• Home
  • Jennifer J. E. Smith
Jennifer J. E. Smith

Jennifer J. E. Smith
Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland · School of Maritime Studies

Doctor of Engineering

About

33
Publications
2,831
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
221
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
211 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050

Publications

Publications (33)
Conference Paper
Autonomous systems are becoming more common in the maritime industries. Some marine operations are more straightforward to automate than others. For example, the navigation of local vessels can be more easily automated on account of well-established standard operating procedures and relatively predictable operating conditions. Complex operations, s...
Conference Paper
In this research, an experimental method was used to evaluate the effects of a novel digital Decision Support System (DSS) for maritime ice management operations. This was done using a marine bridge simulator to determine whether the use of this technology can improve ice management performance. The experiment used the DSS to assist seafaring cadet...
Chapter
The development of adaptive instructional systems (AIS) is an iterative process where both empirical data on human performance and learning, and experimentation using computer simulations can play a role. The paper presents our current efforts to advance adaptive instructional system technology conceived as self-improvement systems [37]. The paper...
Article
Full-text available
For the offshore energy industry, virtual environment technology can enhance conventional training by teaching basic offshore safety protocols such as onboard familiarization and emergency evacuation. Virtual environments have the added benefit of being used to investigate the impact of different training approaches on competence. This pilot study...
Article
Full-text available
Expert knowledge was elicited to develop a life-safety consequence severity model for Arctic ship evacuations [1]. This paper presents the associated experimental design and data. Through semi-structured interviews, participants identified factors that influence consequence severity. Through a survey, participants evaluated consequence severity of...
Article
Full-text available
Risk-based decision-making is central to the development of Arctic shipping policy and regulation. Policy-makers within the International Maritime Organization rely on the Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) methodology to evaluate proposed regulatory changes and Arctic ship operators rely on it to establish operating limits and procedures. The FSA reco...
Article
Full-text available
To prepare personnel for offshore emergencies, safety training should focus on transferability. Virtual environment (VE) training is designed to support the transfer of acquired egress skills to novel offshore emergencies. Decision trees (DT) are useful tools to evaluate training transfer. DTs use performance data collected during VE training to mo...
Article
Full-text available
The digital transformation of the offshore and maritime industries will present new safety challenges due to the rapid change in technology and underlying gaps in domain knowledge, substantially affecting maritime operations. To help anticipate and address issues that may arise in the move to autonomous maritime operations, this research applies a...
Article
The assessment of lifeboat coxswain performance in operational scenarios representing offshore emergencies has been prohibitive due to risk. For this reason, human performance in plausible emergencies is difficult to predict due to the limited data that is available. The advent of lifeboat simulation provides a means to practice in weather conditio...
Chapter
Operators and regulators of offshore and maritime domains should adopt evidence-based safety training to prepare the workforce for emergency egress. This paper uses pedagogical frameworks and data mining tools to identify training gaps in mandatory offshore safety training, and offers evidence-based virtual environment (VE) training solutions. A VE...
Article
Lifeboat training is normally performed in controlled conditions to minimize the risk to trainees and equipment. Participants are given limited or no opportunity to practice skills in operational scenarios that represent offshore emergencies. For this reason, human performance in plausible emergencies is difficult to predict due to the limited data...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Situation awareness is the first and most important step in emergency management. It is a dynamic step involving evolving conditions and environments. It is an area of active research. This study presents a Markov Logic Network to model SA focusing on fire accidents and emergency evacuation. The model has been trained using empirical data...
Article
Full-text available
This work proposes a methodology to program an artificial agent that can make decisions based on a naturalistic decision-making approach called recognition-primed decision model (RPDM). The proposed methodology represents the main constructs of RPDM in the language of Belief-Desire-Intention logic. RPDM considers decision-making as a synthesis of t...
Article
Lifeboats are essential life-saving equipment for all types of water-going vessels and offshore platforms. Lifeboat simulators have been created specifically for offshore personnel to practice in conditions that are normally too risky for live training. As simulation training is a relatively new alternative, there is a need to assess how training p...
Article
Full-text available
The retention of safety-critical egress skills is an essential part of emergency preparedness on offshore petroleum platforms. Virtual environment (VE) training has been shown to be an effective method for teaching basic onboard familiarization and offshore emergency evacuation procedures. This technology has the potential to train crews before the...
