Jeremie Roux

Jeremie Roux
Université Côte d'Azur · IRCAN : Centre Cancer et Vieillissement

PhD

About

64
Publications
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1,615
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Publications

Publications (64)
Article
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Single-cell multimodal technologies reveal the scales of cellular heterogeneity impairing cancer treatment, yet cell response dynamics remain largely underused to decipher the mechanisms of drug resistance they take part in. As the phenotypic heterogeneity of a clonal cell population informs on the capacity of each single-cell to recapitulate the w...
Article
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The continuing efforts to exploit the death receptor agonists, such as the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), for cancer therapy, have largely been impaired by the anti-apoptotic and pro-survival signalling pathways leading to drug resistance. Cell migration, invasion, differentiation, immune evasion and anoikis...
Article
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Non-genetic heterogeneity observed in clonal cell populations is an immediate cause of drug resistance that remains challenging to profile because of its transient nature. Here, we coupled three single-cell technologies to link the predicted drug response of a cell to its own genome-wide transcriptomic profile. As a proof of principle, we analyzed...
Chapter
Isogenic cells can respond differently to cytotoxic drugs, such as the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL), with only a fraction committing to apoptosis. Since non-genetic transient resistance to TRAIL has been shown to dependent on caspase-8 dynamics at the receptor level in vitro, here we investigate the core reactions...
Article
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Developing therapeutics that target multiple receptor signaling pathways in tumors is critical as therapies targeting single specific biomarker/pathway have shown limited efficacy in patients with cancer. In this study, we extensively characterized a bi-functional molecule comprising of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeted nanobody (ENb...
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Survival rates of patients with metastatic or recurrent cancers have remained virtually unchanged during the past 30 years. This fact makes the need for new therapeutic options even more urgent. An attractive option would be to target autophagy, an essential quality control process that degrades toxic aggregates, damaged organelles, and signaling p...
Article
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Recombinant soluble TRAIL and agonistic antibodies against TRAIL receptors (DR4 and DR5) are currently being created for clinical cancer therapy, due to their selective killing of cancer cells and high safety characteristics. However, resistance to TRAIL and other targeted therapies is an important issue facing current cancer research field. An att...
Article
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When cells are exposed to death ligands such as TRAIL, a fraction undergoes apoptosis and a fraction survives; if surviving cells are re-exposed to TRAIL, fractional killing is once again observed. Therapeutic antibodies directed against TRAIL receptors also cause fractional killing, even at saturating concentrations, limiting their effectiveness....
Article
Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome who retain maximal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) have better clinical outcomes. The release of endogenous catecholamines associated with shock or the administration of β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) agonists enhances AFC via a 3'-5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent mechanism. The authors hav...
Article
Ligands and DR4/5-receptor agonist antibodies such as TRAIL or Apomab trigger apoptosis in tumor cells and are currently being tested in clinical trials. Exposure of cells to these ligands induces DISC (Death receptor Induced Signaling Complex) formation. When formed, these complexes activate caspase 8 which in turn cleaves Bid and triggers mitocho...
Article
The heat-shock response (HSR) protects from insults, such as ischemia-reperfusion injury, by inhibiting signaling pathways activated by sterile inflammation. However, the mechanisms by which the HSR activation would modulate lung damage and host response to a bacterial lung infection remain unknown. HSR was activated with whole-body hyperthermia or...
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High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is a danger-signaling molecule, known to activate an inflammatory response via TLR4 and RAGE. HMGB1 can be either actively secreted or passively released from damaged alveolar epithelial cells. Previous studies have shown that IL-1β, a critical mediator acute lung injury in humans that is activated by HMGB1...
Article
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When clonal populations of human cells are exposed to apoptosis-inducing agents, some cells die and others survive. This fractional killing arises not from mutation but from pre-existing, stochastic differences in the levels and activities of proteins regulating apoptosis. In this paper we examine the properties of cells that survive treatment with...
Article
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Acute lung injury (ALI) is a clinical syndrome characterized by hypoxia, which is caused by the breakdown of the alveolar capillary barrier. Interleukin 1β (IL-1β), a cytokine released within the airspace in ALI, downregulates the α subunit of the epithelial sodium channel (αENaC) transcription and protein expression via p38 MAP kinase-dependent si...
Article
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Patients with acute lung injury (ALI) who retain maximal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) have better clinical outcomes. Experimental and small clinical studies have shown that β(2)-adrenergic receptor (β(2)AR) agonists enhance AFC via a cAMP-dependent mechanism. However, two multicenter phase 3 clinical trials failed to show that β(2)AR agonists pro...
Article
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Inhibition of the small GTPase RhoA attenuates the development of pulmonary edema and restores positive alveolar fluid clearance in a murine model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. Activated protein C (aPC) blocks the development of an unfavorably low ratio of small GTPase Rac1/RhoA activity in lung endothelium through endothelial protein C rece...
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Elevated plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) levels are associated with adverse clinical outcome in patients with pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, whether PAI-1 plays a pathogenic role in the breakdown of the alveolar-capillary barrier caused by P aeruginosa is unknown. The role of P...
Article
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe pneumonia in critically ill patients. We have reported previously that P. aeruginosa exotoxins S and T mediate in vitro the increase in protein permeability across lung endothelial cell monolayers via a RhoA-dependent mechanism. However, whether inhibition of RhoA would signi...
