Jens Möller

Jens Möller
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel | CAU · Institut für Psychologie

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260
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Publications

Publications (260)
Article
The central purpose of our study is to analyze whether teacher experience and content knowledge relate to teacher judgments on student report texts. Ninety-one experienced teachers, including 27 specializing in the subject of the German language, and 136 teacher students, including 37 majoring in German Studies, participated in this study. Particip...
Article
The professional knowledge of pre‐service teachers is highly important for effective and successful teaching. In recent years, many research groups have been engaged in developing simulated classroom environments to capture especially the pedagogical knowledge (PK) of pre‐service teachers, neglecting the content‐related facets of professional knowl...
Presentation
Students’ perceptions of instructional quality (SPIQ) convey information on teaching effectiveness. However, often indicators confounding subjective and objective SPIQ components are used, complicating a precise examination of different aspects of rating behavior in classroom situations. The present study aims at investigating relations between dif...
Article
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Previous research has shown that three comparison types are involved in the formation of students’ academic self-concepts: social comparisons (where students compare their achievement with their classmates), dimensional comparisons (where students compare their achievement in different subjects), and temporal comparisons (where students compare the...
Article
Full-text available
A positive academic self-concept (ASC) relates to many desirable educational outcomes. Research on which student characteristics relate to the formation of ASC is therefore crucial. To examine the importance of personality for ASC, we investigated the relation between Big Five traits and mean level as well as within-person variability in state gene...
Article
Perceived individualized teacher frame of reference (students’ perception that teacher feedback considers students’ effort and former achievements) assumingly positively affects academic self-concept, especially for low-performing students. Following Dimensional Comparison Theory, individualized teacher frame in one school subject might negatively...
Article
School exams often measure students' higher-order-thinking-skills (HOTS) subsequent to students' lower-order-thinking-skills (LOTS). Teachers should assess students' HOT separately from students’ LOT. Three experimental studies (N = 36/41/40) investigated whether assessing LOTS-related performances can distort subsequent judgments of HOTS-related p...
Article
Two-way immersion (TWI) is a variant of the increasingly popular bilingual instruction. Most TWI research lacks longitudinal data or the consideration of background variables to control for possible selection effects. This article examines the development of German reading comprehension of TWI students (N = 984) from fourth to sixth grade compared...
Article
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Grit can be viewed as a facet of conscientiousness consisting of the two sub-facets perseverance of effort and consistency of interest. Although ample research illustrates the importance of grit for educational attainment, little is known about its developmental trajectories. The goal of the present study was to examine the development of self-perc...
Article
Within-student dynamics in perceptions of instructional quality have been neglected, although student states constitute a major share of these perceptions. The present study examined the structure and correlates of student state perceptions of the three basic dimensions, teacher support, cognitive activation, and classroom management. We conducted...
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Lehramtsstudierende mit ausgeprägten intrinsischen Berufswahlmotivationen zeigen eine höhere Studienzufriedenheit und bessere Studienleistungen. In der bisherigen Forschung zu lehramtsspezifischer Berufswahl werden zwei Fragen nicht beantwortet, die für die Rekrutierung zukünftiger Lehramtsstudierender relevant sind: Erstens ist –...
Article
Academic motivation is an essential predictor of school success in K 12 education. Accordingly, many meta-analyses have examined variables associated with academic motivation. However, a central question remains unanswered: What is the relative strength of the relations of both student variables (achievement, socioemotional variables, and backgroun...
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Background To teach evolution efficiently teachers must be able to diagnose their students’ ideas and understanding of the phylogeny of organisms. This encompasses different facets of content-specific professional knowledge, that is, knowledge about core ideas and theories, as well as knowledge about respective misconceptions. However, as findings...
Article
Since most studies failed to account for selection and preparation effects, previous studies overestimated the positive effects of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) on the development of students’ receptive foreign language skills. We examined the English listening and reading comprehension development of N = 448 German CLIL and N = 4...
Article
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In teacher education research, numerous studies are conducted that intensively focus different knowledge areas – content, pedagogical content, and pedagogical knowledge. However, specific knowledge types, which are differentiated into declarative and procedural knowledge, are often neglected. Against this background, the present study investigates...
Article
Full-text available
Academic self-concept and achievement have been found to be reciprocally related across time. However, existing research has focused on self-concept and achievement scores that have been averaged over long time-periods. For the first time, the present study examined intraindividual (within-person) relations between momentary (state) self-concept an...
Article
Based upon a sample of 289 sports science students (M age = 24.68; SD = 2.68), the present cross-sectional study aimed to examine the internal/external frame of reference model with grades and self-concepts in three individual sports (i.e., swimming, gymnastics, athletics) and three team sports (i.e., soccer, handball, basketball). Students reporte...
