Jennifer Wan

Jennifer Wan
The University of Hong Kong | HKU · School of Biological Sciences

Ph.D.

About

115
Publications
14,379
Reads
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2,388
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1995 - present
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, teaching, research and administration

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of four formulations of plant-based functional foods on the protection against salt-induced endothelial dysfunction. A randomized crossover design was employed. Ten healthy subjects were recruited, and on five separate occasions they received, in random sequence one of the following 5 treatments: 250 mL of p...
Article
This study aimed to compare the effects of drinking different types of coffee before a high glycaemic index (GI) meal on postprandial glucose metabolism and to assess the effects of adding milk and sugar into coffee. In this randomised, crossover acute feeding study, apparently healthy adults (n = 21) consumed the test drink followed by a high GI m...
Article
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Objective: This study investigated the accuracy of a flash glucose monitoring system (FGMS) in a postprandial setting. Methods: Ten fasted adults without diabetes wore the FGMS sensors then consumed a standard breakfast. Their glucose levels were subsequently recorded for 2 hours, both by the FGMS and by measuring capillary glucose levels using the...
Article
Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain ASCC 1520 with high soy isoflavone transformation ability was used to ferment soymilk and added to the diet of mice. The impact of L. rhamnosus fermentation on soy isoflavone metabolites and intestinal bacterial community, in conjunction with fecal enzyme activity and short‐chain fatty acids (SCFA) excretion was evalu...
Article
Full-text available
At low intensity levels, ultrasound can potentially generate therapeutic effects on living cells, and it can trigger sonoporation when microbubbles are present to facilitate drug delivery. Yet, our foundational knowledge of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and sonoporation remains to be critically weak because the pertinent cellular bioeffec...
Article
The therapeutic applicability of ultrasound is perhaps well demonstrated with the advent of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) that works by rapidly heating tissues to induce ablation. Ultrasound also holds tremendous therapeutic potential at low intensities that are near or below the clinical diagnosis limit (720 mW/cm² spatial-peak time-ave...
Article
Phellinus linteus polysaccharide (PLP) has hypoglycemic effects, but mechanisms remain unclear. Male C57BL/6 J mice were either fed a normal diet (CON) or a high-fat high-fructose diet (HFD) for 16 weeks, and starting from week 12, HFD-fed animals in PLP group were orally given PLP. PLP administration significantly reduced fasting blood glucose lev...
Data
Satisfaction scores on different attributes of the three DPIs as evaluated by subjects below 60 years of age or above or equal to 60 years of age. Notes: Mean values are plotted and the error bars represent the SEM. *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001. Abbreviations: DPIs, dry powder inhalers; SEM, standard error of the mean.
Data
Satisfaction scores on different attributes of the three DPIs by subjects <60 and ≥60 years of age. Notes: Mean values are plotted and the error bars represent the SEM. *p≤0.05. Abbreviations: DPIs, dry powder inhalers; SEM, standard error of the mean.
Data
Satisfaction scores on different attributes of the three DPIs as evaluated by male and female subjects. Notes: Mean values are plotted and the error bars represent the SEM. *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01. Abbreviations: DPIs, dry powder inhalers; SEM, standard error of the mean.
Data
Satisfaction scores on different attributes of the three DPIs by male and female subjects. Notes: Mean values are plotted and the error bars represent the SEM. No significance was detected. Abbreviations: DPIs, dry powder inhalers; SEM, standard error of the mean.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Inhaled medication is central to the treatment of COPD. Various types of inhaler devices, which directly deliver medication to the lung, have been developed. However, patients often exhibit incorrect techniques of inhaler usage. Effectiveness of therapy may be affected by the ease of device usage, size, convenience of use, durability,...
Article
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The responses of single cells to plasma membrane damage is critical to cell survival under adverse conditions and to many transfection protocols in genetic engineering. While the post-damage molecular responses have been much studied, the holistic morphological changes of damaged cells have received less attention. Here we document the post-damage...
Article
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The effects of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced oxidative stress in rats were determined by the generation of isoprostanoids. These are known to be robust biomarkers to evaluate nonenzymatic and free radical related oxidation. Other oxidative stress biomarkers such as hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid products (HETEs...
