Jere L. Gilles

Jere L. Gilles
University of Missouri | Mizzou · Department of Rural Sociology

PhD

About

66
Publications
46,579
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773
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
384 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Introduction
Jere L. Gilles currently works at the Department of Rural Sociology, University of Missouri. Jere does research in Rural Sociology. His research focuses on improving linkages between local and scientific knowledge systems. Much of the focus of current research is on ways to reduce climate related risk in the Andes by coupling local and scientific knowledge. T
Additional affiliations
August 1977 - April 2021
University of Missouri
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
The Andes region, a unique high-mountain environment, includes a wide variety of ecosystems. A significant portion of the population depends on soil ecosystem services that are highly influenced by local soil quality. Soil quality is frequently evaluated through soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration (main component of soil organic matter, SOM). H...
Article
Full-text available
This study validates local forecast indicators used by indigenous Aymara in Bolivia’s Northern and Central Altiplano. In Bolivia, the use of traditional forecasting methods is declining even though climate services cannot provide useful forecasts because of a low density of stations and lack outreach services. Validating local knowledge can reduce...
Chapter
Full-text available
La investigación lleva a cabo un análisis temporal del uso y manejo de suelos desarrollado por los pequeños agricultores de una cuenca circunlacustre localizada en el Altiplano norte de Bolivia. El estudio se divide en tres partes. La primera se enfoca en el conocimiento y nomenclatura local que los agricultores tienen sobre sus suelos. La segunda...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies in this region focused on interannual and interdecadal precipitation variability during Dec‐Feb (summer), relating the El Niño (EN) phase to droughts. Many studies examine this variability over different parts of the Altiplano, and mountainous terrain is well known for producing complex climate signals as well as variability over r...
Article
Full-text available
En las zonas altas tropicales de Bolivia, desde hace más de 3000 años, los productores se encuentran establecidos a altitudes superiores a los 3700 m s. n. m., enfrentando recurrente y erráticamente características climáticas adversas como heladas, granizos, sequías, vientos y nevadas. Estos eventos desafían la capacidad productiva de la zona y dem...
Article
Full-text available
La actividad agrícola y su constante evolución están estrechamente ligadas a cambios de carácter climático, socioeconómico y cultural que han acelerado sus procesos en las últimas décadas, por lo que tienden a romper equilibrios naturales de recursos como el agua y el suelo. El suelo es un factor productivo principal, pero escasamente estudiado en...
Article
Full-text available
Article looks at changes in soils and soil management that have resulted from changing systems of production in a small watershed draining into Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. The link to the article follows: http://leisa-al.org/web/index.php/volumen-37-numero-1/4434-respuestas-innovadoras-de-agricultores-del-altiplano-boliviano-bajo-entornos-de-riesgo-...
Poster
The rainfall variability in the bolivian Highlands is presented and analyzed through the evaluation of PDO and ENSO patterns at the IUGG /IAMAS meeting in Montreal.
Article
Andean farmers have always faced high levels of climate-related risk and have produced a wide range of resilient crops and animals to subsist under harsh ecological conditions. In recent decades, changing climatic and economic conditions have challenged farmers in the region. In response, farmers have changed their production systems. The present s...
Article
Seasonal range prediction over North America has been based on intraseasonal and interannual variability related to the Pacific North America (PNA) pattern and El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO), respectively. These phenomena have an impact on the occurrence of atmospheric blocking and the long-term conditions for North America. Similar relati...
Article
Full-text available
For several decades, international development has focused on to helping rural communities in Africa attain economic development. The Millennium Villages Promise is a community-based Development strategy designed to facilitate the attainment of Millennium Development Goals in target sectors of education, agriculture, health, and infrastructure. The...
Article
Full-text available
The development and utility of genetically modified (GM) crops for smallholders around the world is controversial. Critical questions include what traits and crops are to be developed; how they can be adapted to smallholders’ ecological, social and economic contexts; which dissemination channels should be used to reach smallholders; and which polic...
Article
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Article shows how thus far communities in the Andean Altiplano have been able to successfully adapt to climate and market changes.
Article
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En los últimos años se ha manifestado un fuerte interés en la recuperación de los conocimientos locales de agricultores de los Andes, que, en muchas zonas mantienen y utilizan conocimientos para pronosticar el clima en el corto y mediano plazo con el fin de planificar y manejar los riesgos climáticos que influyen en su producción. Los estudios se e...
