Jennifer H Doherty

Jennifer H Doherty
University of Washington Seattle | UW · Department of Biology

Ph.D.

About

42
Publications
9,515
Reads
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271
Citations
Introduction
Jennifer H Doherty currently works at the Department of Biology, University of Washington Seattle. Jennifer does research in Ecology and Science Education. Their most recent publication is 'A new assessment to monitor student performance in introductory neurophysiology: Electrochemical Gradients Assessment Device'.
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
University of Washington
Position
  • Faculty Member
September 2009 - August 2014
Michigan State University
Position
  • Research Assistant
September 2003 - August 2009
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
In recent years, there has been a strong push to transform STEM education at K‐12 and collegiate levels to help students learn to think like scientists. One aspect of this transformation involves redesigning instruction and curricula around fundamental scientific ideas that serve as conceptual scaffolds students can use to build cohesive knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is overwhelming evidence that evidence-based teaching improves student performance; however, traditional lecture predominates in STEM courses. To provide support as faculty transform their lecture-based classrooms with evidence-based teaching practices, we created a faculty development program based on best practices, Consortium fo...
Article
Full-text available
As the world becomes more urbanized, people place less value on knowing the biodiversity that surrounds them. Engagement with trees is hindered by an additional barrier, plant blindness, the tendency of people to ignore plants entirely. To help educators make tree diversity learning meaningful to students, this research aims to understand whether o...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-based teaching practices are associated with improved student academic performance. However, these practices encompass a wide range of activities and determining which type, intensity or duration of activity is effective at improving student exam performance has been elusive. To address this shortcoming, we used a previously validated clas...
Article
Full-text available
We systematically compared two coding approaches to generate training datasets for machine learning (ML): (i) a holistic approach based on learning progression levels and (ii) a dichotomous, analytic approach of multiple concepts in student reasoning, deconstructed from holistic rubrics. We evaluated four constructed response assessment items for u...
Article
Full-text available
Recent calls in biology education research (BER) have recommended that researchers leverage learning theories and methodologies from other disciplines to investigate the mechanisms by which students to develop sophisticated ideas. We suggest design-based research from the learning sciences is a compelling methodology for achieving this aim. Design-...
Article
Full-text available
Vision and Change challenged biology instructors to develop evidence-based instructional approaches that were grounded in the core concepts and competencies of biology. This call for reform provides an opportunity for new educational tools to be incorporated into biology education. In this essay, we advocate for learning progressions as one such ed...
Article
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Preclass reading quizzes (RQs) have been shown to enhance student performance. Many instructors implementing evidence-based teaching assign preclass RQs to ensure their students are prepared to engage in class activities. Textbook companies now offer a gam-ified, adaptive-learning RQ format. In these RQs, students answer point-valued questions unti...
Article
Even highly urban environments are settings for outdoor learning of local biodiversity, for they contain easily accessible street tree diversity that students walk pass daily. This study uses pre/post assessments and a tree observation curriculum grounded in scientific observation practice to understand the everyday and scientific tree observation...
Article
Full-text available
Constructed responses can be used to assess the complexity of student thinking and can be evaluated using rubrics. The two most typical rubric types used are holistic and analytic. Holistic rubrics may be difficult to use with expert-level reasoning that has additive or overlapping language. In an attempt to unpack complexity in holistic rubrics at...
Poster
Full-text available
Flux is a core concept and principle in undergraduate physiology that describes passive flow of substances and heat down gradients. Student thinking about flux can be characterized using a learning progression (LP) framework. LPs are frameworks which outline cognitive paths of student learning in a domain and can provide reference points of student...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster shows our work developing a learning progression that describes how students' ideas about mass balance/pools and flux/accumulation in physiological systems gains sophistication.
Article
An understanding of biological variation is important for understanding ecological interactions, ecosystem function, and species' response to environmental change. Biological variation is essential to species survival because natural selection acts upon the phenotypic variation within a population: the more varied the population's genetic resources...
Article
Full-text available
The basis for understanding neurophysiology is understanding ion movement across cell membranes. Students in introductory courses recognize ion concentration gradients as a driving force for ion movement but struggle to simultaneously account for electrical charge gradients. We developed a 17-multiple-choice item assessment of students' understandi...
Article
Cell phones have long been known as a potential distraction from attention intensive activities such as studying and driving. Many, however, are developing the cell phone as a powerful tool to augment some of these same activities. Audience response systems (ARSs) are a type of teaching tool that allows educators to poll audience members in real ti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Peer-reviewed paper for Challenges in developing computerized scoring models for principle-based reasoning in a physiology context. Paper Set: Measuring complex constructs in science education: Applications of automated analysis.
Article
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Many science educators believe that student recognition of biodiversity is an important precursor to discovering patterns and understanding processes that define and shape ecological systems. We investigated (1) the total number, taxonomic categories, specificity, and diversity of backyard organisms that middle (MS) and high school (HS) students an...
Article
Full-text available
