Jennifer Power

Jennifer Power
La Trobe University · Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society

PhD (sociology), BA(hons), Grad Cert (statistics)

About

100
Publications
19,288
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,306
Citations

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Full-text available
Lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual (LGBTQA+) Australians are vulnerable to religion-based attempts to change or suppress their sexuality and/or gender identity, including conversion ideology messaging in school-based sex education. Conversion bans are currently being debated across the country. This paper reports on a critical surviv...
Article
A range of technologies now exist to facilitate sexual desire, pleasure and intimacy. Colloquially known as tech-sex, the growth in the use of such technologies has created a range of new opportunities for sexual expression and connection. Alongside these benefits are harms arising out of their non-consensual use. Drawing on a case study examining...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This article examines factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in the past 12 months among lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, or other non-heterosexual identifying youth (LGBQA+). Methods: A national Australian cross-sectional online survey was conducted involving 4370 cisgender LGBQA+ participants age...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This paper examines how antiretroviral therapy (ART) use and attitudes towards the onward transmission of HIV have changed among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Australia between 1997 and 2018. Method: Participants were recruited as part of the HIV Futures study, a large cross-sectional survey of PLHIV in Australia, in 1997, 2003, 2...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown that conversion practices are poorly understood in Australia and that health workers would benefit from training to improve their care of survivors. As part of a comprehensive civil response, training for medical and mental health practitioners will be important given that increased public attention on these issues will li...
Article
Background: Digital technologies play a significant role in people's sexual and intimate lives via smart phones, cameras, dating apps and social media. Although there is a large body of research on the potential risks posed by these technologies, research on benefits and pleasures is limited. Methods: This study explored digital sexual practices...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Teachers need training to provide high-quality sexuality education to adolescents. The recent release of a new Australian health curriculum provides a timely opportunity to examine the experiences of Australian sexuality education teachers since the release of this curriculum. Methods Australian teachers who had taught sexuality educa...
Article
Background Sexual minority women consume both alcohol and tobacco at higher rates than heterosexual women. However, various sociodemographic and cultural factors associated with these practices among sexual minority women in Australia are not well understood, nor are the factors associated with seeking alcohol-related support. Methods This study u...
Article
Full-text available
Social research with people living with HIV (PLHIV) rarely distinguishes between gay men and bisexual men. However, bisexual men may have unique experiences of HIV-related stigma and distinct support needs. In this paper, findings are presented from a cross-sectional survey of Australian PLHIV, which included the Berger (HIV) stigma scale. A total...
Article
Despite the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people living with HIV, lifelong treatment is required and there is no cure. HIV can integrate in the host genome and persist for the life span of the infected cell. These latently infected cells are not recognized as foreign because they are largely transcriptionally silent, but contain repli...
Article
Background Establishing typologies of drug use among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM) who are living with HIV, as well as differences in health outcomes between them, is important in addressing health inequalities within this population. We sought to determine how use of non-prescription drugs is clustered for these individuals an...
Article
Full-text available
Lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual (LGBTQA+) Australians are vulnerable to religion-based attempts to change or suppress their sexuality and/or gender identity, including conversion ideology messaging in school-based sex education. Conversion bans are currently being debated across the country. This paper reports on a critical surviv...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has placed sexual relationships into sharp focus as strict containment measures, including physical distancing and ‘stay at home’ restrictions, were initiated to control the spread of the virus. Governments in some jurisdictions prevented contact between non-cohabiting sexual partners (except for couples in pre-existing relati...
Article
Background Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) and gender diverse adults with intellectual disability experience exclusion within disability services. Objective This review explores the experiences of social inclusion/exclusion of this cohort in the context of disability services. Search Method A systematic search was conducted of...
Preprint
Background: Establishing typologies of drug use among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM) who are living with HIV, as well as differences in health outcomes between them, is important in addressing health inequalities within this population. We sought to determine how use of non-prescription drugs is clustered for these individuals a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Multiple jurisdictions are debating responses to United Nations calls for banning attempts at conversion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual (LGBTQA +) peoples' identities to fit religious norms. This paper aimed to examine Australian LGBTQA + youths' experiences and outcomes of religious conversion practices att...