Article
•The high Andes of South America include rangelands where pure pastoralists herd llama and alpaca and agro-pastoralists produce tubers, grains, sheep, and cattle. •Women of the Aymara ethnic group live in both pastoral and agro-pastoral systems and have traditionally been responsible for many aspects of crop and livestock management. They also have...
Chapter
Full-text available
El propósito de este ensayo es presentar las principales bases conceptuales del Programa de Investigación Colaborativa en Agricultura y Manejo de Recursos Naturales Sostenibles (SANREM). Uno de los componentes centrales de dicho Programa consiste en realizar investigaciones participativas entre las comunidades científicas y locales, a fin de desarr...
Article
Full-text available
Climate variability and change impact production in rainfed agricultural systems of the Bolivian highlands. Maximum temperature trends are increasing for the Altiplano. Minimum temperature increases are significant in the northern region, and decreases are significant in the southern region. Producers' perceptions of climate hazards are high in the...
Article
Full-text available
Many sustainable agricultural practices are based on local and traditional farming knowledge. This article examines the conservation and loss of three traditional practices in the Bolivian Altiplano that agronomic research has shown increase the resiliency of small farmers in the face of climate-related risks. These practices are the use of manure,...
Article
Full-text available
Many sustainable agricultural practices are based on local and traditional farming knowledge. This article examines the conservation and loss of three traditional practices in the Bolivian Altiplano that agronomic research has shown increase the resiliency of small farmers in the face of climate-related risks. These practices are the use of manure,...
Article
Full-text available
Quinoa is considered a strategic crop because it is well adapted to the adverse abiotic conditions of the Bolivian Altiplano; however, the average yield is low. Previous studies have demonstrated that quinoa yield would increase with deficit irrigation technology. Nevertheless, to irrigate quinoa is not a normal practice in the farming systems of t...
Article
Quinoa is considered a strategic crop because it is well adapted to the adverse abiotic conditions of the Bolivian Altiplano; however, the average yield is low. Previous studies have demonstrated that quinoa yield would increase with deficit irrigation technology. Nevertheless, to irrigate quinoa is not a normal practice in the farming systems of t...
Article
Full-text available
In the Bolivian Altiplano, indigenous systems for dealing with weather and climate risk are failing or being lost as a result of migration, climate change, and market integration. Andean rural communities are particularly vulnerable to changing social and environmental conditions. Changing climate over the past forty years and current forecast mode...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change will reduce food security in agricultural regions of the developing world such as the Andes (Loeb et al Science 2008,319,607-610; Brown and Funk, Science 2008,319,580-581). The rural populations of the Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia are particularly vulnerable as they produce in a risky environment, relying mostly on local safety nets...
Article
Full-text available
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
Full-text available
Forecasts play an important role in planting decisions for Andean peasant producers. Predictions of the upcoming cropping season determine when, where, and what farmers will plant. This research looks at the sources of forecast information used by farmers in three indigenous communities in the Bolivian and Peruvian Altiplano by examining networks u...
Article
Despite playing an important role in an emerging area within American Rural Sociology, only recently has the Mann and Dickinson thesis received an empirical test (Mooney, 1983). Although thought to have failed its first test, it is argued that conceptual ambiguities in the initial formulation of the thesis misled Mooney's empirical critique and ren...
Article
Production strategies pursued by households and individuals in a peasant community of the Bolivian Altiplano are shaped by access to resources, social networks and institutions, wealth, and the ability to develop urban rural linkages. In times of climatic stress such as the low rainfall of 1995, the household economic portfolio shifts to activities...
Article
Full-text available
This paper details the importance of indigenous knowledge systems in developing countries around the world. Farmers, communities and households that live in risky environments, have developed intricate systems of diversification that help secure income and food consumption. An intergral part of these systems are the knowledge systems that help hous...
Article
Full-text available
Rural families must constantly negotiate their livelihoods by obtaining access to natural resources, labor, capital, knowledge, and markets. Successful negotiation leads to enhanced family well-being and sustainable use of natural resources. Unsuccessful negotiation threatens family survival, threatens sustainable use of natural resources, and redu...
Article
Full-text available
