Jennifer Oser

Jennifer Oser
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev | bgu · Department of Politics and Government

PhD

About

58
Publications
19,779
Reads
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1,061
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
750 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Jennifer Oser is an Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and Government, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. Oser does research in Public Opinion, Political Participation, Voting Behavior, Public Policy and Comparative Politics.

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Does political participation make a difference for policy responsiveness, or is affluence what matters most? To examine whether participation beyond voting matters for policy representation, we analyze congruence between citizens’ policy preferences and their representatives’ roll call votes using data from the 2012 Cooperative Congressional Electi...
Article
Full-text available
As digital media use has rapidly increased in prevalence and diversified in form, scholars across the globe have focused extensive attention on how the use of digital media relates to political participation. To assess the results of this emerging body of research, we conduct the first meta-analysis of repeated-wave panel data studies on the relati...
Article
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A close connection between public opinion and policy is considered a vital element of democracy. In representative systems, elections are assumed to play a role in realising such congruence. If those who participate in elections are not representative of the public at large, it follows that the reliance on elections as a mechanism of representation...
Article
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This study advances research on the role of protest in individual-level participation repertoires by examining how latent class analysis can be used to identify distinctive types of political participants. This methodological approach requires shifting researchers' traditional theoretical and analytical focus on protest as a single political act to...
Chapter
Full-text available
In an era marked by concerns about democratic legitimacy, the question of whether citizens' political actions are effective in achieving intended outcomes is of utmost importance. Although a core idea in democratic theory is that democratic governance should be responsive to the will of the people, most empirical research on this topic has focused...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of citizenship norms is considered a driving force behind changing political processes in contemporary democracies. Competing expectations have emerged on this topic: a ‘citizen engagement’ argument anticipates an increase in norms that emphasize engaged and expressive values, while a ‘democratic erosion’ argument expects an increase...
Article
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Bakk, Z., Di Mari, R., Oser, J., & Kuha, J. Accepted for publication September 12, 2021. ABSTRACT: In this article we present a two-stage estimation approach applied to multilevel latent class analysis (LCA) with co-variates. We separate the estimation of the measurement and structural model. This makes the extension of the structural model computa...
Article
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A centrally important question for researchers of media and communication is whether any type of individual-level behavior (e.g., digital media use) or normative attitude (e.g., norms of good citizenship) contributes to equalizing patterns of political participation, which often favor higher-status groups. Drawing on a two-wave repeated panel telep...
Article
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[In press; article accepted on May 20, 2022] The rapid rise of digital media use for political participation has coincided with an increase in concerns about citizens' sense of their capacity to impact political processes. These dual trends raise the important question of how people's online political participation is connected to perceptions of th...
Article
In an era marked by concerns about democratic legitimacy, the question of whether citizens’ political actions are effective in achieving intended outcomes is of utmost importance. Although a core idea in democratic theory is that democratic governance should be responsive to the will of the people, most empirical research on this topic has focused...
Article
The Oxford Handbook of Political Participation provides the first comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of political participation in all of its varied expressions. It covers a wide range of topics relating to the study of political participation from different disciplinary and methodological angles, such as the modes of participation, the role of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a two-step estimator for multilevel latent class analysis with co-variates that separates the estimation of the measurement and structural model. Keeping the measurement model fixed in step 2 when covariates are added it is possible to obtain an unbiased and efficient stepwise estimator. We investigate the bias and the efficiency of the...
Article
According to democratic theory, policy responsiveness is a key characteristic of democratic government: citizens’ preferences should affect policy outcomes. Empirically, however, the connection between public opinion and policy is not self-evident and is increasingly challenged. Using an originally constructed data set with information from 21 Orga...
Article