Article
The positive effects of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) on the development of students’ foreign language skills may have been overestimated by previous studies, since most studies failed to consider selection and preparation effects appropriately. Therefore, the present study used complete survey data from a 2002–2007 cohort to inve...
Article
Full-text available
According to the stereotype content model, stereotypes can be described by using the dimensions competence and warmth. Compared to other professions, teaching is associated with a paternalistic stereotype consisting of high warmth and low competence. In four studies, stereotypes about different subgroups of pre-service teachers were compared. The a...
Article
Der vorliegende Beitrag berichtet Befunde einer Evaluationsstudie zum Einsatz von Telepräsenzrobotern in der Hochschullehre. In vier Seminaren zur Pädagogischen Psychologie nahmen 35 Lehramtsstudierende sowohl per Telepräsenzroboter als auch per Skype-Videokonferenz teil. Die Studierenden wurden zu Beginn und am Ende der Seminare nach ihren Erwartu...
Article
This article presents a meta-analysis on cognitive (e.g., academic performance) and psychosocial outcomes (e.g., self-concept, well-being) among students with general learning difficulties and their peers without learning difficulties in inclusive versus segregated educational settings. In total, we meta-analyzed k = 40 studies with 428 effect size...
Article
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When judging subject-specific aspects of students’ texts, teachers should assess various characteristics, e.g., spelling and content, independently of one another since these characteristics are indicators of different skills. Independent judgments enable teachers to adapt their classroom instruction according to students’ skills. It is still uncle...
Article
The present research is the first to integrate three major theories of academic self-concept formation into one framework: the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), the basking-in-reflected-glory effect (BIRGE), and the internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model. For separating the BFLPE and the BIRGE, we introduced students’ collective self-c...
Conference Paper
Attaining a positive academic self-concept (ASC) is linked to many desirable educational outcomes. Research on which student attributes relate to the formation of ASC is therefore considered to be central. Past research on the association between personality traits and ASC has taken an interindividual perspective, while the intraindividual perspect...
Article
Dimensional comparisons between math and verbal achievements affect students’ academic self-concepts by increasing (decreasing) students’ self-concept in the subject with their intraindividual higher (lower) achievement. Dimensional comparison theory assumes that dimensional comparisons are also triggered by external influences. The present researc...
Article
Teacher judgment accuracy (TJA) is a central part of diagnostic competence. Research has revealed heterogeneous results regarding teacher characteristics as determinants of TJA. In the present experimental study N=36 experienced and N=47 student teachers holistically and analytically assessed four student essays. We compared the judgments of teache...
Chapter
In zahlreichen gesellschaftlichen und beruflichen Kontexten ist die Beherrschung mehrerer Sprachen zur Notwendigkeit geworden. Die Europäische Kommission (2003) erwartet, dass Schüler/innen neben der Erstsprache mindestens zwei weitere Sprachen lernen. Bilinguales Lernen ist ein Sammelbegriff für verschiedene Modelle des institutionalisierten Erwer...
Article
The teaching profession faces a general shortage of teachers in most countries, but a lack of male teachers is particularly prevalent. Past research has demonstrated that students' career choices depend in part on a job's assumed gender fit, i.e. whether a profession is perceived as appropriate for one's own gender. This process may be particularly...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel geht es um schulbezogene und außerschulische Selbstkonzepte. Es soll dargestellt werden, wie sich schulbezogene Selbstkonzepte entwickeln, wodurch sie beeinflusst werden und welche Auswirkungen sie auf das Erleben und Verhalten von Personen haben. Zunächst sollen kurz die theoretischen Wurzeln der pädagogisch-psychologischen Selbs...
Article
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The authors connect Möller and Marsh’s dimensional comparison theory with Eccles, Wigfield, and colleagues’ expectancy-value theory of achievement performance and choice, to help explain the observed relations between key constructs in expectancy-value theory and their relations to individuals’ achievement outcomes by specifying processes that unde...
Article
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Throughout Europe, there is a growing trend for students to start learning foreign languages at elementary school. Although policymakers expect early‐start programs to boost second language skills, empirical findings are mixed; recent studies have raised many questions. In this large‐scale study, we aimed to close some of these gaps. We examined th...
Article
The Generalized Internal/External Frame of Reference Model offers a framework according to which the perception of teacher characteristics might impact on students' motivation within and between subjects. In the present study, relations between perceived teacher unfairness and student motivation in math and German were examined. In a sample of N =...
Article
Dimensional comparisons, where students compare their achievements in different subjects, have a significant impact on the formation of students’ subject-specific self-concepts. This research examines the influence of five moderators that have been shown in previous research to affect the strength of dimensional comparison effects: (1) the intraind...