Article
Background: Exogenous glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) stimulates intestinal adaptation after resection in animal models of pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS). It is unknown whether the molecular mechanisms of such GLP-2 effects are similar to those of postresection spontaneous adaptation. Using preterm pigs as a model, we hypothesized that GLP-2...
Article
Introduction: The influences of dietary fatty acids on the progress of chronic liver diseases have attracted lots of attentions, but the mechanisms of the effects of lipids rich in saturated fatty acids or PUFAs on hepatic fibrogenesis remain unclear. Methods: Female Fischer 344 rats were fed normal chow or chow plus 20% (w/w) of corn oil or lar...
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Site-specific perforation of the plasma membrane can be achieved through ultrasound-triggered cavitation of a single microbubble positioned adjacent to the cell. However, for this perforation approach (sonoporation), the recovery manoeuvres invoked by the cell are unknown. Here, we report new findings on how membrane blebbing can be a recovery mano...
Article
To establish the therapeutic potential of low-intensity ultrasound, it is important to characterize its biophysical interactions with living cells. Here, through a series of single-cell direct observations, we show that low-intensity ultrasound pulsing would give rise to a dynamic course of cytomechanical perturbations at both the membrane and nucl...
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Background Cordyceps cicadae is a medicinal fungus that is often used for treating cancer. However, the anticancer mechanisms of C. cicadae are largely unknown. This study aims to investigate the anticancer mechanisms of C. cicadae against hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro using a proteomic approach. Methods Human hepatocellular carcinoma MH...
Article
Full-text available
Sonoporation is based upon an ultrasound-microbubble cavitation routine that physically punctures the plasma membrane on a transient basis. During such a process, the actin cytoskeleton may be disrupted in tandem because this network of subcellular filaments is physically interconnected with the plasma membrane. Here, by performing confocal fluores...
Article
Transient sonoporation can essentially be epitomized by two fundamental processes: acoustically induced membrane perforation and its subsequent resealing. To provide insight into these processes, this article presents a new series of direct evidence on the membrane-level dynamics during and after an episode of sonoporation. Our direct observations...
Article
The use of cavitational means to create transient membrane pores on living cells (i.e., sonoporation) may potentially induce a broad range of downstream bio-effects that disrupt the functioning of various organelles. Here we observed that on HL-60 leukemia cells, sonoporation may induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress on a time-lapse basis and, i...
Article
For sonoporation to be established as a drug/gene delivery paradigm, it is essential to account for the biological impact of this membrane permeation strategy on living cells. Here we provide new insight into the cellular impact of sonoporation by demonstrating in vitro that this way of permeating the plasma membrane may inadvertently induce repres...
Article
Neuronal development is known to be a dynamic process that can be modulated by presenting guidance cues to neuronal cells. We show that ultrasound, when applied at pulsed settings and with intensities slightly greater than clinical diagnosis levels, can potentially act as a repulsive cue for modulating neuronal growth dynamics. Using differentiated...
Article
Objective: Preterm infants often show intolerance to the first enteral feeds, and the structural and functional basis of this intolerance remains unclear. We hypothesized that preterm and term neonates show similar gut trophic responses to feeding but different expression of intestinal functional proteins, thus helping to explain why preterm neona...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Changes in the intestinal and colonic proteome in patients with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) may help to characterize the disease pathology and identify new biomarkers and treatment targets for NEC. Methods: Using gel-based proteomics, proteins in NEC-affected intestinal and colonic sections were compared with those in adjacent, n...
Article
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Background The hepatoprotective potential of Phellinus linteus polysaccharide (PLP) extracts has been described. However, the molecular mechanism of PLP for the inhibition of liver fibrosis is unclear. This study aims to investigate the molecular protein signatures involved in the hepatoprotective mechanisms of PLP via a proteomics approach using a...
Article
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The appropriate use of antibiotics for preterm infants, which are highly susceptible to develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), is not clear. While antibiotic therapy is commonly used in neonates with NEC symptoms and sepsis, it remains unknown how antibiotics may affect the intestine and NEC sensitivity. We hypothesized that broad-spectrum antibi...
