Jennifer A Leonard

Jennifer A Leonard
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Doñana Biological Station

PhD

About

320
Publications
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Publications

Publications (320)
Article
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The grey wolf (Canis lupus) was the first species to give rise to a domestic population, and they remained widespread throughout the last Ice Age when many other large mammal species went extinct. Little is known, however, about the history and possible extinction of past wolf populations or when and where the wolf progenitors of the present-day do...
Article
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Bergmann’s and Allen’s rules were defined to describe macroecological patterns across latitudinal gradients. Bergmann observed a positive association between body size and latitude for endothermic species while Allen described shorter appendages as latitude increases. Almost two centuries later, there is still ongoing discussion about these pattern...
Article
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Los mitogenomas completos desvelan la limitada variabilidad genética del lirón careto Eliomys quercinus en la Península Ibérica El lirón careto Eliomys quercinus es una especie paleártica occidental poco conocida cuyas poblaciones están experimentando un descenso a escala mundial. Aunque la información genética sea fundamental para determinar las c...
Article
The presence of population-specific phenotypes often reflects local adaptation or barriers to gene flow. The co-occurrence of phenotypic polymorphisms that are restricted within the range of a highly mobile species is more difficult to explain. An example of such polymorphisms is in the common quail Coturnix coturnix, a small migratory bird that mo...
Article
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Ecological and conservation genetic studies often use noninvasive sampling, especially with elusive or endangered species. Because microsatellites are generally short in length, they can be amplified from low quality samples such as feces. Microsatellites are highly polymorphic so few markers are enough for reliable individual identification, kinsh...
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The genus Neomys contains four species, three of which are present on the Iberian Peninsula. Recent phylogeographic studies have thoroughly assessed the evolutionary history of this genus in this region. However, perhaps due to its rarity, the isolated and endangered populations of southern Iberia have never been included in these studies. Thus, th...
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Bandicoot rats (genus Bandicota) are distributed widely across the Indomalay biogeographic realm of tropical East Asia. One widely distributed species, the greater bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica), has a disjunct distribution including both north and south of the biogeographic break at the Isthmus of Kra. We compared genetic variation of greater ba...
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The hyperdiverse shrew genus Crocidura is one of few small mammal genera distributed across Sundaland and all of its boundaries. This represents a rare opportunity to study the geological history of this region through the evolutionary history of these shrews. We generate a phylogeny of all recognized species of Sundaland Crocidura and show that mo...
Article
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The endangered Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) is known to carry exceedingly low levels of genetic diversity. This could be i) the result of long‐term evolutionary patterns as they exist at the southernmost limit of the species distribution at a relatively reduced effective size, or ii) due to rapid population decline caused by human persecution...
Article
Mountain ranges offer opportunities for understanding how species evolved and diversified across different environmental conditions. Neotropical frogs of the genus Oreobates (Anura: Craugastoridae) are adapted to highland and lowland habitats along the Andes, but many aspects of their evolution remain unknown. We studied their evolutionary history...
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Background and aims Wildlife conservation has focused primarily on species for the last decades. Recently, popular perception and laws have begun to recognize the central importance of genetic diversity in the conservation of biodiversity. How to incorporate genetic diversity in ongoing monitoring and management of wildlife is still an open questio...
Article
Pleistocene climate change impacted entire ecosystems throughout the world. In the northern hemisphere, the distribution of Arctic species expanded during glacial periods, while more temperate and mesic species contracted into climatic refugia, where isolation drove genetic divergence. Cycles of local cooling and warming in the Sahara region of nor...
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Hacia análisis genéticos de alto rendimiento de muestras fecales de fauna silvestre La secuenciación de alto rendimiento ofrece nuevas posibilidades en ecología molecular y biología de la conservación. Sin embargo, el potencial de esta técnica no ha sido totalmente explotado para estudios no invasivos, a partir de muestras fecales, de fauna en libe...
Article
