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Jelle De Schrijver

Jelle De Schrijver
University of Antwerp & Odisee University of Applied Sciences

PhD in philosophy
studying the roles of philosophical dialogue in education

About

23
Publications
10,345
Reads
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44
Citations
Citations since 2016
18 Research Items
23 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220123456
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
University of Antwerp
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2013 - present
Odisee university college
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2013 - October 2017
Ghent University Museum
Position
  • Heritage educator

Publications

Publications (23)
Chapter
Full-text available
In the 19th century, the case of Phineas Gage suggested that our moral sense could be located in a particular area of the brain. Damage to a part of the prefrontal cortex seemed to have selectively bereft the railroad worker of his moral faculties, resulting in lawless and anti-social behaviour. Additional studies revealed that behaviour of Phineas...
Article
Full-text available
We live in a world in which personal choices and public discussions rely on scientific understanding. To make decisions we need to evaluate scientific evidence, understand how this knowledge was generated and how reliable it is. As botanic gardens are situated at the crossroads of scientific research and education, they provide excellent opportunit...
Chapter
Addressing the epistemological issues and philosophical questions characteristic of the nature of science can be a challenge for science teachers less used to dealing with uncertainties, multiple perspectives and non-consensus situations and pedagogical approaches associated with this. In this chapter, we argue that science teachers can be supporte...
Article
Full-text available
An introduction to the co-creation of policy briefs with youth and academic teams Drawing on insights from a four-day online workshop which explored geo-engineering and policy making with 13 youth participants, an academic and youth authorial team provide a guide to the co-creation of policy briefs. Drawing on excerpts from the policy brief at diff...
Article
Full-text available
Hoe reageer je als leraar op een leerling die twijfelt aan de evolutietheorie? Hoe kan je een hoogoplopende discussie over abortus ombuigen naar een constructief klasgesprek? En hoe ga je om met uitspraken van leerlingen die ingaan tegen je eigen overtuigingen en waarden? Lesgeven als leerkracht wetenschappen over thema’s zoals evolutietheorie, gen...
Article
Mediawijsheid is ruimer dan alleen betrouwbare media leren gebruiken. Het omvat ook kritisch leren denken over media, waarheid en betrouwbaarheid. De methode van het filosoferen met kinderen vormt een beloftevolle aanpak om kritisch denken op te wekken. Op basis van deze methode ontwikkelen we de Kritikat-methodiek om het kritisch denken over media...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Especially in times of fake news and populism, critical thinking is a key skill for students to master. In the ongoing "Redeneerling"-project, a cross-curricular teaching method is developed aiming to stimulate the critical thinking skills of students through dialogue, focusing on argumentation skills, recognition of logical fallacies, and analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system (‘geoengineering’ or ‘climate engineering’) is increasingly present in discussions about possible responses to climate change. Research has tended to focus on the acceptability of geoengineering proposals to adults, with youth perspectives under-represented despite the intergenerational consequ...
Article
Full-text available
Philosophical dialogue requires an approach to teaching and learning in science that is focused on problem posing and provides space for meaning making, finding new ways of thinking and understanding and for linking science with broader human experiences. This article explores the role that philosophical dialogue can play in science lessons and the...
Chapter
Full-text available
To improve pupils' motivation for and attitude towards sciences as well as their inquiry skills, we introduced P4C in Flemish science classes using a design-based research paradigm. 12 to 14 year-olds participated in several P4C sessions, focusing on the nature of science and scientific concepts. Based on both qualitative and quantitative research...
Article
Full-text available
To enhance scientific literacy among primary and secondary school students, educating about the nature of science (NoS) plays a pivotal role. NoS entails the epistemological underpinnings of science such as its realm and limits or the reasons for its reliability. Whereas decontextualized NoS approaches draw the attention of students to specific NoS...
Chapter
Full-text available
Increasingly, educating about the nature of science (NoS) is considered crucial to science education. NoS entails central features of science such as its realm and limits, its levels of uncertainty, its biases and the reasons for its reliability. As the scientific heritage in university collections testifies of the scientific practice as such, it p...
Article
Full-text available
De slagzin " Dit is wetenschappelijk bewezen " prijkt zowel op potjes yoghurt als op fles-sen shampoo en weerklinkt in reclames en tv-reportages. Maar wanneer is een wetenschappelijke uitspraak bewezen? En kan een wetenschapper wel een definitief bewijs leveren? Om dit soort vragen te beantwoorden is inzicht nodig in hoe het wetenschappelijke bedri...
Article
Full-text available
Er wordt wel eens gezegd dat het Vlaamse wetenschapsonderwijs eerder op antwoorden dan op vragen is gericht. Hoewel de onderzoekscompetentie centraal staat in het Vlaamse wetenschapsonderwijs, valt inderdaad op dat het leren formuleren van goede onderzoeks-vragen een grote uitdaging blijft voor leerlingen. De methodiek van het filosoferen biedt mog...
Chapter
The moral brain teases the imagination and triggers the fantasy of many people, both laymen and scientists. Engineering human morality is a recurring and popular theme in science fiction, from Robert Louis Stevenson’s Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and the French fin-de-siècle author Albert Robida’s “moral bacilli” to Anthony Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange....
Book
Scientists no longer accept the existence of a distinct moral organ as phrenologists once did. A generation of young neurologists is using advanced technological medical equipment to unravel specific brain processes enabling moral cognition. In addition, evolutionary psychologists have formulated hypotheses about the origins and nature of our moral...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Project
Keywords STEM education, concept building, misconcepts, natural sciences, didactics in science education, secondary education Summary: This research focusses on the process of concept building in natural sciences. Concept building is an ongoing process of creating, evaluating and reforming ideas about the natural world surrounding us. Starting from early age children naturally construct what are called “naïve theories” consisting of so called “preconcepts”. These preconcepts differ from scientific concepts but are highly coherent and functional from children’s point of view . Educational research mapped scientific preconcepts thoroughly in the eighties. Research results learned that the natural process of concept building shows worldwide parallels independent of the learning environment . Entering school, concept building processes are supplementary managed by teachers. Consequently the ideas that pupils hold on the natural world should change from naïve preconcepts towards scientific concepts. This change appears to be very difficult. Pupils and students are often able to use formulas and definitions but are unable to apply this knowledge in practical applications . This points to a limited conceptual understanding of the basic concepts in science. Not being able to connect naïve theories to the scientific theories and alter naïve theories into scientific theories, is thought to be one of the major reasons for poor performance in science subjects and a lack of conceptual understanding . For the Flemish context, at present little attention is given to scientific literacy. Not much class time is invested in closing this gap between the naïve and scientific theories. As a result of which educational research reports of preconcepts changing into misconcepts and misconcepts being imbedded in naïve theories . This limited attention is partially caused by the fact that Flemish science teachers often are unaware of the preconcepts and misconcepts that pupils hold when they enter science classes and consequently lack the didactical strategies to encounter this problem. This research aims to develop a didactical methodology and strategy that facilitates and coaches the process of concept building. The effect of the strategy is studied in different learning environments. The outcome of the research consists of research results and teaching materials. Teaching materials will provide teachers with selected information on preconcepts, examples of good practice, video materials and lesson plans, aiming to support them in facilitating and coaching the concept building process.