Jens B. Asendorpf

Jens B. Asendorpf
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | HU Berlin · Department of Psychology

Prof. Dr.

About

340
Publications
141,534
Reads
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14,611
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
International Max Planck Research School on the Life Course (LIFE)
International Max Planck Research School on the Life Course (LIFE)
April 1994 - present
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
April 1994 - present
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Position
  • Research
Education
April 1980 - December 1981
Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 1979 - March 1980
Yale University
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 1976 - September 1978
Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (340)
Article
This study examined how Greek and immigrant youth adapted to school life, during the economic recession in Greece. We compared two cohorts of adolescents (mean age 12.6 years), one assessed before the crisis and the other during the crisis (N=1057 and N=1052, respectively). Cohort findings were disaggregated by immigrant status, generation and ethn...
Article
Full-text available
Although numerous studies have emphasized the role evaluations by others play for people’s self-esteem, the perspective of others and the social diversity of real-life contexts have largely been ignored. In a large-scale longitudinal study, we examined the link between adolescents’ self-esteem and their self- and peer-perceived popularity in social...
Article
We studied initial and long-term outcomes of speed-dating over a period of 1 year in a community sample involving 382 participants aged 18–54 years. They were followed from their initial choices of dating partners up to later mating (sexual intercourse) and relating (romantic relationship). Using Social Relations Model analyses, we examined evoluti...
Article
Full-text available
Using the trait of shyness as an example, the authors showed that (a) it is possible to reliably assess individual differences in the implicitly measured self-concept of personality that (b) are not accessible through traditional explicit self-ratings and (c) increase significantly the prediction of spontaneous behavior in realistic social situatio...
Article
The study investigated the transfer of attachment working models onto autonomous agents in a virtual social environment (VSE). Participants from a community sample (N = 422; mean age = 29 years; mean relationship duration = 4.8 years) encountered three attachment-related key scenes in a VSE: a separation with a subsequent reunion, a conflict, and a...
Article
Introduction: Greece was hit particularly hard by the latest economic recession. Method: Using a quasi-experimental design, we examined whether and how psychosocial resources promoted and/or protected youth's school adjustment (academic achievement, school engagement, and conduct) and psychological well-being (absence of emotional symptoms) duri...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the direction of effects between peer likeability and youth’s school adjustment and psychological well-being, and the moderation of these effects by students’ immigrant status. One thousand one hundred and eighteen students (63% immigrants) nested in 57 Greek middle-school classrooms took part in the study (Wave 1; age M...
Chapter
Wir alle haben bereits eine ausgefeilte Psychologie der Persönlichkeit im Kopf, mit der wir unsere Mitmenschen und uns selbst immer wieder einschätzen. Hierzu benutzen wir hauptsächlich Eigenschaften wie z.B. intelligent, aggressiv, hilfsbereit, narzisstisch, verlässlich. Diese Alltagspsychologie der Persönlichkeit wird genauer beschrieben. Auf die...
Chapter
Nach einer kurzen Übersicht über die Entwicklung von Geschlechtsunterschieden auf genetischer, hormoneller, neuronaler und psychologischer Ebene wird eine Übersicht über die Größe der Geschlechtsunterschiede im Bereich des Erlebens und Verhaltens in westlichen und in anderen Kulturen gegeben. Auf dieser Grundlage werden dann drei Erklärungsansätze...
Chapter
Inhaltliche Ergebnisse der empirischen Persönlichkeitspsychologie werden zu sechs verschiedenen Persönlichkeitsbereichen dargestellt. Welche körperlichen Merkmale machen Menschen attraktiv? Wie unterscheiden sich Menschen in ihrem Temperament und Verhalten in der sozialen Interaktion? Wie unterscheiden sich Menschen in ihrer Intelligenz, Kreativitä...