Janzen's influential "mountain passes are higher in the tropics" hypothesis predicts restricted gene flow and genetic isolation among populations spanning elevational gradients in the tropics. Few studies have tested this prediction, and studies that focus on population genetic structure in Southeast Asia are particularly underrepresented in the li...
Data
Supplementary figure 4. Dorsal (A) and ventral (B) view of the holotype skins of Sundasciurus lowii (NHM76.5.2.14), Sundasciurus natunensis (NHM94.9.28.40), Sundasciurus robinsoni (NHM3.2.6.55) and Sundasciurus fraterculus (NHM95.1.9.12). Photographs of live specimens: (C) Sundasciurus robinsoni (taken in Sumatra; photo credits: Oscar Johnson), (D)...
Data
Supplementary figure 5. Bivariate plots of selected external measurements and diagnostic craniodental dimensions. (A) shows tail length versus head and body length; (B) shows ear length versus occipitonasal length; (C) shows breadth of bony palate at fourth premolar versus length of bony palate ; (D) shows height of braincase versus occipitonasal l...
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Recurring glacial cycles through the Quaternary period drastically altered the size and distribution of natural populations of North American flora and fauna. The “southerly refugia model” has been the longstanding framework for testing the effects of glaciation on contemporary genetic patterns; however, insights from ancient DNA have contributed t...
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A surprising amount of hidden phylogenetic diversity exists in the small to medium size, drab colored squirrels of the genus Sundasciurus. This genus is endemic to Sundaland and the Philippines, where it is widespread. An earlier revision of this genus found that the high elevation 'populations' of the widespread, lowland slender squirrel (S. tenui...
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Tropical mountains are cradles of biodiversity and endemism. Sundaland, tropical Southeast Asia, hosts three species of Rattus endemic to elevations above 2,000 m with an apparent convergence in external morphology: Rattus korinchi and R. hoogerwerfi from Sumatra, and R. baluensis from Borneo. A fourth one, R. tiomanicus, is restricted to lowland e...
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: The honey badger (Mellivora capensis) is a medium-sized carnivore distributed throughout Africa to the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Turkmenistan, and India. However, available information on its ecology is very scarce. We studied its feeding ecology in the remote north-western Sahara Desert, based on the contents of 125 fecal samples collected during...
Chapter
Genetic variability has been widely neglected as a measure of biodiversity for conservation and management over the last decades. However, major technical advances in molecular biology coupled with increased public awareness have recently marked the opening of a new era. Estimates and tracking of genetic variability in species and populations are n...
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Mountains offer replicated units with large biotic and abiotic gradients in a reduced spatial scale. This transforms them into well-suited scenarios to evaluate biogeographic theories. Mountain biogeography is a hot topic of research and many theories have been proposed to describe the changes in biodiversity with elevation. Geometric constraints,...
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Horse domestication revolutionized warfare and accelerated travel, trade, and the geographic expansion of languages. Here, we present the largest DNA time series for a non-human organism to date, including genome-scale data from 149 ancient animals and 129 ancient genomes (≥1-fold coverage), 87 of which are new. This extensive dataset allows us to...
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In previous centuries, wolves were extirpated across much of their range worldwide, but they started to recover in Europe since the end of last century. A general pattern of this recovery is the expansion of the range occupied by local populations. The Iberian wolf population, shared by Portugal and Spain, reached its lowest extent and abundance ar...
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Allee effects reduce the viability of small populations in many different ways, which act synergistically to lead populations towards extinction vortexes. The Sierra Morena wolf population, isolated in the south of the Iberian Peninsula and composed of just one or few packs for decades, represents a good example of how diverse threats act additivel...
Article
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Aim The genetics of organisms currently isolated in refugia has received little attention compared to post‐glacial expansions. We study the population history and connectivity of a rat endemic to montane habitat in Borneo to better understand the history and potential of populations in interglacial mountain refugia. Location Sabah, Borneo, Malaysi...
Preprint
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Biodiversity across elevational gradients generally follows patterns, the evolutionary origins of which are debated. We trapped small non-volant mammals across an elevational gradient on Mount (Mt.) Kinabalu (4,101 m) and Mt. Tambuyukon (2,579 m), two neighboring mountains in Borneo, Malaysia. We also included visual records and camera trap data fr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biodiversity across elevational gradients generally follows patterns, the evolutionary origins of which are debated. We trapped small non-volant mammals across an elevational gradient on Mount (Mt.) Kinabalu (4,101 m) and Mt. Tambuyukon (2,579 m), two neighboring mountains in Borneo, Malaysia. We also included visual records and camera trap data fr...