Article
Despite being a transient biophysical phenomenon, sonoporation is known to disturb the homeostasis of living cells. This work presents new evidence on how sonoporation may lead to antiproliferation effects including cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis through disrupting various cell signaling pathways. Our findings were obtained from sonoporation exper...
Article
Full-text available
Sonoporation is known to be able to temporarily permeabilize cells, but during this process it may have traumatic impact on cell viability. In this work, we found that sonoporation may induce apoptosis and G2∕M-phase cell cycle arrest in some cells hours after ultrasonic exposure in vitro. Methods: Suspensions of HL-60 leukemia cells were prepared...
Article
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In newborns, colonizing bacteria and enteral nutrition are important for early gut development and immunity. However, in preterm newborns, bacterial colonization, coupled with enteral feeding, can lead to marked intestinal inflammation and disease such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesized that the initial bacterial colonization of th...
Article
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Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) is a common hepatotoxin used in experimental models to elicit liver injury. To identify the proteins involved in CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was employed followed by mass spectrometry - mass spectrometry (MS/MS) to study the differentially expressed proteins during CCl(4) exposure...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sonoporation is known to be a transient phenomenon that may disrupt the homeostasis of living cells. In this work, we showed that sonoporation may bear time-lapse impact on cellular viability through up-regulation of cytoplasmic signaling proteins related to apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. Our experiments were done on HL-60 leukemia cells (10<sup>...
Article
Intestinal adaptation from parenteral to enteral nutrition is crucial for survival and growth of newborns. Rapid feeding-induced gut maturation occurs immediately after birth in both preterm and term neonates, but it remains unclear whether the responses depend on factors related to birth transition (e.g. bacterial colonization, endocrine, and meta...
Article
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Lymphocyte homoeostasis is essential in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In search of natural fungal metabolites with effects on lymphocyte homoeostasis, we recently reported that polysaccharopeptide (PSP) from Coriolus versicolor exhibited ciclosporin-like activity in controlling aberrant lymphocyte activation. This object of this study was t...
Article
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Polysaccharopeptide (PSP) from Coriolus versicolor (Yunzhi) is used as a supplementary cancer treatment in Asia. The present study aims to investigate whether PSP pre-treatment can increase the response of the human leukemia HL-60 cells to apoptosis induction by Camptothecin (CPT). We used bivariate bromodeoxyuridine/propidium iodide (BrdUrd/PI) fl...
Article
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Given the reported side effects associated with chemotherapy and surgical resection, dietary intervention with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been postulated to be an alterative way to prevent liver cancer progression and metastasis. We studied the effects of an omega-3 PUFA, docahexaenoic acid (DHA) on COX-2 expression and the cel...
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To explore the genetic characteristics and molecular regulator of Kidney-Yang Deficiency Syndrome (KDS). A typical KDS family was collected using a questionnaire of cold feeling and a 40-item scoring table of KDS based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), by single-blind method repeated annually over three years. Their transcriptomes were assayed...
Article
In order to probe the genetic traits of Kidney-yang Deficiency Syndrome (KDS), we employed a national standard of KDS diagnosis for the collection of KDS subjects. Each candidate KDS subject from a typical family was diagnosed by 5 independent physicians of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and repeated for 3 years, all on the first Saturday of D...
Article
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a serious gastrointestinal inflammatory disease, frequently occurs in preterm neonates that fail to adapt to enteral nutrition. A temporal gel-based proteomics study was performed on porcine intestine with NEC lesions induced by enteral formula feeding. Functional assignment of the differentially expressed proteins...
Article
Full-text available
The activation of T helper (Th) cell subsets plays an important role in the human immune system. Uncontrolled Th1 and Th2 responses lead to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, respectively. The identification of agents that modulate the Th1/Th2 cytokines is therefore essential for controlling these diseases. We recently reported that polysaccharo...
Article
Full-text available
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in newborn premature infants. Clinical studies show increased incidence of NEC in premature infants with enteral formula feeding; however, pathogenesis remains unclear. To identify the NEC-related proteins for molecular mechanisms, we applied proteomics analysis to charac...