Chapter
Die empirische Persönlichkeitspsychologie erfordert, dass Persönlichkeitstypen von Beurteilern mit hoher Übereinstimmung eingeschätzt und Persönlichkeitseigenschaften quantitativ gemessen werden. Die entsprechenden statistischen Methoden zur Klassifikation von Personen und zur Messung von Eigenschaften werden allgemeinverständlich und unter weitgeh...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel befasst sich mit der Entstehung und langfristigen Veränderung der Persönlichkeit. Wie stabil sind Persönlichkeitseigenschaften über viele Jahre? Ist der IQ unveränderbar? Prägt unsere frühkindliche Persönlichkeit bereits unsere Persönlichkeit im Erwachsenenalter, oder finden auch später noch bedeutsame Persönlichkeitsveränderungen st...
Chapter
Der Blick wird hier von der individuellen Persönlichkeit erweitert auf die persönliche Umwelt und die sozialen Beziehungen, die einerseits Einfluss auf unsere Persönlichkeit haben, andererseits aber auch durch unsere Persönlichkeit mitbestimmt werden. Es wird gezeigt, wie man die persönliche Umwelt eines Menschen erfassen kann (z.B. durch Tagebuchs...
Chapter
Die heutige empirische Persönlichkeitspsychologie folgt sechs theoretisch-methodischen Ansätzen (Paradigmen), die unterschiedliche Fragestellungen mit jeweils typischen Methoden bearbeiten. Die historische Entwicklung dieser Paradigmen wird jeweils skizziert und in einer Gesamtübersicht der Geschichte der Persönlichkeitspsychologie integriert. Das...
Article
Full-text available
Objective What is gained by having others report on one’s personality? Research on adult samples has suggested that informant reports are especially informative regarding traits that are highly visible and evaluative (i.e., socially desirable/undesirable instead of neutral), such as Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. This 18‐year longi...
Article
This study examined, first, the longitudinal interplay between immigrant youth's acculturation into the host and ethnic cultures and perceived ethnic discrimination, and, second, whether acceptance and rejection by immigrant and non-immigrant peers longitudinally mediated the link between acculturation and discrimination. 1057 students nested in 49...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird an das dynamisch-interaktionistische Paradigma angeknüpft, das von langfristigen Eigenschaftsänderungen trotz mittelfristiger Stabilität ausgeht. Wenn sich einzelne Eigenschaftswerte einer Person ändern, findet Persönlichkeitsveränderung statt. Wenn umgekehrt instabile Tendenzen des Erlebens oder Verhaltens in stabile Persönl...
Chapter
Anwendungen der empirischen Persönlichkeitspsychologie in beruflicher Praxis und Wissenschaft setzen voraus, dass die Persönlichkeitsvariation, d. h. Persönlichkeitsunterschiede in einer oder mehreren Persönlichkeitseigenschaften, empirisch beschrieben wird. Dazu müssen Personen nach ihrer Persönlichkeit klassifiziert oder ihre Persönlichkeitseigen...
Chapter
In der Psychologie wird unter der Umwelt eines Menschen die Gesamtheit aller externen Bedingungen verstanden, die sein Erleben und Verhalten beeinflussen. In der Persönlichkeitspsychologie wird dieser Umweltbegriff auf regelmäßig wiederkehrende Situationen eingegrenzt: So wie es mittelfristig stabile Persönlichkeitseigenschaften gibt, gibt es auch...
Chapter
Wie alle empirischen Wissenschaften lässt sich auch die heutige Persönlichkeitspsychologie in mehrere Paradigmen gliedern: Bündel theoretischer Leitsätze, Fragestellungen und Methoden zu ihrer Beantwortung. Diese Paradigmen lassen sich historisch bis ins 19. Jahrhundert zurückverfolgen. In diesem Kapitel werden die sechs wichtigsten Paradigmen der...
Chapter
Das Thema der psychologischen Geschlechtsunterschiede ist noch immer stark emotional und ideologisch besetzt. Hier geht es um eine nüchterne, wissenschaftliche Betrachtung dieser Geschlechtsunterschiede: Wie groß sind Geschlechtsunterschiede in welchen Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen in welchem Alter in welchen Kulturen, wie entwickeln sich diese Untersch...