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Concerns about democratic legitimacy in contemporary democracies bring new urgency to understanding how citizens' attitudes and ideals affect their political activity. In this article we analyze the relationship between citizens' democratic ideals and political behaviour in the European Social Survey's 2012 uniquely extensive questions on these top...
Article
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ABSTRACT: This article investigates whether the commitment to social rights as integral to a well-functioning democracy exists among Americans in comparison to their European counterparts. In our comparison of data from the European Social Survey (2012) with a special parallel module of the US Cooperative Congressional Election Survey (2014) the fi...
Article
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The literature on political parties suggests that strong partisan identities are associated with citizens' effective interaction with the political system, and with higher levels of political trust. Traditionally, party identity therefore is seen as a mechanism that allows for political integration. Simultaneously, however, political parties have g...
Article
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Free eprint link: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/aCzjb2AtGISEFf2qwR9A/full NOTE: There is a publisher embargo on posting the manuscript here until January 2, 2018. The Author Manuscript version is currently available for download (www.jenniferoser.com). ABSTRACT: While in the older literature, low levels of political trust were routinely inte...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars have recognized that a recent increase in the ways citizens participate beyond the electoral arena may be a promising avenue of renewal for citizen participation. In this article we test the theory that different kinds of citizenship norms motivate some citizens to specialize in electoral-oriented activities (e.g. voting), while others spe...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on political parties suggests that strong partisan identities are associated with citizens’ effective interaction with the political system, and with higher levels of political trust. Traditionally, party identity therefore is seen as a mechanism that allows for political integration. Simultaneously, however, political parties have g...
Article
Full-text available
Online first version from publisher: https://doi.org/10.1017/gov.2017.11. Accepted Manuscript version: http://www.jenniferoser.com/publications. ABSTRACT: Normative democratic theory assumes that political systems should ensure civil, political and social rights, and this claim has become more salient since the economic crisis that began in 2008....
Article
Full-text available
Note: Author manuscript version available on www.jenniferoser.com (due to publisher embargo it is not yet possible to post the file on academic network sites). Abstract: Two causal mechanisms have been invoked to explain the positive correlation between union membership and social expenditure. Unions try to influence policy, but they are also more...
Chapter
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This chapter examines how policy analysis has evolved in Israel over time in relation to governmental public administration. The main question we will address is how policy is formulated and policy-making capabilities have evolved over time in Israel, despite the relative dearth of policy analysis as formalized practice in the public sector. We add...
Chapter
Introduction This chapter examines how policy analysis has evolved in Israel over time in relation to governmental public administration. The main question we will address is how policy is formulated and policy-making capabilities have evolved over time in Israel, despite the relative dearth of policy analysis as formalised practice in the public s...
Article
Israel is considered a developed country yet both security issues and its frequently changing demographic makeup set Israel apart and imply that Israeli policy analysts must operate in a unique environment and grapple with exceptional challenges. This volume, part of the successful International Library of Policy Analysis series, brings together fo...
Article
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Various authors have claimed that citizenship norms have changed dramatically in contemporary societies. Recent research has studied the implications of Russell Dalton’s argument that duty-based citizenship norms (emphasizing voting and obeying the law) are being replaced by engaged citizenship norms (emphasizing self-expressive and non-institution...
Article
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The civil service is the generic name given in English to the administrative apparatus of the state. Historically, bureaucratic administrations were developed in Egypt and China to serve the rulers, or the dynasty. These bureaucrats were engaged in activities such as land registration, water allocation, tax collection and above all managing war-rel...
Article
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Social capital theory as it was developed in the 1990s assumed that face-to-face interaction is a crucial requirement for the development of generalized trust and other pro-social attitudes and behaviours. Television and other electronic media were therefore dismissed as having a potentially negative impact on social capital development. Based on a...
Article
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Various authors claim that citizenship norms are changing rapidly in advanced democracies, leading to a stronger emphasis on self-expressive engagement and a decline of notions of civic duty. In this article, we compare results from two comparative surveys of adolescents: the 1999 Civic Education Study and the 2009 International Civic and Citizensh...
