Jeremy M Hamm

Jeremy M Hamm
North Dakota State University | NDSU · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

58
Publications
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572
Citations

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
Active engagement with multiple life domains (cross-domain engagement) is associated with adaptation throughout the adult life span. However, less is known about the role of cross-domain engagement during significant life course transitions that can challenge motivational resources, such as the shift to retirement. Based on the motivational theory...
Article
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Despite increased emphasis on educating students in the sciences, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM disciplines), nearly half of U.S. college students who enroll in these programs fail to graduate with STEM degrees (Chen & Soldner, 2013). Using archival data from the Motivation and Academic Achievement Database, the present study (n =...
Article
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Retiring is associated with increased risk of cognitive decline (e.g., Bonsang et al., 2012; Wickrama et al., 2013). However, little is known about the moderating role of motivational and demographic factors that are implicated in adaptive development and the retirement transition process. We used data from the Midlife in the United States Study (n...
Article
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Although the benefits of positive affect in old age have been well established, little is known about the late life salience or adaptive value of discrete positive emotions that have contrasting motivational functions. In two studies, we examined the prevalence and health consequences of individual differences in positive emotions posited to motiva...
Article
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Goal adjustment capacities (i.e., goal disengagement and goal reengagement) are core self-regulatory resources theorized to buffer psychological well-being during intractable life circumstances. However, research has yet to examine whether these capacities protect well-being for individuals who encounter uncontrollable losses in their ability to pu...
Article
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This study used latent transition analysis (LTA) to examine stability and change in the emotion profiles of university students during a two-semester course. Three positive emotions (i.e., hope, pride, and happiness) and five negative emotions (i.e., guilt, helplessness, anger, shame, and regret) derived from Weiner’s attribution theory of emotion...
Article
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Research suggests that when dealing with personal setbacks, secondary control (SC) adjustment and acceptance beliefs can foster psychological wellbeing. However, little research has examined these beliefs, in combination, and how they impact students in their academic development. We conducted secondary analysis using an eight-month longitudinal st...
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Older adults make up the largest portion of the population of physically inactive individuals. Health challenges, and psychological barriers (e.g., maladaptive causal attributions), contribute to reduced activity engagement and low perceived control. This pilot study tested an attributional retraining (AR) intervention designed to increase control-...
Article
Background: Older adults with a cognitive impairment, including those not yet diagnosed, may have deficits in their physical function. Objective: We sought to determine the associations of cognitive impairment consistent with dementia (CICD) diagnosis status on handgrip strength, gait speed, and functional disability in older adults. Methods:...
Article
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Adaptive development through adulthood entails developmental progress within multiple domains of life, such as health, work, and family. Adult status within these life domains is often solidified during established adulthood (30–45 years of age). Developmental progress within these central life domains is reflected in high perceived control and sat...
Article
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Background Screening for dementia in relevant healthcare settings may help in identifying low cognitive functioning for comprehensive cognitive assessments and subsequent dementia treatment after diagnosis.AimsThis study sought to estimate the prevalence of no reported dementia-related diagnosis in a nationally-representative sample of older Americ...
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This study examined whether sadness, but not anger, could facilitate adaptive goal disengagement capacity in the context of older adult’s stress-related experiences. To this end, we investigated whether the within-person effects of sadness and anger on older adults’ goal disengagement capacity was moderated by stress perceptions and diurnal cortiso...
Conference Paper
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Although discrete emotions can change in salience across adulthood, little is known about developmental shifts in the co-occurrence of multiple discrete emotions. The present study (n=389, Mage=73) adopted a person-centered approach to identify stability and change in commonly-occurring profiles of calmness, excitement, sadness, and anger. Daily em...
Conference Paper
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Research shows that emotions play an important role in successful aging. However, less is known about how day-to-day fluctuations and multi-year changes in positive and negative emotions are implicated in adaptive development. Thus, the present studies address the developmental antecedents and outcomes of micro- and macro-longitudinal changes in di...
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We investigated motivational regulation involving adjustment of recovery goals in post‐stroke rehabilitation via standard in‐clinic physiotherapy and in‐home telerehabilitation (TR). We used a secondary dataset collected at 11 US sites as part of a clinical trial using video games and game control pads designed to induce certain arm movements requi...
Conference Paper
Background: In post-secondary settings, student athletes are required to balance achievement goals and pursue success in two different domains (academic, sport). Although student athlete achievement goals have received much attention in sport settings, this does not appear to be the case in academic settings. Methods: Our longitudinal study exami...
Article
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Student-athletes in their first-year transition to university experience many psychological and social stressors as they balance multiple commitments. Our study examined whether a student-athlete social identity affected psychosocial adjustment as students transition to postsecondary, and whether it acted by reducing stress to foster academic adjus...
Article
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Control-value theory (CVT) posits that cognitive appraisals and emotions govern motivation and learning in achievement settings. Within this framework, we used latent profile analysis to identify multifaceted motivation profiles involving academic control and value appraisals and achievement emotions (boredom, anxiety, enjoyment). Three motivation...
