Jenny Ploeg

Jenny Ploeg
McMaster University | McMaster · School of Nursing

RN, PhD

About

324
Publications
85,361
Reads
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7,293
Citations
Citations since 2017
178 Research Items
5383 Citations
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Publications

Publications (324)
Article
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Background: While older adults are living longer, they often face health challenges, including living with multiple chronic conditions. How older adults respond and adapt to the challenges of multimorbidity to maintain health and wellness is of increasing research interest. Self-reported health, emerging as an important measure of health status, h...
Article
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Plain language summary As older persons with dementia transition from early to moderate or advanced stages of dementia they require more support from family and friend caregivers to accomplish their daily activities. Caregivers, however, often report a lack of preparation for their caregiving role. There are few programs focusing on skill-building...
Article
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Background Caregivers have considerable responsibilities in supporting persons in advanced stages of dementia, however they receive little education. Namaste Care is a multisensory program originally designed to be delivered by healthcare providers in long-term care homes for persons with advanced dementia. The program has not yet been adapted and...
Article
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Aims To explore experiences of family caregivers providing support to older persons with delirium superimposed on dementia in acute care hospitals, their role in detection and management of this condition, and support they require. Design This study has an exploratory‐descriptive design using interpretive description methodology. Methods Semi‐str...
Article
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Background Mobility deficits have been identified as an independent risk factor for hospital readmission for adults ≥65 years. Despite evidence indicating how determinants additively influence and predict mobility, no hospital-to-home care transition models comprehensively assess all seven mobility determinants, cognitive, financial, environmental,...
Article
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Background Older adults with multimorbidity experience frequent care transitions, particularly from hospital to home, which are often poorly coordinated and fragmented. We conducted a pragmatic randomized controlled trial to test the implementation and effectiveness of Community Assets Supporting Transitions (CAST), an evidence-informed nurse-led i...
Article
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Family/friend caregivers are highly involved in supporting older adults with dementia who are 65 years of age or older with daily activities, especially when these older adults with dementia are living at home. There is a need for psychosocial interventions for caregivers of older adults with moderate to advanced dementia, as most interventions foc...
Article
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Background Evidence has shown that family and friend caregivers of stroke survivors are significantly and negatively impacted by caregiving. The negative effects of caregiving may persist over time suggesting that caregivers might benefit from ongoing engagement with supportive services. However, little is known about caregivers’ use of formally fu...
Article
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Background The last decade has seen growing interest in scaling up of innovations to strengthen healthcare systems. However, the lack of appropriate methods for determining their potential for scale-up is an unfortunate global handicap. Thus, we aimed to review tools proposed for assessing the scalability of innovations in health. Methods We condu...
Article
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Background Self-reported health is a widely used epidemiologic measure, however, the factors that predict self-reported health among community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years), especially those with multimorbidity (≥2 chronic conditions), are poorly understood. Further, it is not known why some older adults self-report their health positively desp...
Article
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Stroke can be a life altering event that necessitates considerable amounts of formal and informal care. The impacts of stroke often persist over time requiring ongoing support for stroke survivors. Family members provide the majority of care and experience many life changes as a result of their caregiving role including social, financial, employmen...
Article
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Background: Older adults (≥65 years) with diabetes and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) (> 2 chronic conditions) experience reduced function and quality of life, increased health service use, and high mortality. Many community-based self-management interventions have been developed for this group, however the evidence for their effectiveness is l...
Article
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Cognitive impairment increases an individual’s risk of falls due to the role cognition plays in gait control. Older adults with dementia fall 2-3 times more than cognitively healthy older adults and there is a lack of evidence for effective fall prevention interventions for community-dwelling cognitively impaired adults. We conducted a systematic r...
Article
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Background Cognitive impairment (CI) increases an individual’s risk of falls due to the role cognition plays in gait control. Older adults with dementia fall 2–3 times more than cognitively healthy older adults and 60–80% of people with dementia fall annually. Practitioners require evidence-based fall prevention best practices to reduce the risk of...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this scoping review was to map and describe the available evidence reporting out-of-pocket expenses related to aging in place for older people with frailty and their caregivers. Introduction: As the global population ages, there has been increasing attention on supporting older people to live at home in the community...
