Jenny Lam

Jenny Lam
The University of Hong Kong | HKU · Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy

MPharm (Nottingham), PhD (Nottingham)

About

74
Publications
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2,673
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Additional affiliations
January 2011 - December 2013
The University of Hong Kong
January 2010 - December 2012
King's College London
January 2004 - December 2010
University of Nottingham

Publications

Publications (74)
Chapter
With the advances in biotechnology, messenger RNA (mRNA) therapeutics have provided new and exciting opportunities for the treatment and prevention of a wide range of respiratory diseases. The potential applications of mRNAs include lung infections, genetic disorders (e.g., cystic fibrosis), inflammatory diseases (e.g., asthma), and vaccines. Howev...
Article
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Objective The therapeutic options for severe asthma are limited, and the biological therapies are all parenterally administered. The purpose of this study was to formulate a monoclonal antibody that targets the receptor for IL-4, an interleukin implicated in the pathogenesis of severe asthma, into a dry powder intended for delivery via inhalation....
Article
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Unpredictable outbreaks due to respiratory viral infections emphasize the need for new drug delivery strategies to the entire respiratory tract. As viral attack is not limited to a specific anatomic region, antiviral therapy that targets both the upper and lower respiratory tract would be most effective. This study aimed to formulate tamibarotene,...
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Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a huge public health problem. The treatment regimen of MDR-TB requires prolonged chemotherapy with multiple drugs including second-line anti-TB agents associated with severe adverse effects. Capreomycin, a polypeptide antibiotic, is the first choice of second-line anti-TB drugs in MDR-TB therapy. It req...
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In response to the epidemic and pandemic threats caused by emerging respiratory viral infections, a safe and efficient broad‐spectrum antiviral therapy at early onset of infection can significantly improve patients’ outcome. Inhaled dry powder is easy to administer and delivers antiviral agent directly to the primary site of infection, thereby mini...
Article
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The prospect of inhaled biologics has garnered particular interest given the benefits of the pulmonary route of administration. Pertinent considerations in producing inhalable dry powders containing biological medicines relate to aerosol performance and protein stability. Spray-freeze-drying (SFD) has emerged as an established method to generate mi...
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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a potential alternative to classical antibiotics that are yet to achieve a therapeutic breakthrough for treatment of systemic infections. The antibacterial potency of pleurocidin, an AMP from Winter Flounder, is linked to its ability to cross bacterial plasma membranes and seek intracellular targets while also caus...
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In the last decade, biological drugs have rapidly proliferated and have now become an important therapeutic modality. This is because of their high potency, high specificity and desirable safety profile. The majority of biological drugs are peptide- and protein-based therapeutics with poor oral bioavailability. They are normally administered by par...
Article
RNA-based medicine is receiving growing attention for its diverse roles and potential therapeutic capacity. The largest obstacle in its clinical translation remains identifying a safe and effective delivery system. Studies investigating RNA therapeutics in pulmonary diseases have rapidly expanded and drug administration by inhalation allows the dir...
Article
Spray freeze drying is a particle engineering technique that allows the production of porous particles of low density with excellent aerosol performance for inhalation. There are a number of operating parameters that can be manipulated in order to optimise the powder properties. In this study, a two-fluid nozzle was used to prepare spray freeze dri...
Article
The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a surge in need for alternative routes of administration of drugs for end of life and palliative care, particularly in community settings. Transmucosal routes include intranasal, buccal, sublingual and rectal. They are non-invasive routes for systemic drug delivery with the possibility of...
Article
A safe and effective delivery system is considered a key to the success of nucleic acid therapeutics. It has been reported that pulmonary surfactants or their components could facilitate the uptake of small interfering RNA (siRNA) into the lung epithelial cells. Previously, our group investigated the use of KL4 peptide, a synthetic cationic peptide...
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Pulmonary delivery of messenger RNA (mRNA) has considerable potential as therapy or vaccine for a range of lung diseases. Inhaled dry powder formulation of mRNA is particularly attractive as it has superior stability and dry powder inhaler is relatively easy to use. A safe and effective mRNA delivery vector as well as a suitable particle engineerin...
Article
The development of small interfering RNA (siRNA) formulation for pulmonary delivery is a key to the clinical translation of siRNA therapeutics for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Most inhalable siRNA powder formulations published to date were limited by the siRNA content which was often too low to be clinically relevant. This study aimed to...
Article
Systemic administration of antifungal agents for the treatment of pulmonary aspergillosis is limited by the poor lung deposition and severe adverse effects. In contrast, pulmonary delivery allows a higher amount of drug to be delivered directly to the infection site and therefore a lower dose is required. This study aimed to develop porous and inha...
Article
Spray freeze drying is an attractive technology to produce powder formulation for inhalation. It can be used to generate large porous particles which tend to aerosolize efficiently and do not aggregate readily. It also avoids material to be exposed to elevated temperature. In this study, we reported the use of two-fluid nozzle to produce spray free...