Chapter
Wer sich mit der Psychologie als Wissenschaft beschäftigt, tut dies immer vor dem Hintergrund der Alltagspsychologie – der von den meisten Mitgliedern einer Kultur geteilten Annahmen über das Erleben und Verhalten von Menschen. Wissenschaftliche Persönlichkeitskonzepte gehen über diese naiven Vorstellungen hinaus. Sie lassen sich in Paradigmen glie...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel werden inhaltliche Ergebnisse der empirischen Persönlichkeitspsychologie zu verschiedenen Persönlichkeitsbereichen exemplarisch dargestellt. Es geht also nicht darum, eine ausgewogene Übersicht über die inzwischen gewaltige Literatur zu einzelnen Persönlichkeitsbereichen zu geben, sondern an ausgewählten Beispielen typische Konstr...
Chapter
Unser Fazit: Es gilt, die genetische und kulturelle Vielfalt der Menschheit zu bewahren.
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird das Verhältnis von Kultur und Persönlichkeit behandelt: Wie stark variieren Persönlichkeitsunterschiede und ihre Bedingungen und Konsequenzen zwischen unterschiedlichen Kulturen und warum? Unterschiede in der Persönlichkeit zwischen Populationen werden in genetischen, ökologischen und kulturellen Unterschieden gesehen. Popula...
Book
Dieser Lehrbuch-Klassiker der Differenziellen Psychologie und Persönlichkeitspsychologie bietet alles, was Studierende und Lehrende für das Studium benötigen: Das gesamte Prüfungswissen anschaulich und lernfreundlich aufbereitet, vielfältige Online-Zusatzmaterialien auf www.lehrbuch-psychologie.de zum Lernen und Lehren und praxisnahe Bezüge zum All...
Article
Full-text available
Self-enhancement bias is conventionally construed as an unwarranted social comparison in social psychology and a misperception of social reality in personality psychology. Researchers in both fields rely heavily on discrepancy scores to represent self-enhancement and fail to distinguish between a general tendency or bias to self-enhance and a self-...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a new model of personality development, the disposition–adaptation–environment (DAE) model. It is based on the assumption that two types of individual characteristics can be distinguished: Dispositions make up the relatively stable core of personality at a particular age, and adaptations are the joint outcome of effects of dispositions a...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter I focuses on three key issues of the psychology of situations in the special case where a situation is defined by the personality of a (potential) interaction partner. First, any taxonomy of personality can be considered as a taxonomy of situations. This recognition provides a special twist to lexically derived personality taxonomies a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: In multi-ethnic classrooms, acceptance and rejection by classmates of one's own versus other ethnicity is influenced by in-group preference, the societal status of the ethnicities, and composition of classrooms. We aimed at (a) confirming these effects for immigrant versus non-immigrant adolescents in newly formed classrooms, (b) longitu...
Chapter
This chapter presents multilevel analysis as a useful tool for analyzing data where individuals are nested in varying social contexts such as classrooms, schools, or neighborhoods; time points are nested in individuals (longitudinal analyses); or situations are nested in individuals (diaries). Discussed are two-level models where individuals are ne...
Article
As intergenerational interactions increase due to an ageing population, the study of emotion-related responses to the elderly is increasingly relevant. Previous research found mixed results regarding affective mimicry – a measure related to liking and affiliation. In the current study, we investigated emotional mimicry to younger and older actors f...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving a clear view of one’s personality is a challenging but crucial developmental task during adolescence, which has enduring influences. This task might be harder if significant others see individuals differently from how the adolescents see themselves. Supporting this, the looking-glass-self theory suggests that significant others constitute...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of...
Preprint
Computer games are advocated as a promising tool bridging the gap between the controllability of a lab experiment and the mundane realism of a field experiment. At the same time, many authors stress the importance of observing real behavior instead of asking participants about possible or intended behaviors. In this article we introduce an online v...
Preprint
Embodied conversational agents (ECAs) are designed to provide a natural and intuitive communication with a human user. One current major topic in agent design consequently is to enhance their believability, often by means of incorporating internal models of emotions or motivations. As psychological theories often lack the necessary details for a di...
