Jeni Mcneal

Jeni Mcneal
Eastern Washington University | EWU · Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation

PhD Exercise and Sport Science

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102
Publications
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Publications

Publications (102)
Article
The most popular method of stretching is static stretching. Vibration may provide a means of enhancing range of motion beyond that of static stretching alone. This study sought to observe the effects of vibration on static stretching to determine whether vibration-aided static stretching could enhance range of motion acquisition more than static st...
Article
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In the floor exercise, a gymnast may receive a general composition score deduction associated with a lack of diverse tumbling sequences. Diversity in tumbling is defined as the ability to tumble both forward and backward, as well as twist and flip. A coach's ability to direct technical and physical training for these skill varieties is enhanced whe...
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Unlabelled: The lay press, scientists, and physicians appear to believe that gymnasts are continually getting smaller and that their "smallness" is a health risk. Purpose: To assess the historical changes in the size and age of the US women's Olympic gymnastics teams from 1956 to 2008. Methods: The official records from the US Olympic Committe...
Article
BACKGROUND: A small, portable, inexpensive FP is a helpful test instrument in many strength and conditioning settings. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and validity of a portable FP. METHODS: The FP was assessed statically for linearity and regionality using known weights and known weight placements across nine regions. Dynamic assessment was c...
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Trampolines remain the single best apparatus for the training of aerial acrobatics skills. Trampoline use has led to catastrophic injuries from poor landings. Passive injury prevention countermeasures such as specialized matting have been largely ineffective. Active injury countermeasures such as hand spotting, "throw-in" mats, and overhead spottin...
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Trampolines remain the single best apparatus for the training of aerial acrobatics skills. Trampoline use has led to catastrophic injuries from poor landings. Passive injury prevention countermeasures such as specialized matting have been largely ineffective. Active injury countermeasures such as hand spotting, "throw-in" mats, and overhead spottin...
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Full-text available
Abstract:Athletes who merit the title ‘elite’ are rare and differ both quantitatively and qualitativelyfrom athletes of lower qualifications. Serving and studying elite athletes may demand non-traditionalapproaches. Research involving elite athletes suffers because of the typical nomothetic requirements forlarge sample sizes and other statistical a...
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Nearly every modern Olympic Games has brought astonished comments and criticism of the body sizes of female gymnasts. The comments from laypersons, scientists, journalists, and physicians too often imply that these diminutive athletes are unusually small and possibly unhealthy. Purpose: An extended and updated analysis of the sizes of U.S. female O...
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Athlete preparation and performance continue to increase in complexity and costs. Modern coaches are shifting from reliance on personal memory, experience, and opinion to evidence from collected training-load data. Training-load monitoring may hold vital information for developing systems of monitoring that follow the training process with such pre...
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Athlete preparation and performance continues to increase in complexity and costs. Modern coaches are shifting from reliance on personal memory, experience, and opinion to evidence from collected training load data. Training load monitoring may hold vital information for developing systems of monitoring that follow the training process with such pr...
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Full-text available
Gymnastics is noted for involving highly specialized strength, power, agility and flexibility. Flexibility is perhaps the single greatest discriminator of gymnastics from other sports. The extreme ranges of motion achieved by gymnasts require long periods of training, often occupying more than a decade. Gymnasts also start training at an early age...
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This study examined and compared static, countermovement, and rebound-type drop jumps from the upper and lower extremities among USA Junior National Team male gymnasts. Twenty-one gymnasts performed two repetitions each of upper (UE) and lower extremity (LE) static (SJ), countermovement (CMJ), and drop (DJ) jumps on a force platform. Average measur...
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Stretching exercises have been considered an essential component of physical training programs for decades. Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that flexibility measures are related to performance in many sports, suggesting that using stretching to enhance flexibility may indirectly improve performance. However, observations by athletes and c...
