Jenny Krutzinna

Jenny Krutzinna
University of Oslo · Department of Media and Communication

Doctor of Philosophy

About

37
Publications
5,466
Reads
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412
Citations
Introduction
I am driven by the desire to reveal, understand and address injustices caused by systemic inequalities and power imbalances that affect people’s health and well-being. I use conceptual and methodological tools within deliberative democracy and seek to enhance the participation of marginalised groups. I aim to give visibility and a voice to these groups by demonstrating how their (moral and legal) rights are affected by policies and decisions taken by (public and private) institutional actors.
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
University of Bergen
Position
  • Senior Researcher
April 2018 - October 2019
University of Bergen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Predominantly working on the project "The Acceptability of Child Protection Interventions: A Cross-Country Analysis" at the Centre for Research on Discretion and Paternalism.
April 2017 - April 2018
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Ethics of Biomedical Big Data, data donation, information ethics, eHealth, research ethics in the context of new technologies, technology governance.
Education
January 2014 - December 2016
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Bioethics and Medical Jurisprudence
September 2010 - September 2012
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Health Care Ethics and Law
October 2001 - July 2004
University of Oxford
Field of study
  • Jurisprudence

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
We know little about how children are portrayed in care order cases. Using a Child Equality Perspective ( cep ), which demands the child’s presence in proceedings even for children who are not capable of partaking fully in the decision-making process, we examine a sample of 216 judgments from 8 countries involving 220 infants. Our study reveals tha...
Article
Full-text available
There is a substantial need in child protection to design the decision-making process in a way that is in the best interests of the child. The solution to this problem will not lie in new technology alone but also in new techniques and technologies that are urgently needed to make children and their inter- ests more visible and to integrate them in...
Article
While the substantiation of "best interests" has received much attention, the question of how "the child" is conceptualised to ensure any action taken or decision made is in the particular child's best interests has been largely neglected. In this paper, I argue that the lack of robust understanding of who "the child" is, means that we continue to...
Article
Full-text available
In the summer of 2021, European governments removed most NPIs after experiencing prolonged second and third waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. Most countries failed to achieve immunization rates high enough to avoid resurgence of the virus. Public health strategies for autumn and winter 2021 have ranged from countries aiming at low incidence by re-int...
Preprint
Full-text available
How will the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic develop in the coming months and years? Based on an expert survey, we examine key aspects that are likely to influence COVID-19 in Europe. The future challenges and developments will strongly depend on the progress of national and global vaccination programs, the emergence and spread of vari...
Article
Full-text available
How will the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic develop in the coming months and years? Based on an expert survey, we examine key aspects that are likely to influence the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. The challenges and developments will strongly depend on the progress of national and global vaccination programs, the emergence and spread o...
Article
Full-text available
Full text available at: http://jme.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/medethics-2021-107447?ijkey=BX8aP51QgzXBM49&keytype=ref
Chapter
Full-text available
Full text available here: https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/47833
Chapter
Full-text available
Full text available here: https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/47833
Article
Full-text available
Many child protection cases involve care-experienced mothers, which reveals a continuous cycle of mothers who lose their children to social services after having been in state care themselves as children. While the importance of protecting children requires little explanation and forms the justificatory basis for child protection interventions, it...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines what set of familial circumstances allow for the justifiable interference with the right to respect for family life under Article 8, echr. We analyse all the Courts’ judgments on adoptions from care to find out what the Court means by a “family unit” and the “child´s best interest”. Our analysis show that the status and respect...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the discretionary reasoning of the judiciary in three jurisdictions, England, Germany and Norway, in cases deciding whether a newborn child is safe with her parents or intervention is necessary. Our analysis focuses on one specific dimension of decision makers' exercise of discretion, namely, if and how the strengths and weaknes...
Article
Full-text available
How accountable are decisions about terminating parental rights to ensure an adoption from care? In this paper we examine if the proceedings in eight European jurisdictions are accountable to: a) the private parties, i.e. individuals that are concerned – such as parents, child; b) the general public that authorized the politicians and the governmen...
Article
Full-text available
How accountable are decisions about terminating parental rights to ensure an adoption from care? In this paper we examine if the proceedings in eight European jurisdictions are accountable to: a) the private parties, i.e. individuals that are concerned – such as parents, child; b) the general public that authorized the politicians and the governmen...
Article
Full-text available