Article
Developments concerning report cards have led to a potential shift from reporting traditional grades to reporting multiple competencies within and across subjects. In this study, we analyzed the dimensional structure of the teacher judgments on a competency-based report card on fourth-grade elementary school students (N = 469). With a methodologica...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing student writing is a complex task and experimental studies have shown that textual determinants, such as spelling or vocabulary, affect teachers’ judgments of other analytic criteria in student essays. Among these elements, organisation has not been extensively explored. This experimental study examines how organisational quality influenc...
Article
In dieser Studie geht es um die Gegenüberstellung von Geschlechterunterschieden in Testleistungen, Notenzeugnissen und Kompetenzeinschätzungen auf Kompetenzrastern als alternatives Zeugnisformat. Ein besonderes Augenmerkt liegt auf der Bedeutung überfachlicher Kompetenzeinschätzungen für das Zustandekommen von Noten und fachlichen Kompetenzeinschät...
Article
According to the internal/external frame of reference model, academic achievement has a strong impact on people’s self-concept, both within and between subjects. We conducted a series of meta-analyses of k = 505 data sets containing the six bivariate correlations between achievement and self-concept in two subjects. Negative paths from achievement...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Die Vorverlegung des Fremdsprachenunterrichts von der Sekundar- in die Primarstufe ist im europäischen Bildungsraum innerhalb der letzten beiden Jahrzehnte annähernd flächendeckend umgesetzt worden. Grundlage dieser Politik des frühen Fremdsprachenlernens ist die Annahme, dass Kinder besser Sprachen lernten, je jünger sie seien. De...
Chapter
This chapter introduces two extensions of the internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model. First, the authors discuss dimensional comparison theory (DCT) positing that in addition to social and temporal comparisons, self-evaluations are based on dimensional comparisons (e.g., “How my accomplishments in one domain compare with my accomplishment...
Article
Full-text available
The authors discovered a number of minor inaccuracies on pp. 58–59 of this article. However, they do not affect any of the main claims regarding the influence of lexical features on text assessment made in that study. In this note, we provide a corrected proof of the inaccuracies (marked in bold). The authors would like to apologize for any inconve...
Book
Dieses Lehrbuch bildet das psychologische Anwendungsfach „Pädagogische Psychologie“ in seiner ganzen Breite ab. Es gibt einen verständlichen Überblick über zentrale Konstrukte, Theorien und Befunde des Fachs, deren Kenntnis für eine professionelle Arbeit in pädagogischen Praxisfeldern unverzichtbar ist und die entsprechend auch in Lehrveranstaltung...
Conference Paper
Instructional quality essentially influences students’ achievement and motivation in the classroom. The three basic dimensions, student support, cognitive activation and classroom management, are well-established in examining differences in perceived instruction between students, drawing conclusions on rather stable teaching styles and their impact...
Conference Paper
Domain-specific academic self-concepts (ASCs) are mental representations of one’s abilities that are specific to a particular school subject. According to the internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model, achievement influences the formation of ASCs via social and dimensional comparison processes: within one domain students not only compare the...
Article
Two-way immersion combines native speakers of the majority language with native speakers of a minority language and provides instruction in both languages. It remains unclear whether students have better reading comprehension in their L1 (native language hypothesis) and/or whether all students, irrespective of their L1, have better reading comprehe...
Conference Paper
The present study applied the generalized internal/external frame of reference (GI/E) model to examine social and dimensional (i.e., contrast and assimilation) comparison effects on the formation of two distinct facets of test anxiety (i.e., worry and emotionality) across four subjects (math, physics, German and English). In the present study, we a...
Conference Paper
The internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model postulates that achievement influences the formation of academic self-concept (ASC) via social and dimensional comparison processes. Its recent extension as the generalized I/E model allows further domains than math and verbal achievement. However, intelligence facets as an indicator of achieveme...
Article
The 2I/E model describes academic self-concept formation by the joint operation of social, temporal, and dimensional comparisons. Dimensional comparison theory assumes that dimensional contrast effects are weaker between similar subjects than between dissimilar subjects. This research combined these two perspectives in two empirical studies: For th...
Article
This study extended the internal/external reference model to multiple languages including students’ language of instruction, first foreign language, and second foreign language. We examined whether social and dimensional comparisons play similar roles in the formation of students’ self-concept related to different languages and whether dimensional...