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We have used a combined NMR metabolomics/biophysical approach to better understand differences in the mechanisms of two closely related antimicrobial peptides, as well as the response of the model organism Mycobacterium smegmatis to challenge with first- or second-line antibiotics used against mycobacterial pathogens. We show that, in addition to m...
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Permeability enhancers are receiving increased attention arising from their ability to increase transepithelial permeability and thus, bioavailability of orally or pulmonary administered biopharmaceutics. Here we present the synthesis and the in vitro assaying of a series of lactose-based non-ionic surfactants, highlighting the relationship between...
Article
We discuss the diverse biological activities, therapeutic potential, and clinical applications of peptides and proteins isolated from various yams species including Dioscorea opposita Thunb (Chinese yam), D alata, D japonica (Japanese yam), D pseudojaponica, D batatas (Korea yam), and D cayenensis. Yam peptides and proteins have many pharmacologica...
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In this paper, we compared the transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity of methylglycol-chitosan (MG-CS) and diethylaminoethyl-chitosan (DEAE-CSI and DEAE-CSII with degrees of substitution of 1.2 and 0.57, respectively) to that of Lipofectamine (used as a reference transfection vector). MG-CS contains quaternary amines to improve DNA binding, where...
Preprint
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The mycobacterial cell wall affords natural resistance to antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) modify the surface properties of mycobacteria and can act synergistically with antibiotics from differing classes. Here we investigate the response of Mycobacterium smegmatis to the presence of rifampicin or capreomycin, either alone or in combinati...
Article
Chitosan is a biodegradable and biocompatible natural polysaccharide that has a wide range of applications in the field of pharmaceutics, biomedical, chemical, cosmetics, textile and food industry. One of the interesting characteristics of chitosan is its antibacterial and antifungal activity, and together with its excellent safety profile in human...
Article
Pulmonary delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) has huge potential for the treatment of a wide range of respiratory diseases. The ability of naked siRNA to transfect cells in the lungs without a delivery vector has prompted the investigation of whether an endogenous component is at least partially responsible for the cellular uptake of siRNA, a...
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The therapeutic potential of small nucleic acids such as small interfering RNA (siRNA) to treat lung diseases has been successfully demonstrated in many in vivo studies. A major barrier to their clinical application is the lack of a safe and efficient inhaled formulation. In this study, spray freeze drying was employed to prepare dry powder of smal...
Article
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a spectrum of diseases that ranges in severity from hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis, the latter of which is a major predisposing factor for liver cirrhosis and cancer. Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, which is critical for innate immunity, is generally believed to aggravate disease progressi...
Article
Pulmonary delivery of short interfering RNA (siRNA) has been widely studied in both animal and clinical studies to treat various respiratory diseases by gene silencing through RNA interference. Some of these studies showed that the administration of naked siRNA (without the use of any delivery vectors) could achieve satisfactory gene silencing effe...
Article
Background: Microemulsions are attractive delivery systems for therapeutic proteins and peptides due to their ability to enhance bioavailability. Although different proteins and peptides have been successfully delivered through such ternary systems, no information can be found about protein loading and the formulation stability when such microemul...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Erxian decoction (EXD), an empirical Chinese medicine formula, is effectively used in the clinical treatment of menopause-related symptoms in China. Previous data from our group show that EXD has steroidogenic effect in natural menopausal Sprague-Dawley-rats (SD-rats) as an animal model of menopause. However, the me...
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RNA interference (RNAi) is a potent and specific post-transcriptional gene silencing process. Since its discovery, tremendous efforts have been made to translate RNAi technology into therapeutic applications for the treatment of different human diseases including respiratory diseases, by manipulating the expression of disease-associated gene(s). Si...
Article
The major intracellular barriers associated with DNA delivery using non-viral vectors are inefficient endosomal/lysosomal escape and poor nuclear uptake. LAH4-L1, a pH responsive cationic amphipathic peptide, is an efficient DNA delivery vector that promotes the release of nucleic acid into cytoplasm through endosomal escape. Here we further enhanc...
Article
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), continues to pose a serious threat to public health, and the situation is worsening with the rapid emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) TB. Current TB regimens require long duration of treatment, and their toxic side effects often lead to poor adherence and low succes...
Article
N-acyl amino acids-based surfactants are an attractive class of anionic amphiphiles alternative to sulphate-based surfactants, potentially employed as excipients for pharmaceutical applications in which an anionic surfactant is needed. Thus, a systematic characterization of their toxicological profile is required, particularly in comparison to sodi...
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Scientific Reports 5 Article number: 10179; 10.1038/srep10179 published online: 10 July 2015 ; updated: 18 December 2015 . The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of the author Wen-cai Ye, which was incorrectly given as Ye Wencai.
Article
Background: Particles from Gas Saturated Solution (PGSS) is an emergent method that employs supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) to produce microparticles. It is suitable for encapsulating biologically active compounds including therapeutic peptides and proteins. Poly(lactide acid) (PLA) and/or poly(lactic-coglycolic acid) (PLGA) are the most comm...