Article
Many countries, including Australia, have laws that enable criminal prosecution of an individual based on reckless or intentional transmission of HIV to another person. Previous research has suggested that criminalisation of HIV may serve to hamper public health efforts by inhibiting HIV status disclosure or testing. Limited research to date has so...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionDespite bisexual people being found to have significantly poorer mental health than their gay, lesbian and heterosexual counterparts, research into their experiences of mental health service use remains sparse.Methods This paper presents findings from one of the largest studies of bisexual people to date (n = 2651) and examines their ac...
Article
A cascade of care model is central to contemporary approaches to HIV prevention. The model prioritizes strategies to increase rates of HIV testing and promote early and sustained uptake of antiretroviral treatment (ART) among people living with HIV (PLHIV). The model aims to prevent new HIV transmissions by increasing the number of PLHIV who have a...
Book
Full-text available
This research report presents findings from a project conducted in partnership with the Brave Network, the Australian LGBTIQ+ Multicultural Council (AGMC) and the Victorian Government on recovery support needs of survivors of LGBTQA+ change and suppression (conversion) practices. This study investigated survivors’ experiences of recovery through in...
Book
Full-text available
With a times-appropriate cover image from Mel Simpson of Kittenpants studios, and contributions of art, poetry, essay, first-person memoir, interviews, and fiction from: Peter Waples-Crowe, Tiffany Jones, Sam Elkin, Indiah Money, Jude Munro, Firdhan Aria Wijaya, Steph Amir, Mel Simpson, Jean Taylor, Andrew McNamara, Jodie Hare, Frank Bonnici, Guy J...
Article
Full-text available
Background Analytical treatment interruptions (ATI) are commonly used clinical endpoints to assess interventions aimed at curing HIV or achieving antiretroviral therapy (ART)-free HIV remission. Understanding the acceptability of ATI amongst people living with HIV (PLHIV) and their HIV healthcare providers (HHP) is limited. Methods Two online surv...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Involving affected communities and people living with HIV (PLHIV) in HIV cure-focused clinical trials has ethical and practical benefits. However, there can be barriers to meaningful involvement of ‘lay people’ in scientific research meaning community consultation is often limited or tokenistic. This paper reports on an Australian proj...
Article
Genital fashioning practices, such as Brazilian waxing and female genital cosmetic surgery, have become increasingly prevalent within contemporary western societies. This paper explores the role of genital fashioning in the construction of contemporary femininity. It uses in-depth interviews and focus groups with Australian women aged 18–30 to inve...
Article
Amendments to various state laws have made it easier for cisgendered lesbian, bisexual and queer (LBQ) women to access Australian fertility clinics. When women conceive through clinics, they generally use intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF). IUI is cheaper and requires less invasive medical intervention than IVF. A recen...
Article
This paper explores heterosexual men’s experiences of sexting with a primary focus on how, when and why men send sexually explicit photos to women. Previous research has focused either on gay and bisexual men’s experiences or considered sexting within a broader youth context. This research considers young men and their engagement with sexting pract...
Book
Full-text available
Hard copies available from The Bookshop Darlinghurst, Hares and Hyenas Melbourne and the usual online book platforms. Bookshops and Libraries can order through Lightning Source. eBook available soon. ISBN: (paperback) 978-0-6487469-3-5 | RRP AUS $26.95 | 192pp, colour ISBN: (ebook) 978-0-6487469-4-2 Cover Art—Jake Alexander Cruz. Acknowledgment—3...
Article
Background and objectives: People who identify as bisexual, transgender or gender diverse report poorer mental health than their homosexual and cisgender counterparts. The aim of this article is to shed light on the mental health experiences of gender diverse bisexual people and the reasons for poor mental health in this group. Method: This arti...
Article
Background: It is estimated that up to one in three lesbian, bisexual or queer (LBQ) women in Australia have children. In the past decade, it has become common for LBQ women to pursue pregnancy using clinic-acquired donor sperm. Aims: The aims of this paper are to explore pathways to parenthood among Australian LBQ women in the context of increa...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding contributors to smoking and quitting cigarettes is important to developing effective cessation programs and addressing smoking related morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). Using data from a large cross-sectional study of Australian PLHIV we provide a smoking prevalence estimate and explore the relationship bet...
Article
Bisexual people have consistently been found to experience poorer mental health than their lesbian, gay and heterosexual counterparts and more research is urgently needed to shed greater light on the reasons behind this phenomenon. However, due to the paucity of such research, there is a severe limitation of methodological insights to inform future...