Preprint
The study investigated the transfer of attachment working models onto autonomous agents in a virtual social environment (VSE). 422 participants from a community sample (mean age 29 years; mean relationship duration 4.8 years) encountered 3 attachment-related key scenes in a VSE: a separation with a subsequent reunion, a conflict, and an illness. In...
Preprint
The present research addresses the interplay between agency motives and objective dyadic closeness with regard to the functioning of intimate couple relationships. Applying a Person Situation approach, we hypothesized (a) that partners’ implicit and explicit agency motives predict their selection of dyadic living arrangements characterized by high...
Article
Full-text available
Mõttus alerts us to the widespread predictive heterogeneity of different indicators of the same trait. This heterogeneity violates the assumption that traits have causal unity in their developmental antecedents and effects on outcomes. I would go a step further: broader traits are useful units for description and prediction but not for explaining p...
Presentation
Paper presentation, In S. Humberg, & S. Wurst (Chair), Self-knowledge and social outcomes: Intra- and interpersonal consequences of accurate self-perceptions. Symposium conducted at the European Biennial Conference on Personality, Romania.
Article
Personality developmental studies typically rely on single reporter data, while multi-informant studies are rare. In two longitudinal studies, the present investigation examined inter-judge differences in the development of the Big Five personality traits from childhood to young adulthood. Study 1 investigated personality development as judged by t...
Article
The present research addresses the interplay between agency motives and objective dyadic closeness with regard to the functioning of intimate couple relationships. Applying a Person × Situation approach, we hypothesized (a) that partners' implicit and explicit agency motives predict their selection of dyadic living arrangements characterized by hig...
Article
Full-text available
Although numerous studies have emphasized the role evaluations by others play for people’s self-esteem, the perspective of others and the social diversity of real-life contexts have largely been ignored. In a large-scale longitudinal study, we examined the link between adolescents' self-esteem and their self- and peer-perceived popularity in social...
Article
Full-text available
The present research addresses the interplay between agency motives and objective dyadic closeness with regard to the functioning of intimate couple relationships. Applying a Person X Situation approach, we hypothesized (a) that partners’ implicit and explicit agency motives predict their selection of dyadic living arrangements characterized by hig...
Article
Full-text available
a Single Target Implicit association Test (ST-IaT) was used in three internet studies in order to assess the malleability of automatic rejection associations in socially anxious participants. Study 1 and Study 2 explored whether automatic rejection associations could be reduced by an evaluative conditioning task that combined social situations with...
Article
Full-text available
Despite research showing that immigrant adolescents differ in the degree to which they feel personally discriminated against, little is known about individual predictors of their perceived personal discrimination. We studied the role of a major developmental task in adolescence that is highly relevant for discrimination experiences: being liked by...
Article
Full-text available
We examined behavioral school engagement trajectories of immigrant and non-immigrant early adolescents in relation to their academic achievement. Data were based on teacher judgments and school records. Students from immigrant families living i n Greece and their nonimmigrant classmates (N ¼ 1057) were assessed over the three years of middle school...
Article
The psychology of situations so thoughtfully described by Rauthmann, Sherman, and Funder could and should be extended to a psychology of environments (chronic exposure to situations). Most distinctions and principles proposed in the target article can be readily applied to environments as well if individual situations are extended to environmental...
Article
Full-text available
I propose that empirical psychology should study individual characteristics at both the person and the population level because both exclusively person-oriented analyses and exclusively population-oriented analyses are seriously limited. Multi-level regression models are well suited for this task because they simultaneously estimate within-person a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite research showing that immigrant adolescents differ in the degree to which they feel personally discriminated against, little is known about individual predictors of their perceived personal discrimination. We studied the role of a major developmental task in adolescence that is highly relevant for discrimination experiences: being liked by...
Article
Using data from the Berlin Speed Dating Study, we tested rival hypotheses concerning the effects of self-enhancement of attractiveness on dating outcomes. Three hundred eighty-two participants took part in one of the 17 speed-dating sessions. After each speed-dating interaction, participants indicated how interesting they found the respective perso...
