosystems contributing to human well-being in urban and peri-urban setting is known to contribute to the degradation of natural capital and ecosystem services (ES). The purpose of this study was to determine the economic value of ES in Canada’s Capital Region (Ottawa-Gatineau region), so that these values ca...
Article
The asbestos mining industry in Canada shut down in 2012, leading to several decommissioned and some abandoned sites. In southeastern Quebec, asbestos mining residues cover an area of 2308 hectares. About 800 million tonnes of tailings are vestiges of this mining industry, along with socio-economic and environmental impacts resulting from mine clos...
Article
The influence of the urban forest on asthma onset is unclear as trees reduce air pollution but also emit pollens and biogenic organic compounds. Additionally, rudimentary vegetation data have so far been used to assess risks. We aimed to assess associations between residential urban forest characteristics and the onset of childhood asthma. We used...
Article
Environmental inequality is a phenomenon drawing much attention in the scientific and policy-making debates about urban forests and city greening. Most studies on the subject have shown that socially vulnerable, multicultural neighborhoods are disproportionately affected by the lack of urban forest while richer neighborhoods tend to be greener. But...
Article
Agricultural intensification causes habitat modification, sometimes leading to habitat loss and subsequent loss of connectivity. Remaining species in these agriculture-dominated landscapes often use hedgerows, such as windbreaks or riparian strips, as movement corridors or even as habitats. However, the understanding of the use of these hedgerows b...
Article
Offsetting and, more broadly speaking, the mitigation hierarchy have been widely studied in terms of decreasing the impacts of economic activities on biodiversity. There has been considerable tendency to anchor these mechanisms in science, promoting the idea that they are scientifically constructed. Building on Quebec's recent regulatory changes co...
Article
Full-text available
Facilities using surface water to provide drinking water to communities must contend with the risk of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin infiltration. Although risk management protocols can be put in place to anticipate the presence of cyanotoxins in concentrations exceeding guidelines, based on cyanobacterial cell count for example, this indicator is no...
Preprint
Full-text available
A recent study on Colombian protected areas has found an increase in deforestation after ending armed conflict. The authors propose several drivers behind this trend and take their findings as proof of how these drivers specifically affect protected areas and render them particularly vulnerable to deforestation during post-conflict transition. Howe...
Article
In Canada, the Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS) program aims to support conservation projects by financially compensating farmers for ecosystem services. The program advocates a bottom-up approach that allows farmers to decide which projects to implement. In this respect, ALUS distinguishes itself from more traditional agri-environment schemes,...
Article
Full-text available
Incentive-based mechanisms, such as payments for ecosystem services (PES) are increasingly being employed to encourage adoption of biodiversity conservation practices in agriculture. Farmers’ participation in a PES depends – amongst other factors – on their interactions with previous programs and schemes. This research analyses how the institutiona...
Article
Full-text available
In response to widespread soil erosion, biodiversity loss, and rapid social and ecological homogenization of agri-environmental landscapes, economic incentives such as payments for ecosystem services (PES) are presented by natural resource managers as the most efficient way to address the unintended consequences of intensive agriculture. In this ar...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a field stated preferences survey to understand the influence of payment and provision consequentiality script on valuation associated with voluntary contribution. Based on four treatment groups with single or combined consequentiality scripts and a contingent-ranking willingness to pay question, this paper provided some evidence that...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cette recherche avait comme objectif de dresser le portrait écologique, social et économique des initiatives agroenvironnementales mises en place en milieu agricole depuis les dernières années au Québec. En plus de mettre en lumière ces initiatives, ce projet visait à étudier leur efficacité sur le déplacement de la faune et l’adhésion des producte...
Article
When conservation conflicts occur, the recognition of a plurality of perspectives among the stakeholders makes it possible to better understand the divergences and convergences between the parties. In this research, Q methodology was used to explore different stakeholder views on management issues surrounding intensive farming in the floodplain of...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a case study carried out on the Lac Saint-Pierre (LSP) World Biosphere Reserve (Québec, Canada), this paper estimates ecosystem service loss, more precisely the loss related to cultural and recreational activities of the LSP due to the fall of its water level under the pressure of climate change. We measure two dimensions of this loss. As...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Commercial shipping is identified as a major source of anthropogenic underwater noise in several ecologically sensitive areas. Any development project likely to increase marine traffic can thus be required to assess environmental impacts of underwater noise. Therefore, project holders are increasingly engaging in underwater noise modeli...
Article
Algal blooms, whether they are harmful or more akin to a nuisance, do pose negative impacts on human wellbeing. In the province of Quebec, excessive phosphorus that contributes to the problem of cyanobacterial blooms comes mainly from non-point sources. Limited regulation on the management of this nutrient leads to its strong accumulation in soils...