Article
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Background Researchers often use survey data to study the effect of health and social variables on physician use, but how self-reported physician use compares to administrative data, the gold standard, in particular within the context of multimorbidity and functional limitations remains unclear. We examine whether multimorbidity and functional limi...
Article
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Self-reported health is a common measure predictive of morbidity and mortality among adults. Many factors are known to be associated with self-reported health including the number of chronic conditions (i.e., multimorbidity). While the association between self-reported health and morbidity and mortality has been well-established, the factors that s...
Article
Objectives We examined the effects of a walking intervention in older adults residing in long-term care (LTC) homes on gait velocity (primary outcome), and stride length, cadence and heel-to-heel base of support (secondary outcomes) compared to those in an interpersonal interaction control group and a care-as-usual control group at 16-weeks post-in...
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Background For youth with medical complexity and their families, the transition to adulthood is a stressful and disruptive period that is further complicated by the transfer from relatively integrated and familiar pediatric services to more fragmented and unfamiliar adult services. Previous studies report that families feel abandoned, overwhelmed,...
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Introduction Increasing multimorbidity is often associated with declining physical functioning, with some studies showing a disproportionate impact on functioning when mental health conditions are present. More research is needed because most multimorbidity studies exclude mental health conditions. Objectives This study aims to improve our underst...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cognitive impairment (CI) is a risk factor for falls due to environmental or living settings, balance, gait and vision impairments, as well as medications. While previous systematic reviews have focused on the effectiveness of fall prevention programs in adults with cognitive impairment, very limited information is available on their imp...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a nurse-led hospital-to-home transitional care intervention versus usual care on mental functioning (primary outcome), physical functioning, depressive symptoms, anxiety, perceived social support, patient experience, and health service use costs in older adults with multimorbidity (>2 comorbidities) and de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) increases an individual’s risk of falls due to the role cognition plays in gait control. Older adults with dementia fall 2-3 times more than cognitively healthy older adults and 60-80% of people with dementia fall annually. Practitioners require evidence-based fall prevention best practices to reduce the risk o...
Article
Objectives Family caregivers of persons with dementia rarely feel prepared for end of life although preparedness predicts outcomes in bereavement. The Caring Ahead: Preparing for End-of-Life With Dementia questionnaire was developed to measure family caregiver death preparedness. The aim of this study was to evaluate questionnaire psychometrics and...
Article
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Introduction: A third of older adults with diabetes receiving home-care services have daily urinary incontinence. Despite this high prevalence of urinary incontinence, the condition is typically not recognized as a complication and thereby not detected or treated. Diabetes and urinary incontinence in older adults are associated with poorer functio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a risk factor for falls due to environmental or living settings, balance, gait and vision impairments, as well as medications. While previous systematic reviews have focused on the effectiveness of fall prevention programs in adults with cognitive impairment (1-4), but very limited information is available o...
Article
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Background Patient “engagement” in health research broadly refers to including people with lived experience in the research process. Although previous reviews have systematically summarized approaches to engaging older adults and their caregivers in health research, there is currently little guidance on how to meaningfully engage older adults with...
Article
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Background Family caregivers of persons with dementia often feel unprepared for end-of-life and preparedness predicts caregiver outcomes in bereavement. Existing questionnaires assessing preparedness have limitations. A multi-dimensional questionnaire assessing family caregiver preparedness for the end-of-life of persons with dementia is needed to...
Article
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Over 40% of older adults with diabetes receiving home-care services experience urinary incontinence. However, experiential knowledge is lacking on how these older adults live with diabetes and incontinence. Interpretive description methodology was used to explore the experiences of 18 older adults with diabetes and urinary incontinence receiving ho...
Article
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Aim: The aim of this study is to adapt and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a multisensory, psychosocial intervention called Namaste Care delivered by family and friend caregivers of community-dwelling older adults with moderate to advanced dementia. Design: A multiphase mixed methods design combining quant...
Article
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Background This study explores how socio-demographic and health factors shape the relationship between multimorbidity and one-year acute care service use (i.e., hospital, emergency department visits) in older adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods We linked multiple cycles (2005–2006, 2007–2008, 2009–2010, 2011–2012) of the Canadian Community Health S...