Chapter
Anwendungen der empirischen Persönlichkeitspsychologie auf die berufliche Praxis und die wissenschaftliche Persönlichkeitsforschung setzen voraus, dass die Persönlichkeitsvariation, d.h. Persönlichkeitsunterschiede in einer oder mehreren Persönlichkeitseigenschaften, empirisch beschrieben wird. Dazu müssen Personen nach ihrer Persönlichkeit klassif...
Chapter
Der Blick wird hier von der individuellen Persönlichkeit erweitert auf die persönliche Umwelt und die sozialen Beziehungen, die einerseits Einfluss auf unsere Persönlichkeit haben, andererseits aber auch durch unsere Persönlichkeit mitbestimmt werden. Es wird gezeigt, wie man die persönliche Umwelt eines Menschen erfassen kann (z.B. durch Tagebuchs...
Chapter
Die heutige empirische Persönlichkeitspsychologie folgt sechs theoretisch-methodischen Ansätzen (Paradigmen), die unterschiedliche Fragestellungen mit jeweils typischen Methoden bearbeiten. Die historische Entwicklung dieser Paradigmen wird jeweils skizziert und in einer Gesamtübersicht der Geschichte der Persönlichkeitspsychologie integriert. Das...
Chapter
Obwohl die meisten Ergebnisse der empirischen Persönlichkeitspsychologie auf Studien in westlichen Kulturen beruhen, gibt es inzwischen auch kulturvergleichende Studien der Persönlichkeit. Lassen sich Persönlichkeitseigenschaften (z.B. der IQ) zwischen Kulturen überhaupt vergleichen? Wenn ja, wie stark variieren Persönlichkeitsunterschiede und ihre...
Article
Persönlichkeitspsychologie auf den Punkt gebracht. Dieses Lehrbuch beantwortet alle Fragen des methodisch anspruchsvollen Grundlagenfachs „Persönlichkeitspsychologie“: Welche Rolle spielt die Persönlichkeit in Alltag, Wissenschaft und Praxis? Wie unterscheidet und erfasst man verschiedene Persönlichkeitsbereiche wie Intelligenz, soziale Kompetenz o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poster presented at SRCD Special Topic Meeting, Positive Youth Development (PYD) in the Context of the Global Recession, October 2014, Prague
Article
Full-text available
Most longitudinal studies are plagued by drop-out related to variables at earlier assessments (systematic attrition). Although systematic attrition is often analysed in longitudinal studies, surprisingly few researchers attempt to reduce biases due to systematic attrition, even though this is possible and nowadays technically easy. This is particul...
Article
Full-text available
Most longitudinal studies are plagued by drop-out related to variables at earlier assessments (systematic attrition). Although systematic attrition is often analyzed in longitudinal studies, surprisingly few researchers attempt to reduce biases due to systematic attrition although this is possible and nowadays technically easy. This is particularly...
Article
Correlated change between different personality traits has recently caught the attention of researchers studying personality development. We conducted two studies to examine age effects (Study 1) and effects of cognitive ability (Study 2) on this phenomenon. Results indicated that correlated change was relatively stable from adolescence through adu...
Article
We propose a triadic model of social desires directed at appetence/aversion of affiliation with friends (A), being alone (B), and closeness to one’s partner (C) that account for individual differences in subjectively experienced needs for proximity and distance in serious couple relationships. The model assumes that A, B, and C can be conceptualize...
Article
Full-text available
Bayesian statistical methods are becoming ever more popular in applied and fundamental research. In this study a gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis is provided. It is shown under what circumstances it is attractive to use Bayesian estimation, and how to interpret properly the results. First, the ingredients underlying Bayesian methods are int...
Article
Objective: Previous research has shown that motive congruence, as observed in convergingly high or low scores on implicit and explicit motive measures, promotes well-being and health. Extending this individual perspective to the realm of couple relationships, the present investigation examined intra- and interpersonal effects of communal motive (in...

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