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Alveolar fluid clearance is impaired by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)/nitric oxide (NO)-dependent mechanisms in acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The activation of the stress protein response (SPR) in alveolar macrophages on iNOS-dependent NO production in response to interferon gamma (IFNgamma), a major c...
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To test the hypothesis that the lectin-like domain of tumor necrosis factor, mimicked by the TIP peptide, can improve lung function after unilateral orthotopic lung isotransplantation. Because of a lack of a specific treatment for ischemia reperfusion-mediated lung injury, accompanied by a disrupted barrier integrity and a dysfunctional alveolar li...
Article
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Exogenous or endogenous β2-adrenergic receptor agonists enhance alveolar epithelial fluid transport via a cAMP-dependent mechanism that protects the lungs from alveolar flooding in acute lung injury. However, impaired alveolar fluid clearance is present in most of the patients with acute lung injury and is associated with increased mortality, altho...
Article
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Hypoxia and epithelial stretch that are commonly observed in patients with acute lung injury have been shown to promote the release of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in vitro. However, whether 5-HT contributes to the decrease of alveolar epithelial fluid transport, which is a hallmark of lung injury, is unknown. Thus, we investigated the eff...
Article
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe pneumonia associated with airspace flooding with protein-rich edema in critically ill patients. The type III secretion system is a major virulence factor and contributes to dissemination of P. aeruginosa. However, it is still unknown which particular bacterial toxin and which...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe pneumonia associated with airspace flooding with protein-rich edema in critically ill patients. The type III secretion system is a major virulence factor and contributes to dissemination of P. aeruginosa. However, it is still unknown which particular bacterial toxin and which...
Article
Interleukin (IL)-1beta has previously been shown to be among the most biologically active cytokines in the lungs of patients with acute lung injury (ALI). Furthermore, there is experimental evidence that lung vascular permeability increases after short-term exposure to IL-1 protein, although the exact mechanism is unknown. Therefore, the objective...
Article
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Interleukin (IL)-1beta has previously been shown to be among the most biologically active cytokines in the lungs of patients with acute lung injury (ALI). Furthermore, there is experimental evidence that lung vascular permeability increases after short-term exposure to IL-1 protein, although the exact mechanism is unknown. Therefore, the objective...
Article
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Ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) is one of the main pathophysiological phenomena involved in the anaesthetic practice. The authors hypothesized that anaesthetic regimens can influence skeletal muscle tolerance to tourniquet-induced I/R that should be reflected by the interstitial metabolite levels of anaerobic glycolysis. Microdialysis probes were impla...
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Heat stress may enhance the effect of apoptosis-inducing agents in resistant tumor cells. One such agent is the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), which has attracted intense interest for its ability to induce apoptosis in tumors without affecting nonmalignant cells. We therefore tested whether heat stress potentiates...
Article
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Previous studies have shown that heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) is found in the extracellular space (eHsp72) and that eHsp72 has potent immunomodulatory effects. However, whether eHsp72 is present in the distal air spaces and whether eHsp72 could modulate removal of alveolar edema is unknown. The first objective was to determine whether Hsp72 is rel...
Article
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Acute lung injury (ALI) is a devastating syndrome characterized by diffuse alveolar damage, elevated airspace levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and flooding of the alveolar spaces with protein-rich edema fluid. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is one of the most biologically active cytokines in the distal airspaces of patients with ALI. IL-1beta ha...
Article
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Inhibition of cAMP-dependent stimulation of the vectorial fluid transport across the lung epithelium following hemorrhagic shock is mediated by NO released within the airspaces of the lung. We tested here the hypothesis that prior induction of HO-1 would attenuate the release of NO in the airspaces, thus preventing the inhibition of the c-AMP stimu...
Article
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Activation of the stress response attenuates proinflammatory responses by suppressing cytokine-stimulated activation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. In this study, we show that the activation of the cellular stress response, either by heat shock treatment or after exposure to sodium arsenite, leads to a transient inhibition of IkappaBalpha phos...
Article
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Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by the flooding of the alveolar airspaces with protein-rich edema fluid and diffuse alveolar damage. We have previously reported that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a critical mediator of ALI after intratracheal administration of bleomycin or Escherichia coli endotoxin, at least in part due...
Article
Full-text available
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by the flooding of the alveolar airspaces with protein-rich edema fluid and diffuse alveolar damage. We have previously reported that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a critical mediator of ALI after intratracheal administration of bleomycin or Escherichia coli endotoxin, at least in part due to eff...
Article
Full-text available
In cystic fibrosis, the absence of functional CFTR results in thick mucous secretions in the lung and intestines, as well as pancreatic deficiency. Although expressed at high levels in the kidney, mutations in CFTR result in little or no apparent kidney dysfunction. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, we analyzed Delta F508 CFTR maturation...
Article
Our recent experimental work demonstrated that a neutrophil-dependent inflammatory response in the lung prevented the normal up-regulation of alveolar fluid clearance by catecholamines following hemorrhagic shock. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the release of NO within the airspaces of the lung was responsible for the shock-mediated f...