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Discovered a little over two decades ago, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs with important roles in gene regulation. They have recently been investigated as novel classes of therapeutic agents for the treatment of a wide range of disorders including cancers and infections. Clinical trials of siRNA- and miRNA-...
Article
Nucleic acid therapeutics has huge potential for the treatment of a wide range of diseases including respiratory diseases. Plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) are the two most widely investigated nucleic acids for therapeutic development. However, efficient and safe delivery of nucleic acids is still a major hurdle in translating n...
Article
A novel protein, designated as DOI, isolated from the Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita Thunb.) could be the first protein drug for the treatment of menopausal syndrome and an alternative to hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which is known to have undesirable side effects. DOI is an acid- and thermo-stable protein with a distinctive N-terminal seque...
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Erxian decoction (EXD) is used to treat menopause-related symptoms in Chinese medicine. This study aims to identify the bioactive compounds and potential actions of EXD by network pharmacological analysis. Two databases, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology database and TCM Database@Taiwan, were used to retrieve literature of phyto...
Article
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural triterpenoid with anticancer property, but its hydrophobic nature and poor aqueous solubility pose challenges in pharmaceutical formulation development. The present study aimed at developing OA-loaded mPEG-PLGA or mPEG-PLA nanoparticles (NPs) to improve the delivery of OA. The NPs were prepared by nanoprecipitation...
Article
Pulmonary delivery of siRNA has considerable therapeutic potential for treating viral respiratory infectious diseases including influenza. By introducing siRNA that targets the conserved region of viral genes encoding nucleocapsid protein (NP), viral mRNAs can be degraded and viral replication can be inhibited in mammalian cells. To enable siRNA to...
Article
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Intranasal delivery of DNA vaccines has become a popular research area recently. It offers some distinguished advantages over parenteral and other routes of vaccine administration. Nasal mucosa as site of vaccine administration can stimulate respiratory mucosal immunity by interacting with the nasopharyngeal-associated lymphoid tissues (NALT). Diff...
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Cationic amphipathic pH responsive peptides possess high in vitro and in vivo nucleic acid delivery capabilities and function by forming a non-covalent complex with cargo, protecting it from nucleases, facilitating uptake via endocytosis and responding to endosomal acidification by being released from the complex and inserting into and disordering...
Article
Nucleic acids have the potential to be used as therapies or vaccines for many different types of disease but delivery remains the most significant challenge to their clinical adoption. pH responsive peptides containing either histidine or derivatives of 2,3-diaminopropionic acid (Dap) can mediate effective DNA transfection in lung epithelial cells...
Article
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The impact of surface coating of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) with chitosan, cell culture medium and oleic acid (OA) on their cytotoxicity in human alveolar adenocarcinoma (A549) cells has been studied in terms of particle induced-toxicity, membrane damage, generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell apoptosis. The chit...
Article
Abstract Chitosan oligosaccharide (oligoCS) is a low molecular weight chitosan and its potential for DNA delivery is described here. DNA-loaded oligoCS nanoparticles were prepared by ionic gelation using thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) as cross-linker. The nanoparticles with oligoCS:DNA: TPP weight ratio of 50:1:25 were approximately 170 nm in diamete...
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Gene silencing, via RNA interference (RNAi) technologies using small interfering RNA (siRNA), has been developed as an important tool for target identification and validation in drug discovery and has huge therapeutic potential. However, effective delivery into cells presents a major challenge to the use of siRNA. pH-responsive cell-penetrating pep...
Article
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We used a combination of fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), and NMR spectroscopies in conjunction with size exclusion chromatography to help rationalize the relative antibacterial, antiplasmodial, and cytotoxic activities of a series of proline-free and proline-containing model antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in terms of their structural properti...
Article
The presence of reactive primary amines in the backbone structure of chitosan, enables the derivatisation with different functional groups and thereby improving and expanding its properties, such as solubility and mucoadhesiveness, for biomedical applications. Such derivatives can be exploited with good results in a number of biomedical areas, incl...
Article
Cationic amphipathic histidine rich peptides possess high plasmid DNA and siRNA delivery capabilities. To further understand the pH responsive siRNA delivery process and evaluate the capabilities of such peptides we have investigated their ability to mediate specific silencing of endogenous GAPDH gene activity in MCF-7 and A549 cells and compared t...
Article
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The interactions of cationic amphipathic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with anionic biological membranes have been the focus of much research aimed at improving the activity of such compounds in the search for therapeutic leads. However, many of these peptides are thought to have other polyanions, such as DNA or RNA, as their ultimate target. Here...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to characterize the short-term biomechanical properties of cast micro/macroporous poly(caprolactone) (PCL) tubes intended for application as tissue integrating blood vessel substitutes. Micro/macroporous PCL vascular grafts (5.5 mm internal diameter, 7.5 mm external diameter) with defined macropore structures...