Article
Full-text available
Most people living with HIV (PLHIV) with reliable access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) have a life expectancy similar to uninfected populations. Despite this, HIV can negatively affect their social and psychological wellbeing. This study aimed to enhance understanding of the expectations PLHIV hold for HIV cure research and the implications thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Analytical treatment interruptions (ATI) are commonly used clinical endpoints to assess interventions aimed at curing HIV or achieving antiretroviral therapy (ART)-free HIV remission. Understanding the acceptability of ATI amongst people living with HIV (PLHIV) and their HIV healthcare providers (HHP) is limited. Methods Two online surve...
Chapter
Over the past three decades, there has been increasing recognition and acceptance of same-sex couples and families in high-income countries. In this chapter, we review research pertaining to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families across the globe. The first section of the chapter will review important terminology in relation to LGB...
Article
Approximately one in 10 Australian individuals report bisexual attraction, and this group has repeatedly been found to experience high rates of poor mental health. Despite this finding, our understanding of who is most at risk within this group remains limited. The current article presents findings of an online survey conducted in Australia with on...
Article
Full-text available
In June 2015, the state of Victoria, Australia retrospectively opened its sperm and egg donors’ records, becoming only the second jurisdiction in the world to do so and the first where substantial pre-legislative records are available and stored in a central register. The new legislation gave donor-conceived adults and donors who were conceived or...
Book
Full-text available
Cover art by Jamie James. This edition contains essays, art, research, poetry, stories, installations, graphic stories and more! Themes are of this year (2019) and include Indigenous Queer studies, identity and visibility; religious themes in law, politics and conversion therapy; climate change; Trump; Hong Kong; feminisms; gender transitions; lov...
Chapter
At the opening of the 2019 Victorian Pride March, Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews announced that his government would be the first in Australia to ‘introduce new legislation to ensure so-called ‘conversion therapy’ is against the law—once and for all’. Victoria joins over 20 jurisdictions around the world that have legislated or commenced legislat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Analytical treatment interruptions (ATI) aim to assess effects of HIV cure focused interventions, but poses potential risks. Understanding of ATI acceptability amongst people living with HIV (PLHIV) and their HIV healthcare providers (HHP) is limited. Methods: Two international online surveys for PLHIV and HHP assessed understanding...
Presentation
Full-text available
Background/Purpose: To be effective in improving the quality of life (QoL) of people with HIV (PLHIV), HIV community and healthcare services needed a valid, short and practical way to measure QoL among PLHIV who are accessing their programs. The PozQoL scale was recently developed to achieve this. In this study, we examined the practical utility o...
Article
Method: A cross-sectional survey was completed by 2651 adults living in Australia who had bisexual attraction, identity and/or experience. Ordinal regression identified significant (P <0.05) predictors of poor mental health. Results: Higher levels of internalised biphobia, being in a heterosexual relationship and having a less supportive partner...
Book
Bent Street is an annual publication that gathers essays, fiction, poetry, artwork, reflections, letters, blog posts, interviews, and rants, to bring you 'The Year in Queer'. Bent Street 2 covers aspects of 2018, including the afterglow of the passing into law of same-sex marriage; the ongoing struggle for rights and recognition; reflections on th...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the sexuality education component of the national Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education (AC: HPE) with a focus on sexuality education discourses. A critical discourse analysis explored official AC:HPE documents in relation to sexuality education; the sexuality education discourses present within these documents;...
Article
Full-text available
Participation in HIV cure-related clinical trials that involve antiretroviral treatment (ART) interruption may pose substantial individual risks for people living with HIV (PLHIV) without any therapeutic benefit. As such, it is important that the views of PLHIV are considered in the design of HIV cure research trials. Examining the lived experience...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Advances in medical treatment for HIV are driving major changes in HIV policy and practice, including the encouragement of intake and adherence to HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV (PLHIV) for both personal and public health benefits. However, there is increasing recognition that achieving these goals will re...
Article
Background: This paper explores associations between use of party-and-play drugs, including crystal methamphetamine, and wellbeing among HIV positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia. This study considers whether use of drugs in a social or sex-based setting facilitates access to social and support networks, which may in turn support wellbei...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter begins by first providing an overview of previous literature on the topic of transgender people and intimacy, before reporting on findings from an Australian qualitative study. Importantly, the findings suggest both that understanding transgender people’s experiences of intimacy cannot occur absent of an understanding of the effects of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives While still in its early stages, recent scientific research towards a cure for HIV has generated widespread media interest. The aim of this paper was to explore the ways in which this research has been represented in Australian print and online media and discuss implications of this. Methods A search of databases from four selected medi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the findings of a qualitative Australian study where 13 transgender or gender diverse adults were interviewed about family relationships. The findings indicate the degree to which participants were concerned with protecting family members from the perceived disruption to family life that transitioning can bring about. Protecting...