Practice exams are a type of deliberate practice that have been shown to improve student course performance. Deliberate practice differs from other types of practice, because it is targeted, mentally challenging, can be repeated, and requires feedback. Providing frequent instructor feedback to students, particularly in large classes, can be prohibi...
Poster
Full-text available
Learning progressions (LPs) are frameworks which outline cognitive paths of students and can provide reference points for student progress. LPs are built using evidence about student reasoning collected by a complex and iterative routine of LP development, assessment item and rubric development, data collection, human coding and re-alignment of LPs...
Article
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Test anxiety is a widespread problem that negatively impacts student performance. The mechanism proposed to explain the deleterious effect is that anxious thoughts occupy space in working memory, thus diminishing cognitive capacity. Expressive writing is an intervention shown to decrease the impact of test anxiety. For this intervention, students r...
Article
This paper examines how students make progress toward three-dimensional (3D) understanding of the patterns of evolution. Specifically, it proposes a learning progression that explains how scientific practices, crosscutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas come together in naming and grouping, length of change over time, and the role of common...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate how students connect explanations and arguments from evidence about plant growth and metabolism-two key practices described by the Next Generation Science Standards. This study reports analyses of interviews with 22 middle and high school students postinstruction, focusing on how their sense-making strategies led them to interpret-or...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods How can teachers use insights and tools from learning progressions to improve their environmental science teaching? We addressed this question in the Culturally Relevant Ecology: Learning Progressions and Environmental Literacy Math Science Partnership project at 4 LTER sites over the past 6 years. We carried out resea...
Article
Full-text available
Distinguishing between matter and energy is a difficult task for college students, yet one that has implications beyond their science coursework. Issues of recycling, conservation of natural resources including energy, and weight loss all have conservation of matter and energy as their foundation. Students often fail to realize the power of using a...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Although most faculty would agree that students learn better in science courses emphasizing student-centered, interactive instruction and conceptual understanding, transmission style teaching focusing on “facts” remains the norm, especially at the introductory level. This disparity may exist because we lack effective mo...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Question/Methods Earth's climate is rapidly changing. Complex forces drive climate change over multiple scales of space and time. Citizens of the 21st century will need to act based on informed decisions about climate change. A liberal education should contribute to an informed and responsible citizenry who can think independently, reaso...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods The Pathways to Environmental Science Literacy Project is building research-based learning progressions that describe how student understanding develops from grades 6 to 12 with regards to pivotal big ideas about carbon, water and biodiversity in socio-ecological systems. We now are exploring the question, How can prof...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods We report our progress in developing a learning progression framework and associated assessments that document pathways to understanding, for middle school (MS) and high school (HS) students, two important aspects of biodiversity: how individuals and populations change over time. Adaptation by selection is limited by t...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods A fundamental challenge for science education is preparing citizens to make informed decisions about socio-ecological issues. Environmental science literacy is the capacity to understand and participate in evidence-based discussions of socio-ecological systems and to make informed decisions about actions and policies. D...
Article
Full-text available
Given the expense, time and considerable teacher effort required to perform hands-on activities in the classroom, their consequences for student learning need to be evaluated. This study takes one example of student-active learning, students collecting and analyzing their own data, and asks whether the physical act of collecting data increases stud...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods There are many challenges in transforming the conventional university education to include substantial experience and growth in the following: communicating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects to technical and non-technical audiences; leadership; collaboration and team building; and teachi...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Humans make decisions daily that impact biodiversity and it is essential that citizens understand the implications of these decisions. Yet ecological systems are extremely complex with many details and patterns still being discovered. We developed a conceptual framework that simplifies and structures this complexity and...
Article
Plants can alter soil properties in ways that feed back to affect plant performance. The extent that plant-soil feedback affects co-occurring plant species differentially will determine its impact on plant community structure. Whether feedback operates consistently across similar plant communities is little studied. Here, the same grasses from two...
Article
Full-text available
Ecotypes of Sorghastrum nutans from a naturally metalliferous serpentine grassland and the tallgrass prairie were assessed for Ni tolerance and their utility in remediation of Ni-polluted soils. Plants were inoculated with serpentine arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) root inoculum or whole soil microbial communities, originating from either prairie or se...
Article
Full-text available
This image shows a stream environment in upstate New York where we have tested this experiment, a sieve with leaves from a leaf pack, and a macroinvertebrate. Photo by Cornelia Harris. ABSTRACT Students will explore functional and taxonomic diversity in a stream ecosystem, learn about food web relationships, and learn about the ways in which abioti...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
I teach hundreds of students each quarter and I need to know how best to help them learn. ​I use evidence-based teaching strategies, but the literature has gaps. Each quarter I work with undergraduate researchers to try to fill these gaps for my classroom.
Project
Develop learning progression frameworks, assessments and teaching materials for community ecology and biodiversity.