## About

39

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

August 2017 - present

**Laboratory of Astrophysics (LASTRO), EPFL**

Position

- PostDoc Position

July 2015 - June 2017

January 2012 - June 2015

## Publications

Publications (39)

The infrared-radio correlation (IRRC) of star-forming galaxies can be used to estimate their star formation rate (SFR) based on the radio continuum luminosity at MHz-GHz frequencies. For application in future deep radio surveys, it is crucial to know whether the IRRC persists at high redshift z. Delvecchio et al. (2021) observed that the 1.4 GHz IR...

Small-scale dynamos play important roles in modern astrophysics, especially on Galactic and extragalactic scales. Owing to dynamo action, purely hydrodynamic Kolmogorov turbulence hardly exists and is often replaced by hydromagnetic turbulence. Understanding the size of dissipative magnetic structures is important in estimating the time scale of Ga...

In relativistic magnetized plasmas, asymmetry in the number densities of left- and right-handed fermions, i.e., a nonzero chiral chemical potential μ_{5}, leads to an electric current along the magnetic field. This causes a chiral dynamo instability for a uniform μ_{5}, but our simulations reveal a dynamo even for fluctuating μ_{5} with zero mean....

We study the dynamics of magnetic fields in chiral magnetohydrodynamics, which takes into account the effects of an additional electric current related to the chiral magnetic effect in high-energy plasmas. We perform direct numerical simulations, considering weak seed magnetic fields and inhomogeneities of the chiral chemical potential μ5 with a ze...

In relativistic magnetized plasmas, asymmetry in the number densities of left- and right-handed fermions, i.e., a non-zero chiral chemical potential mu_5, leads to an electric current along the magnetic field. This causes a chiral dynamo instability for a uniform mu_5, but our simulations reveal dynamos even for fluctuating mu_5 with zero mean. Thi...

We study the dynamics of magnetic fields in chiral magnetohydrodynamics, which takes into account the effects of an additional electric current related to the chiral magnetic effect in high energy plasmas. We perform direct numerical simulations, considering weak seed magnetic fields and inhomogeneities of the chiral chemical potential mu_5 with a...

Relic gravitational waves (GWs) can be produced by primordial magnetic fields. However, not much is known about the resulting GW amplitudes and their dependence on the details of the generation mechanism. Here we treat magnetic field generation through the chiral magnetic effect (CME) as a generic mechanism and explore its dependence on the speed o...

Relic gravitational waves (GWs) can be produced by primordial magnetic fields. However, not much is known about the resulting GW amplitudes and their dependence on the details of the generation mechanism. Here we treat magnetic field generation through the chiral magnetic effect (CME) as a generic mechanism and explore its dependence on the speed o...

The Pencil Code is a highly modular physics-oriented simulation code that can be adapted to a wide range of applications. It is primarily designed to solve partial differential equations (PDEs) of compressible hydrodynamics and has lots of add-ons ranging from astrophysical magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) to meteorological cloud microphysics and enginee...

It is well known that helical magnetic fields undergo a so-called inverse cascade by which their correlation length grows due to the conservation of magnetic helicity in classical ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). At high energies above approximately 10 MeV, however, classical MHD is necessarily extended to chiral MHD and then the conserved quantit...

The chiral magnetic effect (CME) is a quantum relativistic effect that describes the appearance of an additional electric current along a magnetic field. It is caused by an asymmetry between the number densities of left- and right-handed fermions, which can be maintained at high energies when the chirality flipping rate can be neglected, for exampl...

Eclipsing time variations have been observed for a wide range of binary systems, including post-common-envelope binaries. A frequently proposed explanation, apart from the possibility of having a third body, is the effect of magnetic activity, which may alter the internal structure of the secondary star, particularly its quadrupole moment, and ther...

Eclipsing time variations have been observed for a wide range of binary systems, including post-common-envelope binaries. A frequently proposed explanation, apart from the possibility of having a third body, is the effect of magnetic activity, which may alter the internal structure of the secondary star, particularly its quadrupole moment, and ther...

An asymmetry in the number density of left- and right-handed fermions is known to give rise to a new term in the induction equation that can result in a dynamo instability. At high temperatures, when a chiral asymmetry can survive for long enough, this chiral dynamo instability can amplify magnetic fields efficiently, which in turn drive turbulence...

The chiral magnetic effect (CME) is a quantum relativistic effect that describes the appearance of an additional electric current along a magnetic field. It is caused by an asymmetry between the number density of left- and right-handed fermions, which can be maintained at high energies where the chirality flipping rate can be neglected, for example...

An asymmetry in the number density of left- and right-handed fermions is known to give rise to a new term in the induction equation that can result in a small-scale instability. This is a microphysical effect characterised by a chiral chemical potential and is mathematically similar to the alpha effect, which is a turbulent or macrophysical effect....

Using numerical simulations, we study laminar and turbulent dynamos in chiral magnetohydrodynamics with an extended set of equations that accounts for an additional electric current due to the chiral magnetic effect (CME). This quantum relativistic phenomenon originates from an asymmetry between left- and right-handed relativistic fermions in the p...

The presence of asymmetry between fermions of opposite handedness in plasmas of relativistic particles can lead to exponential growth of a helical magnetic field via a small-scale chiral dynamo instability known as the chiral magnetic effect. Here we show, using dimensional arguments and numerical simulations, that this process produces through the...

