Jeroen Adam

Jeroen Adam
Ghent University | UGhent · Faculty of Political and Social Sciences

PhD

About

26
Publications
8,281
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165
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
122 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220510152025

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
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This article discusses the emergence of hybrid institutional arrangements in the field of security and justice delivery in the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte in the Philippines. It will be argued that these hybrid institutions cannot be explained by pointing at a weak or fragile state. Rather, over the past few decades, the Philippi...
Article
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Over the past 10 to 15 years a pertinent critique has been formulated against the dominant framing of violent conflict in Muslim Mindanao as a mere struggle for autonomy or independence by a Muslim minority against the Philippine nation-state. This critique demonstrates how a wide range of coercive organizations compete over gaining access to rents...
Article
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This article argues for a relational and historical understanding of the violent conflict in Muslim Mindanao, the Philippines that goes beyond treating this region as a violent " space of exception, " but instead points at similarities and congruities with other parts of the Philippines. The consequences of this observation are discussed in relatio...
Article
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This article argues that the current attention on indigenous institutions, and the ‘local’ more generally, in peace-building and conflict management bears similarities with colonial and post-colonial attempts at pacifying volatile borderlands. This will be illustrated through a historical case study of the Southern Philippine island of Mindanao, wh...
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This article challenges the pervasive notion of rebel groups in the southern Philippines as non-state actors opposing the penetration of the state.Instead, through a historically informed analysis of local politics in two Mindanao provinces with a presence of Muslim and communist armed insurgents, respectively (North Cotabato and Compostela Valley)...
Technical Report
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This paper elaborates on the concept of hybridity as deployed by The Asia Foundation (TAF)in their conflict management interventions in the province of Lanao del Sur, the Philippines. This analysis starts from a critical reading of one specific Theory of Change (ToC) that has been formulated by The Asia Foundation under the UK Department for Intern...
Article
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In the past decade, a range of international and national NGOs have pointed to the need to complement national-level negotiations with a support for alternative, informal institutions of conflict management in order to reach a sustainable peace in the conflictaffected regions of Central and Western Mindanao. This argument is based on emerging insig...
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This article elaborates on how agrarian social structures and relations have changed after redistributive land reform under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) on coconut plantations in the province of Davao Oriental, Philippines. Three major arguments can be derived from this question. First, despite the objective of this land reform...
Article
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Through a comparative micro-level study of conflicts in the Indonesian island of Ambon and the Philippine island of Mindanao, the article will show how the master narrative of a Christian–Muslim cleavage obscures the prominence of localized sub-identities in shaping the escalation of conflict in both places. Whilst in Ambon communal violence erupte...
Article
In post-conflict contexts characterized by large-scale migration and increasing levels of legal pluralism, customary land tenure risks being deployed as a tool of ethno-territorialization in which displaced communities are denied return and secure land rights. This thesis will be illustrated through a case study of the Indonesian island of Ambon wh...
Article
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Traditional accounts of the eruption of communal conflict between Christians and Muslims on the Indonesian island of Ambon point to religiously framed struggles to access a patrimonial state and the emergence of specific threats and opportunities after the fall of Suharto in May 1998. Whilst this thesis will be upheld, it does not wholly account fo...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional accounts of the eruption of communal conflict between Christians and Muslims on the Indonesian island of Ambon point to religiously framed struggles to access a patrimonial state and the emergence of specific threats and opportunities after the fall of Suharto in May 1998. Whilst this thesis will be upheld, it does not wholly account fo...
Article
Full-text available
This article illustrates how a religious conflict that started in 1999 on the island of Ambon in combination with an overall Indonesian financial crisis brought about the downward social mobility of many autochthonous Ambonese. In particular, the Ambonese employed in formal waged labour were forced to take up income generation strategies in insecur...
Article
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Indonesia The Revival of tradition in Indonesian politics: The Deployment of adat from colonialism to indigenism Edited by DavidsonJamie S. and HenleyDavidNew York and London: Routledge Press, 2007. Pp. 377. Figures, Maps, Tables, Index. - Volume 39 Issue 3 - Jeroen Adam
Article
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On the Indonesian island of Ambon, the revitalization of adat (customary land tenure) is shaped by a post-conflict dynamic aiming to induce a reconciliation between distrustful Christians and Muslims. This resurgence of adat reflects how indigenous communities cope with spatial relocation resulting from interreligious violence. Resettled indigenous...
Article
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Starting from the question how IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) in the conflict-ridden city of Ambon (East Indonesia) adapted their income generation strategies during and after a high-intensity conflict, this working paper will illustrate how informal market activities became a strategy to cope with insecurity and economic hardship for internal...
Article
Full-text available
Although armed groups and political violence referring to Islam have attracted increasing attention since the start of the global war against terror, one particular religion can hardly be described as the main source of inspiration of what is commonly referred to as “terrorist acts of violence.” Faith-based violence occurs in different parts of the...

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Project
This work aims to contribute to the debate on the role of agroecology as a countermovement in the context of neoliberal expansion. It examines how agroecology can be a political response to the development paradigm in which large-scale, industrial agriculture and mineral resource extraction have an impact on both indigenous and peasant communities. For this it compares the Pampa region and the northwestern region of Argentina.