Article
Hepatitis C is a global public health issue affecting 150–170 million people worldwide, and over 227,000 Australians with an increasing morbidity resulting from the infection. The Australian Government funded access through the national health scheme to Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA) medication for all people with hepatitis C, regardless of disease...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction More than 27,000 Australians currently live with HIV. Most of these people have access to quality clinical care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) and can expect good general health. However, HIV-related stigma is a problem and many people living with HIV experience poorer than average mental health. Issues of aging are also of increas...
Article
Full-text available
Improvements in biomedical technologies, combined with changing social attitudes to sexual minorities, provide new opportunities for HIV prevention among gay and other men who have sex with men (GMSM). The potential of these new biomedical technologies (biotechnologies) to reduce HIV transmission and the impact of HIV among GMSM will depend, in par...
Article
Current international targets aim for 90% of people diagnosed with HIV to be on antiretroviral treatment (ART). This paper aims to identify sociodemographic and attitudinal factors associated with ART non-use over time in three samples of Australian people living with HIV (PLHIV). Data for this paper were derived from an Australian cross-sectional...
Chapter
The term same-sex family refers to families where one or more parents identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB). This may include same-sex couples or single parents who identify as LGB. Many transgender parents also identify as LGB. There are increasing numbers of LGB parents in western countries. LGB people may become parents through the use of...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on a qualitative study of barriers and access to healthcare for same-sex attracted parents and their children. Focus groups were held with same-sex attracted parents to explore their experiences with healthcare providers and identify barriers and facilitators to access. Parents reported experiencing uncomfortable or anxiety-pro...
Article
Full-text available
Growing numbers of Australian trans and gender diverse people desire to become parents, yet many who do so experience a lack of support and recognition. This paper reports on an online survey completed by 160 trans or gender diverse people. The survey included general demographic questions, in addition to questions related to 1) current parenting a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on a qualitative study exploring the ways in which transgender adults imagine a place for parenthood in their lives, and/or the ways they have negotiated parenthood with their transgender identity. A total of 13 transgender adults (including parents and non-parents) were interviewed with respect to their thoughts and experiences...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing numbers of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adults are entering into parenthood. Previous studies indicate many of these parents receive little or no support from their families of origin due to family members' negative attitudes toward homosexuality. This study looks at the extent to which LGB parents report a lower sense of connectednes...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper contributes an Australian focus to the growing body of research on trans and gender diverse people's family and romantic relationships. A survey designed by the authors was completed by 160 trans or gender diverse Australians. A negative correlation was found between discrimination from families of origin and perceptions of suppor...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the concept of family resilience where a parent has a mental illness. Eleven Australian adults who have grown up in a household with a parent who had a diagnosed mental illness participated in an in-depth interview. The interviews focused on the ways in which these families responded to challenges in everyday life, particularly...
Article
Full-text available
While growing numbers of Australian gay men are entering into 'offshore' surrogacy arrangements in order to become parents, little empirical research has been conducted with this population. This paper reports on a qualitative analysis of interviews with 12 gay men who had entered into surrogacy arrangements in India. The findings outline both posi...
Article
Since the first panels of the Australian AIDS Memorial Quilt were officially launched in Sydney in 1988, it has become a widely recognised memorial to people who have died from AIDS. This paper discusses how AIDS Memorials, namely the AIDS Quilt and the annual Candlelight Vigils, have challenged the stigma surrounding HIV/AIDS through creating publ...
Article
Full-text available
There is strong evidence supporting the benefits of family work, for both parents and children, in the treatment of parental mental illness. However, there has been only limited research on the implementation of family work in settings outside the mental health sector, such as family therapy or family counselling services, where mental illness may...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) parents’ sense of connection to their families, friends, and communities. The study compares LGBT parents who live in inner metropolitan areas with those living in outer metropolitan and regional and rural areas. We also look at experiences of discrimination and being out about se...
Article
Full-text available
Background Research involving adolescents from same-sex parent families provides an important contribution to the evidence base on their health, well-being and the impact of stigma. To date reports on the perspectives of adolescents with same-sex attracted parents have been limited. This study aimed to describe the multidimensional experiences of p...