Article
Zusammenfassung. In dieser Studie wird ein Modell zur Struktur und Genese fachbezogener Selbstkonzepte im Psychologiestudium entwickelt und anhand einer Stichprobe aus 170 Studierenden überprüft. In zwei generalisierten I/E-Modellen mit den Grundlagenfächern einerseits und den Anwendungsfächern andererseits werden die Effekte der fachbezogenen Leis...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the relationships between professional knowledge, self-concept, and interest of pre-service physics teachers. In order to support student learning and interest development alike, teachers need a profound professional knowledge and respective motivational orienta-tions. Developing both professional knowledge and motivational...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have examined the relationship between lexical features of students’ compositions and judgements of text quality. However, the degree to which teachers’ judgements are influenced by the quality of vocabulary in students’ essays with regard to their assessment of other textual characteristics is relatively unexplored. This experimen...
Article
Developing mathematical proficiency is one of the central goals in elementary school. Although there is an extensive literature on learning mathematics in general, longitudinal research on students’ mathematical skill development in a second language classroom is scarce. The present study focuses on mathematics achievement in elementary school and...
Article
Lehrkräfte gelten als wichtige Akteure im Bildungsbereich mit substantiellem Einfluss auf das Lernen und die psychosoziale Entwicklung ihrer Schüler/-innen. Das gesellschaftliche Ansehen des Lehrerberufs dürfte bedeutsam sein für die Studienwahl von Abiturient/-innen und die berufliche Zufriedenheit der Lehrkräfte. 1995 betitelte ein niedersächsisc...
Article
The 2I/E model is an extension of Marsh’s (1986) classical internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model. Whereas the classical I/E model describes the formation of academic self-concept by the joint operation of social (external) and dimensional (internal) comparisons, the 2I/E model integrates temporal comparisons as an additional internal com...
Article
This experimental study examined the influence of vocabulary and spelling on teachers’ perceptions of English as a second language (ESL) essays. Sixty-nine pre-service teachers from Switzerland and Germany rated four upper-intermediate ESL argumentative essays and provided written comments on strengths and weaknesses of the student compositions. In...
Article
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model assumes the interplay of social and dimensional comparisons in the formation of domain-specific academic self-concepts. The present study tests the generalizability of the I/E model assumptions across students from different ability tracks. While the findings from previous studies implied the sim...
Article
Research results indicate the academic self-concept (ASC) as a predictor of students' later academic achievements. Therefore, teachers should have knowledge about the ASC and recognize low or high levels of ASC in student's statements during a teaching situation. We assumed a university course unit affects teaching undergraduates' judgment accuracy...
Article
This study aims to provide empirical evidence for the generalized internal/external frames of reference (GI/E) model, according to which social and in particular dimensional achievement comparisons might affect subject domains and domain-specific interests for example in university. The study drew on N = 146 pre-service teachers’ reports of their a...
Article
Full-text available
The constructs grit and conscientiousness are closely connected. However, this relationship has not been analyzed while accounting for the complex structure of conscientiousness and the multifaceted conception of grit (perseverance of effort; consistency of interest). In this study, we analyzed the connection while considering the hierarchical stru...
Article
Full-text available
Students compare their achievement in a subject with their classmates’ achievements (social comparison), their own prior achievements (temporal comparison), and their achievements in other subjects (dimensional comparison), which can each be better (upward comparison), equal (lateral comparison), or worse (downward comparison). Prior research has i...
Article
Mehrsprachigkeit wird nach Cummins‘ Interdependenz- und Schwellenhypothese sowie darauf aufbauenden kognitionspsychologischen und psycholinguistischen Prozesstheorien mit Vorteilen für das Erlernen weiterer Sprachen in Verbindung gebracht. An den Standorten der Staatlichen Europa-Schule Berlin (SESB) werden Schülerinnen und Schüler unterschiedliche...
Article
To support prospective teachers’ professional development, teacher education should be characterized by conditions that help to prevent burnout and facilitate satisfaction. This study investigates predictors of burnout and satisfaction in teacher education by drawing on universities with different teacher education program structures and assumed di...
Article
Students evaluate their domain-specific abilities by comparing their own achievement in a certain domain with the achievement of others (social comparison), with their own prior achievement (temporal comparison), and with their own achievement in other domains (dimensional comparison). This article is the first to analyze the simultaneous effects o...
Article
The internal/external frame of reference model (I/E model) posits that individuals’ achievement-related self-concepts are formed through social comparisons (e.g., self vs. peers) within academic domains and dimensional comparisons (e.g., math vs. verbal) between distinct domains. A large body of research has supported the theorized pattern of posit...
Article
Full-text available
Students evaluate their domain-specific abilities by comparing their own achievement in one domain to that of others (social comparison), to their own previous achievement (temporal comparison), as well as their own achievement in another domain (dimensional comparison). The theories underlying these three comparison processes each assume an upward...