Article
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The Movimento 5 Stelle in Italy is often cited as an example of a European trend toward the rapidly increasing electoral appeal of populist parties. This article assesses the voting motives of the Movimento electorate in comparative perspective, based on the 2012 European Social Survey. The findings show that, in contrast to the populist electorate...
Article
Objective One explanation for why voters’ preferences are privileged by policymakers is that voters are likely to communicate their preferences through additional avenues as well. We examine this “communication hypothesis” by comparing the policy preferences of different types of political participators.Methods We analyze the National Annenberg Ele...
Article
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In the recent debate about changing citizenship norms in advanced democracies, Scandinavian countries are often considered the frontrunners of the development of a new kind of engaged citizenship. The majority of recent empirical scholarship in this field, however, has focused on the United States. In this article latent class analysis is used to a...
Article
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This article reviews two sets of generalizable lessons learned from adapting pedagogical material on the case method and policy workshops for Israeli Master of Public Policy programs. First, we discuss the considerations involved in the development of a cohesive series of original case studies in the Israeli context. Second, we review the creation...
Article
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Although the center of gravity of policy research and analysis remains in the United States, the rest of the world is rapidly catching up. The same is true for teaching policy analysis and evaluation, which has become a global enterprise. New schools of public policy, or at least new public policy programs, have been established around the world an...
Article
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The increased availability of the Internet has led to the emergence of new forms of political participation. Opinions differ, however, on whether this has led to a reinforcement of stratification patterns or to the political mobilization of new groups in society. To address this question, the authors conducted a latent class analysis of a U.S. repr...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the unique immigration-policy model that was adopted in Israel as a contribution to the understanding of the connection between social and immigration policies in European welfare states. The discussion uses an institutional perspective to present a detailed study that explains the emergence and endurance of the categorical we...
Chapter
Introduction Welfare states have faced difficulties in integrating immigrants and in dealing successfully with issues of poverty and deprivation among members of this social group. In fact, this is the case even in those European welfare states that have the most generous welfare regimes. An alternative to the immigrant policies adopted in most wel...
Article
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Although a great deal of research on civic engagement has been based on individual survey responses, there is emerging consensus for the need to better understand the civic opportunities provided by a given organizational context. This article develops a conceptual model to examine the different reasons why organizations would choose to invest in a...
Article
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[In Hebrew, peer-reviewed journal article; prior version of an article published subsequently in English in Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly in 2010]. תקציר: הגם שחלק ניכר מן המחקר אודות מעורבות אזרחית נסמך על סקרים אודות התנהגותם האישית של המשיבים, הולכת ומתגבשת הסכמה בדבר הצורך בהבנה טובה יותר של ההזדמנויות האזרחיות שמספק הקשר ארגוני נתו...
Chapter
Full-text available
By eagerly organizing fraternal groups, African Americans laid their own claim to a type of voluntary membership association that was central to the workings of U.S. civil society and politics from the mid-1800s to the middle of the twentieth century. African Americans organized large numbers of translocal fraternal federations during the same eras...
Article
Full-text available
A prominent form of voluntary organization in the United States from the nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth century, fraternal associations are self-selecting brotherhoods and sisterhoods that provide mutual aid to members, enact group ritu- als, and engage in community service. Synthesizing primary and secondary evidence, this article do...
Article
Full-text available
A prominent form of voluntary organization in the United States from the nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth century, fraternal associations are self-selecting brotherhoods and sisterhoods that provide mutual aid to members, enact group rituals, and engage in community service. Synthesizing primary and secondary evidence, this article docu...
Article
Self-recognition has been explored in nonlinguistic organisms by recording whether individuals touch a dye-marked area on visually inaccessible parts of their face while looking in a mirror or inspect parts of their body while using the mirror's reflection. Only chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, and humans over the age of approximately 2 years con...

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Projects (2)
Project
A series of papers that investigate various aspects of democratic ideals and evaluations, as surveyed in a unique module in the ESS 2012.