Article
Full-text available
In search of natural bioactive microbial compounds with adjuvant properties, we have previously showed that the polysaccharopeptide (PSP), isolated from Chinese medicinal mushroom Coriolus versicolor, was able to enhance the cytotoxicity of certain S-phase targeted-drugs on human leukemic HL-60 cells via some cell-cycle and apoptotic-dependent path...
Article
The aberrant activation of T lymphocyte proliferation is one of the key events in organ transplant recipients and autoimmune disorders. The present study adopted a gel-based proteomics approach to define the proteins representative of the T cell proliferation and to discover the molecules that play critical roles during the suppression of T cell pr...
Article
Membranous nephropathy (MN), a common cause of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in adults, remains a potentially devastating problem worldwide. At present, there is no reliable noninvasive method for predicting and/or monitoring this glomerular disease, and its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. In the present study, the urinary proteome profi...
Article
Membranous nephropathy is one of the most common causes of primary glomerular diseases worldwide. The present study adopted a gel-based proteomics approach to better understand the pathophysiology and define biomarker candidates of human membranous nephropathy using an animal model of passive Heymann nephritis (PHN). Clinical characteristics of Spr...
Article
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been implicated as one of the major cause of Gram-negative bacteria-induced sepsis that are life-threatening syndromes occurring in intensive care unit patients. Many natural products derived from medicinal plants may contain therapeutic values on protecting endotoxemia-induced sepsis by virtue their ability to modulate...
Article
Polysaccharopeptide (PSP) derives from the medicinal mushroom Coriolus versicolor is considered a biological response modifier with potential pharmaceutical applications. Significant literatures support the immune and anticancer functions of PSP; however, standardization is of big concern because variable biotechnological factors can affect both th...
Article
The objective of this study was to identify and characterize a "biomarker of toxicity" from the proteome of Alexandrium tamarense, a paralytic shellfish toxin (PST)-producing dinoflagellate. A combination of 2-DE and MS approaches was employed to identify proteins of interest in the vegetative cells of several strains of A. tamarense with different...
Article
The immunomodulatory effects of three compounds designated BS, GS, and YS produced by Pestalotiopsis leucothës, an endophytic fungus isolated from Tripterygium wilfordii, were evaluated. The 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) value of BS in the proliferative assay with various stimulating agents such as phytohemagglutinin-M (PHA-M), phorbol myrist...
Article
Proteins and peptide bound polysaccharides (PSP) extracted from Basidiomycetous fungi are widely used in cancer immunotherapy and recently demonstrated to induce apoptosis in cancer cells in vitro. In order to provide the molecular pharmacological mechanisms of PSP on human cancer cells, we investigated the gene expression profiles of PSP-treated a...
Article
Activation of the cell death program (apoptosis) is a strategy for the treatment of human cancer, and unfortunately a large number of drugs identified as cell cycle-specific agents for killing cancer cells are also toxic to normal cells. The present study demonstrates that the polysaccharide peptide (PSP) extracted from the Chinese medicinal mushro...
Article
Activation of the cell death program (apoptosis) is a strategy for the treatment of human cancer, and unfortunately a large number of drugs identified as cell cycle-specific agents for killing cancer cells are also toxic to normal cells. The present study demonstrates that the polysaccharide peptide (PSP) extracted from the Chinese medicinal mushro...
Article
The polysaccharide peptide (PSP) isolated from the mycelia of Chinese Medicinal fungus Coriolus versicolor has proven benefits in clinical trials in China but the mechanism of action has not been elucidated. In this study, HL-60 cell line was used to investigate the anti-proliferation and cell death process of PSP. The cytotoxicity of PSP on normal...
Article
Contamination of shellfish with paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PST) produced by toxic harmful algal blooms (HABs) have been negatively affecting the shellfish and aquaculture industries worldwide. Therefore, accurate and early identification of toxic phytoplankton species is crucial in HABs surveillance programs that allow fish-farmers to ta...
Article
In this study, we evaluated the renal protective effects of a Chinese herbal preparation WH30+ in male Wistar rats with glycerol-induced acute renal failure and adenine-induced chronic renal failure. WH30+ is a Chinese herb preparation composed of Rheum Palmatum, Salvia Miltiorrhiza, Cordyceps Sinensis, Leonurus Sibiricus, Epihedium Macranthum, Rad...