Using numerical simulations of forced turbulence, it is shown that for magnetic Reynolds numbers larger than unity, i.e., beyond the regime of quasilinear theory, the turbulent magnetic diffusivity attains an additional negative contribution that is quadratic in the kinetic helicity. In particular, for large magnetic Reynolds numbers, the turbulent...

The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) description of plasmas with relativistic particles necessarily includes an additional new field, the chiral chemical potential associated with the axial charge (i.e., the number difference between right- and left-handed relativistic fermions). This chiral chemical potential gives rise to a contribution to the electric...

Understanding the evolution of galaxies and in particular their star formation history is a central challenge of modern cosmology. Theoretical scenarios will be constrained by future ultra deep radio surveys. In this paper we present an analytical tool for analyzing radio data. Our physical model, based on an analytical description of the steady-st...

Galactic magnetic fields in the local Universe are strong and omnipresent. Now evidence accumulates that galaxies were magnetized already in the early Universe. Theoretical scenarios including the turbulent small-scale dynamo predict magnetic energy densities comparable to the one of turbulence. Based on the assumption of this energy equipartition,...

The origin of strong magnetic fields in the Universe can be explained by amplifying weak seed fields via turbulent motions on small spatial scales and subsequently transporting the magnetic energy to larger scales. This process is known as the turbulent dynamo and depends on the properties of turbulence, i.e., on the hydrodynamical Reynolds number...

The origin of strong magnetic fields in the Universe can be explained by
amplifying weak seed fields via turbulent motions on small spatial scales and
subsequently transporting the magnetic energy to larger scales. This process is
known as the turbulent dynamo and depends on the properties of turbulence, i.e.
on the hydrodynamical Reynolds number a...

The turbulent dynamo may explain the origin of cosmic magnetism. While the
exponential amplification of magnetic fields has been studied for
incompressible gases, little is known about dynamo action in
highly-compressible, supersonic plasmas, such as the interstellar medium of
galaxies and the early Universe. Here we perform the first quantitative...

The evolution of magnetic fields in galaxies is still an open problem in
astrophysics. In nearby galaxies the far-infrared-radio correlation indicates
the coupling between magnetic fields and star formation. The correlation arises
from the synchrotron emission of cosmic ray electrons traveling through the
interstellar magnetic fields. However, with...

The aim of this work is to explore the origin of magnetic fields in the Universe. We claim that the turbulent or small-scale dynamo, which amplifies weak seed fields on short timescales in the presence of turbulence, plays an important role in the evolution of cosmic magnetic fields. The theoretical model for the turbulent dynamo is generalized for...

The Universe at present is highly magnetized, with fields of the order of a
few 10^-5 G and coherence lengths larger than 10 kpc in typical galaxies like
the Milky Way. We propose that the magnetic field was amplified to this values
already during the formation and the early evolution of the galaxies.
Turbulence in young galaxies is driven by accre...

We explore the amplification of magnetic fields in the high-redshift
Universe. For this purpose, we perform high-resolution cosmological simulations
following the formation of primordial halos with \sim10^7 M_solar, revealing
the presence of turbulent structures and complex morphologies at resolutions of
at least 32 cells per Jeans length. Employin...

(Abridged) The small-scale dynamo may play a substantial role in magnetizing
the Universe under a large range of conditions, including subsonic turbulence
at low Mach numbers, highly supersonic turbulence at high Mach numbers and a
large range of magnetic Prandtl numbers Pm, i.e. the ratio of kinetic viscosity
to magnetic resistivity. Low Mach numb...

The small-scale dynamo provides a highly efficient mechanism for the
conversion of turbulent into magnetic energy. In astrophysical environments,
such turbulence often occurs at high Mach numbers, implying steep slopes in the
turbulent spectra. It is thus a central question whether the small-scale dynamo
can amplify magnetic fields in the interstel...

The present-day Universe is highly magnetized, even though the first magnetic seed fields were most probably extremely weak. To explain the growth of the magnetic field strength over many orders of magnitude, fast amplification processes need to operate. The most efficient mechanism known today is the small-scale dynamo, which converts turbulent ki...

The first galaxies form due to gravitational collapse of primordial halos.
During this collapse, weak magnetic seed fields get amplified exponentially by
the small-scale dynamo - a process converting kinetic energy from turbulence
into magnetic energy. We use the Kazantsev theory, which describes the
small-scale dynamo analytically, to study magnet...

We study the amplification of magnetic fields during the formation of
primordial halos. The turbulence generated by gravitational infall motions
during the formation of the first stars and galaxies can amplify magnetic
fields very efficiently and on short timescales up to dynamically significant
values. Using the Kazantsev theory, which describes t...

The small-scale dynamo is a process by which turbulent kinetic energy is converted into magnetic energy, and thus it is expected to depend crucially on the nature of the turbulence. In this paper, we present a model for the small-scale dynamo that takes into account the slope of the turbulent velocity spectrum v(ℓ)proportional ℓ([symbol see text])V...

We discuss the amplification of magnetic fields by the small-scale dynamo, a
process that could efficiently produce strong magnetic fields in the first
galaxies. In addition, we derive constraints on the primordial field strength
from the epoch of reionization.

We study the growth rate and saturation level of the turbulent dynamo in
magnetohydrodynamical simulations of turbulence, driven with solenoidal
(divergence-free) or compressive (curl-free) forcing. For models with Mach
numbers ranging from 0.02 to 20, we find significantly different magnetic field
geometries, amplification rates, and saturation le...