Jeroen Boogaarts

Jeroen Boogaarts
Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc) · Neurosurgery

Doctor of Medicine

About

111
Publications
11,337
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,371
Citations

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Background Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is a serious complication after endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke. We aimed to identify determinants of its occurrence and location. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from the Dutch MR CLEAN trial (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemi...
Article
Full-text available
Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) is a rare encephalopathic condition after the administration of a contrast agent. The diagnosis of CIE is challenging because of the heterogeneity and non-specificity of the clinical presentation. The clinical course is usually favorable with full recovery within 48–72 h in most patients, although comorbidity i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the pulsatility curve to predict shunt response in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Methods Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid dynamics were derived from an automatic lumbar infusion test (LIT) protocol. All patients were treated with ventriculoperi...
Article
Background In patients with large vessel occlusion stroke of the anterior circulation, underlying cause is a determinant of outcome. Whether this is the case for posterior circulation large vessel occlusion stroke has yet to be determined. We aimed to report on cause in patients with posterior circulation stroke treated with endovascular thrombecto...
Article
Full-text available
Intracranial aneurysms are pouch-like extrusions from the vessels at the base of the brain which can rupture and cause a subarachnoid hemorrhage. The pathophysiological mechanism of aneurysm formation is thought to be a consequence of blood flow (hemodynamic) induced changes on the endothelium. In this study, the results of a personalized aneurysm-...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) is one of the most frequently used outcome measures in trials in patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). The assessment method of the mRS is often not clearly described in trials, while the method used might influence the mRS score. The aim of this study is to evaluate th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Various statistical approaches can be used to deal with unmeasured confounding when estimating treatment effects in observational studies, each with its own pros and cons. This study aimed to compare treatment effects as estimated by different statistical approaches for two interventions in observational stroke care data. Patients and...
Article
Background The eCLIPs bifurcation remodelling system is a non-circumferential implant that bridges the neck from outside of a bifurcation aneurysm. The goal of the multicenter, post-marketing European eCLIPs Safety, FeasIbility, and Efficacy Study (EESIS), was to present the efficacy and safety results of the eCLIPs device after 365 days of follow-...
Article
Full-text available
Background: patients with a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) might need a flow diverter (FD) placement for complex acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs). We conducted a meta-analysis and developed a prediction model to estimate the favorable clinical outcome after the FD treatment in acutely ruptured IAs. Methods: a systematic literature se...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) contributes to morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Continuous improvement in the management of these patients, such as neurocritical care and aneurysm repair, may decrease the prevalence of DCI. In this study, the authors aimed to investigate potential time trends in the...
Article
Full-text available
Six randomized controlled clinical trials have assessed whether mechanical thrombectomy (MT) alone is non-inferior to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) plus MT within 4.5 hours of symptom onset in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO) ischaemic stroke and no contraindication to IVT. An expedited recommendation process was ini...
Article
Full-text available
Six randomized controlled clinical trials have assessed whether mechanical thrombectomy (MT) alone is non-inferior to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) plus MT within 4.5 hours of symptom onset in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO) ischemic stroke and no contraindication to IVT. An expedited recommendation process was init...
Article
Background Time to reperfusion in patients with ischemic stroke is strongly associated with functional outcome and may differ between hospitals and between patients within hospitals. Improvement in time to reperfusion can be guided by between‐hospital and within‐hospital comparisons and requires insight in specific targets for improvement. We aimed...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The benefit of endovascular treatment (EVT) for posterior circulation stroke (PCS) remains uncertain, and little is known on treatment outcomes in clinical practice. This study evaluates outcomes of a large PCS cohort treated with EVT in clinical practice. Simultaneous to this observational study, several intervention centers...
Article
Background and Purpose Prediction models for outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke who will undergo endovascular treatment have been developed to improve patient management. The aim of the current study is to provide an overview of preintervention models for functional outcome after endovascular treatment and to validate these models with...
Article
Background and Purpose Whereas a clear benefit of endovascular treatment for anterior circulation stroke has been established, randomized trials assessing the posterior circulation have failed to show efficacy. Previous studies in anterior circulation stroke suggest that advanced thrombectomy devices were of great importance in achieving clinical b...