Article
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The taxonomic position of Annandale’s rat, Rattus annandalei (Bonhote, 1903), has been uncertain given its mix of Rattus-like and Sundamys-like morphological features. Annandale’s rat and all described species in Sundamys (the lowland S. muelleri, and the montane S. maxi and S. infraluteus) are endemic to Sundaland, a center of diversification and...
Article
Saber-toothed cats (Machairodontinae) are among the most widely recognized representatives of the now largely extinct Pleistocene megafauna. However, many aspects of their ecology, evolution, and extinction remain uncertain. Although ancient-DNA studies have led to huge advances in our knowledge of these aspects of many other megafauna species (e.g...
Article
A recent review titled “Clarifying Historical Range to Aid Recovery of the Mexican Wolf” by Heffelfinger et al. (2017) reviews historical range delineation but misinterprets published studies and encourages the support of antiquated methods to determine appropriate range for this highly endangered subspecies. We respond to Heffelfinger et al. (2017...
Article
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Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is a very valuable resource to understand the evolutionary history of poorly known species. However, in organisms with large genomes, as most amphibians, WGS is still excessively challenging and transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) represents a cost-effective tool to explore genome-wide variability. Non-model organisms d...
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The grey wolf (Canis lupus) is an iconic large carnivore that has increasingly been recognized as an apex predator with intrinsic value and a keystone species. However, wolves have also long represented a primary source of human–carnivore conflict, which has led to long-term persecution of wolves, resulting in a significant decrease in their number...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole genome sequencing is opening the door to novel insights into the population structure and evolutionary history of poorly known species. In organisms with large genomes, which includes most amphibians, whole-genome sequencing is excessively challenging and transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) represents a cost-effective tool to explore genome-wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole genome sequencing is opening the door to novel insights into the population structure and evolutionary history of poorly known species. In organisms with large genomes, which includes most amphibians, whole-genome sequencing is excessively challenging and transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) represents a cost-effective tool to explore genome-wi...
Article
Full-text available
In order to interpret fossil and sub-fossil associations of vertebrates, it is important to understand how carcasses degrade in nature. Here we describe the process of bone loss from of 32 carcasses from eight species of terrestrial mammals over two to 63 months in two Mediterranean ecosystems in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. The carcasse...
Article
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Background The Indonesian island of Sulawesi has a complex geological history. It is composed of several landmasses that have arrived at a near modern configuration only in the past few million years. It is the largest island in the biodiversity hotspot of Wallacea—an area demarcated by the biogeographic breaks between Wallace’s and Lydekker’s line...
Article
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Pigs (Sus scrofa) have played an important cultural role in Hawaii since Polynesians first introduced them in approximately AD 1200. Additional varieties of pigs were introduced following Captain Cook's arrival in Hawaii in 1778 and it has been suggested that the current pig population may descend primarily, or even exclusively, from European pigs....
Article
Aim Grey wolves (Canis lupus) are widespread across the Holarctic. Here, we test the previously proposed hypothesis that extant North American wolves originate from multiple waves of colonization from Asia. We also test the hypothesis that land connections have been important in the evolutionary history of other isolated wolf populations in Japan....
Article
The golden jackal of Africa (Canis aureus) has long been considered a conspecific of jackals distributed throughout Eurasia, with the nearest source populations in the Middle East. However, two recent reports found that mitochondrial haplotypes of some African golden jackals aligned more closely to gray wolves (Canis lupus) [1, 2], which is surpris...
Article
AimPleistocene environmental fluctuations had well-characterized impacts on the patterns of within-species divergences and diversity in temperate habitats. Here we examine the impact the Pleistocene had on widely distributed forest vertebrates in a tropical system where the distribution of the habitat was affected by those fluctuations.LocationSund...