Conference Paper
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Weiner’s attribution theory posits that it is adaptive to ascribe challenges to controllable causes (e.g., insufficient effort, bad strategies) and maladaptive to ascribe them to uncontrollable causes (e.g., old age). This is supported by our prior research that showed a heightened risk of mortality when mobility challenges were attributed to old a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research shows that emotions play an important role in successful aging. However, previous studies have largely focused on the implications of dimensional indicators of emotion, such as positive and negative affect. This approach may fail to capture important distinctions between discrete emotions such as sadness, loneliness, calmness, and empathy...
Conference Paper
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Using two studies, we examined the late life prevalence and health consequences of discrete positive emotions posited to motivate rest and recovery (calmness) or pursuit of novelty and stimulation (excitement). Study 1 assessed the salience of these discrete emotions in older adults (n=73, Mage=73) relative to younger adults (n=73, Mage=23) over a...
Conference Paper
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Despite the salience of achievement emotions in educational theory and research, critical assumptions regarding the antecedents of emotion remain untested. The current study combines perspectives of achievement goal theory (Elliot et al., 2011) and control-value theory (CVT; Pekrun, 2006), to test CVT’s assumption that cognitive appraisals of contr...
Article
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First-generation college students face unique obstacles that can erode their psychological well-being, academic motivation, and educational development during school-to-college transitions. Although research shows attribution-based interventions foster academic attainment among at-risk students (Hamm et al., 2020, Perry and Hamm, 2017), little is k...
Article
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Considerable evidence shows that cell phone use (CPU) is detrimental to students’ academic achievement. However, researchers have yet to consider whether or not perceived academic control (PAC) and anxiety can mediate this effect. In this two-semester study, we examined the role of PAC and learning-related anxiety in affecting the relationship betw...
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Objective Although evidence shows that stress experiences can predict both hyper- and hypo-cortisol regulation, there is a lack of research examining these associations longitudinally. Our study assessed whether levels and increases in psychological stress experiences predicted 12-year changes in circadian cortisol levels (area under the curve; AUC...
Conference Paper
Academic adjustment during the school-to-university transition can be particularly challenging for student athletes who have to balance multiple commitments. Evidence shows an individual’s social identity (sense of group membership) can benefit various psychosocial outcomes (Haslam et al., 2006, 2008). Our study explores the impact of student athle...
Article
Using a lifespan theoretical perspective, the present study examined how subjective age relates to perceived control and motivational investment in the work domain. Data from the Midlife in the United States National Study of Health and Well-Being (MIDUS I, II, and III; 1995-2013; n = 2395) were analyzed using parallel process growth curve modeling...
Article
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Although research shows higher levels of perceived academic control are associated with academic adjustment in the first year of university, little is known about how changes in perceived control over multiple years relate to longitudinal university dropout and grades. Thus, our 3-year study (N = 1,007) examined whether changes in perceived control...
Article
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Objectives: Although forecasting a positive future can be adaptive, it may not be when expectations are unmet. Our study examined whether such inaccurate expectations about future health status (overestimation) were maladaptive for older adults who commonly experience late life declines in physical functioning. Method: We analyzed data from the n...
Article
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Objectives: Although physical activity is recognized as a health-promoting behaviour for older adults, notable barriers exist that may reduce physical activity in this age group. Limited research has explored causal beliefs (attributions) as a barrier to physical activity. Our study assessed associations between older adults’ attributions about phy...
Conference Paper
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The present research examined whether remaining employed protected against nine-year declines in cognitive functioning (episodic memory). We used the national Midlife in the United States Study to (a) propensity score match middle-aged and older adults who remained employed with those who retired, (b) test whether the matched samples differed on lo...
Conference Paper
This study investigates the extent to which alternative time constructs explain additional variance in individuals’ work engagement over and above chronological age. The results indicate that individuals report enhanced current work engagement when they are chronologically older, feel younger, believe their work situation has improved relative to t...
Conference Paper
The globalized and increasingly volatile world economy has destabilized normative career paths spanning adulthood and early old age. To be successful, individuals need to take more initiative in shaping their own careers and to respond to challenges associated with aging-related constraints in work demands and job conditions. Research presented in...
Article
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Rationale and Objectives: Whether expectations about future health are adaptive or maladaptive in late life likely depends on the extent to which they conform to or defy a future reality of declining health. Our premise was that, when adults face a downward spiral in health, it can be adaptive to realistically expect poorer future health and malada...
Article
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Motivation treatments to enhance goal engagement can improve academic outcomes for college students with single academic risk factors (Hamm et al., 2016), but their efficacy remains unexamined for students with multiple risk factors in online learning environments. In a pre-post, randomized treatment study (n = 628), a theory-based goal engagement...