Article
Full-text available
Background First-line treatment for prolactinomas is a medical treatment with dopamine agonists (DAs), which effectively control hyperprolactinaemia in most patients, although post-withdrawal remission rates are approximately 34%. Therefore, many patients require prolonged DA treatment, while side effects negatively impact health-related quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose Optimal blood pressure (BP) management in the acute phase of ischemic stroke remains an unresolved issue. It is uncertain whether guidelines for BP management during and after intravenous alteplase can be extrapolated to endovascular treatment (EVT) for stroke due to large artery occlusion in the anterior circulation. We eval...
Article
Importance Unruptured intracranial aneurysms not undergoing preventive endovascular or neurosurgical treatment are often monitored radiologically to detect aneurysm growth, which is associated with an increase in risk of rupture. However, the absolute risk of aneurysm rupture after detection of growth remains unclear. Objective To determine the ab...
Conference Paper
Introduction Studies presenting clinical and imaging outcomes regarding flow diverter treatment for intracranial aneurysms lack uniformity. This especially applies to studies reporting off-label use. Reporting guidelines like STROBE have been developed to make methodological aspects of observational studies more uniform but they do not address topi...
Conference Paper
Introduction Refinement of intracranial aneurysm rupture risk estimations may improve patient selection for preventive treatment. Dynamical scans may highlight reduced stability of the vessel wall. Aim of Study The magnitude of pulsations is unknown, but are thought to be smaller than the CT resolution. Noise and artefacts impede reliable measurem...
Article
Background and Purpose Benefit of early endovascular treatment (EVT) for ischemic stroke varies considerably among patients. The MR PREDICTS decision tool, derived from MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands), predicts outcome and treatment benefit based on baseline cha...
Article
Objective: Rescue therapies have been recommended for patients with angiographic vasospasm (aVSP) and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, there is little evidence from randomized clinical trials that these therapies are safe and effective. The primary aim of this study was to apply game theory-based me...
Article
Full-text available
Background Detection of multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIAs) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is common and the optimal management of the additional unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) is often a matter of debate. We calculate the incidence and the factors associated with subsequent aSAHs from untreated additional an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) have been associated with a greater risk of poor functional outcome after ischemic stroke. We assessed the relations between WML burden and radiological and clinical outcomes in patients treated with endovascular treatment in routine practice. Methods We analyzed data from the MR CLEAN Registry (Mult...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Automated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage systems allow for the mobilization of patients with an external CSF drain. The aim of this study is to describe the implementation of an automated CSF drainage system in neurosurgical patients with external CSF drains. Methods: A feasibility study was performed using an automated CSF drain...
Article
Full-text available
Importance A carotid web (CW) is a shelf-like lesion along the posterior wall of the internal carotid artery bulb and an underrecognized cause of young stroke. Several studies suggest that patients with symptomatic CW have a high risk of recurrent stroke, but high-quality data are lacking. Objective To assess the 2-year risk of recurrent stroke in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Many randomized controlled trials (RCT) have assessed new treatments in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), yet most show no treatment efficacy. One explanation is the statistical analysis of the primary endpoint was not as efficient as possible. We reanalyzed SAH RCTs with various statistical tests to determine whether the statistical metho...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients who have been successfully treated for an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) often retain multiple health complaints, including mood disorders, cognitive complaints, fatigue, and problems with social participation. These problems are not always fully addressed during hospital visits or in current outcome measures, such as...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The role of surgery in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) remains controversial. This leads to variation in the percentage of patients who are treated with surgery between countries. Patients and methods We sent an online survey to all neurosurgeons (n = 140) and to a sample of neurologists (n = 378) in Dutch hospitals, with...
Article
Full-text available
Background The need for external cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drains in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) patients is common and might lead to additional complications. Objective A relation between the presence of an external CSF drain and complication risk is investigated. Methods A prospective complication registry was analysed retrospect...
Article
Full-text available
Background First‐pass reperfusion (FPR) is associated with favorable outcome after endovascular treatment. It is unknown whether this effect is independent of patient characteristics and whether FPR has better outcomes compared with excellent reperfusion (Expanded Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction [eTICI] 2C‐3) after multiple‐passes reperfusion....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Treatment of intracranial aneurysms with flow diverters (FDs) showed promising results. However, a subset of patients treated for posterior communicating artery (PComA) aneurysms has variable occlusion rates. Especially the fetal type-associated PComA aneurysms seemed to respond differently to treatment. We analyze our series of fetal...