This article argues that personal medical data should be made available for scientific research, by enabling and encouraging individuals to donate their medical records once deceased, similar to the way in which they can already donate organs or bodies. This research is part of a project on posthumous medical data donation developed by the Digital...
Chapter
Full-text available
Within the broad field of human enhancement, pediatric cognitive neuro-enhancement appears to arouse particular interest. The increasing importance of cognitive capacities in our contemporary and cultural context appears to be the main reason for the focus on cognition as the preferred trait of enhancement, while the choice of pharmacological means...
Article
Full-text available
To maximise the clinical benefits of machine learning algorithms, we need to rethink our approach to explanation, argue David Watson and colleagues.
Chapter
This chapter follows the argument that personal medical data should be made available for scientific research by enabling and encouraging individuals to donate their medical records after death, provided that this can be done safely and ethically. While medical donation schemes with dedicated regulatory and ethical frameworks for blood, organ or ti...
Chapter
This article argues that personal medical data should be made available for scientific research, by enabling and encouraging individuals to donate their medical records once deceased, in a way similar to how they can already donate organs or bodies. This research is part of a project on posthumous medical data donation (PMDD) developed by the Digit...
Chapter
Full-text available
While donation schemes with dedicated regulatory frameworks have made it relatively easy to donate blood, organs or tissue, it is virtually impossible to donate one’s own medical data. The lack of appropriate framework to govern such data donation makes it practically difficult to give away one’s data, even when this would be within the current lim...
Book
This open access book presents an ethical approach to utilizing personal medical data. It features essays that combine academic argument with practical application of ethical principles. The contributors are experts in ethics and law. They address the challenges in the re-use of medical data of the deceased on a voluntary basis. This pioneering stu...
Article
Full-text available
Although the employment situation of disabled people has widely been identified as in need of improvement, progress in this area remains slow. While some progress has been made in including the physically or sensory disabled in the workplace, other types of disability have been largely neglected. This applies particularly to disabled workers in aty...
Data
LATEST FILE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE: -- A list of films (movies, documentaries) that address bioethical issues. The collection is based on recommendations and research into these topics. If you have any additions and/or comments on the list, please get in touch and I will be happy to add it. The aim of this is to provide a useful resource for...
Poster
Full-text available
“ROADMAP addresses the challenge of how to best inform clinical and health - policy decisions by conceptualising the entire population as the decision - making laboratory, and building a population - based integrated data environment which is optimised for precision and personalised medicine.” (ROADMAP)
Article
Full-text available
Discussions about the ethical permissibility of pediatric cognitive enhancement frequently revolve around arguments about welfare, and often include an appeal to the child’s right to an open future. Both proponents and opponents of cognitive enhancement claim that their respective positions best serve the interests of the child by promoting an open...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the welfare of the child being afforded special legal and moral importance, it appears that the law is currently not objective in its application to children. There is an undeniable link between healthy child development and education, with the latter greatly impacting on mental health and general well-being. Drawing on the example of the d...
Article
Full-text available
The desire to self-improve is probably as old as humanity: most of us want to be smarter, more athletic, more beautiful, or more talented. However, in the light of an ever increasing array of possibilities to enhance our capacities, clarity about the purpose and goal of such efforts becomes crucial. This is especially true when decisions are made f...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This project will investigate the possibility of a European Code for Data Donation, its feasibility, its advantages, and the possible difficulties that may be encountered in its formulation and adoption.
Project
This project examines the population´s values and interpretations of the child´s best interests principle within different societies, as well at the courts justifications of their best interests judgments. The principle of the child´s best interests is recognized by all states, but it is a principle that is controversial and contested within and between welfare states. This becomes evident through the media's comprehensive and daily, coverage of cases involving migrant children and their families seeking residence permit, and controversies around child protection interventions towards migrant families or minority families. For Norway, for example, there has been recurring criticism of the child protection system from other states in the recent years, and just recently with demonstrations worldwide against a child protection intervention, displaying a strong distrust in the system. There are social and political controversies within Europe and within states regarding how to protect and care for the large influx of migrant children. The overarching aim of this project is to expand our understanding of the principle of the child´s best interests and the normative platform for the values underpinning this principle across societies. The main objectives are to examine and compare different populations' value sentiments regarding the child´s best interests. Furthermore, our goal is to explore how court judgements about best interests in cases concerning migrant and non-migrant children are justified. For more information, go to www.discretion.uib.no