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Athlete recovery-adaptation is crucial to the progress and performance of highly trained athletes. The purpose of this study was to assess peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) in reducing short-term pressure-to-pain threshold (PPT) among Olympic Training Center athletes following morning training. Muscular tenderness and stiffness are commo...
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Gymnastics tumbling has occurred on large spring floor apparatuses for several decades. The spring floors have used a variety of elastic materials and designs to provide an increased takeoff velocity and a forgiving landing surface. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a standard cylindrical spring (10.7 cm x 5 cm diameter, 9 c...
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Tumbling take-offs on floor exercise apparatuses of varying stiffness properties may contribute to apparatus behaviors that lead to increased injury exposure. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the kinematics, kinetics, and timing performance characteristics of a springfloor and a spring-floor with an added Air FloorTM. Five male intern...
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ABSTRACT: STRETCHING IS A COMMONLY PRESCRIBED EXERCISE ACTIVITY THAT HAS BEEN APPLIED TO WARM-UP, INCREASING RANGE OF MOTION (ROM), AND RECOVERY FROM TRAINING. THE PRACTITIONER SHOULD UNDERSTAND THE EFFECTS OF STRETCHING EXERCISE AND THE INHERENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TYPES OF STRETCHING EXERCISES AND ACTIVITIES DESIGNED TO ENHANCE LOOSENESS AND FREE...
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This study investigated the effects of peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) on range-of-motion (ROM) changes in forward splits. Serious stretching usually involves discomfort and large time investments. Tissue structural changes and stretch tolerance have heretofore been considered the primary mechanisms of enhanced ROM. PPDC treatment was...
Article
Jumping is an important lower extremity (LE) skill used by any individual that takes part in sports that involve explosive movement. Performing this skill successfully requires a person to land properly and without injury. More recent evidence has suggested that seemingly symmetrical bilateral activities like jumps and landings may in fact not be s...
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Trends in pairs figure skating have shown that increasingly difficult jumps have become an essential aspect of high-level performance, especially in the latter part of a competitive program. We compared a repeated jump power index in a 60 s repeated jump test to determine the relationship of repeated jump test to competitive rank and to measure 2D...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of a vibration-assisted static stretching intervention on enhancing split range of motion in gymnasts matched on initial range of motion. Twenty-two female artistic gymnasts (mean age 13.8 years, s 2.3) matched for age ( 9 6 months) and competitive level were randomly assigned to a static s...
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VERTICAL IMPACT FORCE AND LOADING RATE ON THE GYMNASTICS TABLE VAULT Gabriella Penitente 1 , William A. Sands 2 and Jeni R. McNeal 3 Sport Science Department, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK 1 Monfort Family Human Performance Research Laboratory, Mesa State College, Grand Junction, USA 2 Department of PEHR, Eastern Washington University,...
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Gymnasts have a relatively high injury rate and severity with highly qualified gymnasts suffering the most. One of the common injuries in gymnastics is the overuse-type that often remains latent until near the decisive moments of competition when the injury rises to the level of incapacitation. Is there a technology and methodology available to mon...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a maximal repeated-jumps task on force production, muscle activation and kinematics, and to determine if changes in performance were dependent on gender. Eleven male and nine female athletes performed continuous countermovement jumps for 60 s on a force platform while muscle activation was ass...
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Abstract. The purpose of this study was to characterize the normal (Fz) and anterior-posterior (Fx) hand contact forces of female gymnasts performing a handspring vault on the modern vault table. Twelve National Junior Olympic female gymnasts participated. The vault table was instrumented with two, two-dimensional calibrated portable force platform...
Article
Vibration enhance stretching improved split ROM but did not show a protective effect nor enhancement of subsequent SLSVJ performance.
Article
Small chemical hand and foot warmers are used by many winter sport athletes and other outdoor enthusiasts. The purpose of this study was to characterize the thermal behaviors of 14 commercially available hand and foot warmers. Both types of warmers were instrumented with a fast-responding thermistor. One of each pair of warmers was placed in a boot...