Article
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A palliative approach is recommended in long-term care to support persons with dementia and help families prepare for end-of-life. Despite this, 50% of family caregivers of persons with dementia report feeling unprepared for death. A questionnaire is needed to assess caregiver death preparedness as an outcome measure for strategies within palliativ...
Article
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Supporting older people to live in the community as they experience health and functional changes has become a priority for policy makers, health system leaders and community members, including many older people themselves. Aging-in-place has been promoted as a way to support the sustainability of health care systems and limit health care and socie...
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Background Older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) rely heavily on caregivers for assistance with care. However, we know little about their psychosocial experiences and their needs for support in managing MCC. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of caregivers of older adults living in the community with MCC. Method...
Article
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Introduction Care of persons living with chronic conditions rests heavily on women within the context of the family. Research demonstrates that women experience more caregiving strain compared to men, yet less is known about the differences in experiences between women carers: namely, wives and daughters. Objective The purpose of this study was to...
Article
Appreciative Inquiry models identify diverse ways that AI initiatives may commence. Our Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance AI early phase experience required a focus on key underlying relational processes, work that we call ‘Dawn,’ before we could begin. We identify and demonstrate these relational processes with examples from the PiDC Alliance...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND Primary care providers have been tasked with fostering self-management through managing referrals and linking patients to community-based health and social services. This study evaluated a web-based tool –GENIE (Generating Engagement in Network InvolvEment)– as a component of the Health TAPESTRY program to support self-management of olde...
Article
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Background Primary care providers are well positioned to foster self-management through linking patients to community-based health and social services (HSSs). This study evaluated a web-based tool—GENIE (Generating Engagement in Network Involvement)—to support the self-management of adults. GENIE empowers patients to leverage their personal social...
Article
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Introduction: The acute care setting is not ideal for older people with dementia; responsive behaviours may be triggered when care is delivered within a strange environment by staff with limited knowledge of life history and personal preferences. Responsive behaviours (e.g., yelling, hitting, restlessness) are used by older people with dementia to...
Article
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Background: Multimorbidity, the co-existence of 2+ (or 3+) chronic diseases in an individual, is an increasingly common global phenomenon leading to reduced quality of life and functional status, and higher healthcare service use and mortality. There is an urgent need to develop and test new models of care that incorporate the components of multim...
Article
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Youth with medical complexity (YMC) are a small subset of youth who have a combination of severe functional limitations and extensive health service use. As these youth become adults, they are required to transition to adult health, education, and social services. The transition to adult services is especially difficult for YMC due to the sheer num...
Article
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Self-reported health is a predictive measure of morbidity and mortality across populations. A comprehensive understanding of the factors that shape self-reported health among community-dwelling older adults, a growing population globally, is lacking. The aim of this review was to summarize the factors that are associated with self-reported health a...
Article
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Introduction Caregivers of persons with dementia experience challenges that can make preparing for end-of-life particularly difficult. Feeling prepared for death is associated with caregiver well-being in bereavement and is promoted by strategies supporting a palliative approach. Further conceptualization of caregiver preparedness for death of pers...
Article
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Background: Despite increased annual mortality in long-term care (LTC) homes, research has shown that care of dying residents and their families is currently suboptimal in these settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate resident and family outcomes associated with the Strengthening a Palliative Approach in LTC (SPA-LTC) program, develope...
Article
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Background: Older adults (> 65 years) with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) and depressive symptoms experience frequent transitions between hospital and home. Care transitions for this population are often poorly coordinated and fragmented, resulting in increased readmission rates, adverse medical events, decreased patient satisfaction and safety...
Article
Nurses may not prompt or offer assistance with oral hygiene care activities to patients who do not ask for help because they appear independent in their ability to perform their oral hygiene care. That is, nurses may be inclined to preserve patient autonomy over ensuring adequate oral hygiene outcomes. The purpose of this qualitative Interpretive D...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study explores how a broad-range of socio-demographic factors shape the relationship between multimorbidity and one-year acute care service use (i.e., hospital, emergency department visits) among older adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: We linked multiple cycles (2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012) of the Canadian Communit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study explores how socio-demographic and health factors shape the relationship between multimorbidity and one-year acute care service use (i.e., hospital, emergency department visits) in older adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: We linked multiple cycles (2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012) of the Canadian Community Health...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study explores how socio-demographic and health factors shape the relationship between multimorbidity and one-year acute care service use (i.e., hospital, emergency department visits) in older adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: We linked multiple cycles (2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012) of the Canadian Community Health...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To examine agreement between administrative and self-reported data on the number of and constituent chronic conditions (CCs) used to measure multimorbidity. Study Design and Setting Cross-sectional self-reported survey data from four Canadian Community Health Survey waves were linked to administrative data for residents of Ontario, Canad...