Article
Background: In patients with spontaneous cerebellar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) guidelines advocate evacuation when the hematoma diameter is > 3 cm. We studied outcome in patients with cerebellar ICH > 3 cm who did not undergo immediate hematoma evacuation. Methods: We included consecutive patients with cerebellar ICH > 3 cm at two academic h...
Article
Introduction: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) mortality is decreasing, but data on functional outcomes over time is lacking. Methods: We created trends of good (Glasgow Outcomes Scale [GOS] of 4 or 5) and optimal (GOS of 5) functional outcomes and mortality (GOS of 1) using linear regression in 15 SAH trials and registries from 1982 to 2014. Models a...
Article
Background: Predicting outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is known to be challenging and complex. Machine learning approaches, of which feedforward artificial neural networks (ffANNs) are the most widely used, could contribute to the patient-specific outcome prediction. Objective: To investigate the prediction capacity of an...
Article
Full-text available
Measurement of intracranial aneurysm wall motion may refine the current rupture risk estimation. A golden standard for measuring aneurysm pulsation is lacking. The aim is to evaluate magnitudes of aneurysm pulsation as published in current literature. Embase and PubMed were searched for publications containing quantitative measures of cardiac-cycle...
Article
Full-text available
Background The effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT) for large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke severely depends on time to treatment. However, it remains unclear what the value of faster treatment is in the years after index stroke. The aim of this study was to quantify the value of faster EVT in terms of health and healthcare costs for the D...
Article
Full-text available
Background In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, short-term antifibrinolytic therapy with tranexamic acid has been shown to reduce the risk of rebleeding. However, whether this treatment improves clinical outcome is unclear. We investigated whether ultra-early, short-term treatment with tranexamic acid improves clinical outcome at 6...
Article
Background and Purpose Thrombectomy with stent retriever and direct aspiration are equally effective in the endovascular treatment of anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke. We report efficacy and safety of initial treatment technique per occlusion segment. Methods For this study, we analyzed data from the MR CLEAN Registry, a prospective, obs...
Article
Introduction: One of the foremost challenges in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) management is understanding which patient characteristics and treatment decisions lead to good outcomes. This study uses novel game theory-based methods in explainable machine learning (ML) and propensity-score matching to elucidate the clinical factors driving outcomes f...
Article
Full-text available
Inconsistency in outcome parameters for delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) makes it difficult to compare results between mouse studies, in the same way inconsistency in outcome parameters in human studies has for long obstructed adequate comparison. The absence of an established definition may in part be responsible for the failed translational result...
Article
Full-text available
Background Wide necked bifurcation aneurysms (WNBA) are among the most difficult aneurysms to treat. Very low dome-to-neck (DTN) and aspect ratios provide an even greater challenge in the management of WNBAs. We present the safety and efficacy profile for endovascular clip system (eCLIPs) device in the treatment of this subset of WNBAs with very un...
Article
Full-text available
In this report, we describe the use of the Comaneci device to support microcatheterization in a small branch arising from a parent artery during embolization. In 2 cases, arteriovenous malformations presented with intracranial hemorrhage. A microcatheter was navigated into a small feeder while the Comaneci device was deployed just distal to the fee...
Article
Full-text available
Before 2015, endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke was considered a promising treatment option. Based on limited evidence, it was performed in several dedicated stroke centers worldwide on selected patients. Since 2015, EVT for patients with intracranial large vessel occlusion has quickly been implemented as standard treatment in m...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeA possible disadvantage of endovascular occlusion outside work hours is that complex procedures might expose patients to additional risk when performed in a suboptimal setting. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated whether treatment during out of office hours is a risk factor for per-procedural complications and clinical outcome.Met...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose—I If a relationship between stroke etiology and thrombus computed tomography characteristics exists, assessing these characteristics in clinical practice could serve as a useful additional diagnostic tool for the identification of stroke subtype. Our purpose was to study the association of stroke etiology and thrombus compute...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose— The use of oral anticoagulants (OAC) is considered a contra-indication for intravenous thrombolytics as acute treatment of ischemic stroke. However, little is known about the risks and benefits of endovascular treatment in patients on prior OAC. We aim to compare outcomes after endovascular treatment between patients with an...