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Serious stretching in many sports involves discomfort and is often an early ceiling on improvements. To continue investigation of the use of vibration to enhance acute range of motion while assessing the influence of vibration and stretching on pressure-to-pain threshold perception. Ten young male gymnasts were assessed for split range of motion. O...
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The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effects of vibration and stretching on passive and active forward split range of motion in elite adult female synchronized swimmers. Eleven athletes performed a passive forward split test measuring the height of the anterior superior iliac spine on both sides and an active split test on both sides b...
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Athletes in sports such as the gymnastics who perform the still rings cross position are disadvantaged due to a lack of objective and convenient measurement methods. The gymnastics "cross "is a held isometric strength position considered fundamental to all still rings athletes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if two small force p...
Conference Paper
INTRODUCTION It is generally assumed that Olympic gold medal performances continue to improve. The Summer Olympic Games and competitive events within the Games have been held fairly consistently for many years with some of the events beginning in 1896. Historical trend analyses of Olympic gold medal performances can show how human performance capab...
Article
Full-text available
Stretching exercises have been considered an essential component of physical training programs for decades. Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that flexibility measures are related to performance in many sports, suggesting that using stretching to enhance flexibility may indirectly improve performance. However, observations by athletes and c...
Article
Full-text available
The maltese cross is an extremely difficult strength-oriented skill performed by the best gymnasts on the still rings. The current Code of Points rates the Maltese with a high degree of difficulty resulting in a natural pursuit of the skill for those seeking a competitive advantage. The competitive value and the extreme difficulty of the skill plac...
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hand position, hands turned in, flip flop,
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The aim of this study was to characterize sprint ability, anthropometry, and lower extremity power in the US National Team Skeleton athletes. Fourteen athletes (male n = 7; mean +/- SD: height 1.794 +/- 0.063 m, body mass 81.2 +/- 3.7 kg, age 26.9 +/- 4.1 years; female n = 7; 1.642 +/- 0.055 m, 60.1 +/- 5.9 kg, 27.3 +/- 6.9 years) volunteered to pa...
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Full-text available
The aim of this study was to characterize sprint ability, anthropometry, and lower extremity power in the US National Team Skeleton athletes. Fourteen athletes (male n = 7; mean +/- SD: height 1.794 +/- 0.063 m, body mass 81.2 +/- 3.7 kg, age 26.9 +/- 4.1 years; female n = 7; 1.642 +/- 0.055 m, 60.1 +/- 5.9 kg, 27.3 +/- 6.9 years) volunteered to pa...
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The study of elite athletes, because of their rarity, renders statistical power difficult to achieve, control groups difficult or impossible to find, and generalizability difficult to demonstrate. Alternative methods of analysis may be better suited to such study.
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The purpose of this study was to compare the Wingate cycling and Bosco repeated jumps anaerobic tests. Eleven men (21.36 +/- 1.6 years; 179.1 +/- 9.3 cm; 78.7 +/- 11.0 kg) and 9 women (21.89 +/- 3.66 years; 171.8 +/- 10.0 cm; 75.9 +/- 21.4 kg), all university athletes, volunteered to participate. Subjects performed each test in random order. The te...
Article
Several studies utilizing adult subjects have indicated that static stretching may reduce subsequent strength and power production, possibly for as long as an hour following the stretch. This observation has not been evaluated in children, nor in athletes accustomed to performing static stretches during strength/ power type training sessions. The p...
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"Similarly, "functional training" with specific supplementary drills enhances skills with those drills and not necessarily those of the sport itself. We ought not to forget that so-called "functional training" happens to be rather mythical in nature and that sport specific training does not rely primarily on the use of exercises which (sic) appear...
Article
Abdominal exercises are often performed on roller or rocker mechanisms, which have been aggressively promoted through the television and print media. However, justifications are lacking as to why these devices are superior to traditional abdominal exercises such as crunches. This study sought to describe and compare the range of motion (ROM) of sev...
Article
drop jump was predictive of ultimate team membership