Article
Full-text available
Our food choices, food production pathways and household behaviors together govern the impact that our diet has on our health as well as the environment. As the planetary population grows, there is an increasing awareness of the need to both improve the quality of our diets for health reasons and to reduce its impact on the Earth. From the consumer...
Presentation
Agricultural practices in southern Quebec have intensified over the past decades with impacts for biodiversity and water quality, especially in the Lake Champlain basin. The region has experienced recurring algal blooms over the last 20 years. Riparian buffer strips have been identified as one possible agro-environmental solution. Current public an...
Presentation
À travers la lentille de la gouvernance adaptative, cette recherche vise à analyser comment les arrangements institutionnels formels et informels établis par des acteurs de différents niveaux de gouvernance déterminent les résultats de la cohabitation entre les activités agricoles et celles dédiées à la conservation dans un système socio-écologique...
Technical Report
Full-text available
À travers la méthode d'expérience de choix, cette étude visait à mieux comprendre la demande sociale dans l'aménagement des zones d'exploitation contrôlée (zecs) au Québec. Ce projet comporte deux volets visant à : 1) analyser les perceptions de la forêt à partir d’une enquête réalisée auprès du grand public; 2) mettre en lumière les préférences de...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Projet de recherche ayant pour objectifs de : 1) identifier et de classer les enjeux potentiellement conflictuels et les conflits dans l’utilisation des ressources naturelles et des territoires des zones d'exploitation contrôlée (zec); 2) mettre en lumière les stratégies et les outils utilisés par les gestionnaires de zecs afin d’atténuer les ris...
Article
The agricultural sector is considered as an important contributor to diffuse nutrient pollution within watersheds. While hierarchical models of environmental governance are costly to implement when targeting diffuse pollution, market-based water quality trading (WQT) is viewed as a win–win solution. Based on economic incentives, WQT promoters sugge...
Article
Cet article présente une recension des écrits sur les infrastructures naturelles (IN) comme moyen d’adaptation aux changements climatiques, en prenant pour exemple la gestion des eaux de ruissellement et des crues. Une revue d’études de cas permet d’apprécier le potentiel des IN comme solution de rechange aux approches reposant sur des infrastructu...
Article
In the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island (PEI), producers have been financially incentivized over the past decade to halt soil erosion, improve water quality, and promote habitat for biodiversity through a provincial programme called “Alternative Land Use Services” (ALUS). ALUS is the first example of a provincial-wide application of paymen...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the suitability of Ostrom and colleagues' social-ecological systems framework (SESF) for the study of resource-dependent communities in Canada. Through a broad literature about resource-dependent communities in Canada, three main approaches are identified, named staples research, rural development, and sustainability studies....
Article
Full-text available
Looking at two cases of community forests (CF) in Eastern North America, this article examines their institutional features in order to assess whether they are conducive to adaptive governance. To do so, this article presents CFs as manifestations of polycentric governance, which allow identifying the complex networks of relations existing between...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents an energy analysis of Quebec agroecoystems at five periods of time: 1871, 1931, 1951, 1981, and 2011, calculating for each year the various energy flows and their resulting Energy Return on Investment (EROI). In the nineteenth century, Quebec agroecosystems were typical examples of historical organic agriculture, with a low de...
Article
Urbanization poses both challenges and opportunities for the management of urban ecosystems globally. In the Greater Montreal Area (GMA), a major North American urban area where green infrastructure (GI) implementation is in its early stage, there are challenges in maintaining provision of ecosystem services due to urban expansion and climate chang...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that payments for ecosystem services (PES) serve as a neoliberal performative act, in which idealized conditions are re-constituted by well-resourced and networked epistemic communities with the objective of bringing a distinctly instrumental and utilitarian relationality between humans and nature into existence. We illustrate the...
Article
This paper argues that Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) serve as a neoliberal performative act, in which idealized conditions are re-constituted by well-resourced and networked epistemic communities with the objective of bringing a distinctly instrumental and utilitarian relationality between humans and nature into existence. We illustrate the...
Article
Satisfying the nutritional needs of a growing population whilst limiting environmental repercussions will require sustainable intensification of agriculture. We argue that intercropping, which is the simultaneous production of multiple crops on the same area of land, could play an essential role in this intensification. We carried out the first glo...
Article
This study aims to evaluate the non-market values of ecosystem services generated by wetlands in southern Quebec. To accomplish this, we evaluated the value of wetland services related to (1) habitat for biodiversity, (2) flood control, (3) water quality and (4) climate regulation. Two non-market valuation methods are proposed, contingent valuation...
