Jens Jacob

Jens Jacob
Julius Kühn-Institut · Institute for Plant Protection in Horticulture and Forests (Münster)

Dr.

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242
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (242)
Article
Background: Central European outbreak populations of the bank vole (Myodes glareolus Schreber) are known to cause damage in forestry and to transmit the most common type of Hantavirus (Puumala virus, PUUV) to humans. A sound estimation of potential effects of future climate scenarios on population dynamics is a prerequisite for long-term managemen...
Article
Population dynamics of fluctuating and cyclic rodent populations can be impacted by particular weather parameters. In temperate areas there are interrelations between different weather parameters, which make identification difficult. However, this is necessary because small rodents are relevant for both the food web and crop damage especially in th...
Article
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Suggestions of collapse in small herbivore cycles since the 1980s have raised concerns about the loss of essential ecosystem functions. Whether such phenomena are general and result from extrinsic environmental changes or from intrinsic process stochasticity is currently unknown. Using a large compilation of time series of vole abundances, we demon...
Article
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To investigate 2,017 cases of hantavirus disease in Germany, we compared 38 new patient-derived Puumala virus RNA sequences identified in 2010 with bank vole-derived small segment RNA sequences. The epidemic process was driven by outbreaks of 6 Puumala virus clades comprising strains of human and vole origin. Each clade corresponded to a different...
Article
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Background: Ixodid ticks are important vectors for zoonotic pathogens, with Ixodes ricinus being the most important in Europe. Rodents are hosts of immature life stages of I. ricinus ticks and are considered main reservoirs for tick-borne pathogens, e.g. Borrelia burgdorferi. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence as well as genospecie...
Article
DNA‐based approaches have highly improved the applicability of dietary studies aimed at investigating ecological processes. These studies have provided direct insights into, otherwise difficult to measure, interactions between species and trophic levels, food web structure and ecosystem functioning. However, despite these advances, DNA‐based method...
Article
Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV) is the most important hantavirus species in Europe, causing the majority of human hantavirus disease cases. In central and western Europe, the occurrence of human infections is mainly driven by bank vole population dynamics influenced by beech mast. In Germany, hantavirus epidemic years are observed in 2‐ to 5‐year in...
Article
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Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease with more than 1 million human cases annually. Infections are associated with direct contact to infected animals or indirect contact to contaminated water or soil. As not much is known about the prevalence and host specificity of Leptospira spp. in bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus), our study aimed t...
Article
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Many rodent-borne pathogens can be transmitted via their ectoparasites to humans and can cause severe zoonotic diseases (e.g. plague, tick-borne encephalitis, typhus). Managing relevant ectoparasites in rodents may reduce human infection risk. The purpose of this laboratory study was to screen potential insecticides for their palatability to commen...
Article
Management of overabundant rodents at a landscape scale is complex but often required to sustainably reduce rodent abundance below damage thresholds. Current conventional techniques such as poisoning are not species specific, with some approaches becoming increasingly unacceptable to the general public. Fertility control, first proposed for vertebr...
Article
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The development of new diagnostic methods resulted in the discovery of novel hepaciviruses in wild populations of the bank vole (Myodes glareolus, syn. Clethrionomys glareolus). The naturally infected voles demonstrate signs of hepatitis similar to those induced by hepatitis C virus (HCV) in humans. The aim of the present research was to investigat...
Article
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Tula orthohantavirus (TULV) is a rodent-borne hantavirus with broad geographical distribution in Europe. Its major reservoir is the common vole (Microtus arvalis), but TULV has also been detected in closely related vole species. Given the large distributional range and high amplitude population dynamics of common voles, this host–pathogen complex p...
Poster
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Monitoring the abundance of rodents and the pathogen prevalence is performed by individual scientists, commonly under temporary contracts. Although processed data are shared via scientific conferences and publications, access to the raw data only rarely is an option for other scientists. A centralized database for rodent monitoring could open the w...
Article
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Commensal rodent species cause damage to crops and stored products, they transmit pathogens to people, live-stock and pets and threaten native flora and fauna. To minimize such adverse effects, commensal rodents are pre-dominantly managed with anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) that can be transferred along the food chain. We tested the effect of the...