Article
Background Inflammation-related factors might give further insight into the pathophysiology of vessel wall inflammation and intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture. One of these factors is the protein complex S100A8/A9, which is released by neutrophils, monocytes, and activated macrophages and is known for its role in cardiovascular disease. Objective...
Article
Background and Purpose— Collateral circulation status at baseline is associated with functional outcome after ischemic stroke and effect of endovascular treatment. We aimed to identify clinical and imaging determinants that are associated with collateral grade on baseline computed tomography angiography in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The effect of surgical treatment for supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage and whether it is modified by key baseline characteristics and timing remains uncertain. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of surgical treatment of supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral...
Article
Introduction: Outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke are highly time dependent, but whether active reduction of time to treatment leads to better outcome has not been demonstrated. We compared data of the two subsequent MR CLEAN Registry cohorts, comprising all patients in the Netherlands who had EVT for acute ischemi...
Article
Full-text available
In subtraction CT angiography (CTA), a non-contrast CT acquisition is subtracted from a contrast-enhanced CTA acquisition. Subtraction CTA can be applied in the detection, classification, and follow-up of intracranial aneurysms and is advantageous over conventional angiography because of its non-invasive nature, shorter examination time, and lower...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose— Due to chronic hypoperfusion, cervical atherosclerosis may promote cerebral collateral circulation. We hypothesized that patients with ischemic stroke due to cervical carotid atherosclerosis have a more extensive collateral circulation and better outcomes than patients with cardioembolism. We tested this hypothesis in a popu...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Prediction of intracranial aneurysm growth risk can assist physicians in planning of follow-up imaging of conservatively managed unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We therefore aimed to externally validate the ELAPSS (Earlier subarachnoid hemorrhage, aneurysm Location, Age, Population, aneurysm Size and Shape) score for pre...
Article
Background and purpose Flow diverters are sometimes used in the setting of acutely ruptured aneurysms. However, thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications are feared and evidence regarding safety is limited. Therefore, in this multicenter study we evaluated complications, clinical, and angiographic outcomes of patients treated with a flow diverte...
Chapter
The previous chapters of this book have shown that becoming an evidence-based neurosurgeon is not a simple task. Both the editors and the authors have tried to take the next step in the synthesis of higher-level evidence for practicing neurosurgeons. The chapters are organized around common clinical scenarios taken from real-life experience. The re...
Article
Background and purpose: 4D CT angiography is increasingly used in clinical practice for the assessment of different neurovascular disorders. Optimized processing of 4D-CTA is crucial for diagnostic interpretation because of the large amount of data that is generated. A color-mapping method for 4D-CTA is presented for improved and enhanced visualiz...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose— Endovascular treatment (EVT) of patients with acute ischemic stroke because of large vessel occlusion involves complicated logistics, which may cause a delay in treatment initiation during off-hours. This might lead to a worse functional outcome. We compared workflow intervals between endovascular treatment–treated patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose— Intravenous administration of heparin during endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke may improve outcomes. However, risks and benefits of this adjunctive therapy remain uncertain. We aimed to evaluate periprocedural intravenous heparin use in Dutch stroke intervention centers and to assess its efficacy and safety. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are aspects of a patient's health status and are considered important for stimulating patient-centered care. Current outcome measures in clinical care for patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) are insufficient to capture PROs. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarize the evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
Background Recurrent bleeding is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Antifibrinolytic therapy is known to reduce recurrent bleeding, however, its beneficial effect on outcome remains unclear. The effect of treatment with tranexamic acid (TXA) until aneurysm treatment on clin...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose— It is unclear whether endovascular treatment (EVT) is beneficial for patients with acute ischemic stroke with occlusion of the M2 segment of the middle cerebral artery. We aimed to compare functional outcomes, technical aspects, and complications of EVT between patients with acute ischemic stroke because of M2 and M1 occlusi...