Article
To revitalize nursing science, there is a need for a new approach to guide nurse scientists in addressing complex problems in health care. By applying theoretical concepts from a revolutionary philosopher of science, Paul K. Feyerabend, new nursing knowledge can be produced using creativity and pluralistic approaches. Feyerabend proposed that metho...
Article
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Introduction Family caregivers provide most of the care for older persons living with dementia (PLWD) and multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) in the community. Caregivers experience transitions, such as changes to their health, roles, and responsibilities, during the process of caring. Transitions encompass a time when caregivers undergo stressful r...
Article
Systematic approaches are essential when adapting interventions, so the adapted intervention is feasible, acceptable, and holds promise for positive outcomes in the new target population and/or setting. Qualitative research is critical to this process. The purpose of this article is to provide an example of how qualitative research was used to guid...
Article
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Background: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) affects upwards of 25% of Canadian older adults and is associated with high comorbidity and burden. Studies show that lifestyle factors and self-management are associated with improved health outcomes, but many studies lack rigour or exclude older adults, particularly those with multimorbidity. More evi...
Article
Objectives: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a burdensome condition for older adults with diabetes receiving home-care services, yet little is known about the prevalence and correlates of UI in this population. The objective of this cross-sectional study, informed by a complexity model, was to determine the prevalence and correlates of UI in older adu...
Article
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Background: There are gaps in knowledge and understanding about the relationships between primary care and community-based health and social services in the context of healthy aging at home and system navigation. This study examined provider perspectives on: a) older adults' health and social needs; b) barriers to accessing services; c) the nature...
Article
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Background Stroke is the leading cause of death and adult disability in Canada. Eighty percent of older adults (≥65 years) who have suffered a stroke will return to their homes, and 60% will require ongoing rehabilitation. The transition between hospital and home is often fragmented, leading to adverse health outcomes, hospital readmissions, and in...
Article
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Abstract Background Many countries are engaged in primary care reforms to support older adults who are living longer in the community. Health Teams Advancing Patient Experience: Strengthening Quality [Health TAPESTRY] is a primary care intervention aimed at supporting older adults that involves trained volunteers, interprofessional teams, technolog...
Preprint
Full-text available
Preparedness for end-of-life in dementia is a direct, holistic outcome measure for strategies supporting a palliative approach, however current preparedness questionnaires have limitations. In this study we aimed to develop the Caring Ahead: Preparing for End-of-Life in Dementia questionnaire to be used as a holistic, outcome measure for strategies...
Article
Objective To compare multimorbidity prevalence using self-reported and administrative data and identify factors associated with agreement between data sources. Study Design and Setting Self-reported cross-sectional data from four Canadian Community Health Survey waves were linked to administrative data in Ontario, Canada. Multimorbidity prevalence...
Article
Objective To describe agreement between administrative and self-report data on the number and type of chronic conditions (CCs) and determine whether associations between CC count and health service use differ by data source. Study Design and Setting We linked Canadian Community Health Survey and administrative data for a cohort of adults aged 45+...
Article
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Background: Residents living and dying in long-term care (LTC) homes represent one of society's most frail and marginalized populations of older adults, particularly those residents with advanced dementia who are often excluded from activities that promote quality of life in their last months of life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the f...
Article
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Introduction In 2012, the Ontario government launched Health Links (HL), which was designed to integrate care for patients with multimorbidity and complex needs who are high users of health services. This study evaluated perceptions of family and friend caregivers of patients enrolled in the HL program. Research questions included: What are (a) cha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: In this qualitative study we aimed to explore the end-of-life experiences of caregivers of persons with dementia to: 1) understand factors perceived as influencing preparedness for death; and 2) identify the core concepts, barriers and facilitators of preparedness for death for caregivers in dementia. Findings: Four themes were ident...