Article
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Bait markers are indispensable for ecological research but in small mammals, most markers are invasive, expensive and do not enable quantitative analyses of consumption. Ethyl‐iophenoxic acid (Et‐IPA) is a non‐toxic, quantitative bait marker, which has been used for studying bait uptake in several carnivores and ungulates. We developed a bait with...
Article
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1) Background: Bartonella spp. are zoonotic bacteria with small mammals as main reservoirs. Bartonella spp. prevalence in small mammals from Myanmar and Sri Lanka are yet unknown. (2) Methods: Small mammals were snap trapped in Sri Lanka and Myanmar in urban surroundings. Spleens-derived DNA was screened for Bartonella spp. using conventional PCR b...
Article
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Most small rodent populations in the world have fascinating population dynamics. In the northern hemisphere, voles and lemmings tend to show population cycles with regular fluctuations in numbers. In the southern hemisphere, small rodents tend to have large amplitude outbreaks with less regular intervals. In the light of vast research and debate ov...
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Authors would like to correct error in affiliation in the original publication of the article.
Article
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Several rodent species damage rice crops and commensal rodents cause damage to stored produce and infrastructure, hygienic problems and they can transmit zoonotic pathogens. In the first such study in Sri Lanka, we identified the main rodent and shrew species and the extent of post-harvest damage caused in rice storage facilities of smallholder far...
Article
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European orthohantaviruses (Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV); Dobrava-Belgrade orthohantavirus (DOBV), genotype Kurkino; Tula orthohantavirus (TULV)), and Leptospira spp. are small mammal-associated zoonotic pathogens that cause diseases with potentially similar symptoms in humans. We investigated the frequency of Leptospira spp. and hantavirus singl...
Article
The exposure of non-target wildlife to anticoagulant compounds used for rodent control is a well-known phenomenon. Exposure can be primary when non-target species consume bait or secondary via uptake of poisoned animals by mammalian and avian predators. However, nothing is known about the exposure patterns in passerine birds that are commonly prese...
Article
BACKGROUND Ectoparasites may transfer zoonotic pathogens from rodents to humans or livestock when rodents are managed with rodenticides. This could be minimized using a product combining a rodenticide with a delayed action and a systemic insecticide/acaricide that rapidly kills ectoparasites. Such a combination was tested in commensal pest rodent s...
Technical Report
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Zur Regulierung von Schadnagerpopulationen werden im Biozidbereich in Deutschland in den meisten Fällen Fraßköder mit blutgerinnungshemmenden (antikoagulanten) Wirkstoffen eingesetzt. Antikoagulante Rodentizide wirken bei allen warmblütigen Tieren, also auch bei Organismen, die nicht bekämpft werden sollen oder dürfen. Zudem sind die meisten dieser...
Article
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The S segment of bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus)-associated Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV) contains two overlapping open reading frames coding for the nucleocapsid (N) and a non-structural (NSs) protein. To identify the influence of bank vole population dynamics on PUUV S segment sequence evolution and test for spillover infections in sympatric...
Article
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BACKGROUND Commensal rodents such as Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus Berk.), black rats (R. rattus L.) and house mice (Mus musculus L.) damage stored produce and infrastructure, cause hygienic problems and transmit zoonotic pathogens to humans. The management of commensal rodents relies mainly on the use of anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs). ARs are...
Article
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Background In Europe, bank voles (Myodes glareolus) are widely distributed and can transmit Puumala virus (PUUV) to humans, which causes a mild to moderate form of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, called nephropathia epidemica. Uncovering the link between host and virus dynamics can help to prevent human PUUV infections in the future. Bank v...
Article
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Common voles (Microtus arvalis) are widespread in the European agricultural landscape from central Spain to central Russia. During population outbreaks, significant damage to a variety of crops is caused and the risk of pathogen transmission from voles to people increases. In 2019, increasing or unusually high common vole densities have been report...
Article
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Cowpox virus (CPXV) belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus in the Poxviridae family and is endemic in western Eurasia. Based on seroprevalence studies in different voles from continental Europe and UK, voles are suspected to be the major reservoir host. Recently, a CPXV was isolated from a bank vole (Myodes glareolus) in Germany that showed a high gene...
Article
Cowpox virus (CPXV), genus Orthopoxvirus, family Poxviridae, is a zoonotic pathogen in Eurasian wild rodents. High seroprevalences have been reported previously for vole and murine species in Europe. In contrast, viral DNA was only rarely detected, and very few reservoir-derived CPXV isolates exist. In this study, CPXV DNA and CPXV-reactive antibod...