Farmers in highland semiarid production systems of the Andean region develop their livelihood strategies facing climatic variability, characterized by periodic drought, frosts and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. In order to determine who may benefit from forecast information producer profiles are needed. Some argue that more specialized...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the impact of international migration on technical efficiency, resource allocation and income from agricultural production of family farming in Albania. The results suggest that migration is used by rural households as a pathway out of agriculture: migration is negatively associated with both labour and non-labour input allo...
Article
Abstract Sociologists have increasingly turned to secondary data sources to study social and economic change. As our experience in this area increases, so should our methodological rigor. Three common methodological sins—model mis-specification, inattention to regional influences, and fuzzy operationalizations—are illustrated through a critique of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Describes a traditional Berberr system for protecting pastures from overgrazing, using the case study of Oukaimedene a traditional pasture reserve near Marrakesh that has functioned for more than 3 centuries. Discusses lessons that scientific range managers can take from this institution.
Article
Full-text available
Description of a traditional Berber pasture management system in Morocco's High Atlas Mountains. Identifies characteristics of successful management systems.
Article
Using examples from Missouri this paper looks at the changing context of Soil and Water Conservation Districts in the 50 yr since their establishment. This study is based on interviews with more than 70 people representing a range of interests in the management of conservation. Recent trends have seen a much increased diversity in land use and land...
Article
The uses of the most “social” of the social sciences—sociology and anthropology—in international agricultural research and development (R&D) have often been poorly understood. Drawing upon a decade of work by the Sociology Project of the Small Ruminant Collaborative Research Support Program, this article exemplifies how and where social scientists...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies of the social implications of agricultural organization have been cross-sectional and confined to a single region. This paper examines the relationship between the socioeconomic well-being of agricultural counties in 1970 and changes in the size and organization of agricultural production from 1949 to 1969. Two regions, the Corn Belt a...
Article
The rangelands of the world are declining in productivity in spite of the introduction of programmes designed to modernise these traditional pastoral systems of livestock production. This paper suggests that, in designing the modern systems, planners have failed to appreciate the factors influencing success in the traditional systems and that disad...
Article
The tragedy of the commons concept as popularized by Garrett Hardin places the blame for desertification and overgrazing in pastoral areas upon the land tenure system. Common ownership of pastureland is seen as the major culprit. Examination of ethnographic literature does not reveal a close relationship between common ownership of pastures and res...
Article
The tragedy of the commons concept as popularized by Garrett Hardin places the blame for desertification and overgrazing in pastoral areas upon the land tenure system. Common ownership of pastureland is seen as the major culprit. Examination of ethnographic literature does not reveal a close relationship between common ownership of pastures and res...
Article
Stresses the advantages and especially the disadvantages of published Census of Agriculture statistics at the national, state and county levels when discussing sociological and economic conditions in rural USA. It is argued that climatic and technical factors need to be introduced to studies of agricultural structure. A previous publication by Butt...
Article
Full-text available
This paper looks at the history of range management research in Peru from the 1880 till 1980. While most rangeland in Peru is made up of native pasture the bulk of all research has been on cultivated pastures with nearly 50% of all research on testing varieties of rye grass and clover. The first successful demonstrations of these crops came in the...
Article
Full-text available
Research funded by NOAA in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia studied the livelihood strategies of rural families in agropastoral systems, in highland environments above 3,700 m above sea level. The purpose was to understand how families cope and adapt to climate variability and what role does information on climate play in their production and consumpt...
Article
Full-text available
This dissertation presents a qualitative case study of women participation in the Program 'One million Cisterns' in the Brazilian Semi-Arid region, in three locations: Afogados da Ingazeira, Mossoro and Fortaleza, using participant observations, document analysis and semi-structured interviews with key participants. It illustrates the promises and...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Cornell University, May, 1978. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 198-211). Photocopy of typescript.

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