Article
The recovery of whale species at risk requires the implementation of protection measures designed to mitigate the risks posed by various stressors. In the St. Lawrence Estuary (Canada), several whale species are threatened by navigation activities in various ways. Since 2013, seasonal voluntary ship strike miti-gation measures, including a speed re...
Article
This study explores the willingness to pay (WTP) for an improvement of the environmental situation in agricultural areas with a specific focus on landscape aesthetics. We used the contingent valuation method to measure the discrete value of landscape aesthetics externalities produced by different beneficial management practices implementation scena...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L’objectif de cette étude est de présenter les opportunités et les contraintes liées au développement des infrastructures naturelles (IN) dans la grande région de Montréal, telles qu’exprimées par les participants aux ateliers de consultation tenus dans le cadre du Sommet sur les infrastructures naturelles du Grand Montréal, 16-17 juin 2016. Les ré...
Article
Full-text available
Forest stewardship in Québec has gone through several mutations during the last decades. From a forest regime that favoured the industrial stakeholders, the Government of Québec has progressively integrated a large scope of local and regional stakeholders. However in the spring of 2015, the Government of Québec adopted a legislation resulting in th...
Article
A study on the perception of vulnerability and adaptive capacity to climate change (CC) was realised among 27 small private forest owners (SPFOs) of a region in southern Quebec. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with SPFOs of diverse profiles to better understand their perception of environmental disturbances and their needs to imp...
Article
Full-text available
This study used a contingent choice method to determine the economic value of improving various ecosystem services (ESs) of the Blue Network of Greater Montreal (Quebec, Canada). Three real projects were used and the evaluation focused on six ESs that are related to freshwater aquatic ecosystems: biodiversity, water quality, carbon sequestration, r...
Technical Report
Full-text available
• La qualité et la quantité des services écosystémiques (SE) fournis par le lac Saint-Pierre (LSP), tels les produits de la pêche, les activités récréo-touristiques et la qualité des paysages, sont menacés par plusieurs facteurs de pression, dont les changements climatiques; • Selon plusieurs scénarios hydroclimatiques, les changements climatiques...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing interest they arouse, market instruments, such as payments for ecosystem services (PES), are still far from being the dominant political strategies in the conservation of biodiversity and protection of the environment, in Quebec as elsewhere. Even though the PES have received greater consideration in recent years, the field of l...
Article
Full-text available
Musicians, singers and bands can use their popularity to promote various causes and products, either through endorsements or more individual initiatives. Environmental activism is becoming more widespread as humans are trying to tackle and mitigate climate change. In this paper, we ask how best a band can compensate for the carbon emissions generat...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last few decades, Mediterranean coastal areas have experienced profound land-use changes due mainly to urban sprawl and reforestation at the expense of former traditional agrarian mosaics and natural resources, such as beach areas or freshwaters streams. These changes have had severe negative consequences on the biodiversity and ecological...
Article
Full-text available
Through the analysis of semi-structured interviews held with key actors involved in the planning of the Greater Montreal region, we seek to understand the conditions that could lead to the establishment of a green infrastructure for the city. This article first describes the region's environmental and political context and then analyzes the opportu...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change will cause major changes in ecosystems. Therefore, it is crucial that climate change policy consider the value of all services that are provided by watershed ecosystems. For this purpose, geospatial data and economic analysis are combined to determine a monetary value for wetland ecosystem goods and services (EGSs) in the watersheds...
Article
The Greater Montreal (Quebec, Canada) area is currently re-evaluating the future of its land use planning and development sector. One of the approaches being considered is the monetization of non-market goods and services provided by biodiversity and ecosystems in this region. This is in the interest of providing decision makers and stakeholders a...
Thesis
Ecosystem services (ES) refer to benefits produced and sustained by biodiversity and ecosystems that benefit humans. In many cases, they are not considered in the economic system. This externalization of SE generates decisions on land use and natural resources that ignore their contribution to the well-being of communities. In order to raise awaren...
Conference Paper
Greater Montreal (Quebec) and its metropolitan area are currently experiencing a period of profound questioning concerning the future o f their planning and development. This study proposes the creation o f a Green Belt in order to create a dynamic network o f protected natural and agricultural areas as well as to enhance ecological functionalit...
Article
In cows, estradiol-17β is usually used to synchronize follicular wave emergence during superovulatory treatment. This approach, however, raises some concerns about the presence of estrogens in bovine products and their possible association with some human estrogen-sensitive cancers. The objective of this study was to determine estradiol-17β concent...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare cell integrity of Holstein and Jersey embryos using the standard method of freezing and vitrification. Embryos were harvested and processed following standard procedures approved by IETS (International Embryo Transfer Society), and then underwent two methods of freezing. (1) Standard method: embryos were put int...

Network

Cited By