Article
The Piper Alpha disaster (1988) witnessed 167 casualties. The offshore safety guidelines developed afterward highlighted the need for effective and regular training to overcome the problems in evacuation procedures. Today, virtual environments are effective training platforms due to high-end audio/visual and interactive capabilities. These virtual...
Chapter
Retention of egress skills is critical during high-stress emergencies on offshore oil and gas platforms. This paper uses a virtual offshore platform to investigate the long-term retention of emergency egress competence. A two-phased empirical experiment was designed to first teach basic egress skills and subsequently assess skill retention. The fir...
Conference Paper
Launching a lifeboat in an emergency requires safety-critical proficiency which can only be achieved and maintained with hands-on practice. Simulators have been specifically created for offshore oil and gas personnel to practice lifeboat launching and maneuvering using representative equipment and virtual environments. As an alternative to live boa...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigates the influence of human expertise on the effectiveness of ice management operations. The key contribution is an experimental method for investigating human factor issues in an operational setting. Ice management is defined as a systematic operation that enables a marine operation to proceed safely in the presence of sea ice...
Article
Offshore petroleum platforms present complex, time-sensitive situations that can make emergency evacuations difficult to manage. Virtual environments (VE) can train safety-critical tasks and help prepare personnel to respond to real-world offshore emergencies. Before industries can adopt VE training, its utility must be established to ensure the te...
Conference Paper
The research investigates the influence of human expertise on the effectiveness of ice management operations. Ice management is defined as a systematic operation that enables a marine operation to proceed safely in the presence of sea ice. In this study, a method has been applied for assessing the effectiveness of ice management operations in terms...
Article
Offshore emergency conditions are dynamic in nature and personnel on board are challenged with high risk, time pressure, uncertainty, and the complexity of the situation. This paper investigates how different attributes of emergency scenarios influence people's choice of egress route subsequent to training. An empirical study was carried out in a v...
Conference Paper
Lifeboats are essential life-saving equipment for many types of vessels and offshore platforms, such as oil rigs. Although their purpose is for an emergency escape, possibly in rough seas, coxswains usually learn to launch and maneuver the lifeboat on calm waters to avoid risks during training. Simulators have been created specifically for offshore...
Article
This paper presents the use of a virtual environment for investigating risks associated with human responses in emergency situations on offshore installations. The virtual environment and the risk management can be used to analyze risks associated with human responses by investigating the effectiveness of existing safety measures, identifying areas...
Article
Full-text available
This data article describes the experimental data used in the research article “Incorporating individual differences in human reliability analysis: an extension to the virtual experimental technique” (Musharraf, Smith, Khan, Veitch, & MacKinnon, 2017) [1]. The article provides human performance data for 36 individuals collected using a virtual envi...
Article
The data required to perform Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) for emergency conditions are not readily available and are difficult to retrieve from accident investigations. In the absence of emergency conditions data, the conventional approach of gathering data for HRA is using expert judgment. Expert judgment often suffers from uncertainty, subjec...
Conference Paper
Lifeboats are essential life-saving equipment for many commercial (and military) vessels and offshore platforms. Their coxswains usually learn to maneuver on calm waters at a nautical school for safety reasons. Simulator training could avoid the environmental constraints that limit training with an actual lifeboat (e.g., frozen water) while enlargi...
Article
In the performance influencing factor (PIF) hierarchy, person-based influencing factors reside in the top level along with machine-based, team-based, organization-based and situation/stressor-based factors. Though person-based PIFs like morale, motivation, and attitude (MMA) play an important role in shaping performance, it is nearly impossible to...
Conference Paper
As a precursor to simulation transfer studies, this research assessed the level of competence in basic offshore safety gained through a virtual environment training program and investigated the training time required to reach competence. The experiment demonstrated that the offshore egress learning objectives can be taught using the All-hands Virtu...
Article
This paper presents AVERT, a first-person simulator for general offshore workers that exposes them to a virtual environment similar to actual offshore sites and facilitates training in and assessment of spatial awareness, alarm recognition, and emergency response procedures. We follow the technical introduction with a case study showing the efficac...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
A series of studies were performed to evaluate how coxswains acquire skills using different training alternatives, including simulation. The project studied skill acquisition, skill fade, and transfer of skills to plausible emergency scenarios.