Article
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Rats are a reservoir of human- and livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, the composition of the natural S. aureus population in wild and laboratory rats is largely unknown. Here, 144 nasal S. aureus isolates from free-living wild rats, captive wild rats and laboratory rats were genotyped and profiled for...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Die Leptospirose ist eine Zoonose, die bei Mensch und Tier eine große Bandbreite von Krankheitssymptomen mit sehr milden bis hin zu sehr schweren Verläufen aufweisen kann. In Deutschland ist der Labornachweis einer akuten Infektion meldepflichtig: beim Menschen gemäß Infektionsschutzgesetz und bei Schweinen und Schafen gemäß der Ver...
Article
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Cowpox virus (CPXV) is a zoonotic orthopoxvirus (OPV) that infects a wide range of mammals. CPXV-specific DNA and antibodies were detected in different vole species, such as common voles (Microtus arvalis) and bank voles (Myodes glareolus). Therefore, voles are the putative main reservoir host of CPXV. However, CPXV was up to now only isolated from...
Article
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Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV) causes most human hantavirus disease cases in Europe. PUUV disease outbreaks are usually synchronized Germany‐wide driven by beech mast‐induced irruptions of its host (bank vole, Myodes glareolus). Recent data indicate high vole abundance, high PUUV prevalence and high human incidence in summer 2019 for some regions,...
Article
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Between-individual differences in coping with stress encompass neurophysiological, cognitive and behavioural reactions. The coping style model proposes two alternative response patterns to challenges that integrate these types of reactions. The “proactive strategy” combines a general fight-or-flight response and inflexibility in learning with a rel...
Article
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Balancing foraging gain and predation risk is a fundamental trade-off in the life of animals. Individual strategies to acquire, process, store and use information to solve cognitive tasks are likely to affect speed and flexibility of learning, and ecologically relevant decisions regarding foraging and predation risk. Theory suggests a functional li...
Article
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Background: Worldwide, serval rodent species are major pests in agricultural landscapes. A vole-specific tub-trap combining trapping and natural predators was developed to minimize the migration of rodents into agricultural crops. The trap was tested in enclosures in terms of its trapability of common voles (Microtus arvalis Pallas) and in the fie...
Article
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Common voles (Microtus arvalis) can cause severe crop damage in European agriculture and are usually managed with rodenticides. Population dynamics and behavioral studies question rodenticide effectiveness, and an ecologically based management is needed. A useful addition to such a toolbox could be repelling odor barriers along field margins minimi...
Article
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Zoonotic diseases are challenging to study from the ecological point of view as, broadly speaking, datasets tend to be either detailed on a small spatial extent, or coarse on a large spatial extent. Also, there are many ways to assess zoonotic disease transmission systems, from pathogens to hosts to humans. We explore the complementarity of dataset...
Poster
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Development of an automated pest identification tool for agriculture UAV imagery
Article
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Francisella tularensis is a zoonotic, gram‐negative bacterium that causes tularemia in humans. Depending on its subspecies and the route of transmission, mild to lethal courses have been reported. F. tularensis subsp. holarctica is the only subspecies found in Europe and affects a plenitude of vertebrates including lagomorphs and rodents. Populatio...
Article
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Hantaviruses are small mammal-associated pathogens that are found in rodents but also in shrews, moles and bats. Aim of this manuscript is to give a current overview of the epidemiology and ecology of hantaviruses in Germany and to discuss respective models for the prediction of virus outbreaks. In Germany the majority of human disease cases are ca...
Book
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https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JKA/issue/view/1703 Since the foundation of the two conference series Rodens et Spatium (R&S) in 1987 and International Conference of Rodent Biology and Management (ICRBM) in 1998, there have been mostly biannual meetings mostly in Europe (R&S) and meetings about every four years in Asia, Australia and Africa (ICR...
Article
BACKGROUND Population collapses in small mammals occur naturally after natural disasters and during multi‐annual population fluctuations as well as after man‐made intervention such as rodent management action. Although there has been extensive previous work on patterns and mechanisms of population fluctuations and cyclicity, there is only little kn...