Article
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Although an active pursuit of health goals is typically adaptive, there may be circumstances in very late life when it is not. Our 10-year study of community-dwelling individuals (n = 220, 79- 98 years-old) examined whether investing substantial effort into personal health (high selective primary control) in the absence of help-seeking strategies (...
Article
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Objectives Student athletes encounter significant challenges during school-to-college transitions that can increase stress and undermine academic adjustment (Heelis & Shields, 2015). An attribution-based motivation treatment (Perry et al., 2014) was administered to student athletes who differed in perceived stress to improve short- and long-term ac...
Article
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Attribution-based motivation treatments can boost performance in competitive achievement settings (Perry & Hamm, 2017), yet their efficacy relative to mediating processes and affect-based treatments remains largely unexamined. In a two-semester, pre-post, randomized treatment study (n = 806), attributional retraining (AR) and stress-reduction (SR)...
Article
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Perceived control (PC) and boredom are academic risk factors that undermine motivation and performance in competitive achievement settings (Pekrun et al., 2010; Perry et al., 2001). Attribution-based motivation treatments (attributional retraining: AR) can assist students who exhibit single risk factors, but AR efficacy remains unexamined for stude...
Chapter
Full-text available
Simple beliefs about our ability to influence life events are powerful. Perceived control acts as a cognitive resource to preserve and promote resilience and goal engagement. It cultivates overall quality of life, protecting us when adversity strikes and it plays a self-regulatory role when pursuing goals. In this chapter, we discuss key developmen...
Article
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Objectives. Appraising health as controllable is typically thought to be adaptive, but recent evidence suggests the paradoxical possibility that perceived control (PC) can be detrimental. We considered the premise that high PC should have a survival benefit when it is part of an adaptive mindset involving high value (importance) for health, but it...
Article
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Although theory-driven control striving treatments may sustain motivation for individuals navigating life course transitions, their efficacy during these challenging junctures remains unexamined. In a pre-post randomized field study (n = 316), a novel control striving treatment based on Heckhausen et al.’s (Psychol Rev 117:32–60, 2010) motivational...
Article
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Competitive student athletes who experience the typical challenges inherent in high school-to-university transitions must also overcome sport-related difficulties which can undermine their academic motivation and class attendance due to competitions, fatigue, injuries, identity issues, and novel training environments (MacNamara & Collins, 2010; Sim...
Article
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Research has established the health benefits of psychological factors, including the way individuals appraise outcomes. Although many studies confirm that appraising outcomes as controllable is adaptive for health, a paradoxical possibility is largely ignored: Perceived control may be detrimental under some conditions. Our premise was that appraisi...
Article
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This study assessed the extent to which older adults attribute a recent heart attack/stroke to "old age," and examined consequences for subsequent lifestyle behavior and health-care service utilization. Community-dwelling adults (N = 57, ages 73-98 years) were interviewed about their heart attack/stroke, and an objective health registry provided da...
Article
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Developmental transitions are experienced throughout the life course and necessitate adapting to consequential and unpredictable changes that can undermine health (Adlaf et al., 2001; Perry, 2003). Our six-month study (n = 239) explored whether selective secondary control striving (motivation-focused thinking) protects against the elevated levels o...
Chapter
Full-text available
University administrators and instructors typically expect their academic programs to educate students to become relatively mature scholars. The American philosopher, Mortimer Adler (Reforming education: the opening of the American mind. Collier Macmillan, New York, 1988), says that a mature scholar is “a person who has a good mind, well discipline...
Chapter
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Purpose: This chapter presents empirical evidence on the effects of attributional retraining (AR), a motivation-enhancing treatment that can offset maladaptive explanatory mind-sets arising from adverse learn- ing experiences. The evidence shows that AR is effective for assisting col- lege students to adapt to competitive and challenging achievemen...
Article
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Our quasi-experimental, longitudinal treatment study examined whether Attributional Retraining (AR) facilitated adjustment among young adults (n = 324) making the challenging school-to-university transition. An AR by performance orientation group 2 x 4 design showed AR primarily benefited high-risk students: Failure-ruminators (high failure preoccu...
Article
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Pursuing health goals in very old age is a challenging task that may be undermined by conflicted goal engagement involving mismatched primary (behavior-focused) and secondary (motivation-focused) control striving. Our study explored whether one potentially detrimental combination of control strategies (low primary control/high secondary control) co...
Article
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Transitions to novel achievement settings are often accompanied by unfamiliar learning conditions and unanticipated failure that undermine how individuals adapt to such situations. For first‐year students, the transition to college is imbued with adverse learning conditions that can result in decreased motivation and academic performance. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental transitions are imbued with ubiquitous uncertainties that undermine goal striving in many otherwise committed individuals. Our seven-month study examined whether cognitive selective secondary control strategies (motivation-focused thinking) facilitate the enactment of achievement goals among young adults experiencing the landmark scho...

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Project
Pilot repository for publications and resources by AERA Motivation SIG Members, relevant to topics on motivation in education. Only add published work from 2016 to present.