Article
Common voles are serious pests in European agriculture, damaging cereals, rapeseed and other crops and causing substantial losses per outbreak. Not only might the usual approach of applying rodenticides for population management have disadvantages for non-target species, these rodenticides also cannot be used in organic farming. An alternative solu...
Article
Compounds and products in the biocide and plant protection sector can only be registered after formal risk assessment to ensure safety for users and the environment. In bird and mammal risk assessment, this is routinely done using generic focal species as models, which are of particular exposure risk. Such a species is the common vole (Microtus arv...
Article
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Background: Giardiasis is an important gastrointestinal parasitic disease in humans and other mammals caused by the protozoan Giardia duodenalis. This species complex is represented by genetically distinct groups (assemblages A-H) with varying zoonotic potential and host preferences. Wild rodents can harbor potentially zoonotic assemblages A and B...
Article
Leptospirosis is a worldwide emerging infectious disease caused by zoonotic bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Numerous mammals, including domestic and companion animals, can be infected by Leptospira spp., but rodents and other small mammals are considered the main reservoir. The annual number of recorded human leptospirosis cases in Germany (2001-...
Article
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Patterns of individual differences in cognition have been studied empirically and systematically in the last decade, but causes and consequences of this variation are still largely unclear. A recent hypothesis suggests that one predictor of individual variation in cognition is personality, and specifically that personality types are linked to cogni...
Article
Since the beginning of the 21st century, spotted fever rickettsioses are known as emerging diseases worldwide. Rickettsiae are obligately intracellular bacteria transmitted by arthropod vectors. The ecology of Rickettsia species has not been investigated in detail, but small mammals are considered to play a role as reservoirs. Aim of this study was...
Article
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Survey techniques available to sample mammals have multiplied during the last decades. They offer new opportunities for sampling and monitoring populations, but before widespread use they need to be validated and calibrated to more traditional approaches. We conducted a quantitative assessment of hair tubes designed to monitor common small mammals...
Chapter
Control of commensal rodents worldwide relies on the use of rodenticides. In Europe, mostly anticoagulants are available. First generation anticoagulants were developed in the late 1950s’. Their use resulted in the selection of resistant strains of rats and mice. As a consequence, second generation anticoagulants were developed, more potent but als...
Chapter
Anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) are used worldwide to manage adverse effects of rodents in plant production, public health and conservation. Mainly commensal pest rodent species, Rattus rattus, Rattus norvegicus and Mus musculus, but also field rodents such as Bandicota bangalensis, Mastomys spp., Microtus spp., Rattus argentiventer and R. tanezum...
Article
Rodents are a key pest to agricultural and rural island communities of the South Pacific, but there is limited information of their impact on the crops and livelihoods of small-scale farmers. The rodent pest community is known, but the type and scales of damage to different crops on different islands are unknown. Knowledge about rodent pest managem...
Article
Rodents are a key pest to agricultural and rural island communities of the South Pacific, but there is limited information of their impact on the crops and livelihoods of small-scale farmers. The rodent pest community is known, but the type and scales of damage to different crops on different islands are unknown. Knowledge about rodent pest managem...
Research
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Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract below) – Im Projekt ‚Umweltverträgliche Nagetier-Bekämpfung in der Landwirtschaft: Vergleichende Umweltbewertung für Rodentizide, Bewertung nicht-chemischer Alternativen‘ (FKZ 3713 67 405 UBA) wurden Methoden zur Nagetierbekämpfung in der Landwirtschaft recherchiert, aufbereitet, zusammengefasst und kommuniziert. Ziel d...
Article
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Laboratory mice are the most commonly used animal model for Staphylococcus aureus infection studies. We have previously shown that laboratory mice from global vendors are frequently colonized with S. aureus. Laboratory mice originate from wild house mice. Hence, we investigated whether wild rodents, including house mice, as well as shrews are natur...
Article
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Background: Understanding the ecological processes that are involved in the transmission of zoonotic pathogens by small mammals may aid adequate and effective management measures. Few attempts have been made to analyze the ecological aspects that influence pathogen infection in small mammals in livestock production systems. We describe the infecti...
Data
Summary of the Generalized Lineal Models (GLM) for each pathogen at the three studied levels. Summary of the Generalized Lineal Models (GLM) for each pathogen at the small mammal community level, and at the Rattus norvegicus population and individual level, on the 18 studied livestock farms of central Argentina from 2008 to 2011. SM AB: small mamma...