Jeffrey Braithwaite

Jeffrey Braithwaite
Macquarie University · Australian Institute of Health Innovation

BA MIR (Hons I) MBA PhD FAIM FCHSM FFPHRCP FAcSS Hon FRACMA

About

693
Publications
218,734
Reads
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15,070
Citations
Introduction
Jeffrey Braithwaite is Founding Director of the Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University. Jeffrey does research in Health Systems, Public Health, Social Psychology and Mixed Methods Studies, ranging from large-scale trials and epidemiological studies to triangulated research designs.
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
Macquarie University
Position
  • Managing Director
January 1993 - November 2014
UNSW Sydney
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (693)
Article
Background Mobile apps are becoming increasingly popular, with 5.70 million apps available in early 2021. Smartphones can provide portable and convenient access to health apps. Here, we consider apps for people with one of the estimated 7000 rare conditions, which are defined as having an incidence of <1 in 2000. The needs of people with rare condi...
Article
Climate change, human health, and healthcare systems are inextricably linked. As the climate warms due to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, extreme weather events, such as floods, fires, and heatwaves, will drive up demand for healthcare. Delivering healthcare also contributes to climate change, accounting for ∼5% of the global carbon emissions. To r...
Article
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Implementation science in healthcare aims to understand how to get evidence into practice. Once this is achieved in one setting, it becomes increasingly difficult to replicate elsewhere. The problem is often attributed to differences in context that influence how and whether implementation strategies work. We argue that realist research paradigms p...
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Introduction Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world, with two out of three Australians expected to be diagnosed with skin cancer in their lifetime. Such incidence necessitates large-scale, effective skin cancer management practices. General practitioners (in mainstream practice and in skin cancer clinics) play an important...
Article
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Design: Realist synthesis. Study background: Large-scale hospital improvement initiatives can standardise healthcare across multiple sites but results are contingent on the implementation strategies that complement them. The benefits of these implemented interventions are rarely able to be replicated in different contexts. Realist studies explor...
Article
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Background Increasing health costs, demand and patient multimorbidity challenge the sustainability of healthcare systems. These challenges persist and have been amplified by the global pandemic. Objectives We aimed to develop an understanding of how the sustainable performance of healthcare systems (SPHS) has been conceptualised, defined and measu...
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Our implementation science study focuses on implementing a new way of practice and offers methodological specificity about how to rapidly investigate an individually tailored precision medicine intervention. A qualitative study advancing a new methodology for speedily identifying barriers and enablers to implementation in the context of childhood c...
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Background Signs of disorder in neighbourhoods (e.g., litter, graffiti) are thought to influence the behaviour of residents, potentially leading to violations of rules and petty criminal behaviour. Recently, these premises have been applied to the hospital context, with physical and social disorder found to have a negative association with patient...
Article
Background: People who live in aged care homes have high rates of illness and frailty. Providing evidence-based care to this population is vital to ensure the highest possible quality of life. This study (CareTrack Aged, CT Aged) aimed to develop a comprehensive set of clinical indicators for guideline-adherent, appropriate care of commonly manage...
Preprint
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a condition associated with pregnancy that engenders additional healthcare demand. A growing body of research includes empirical studies focused on pregnant women’s GDM healthcare experiences. The aim of this scoping review is to map findings, highlight gaps and investigate the way research has bee...
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The Australian Health Consumer Sentiment Survey is a population-based study of health consumer sentiment and provides an important barometer of satisfaction and opinions about the Australian health system. The survey was co-designed by academics and researchers from Macquarie University together with health consumer advocates and consumer-researche...
Article
Background: The aim of accreditation is to improve quality of care and patient safety. However, studies on the effectiveness of accreditation on clinical outcomes are limited and inconsistent. Comparative studies have contrasted accredited with non-accredited hospitals or hospitals without a benchmark, but assessments of clinical outcomes of patie...
Article
Emergency Departments (EDs) are highly complex healthcare settings that must be resilient to unpredictable demands. New technologies are regularly introduced into EDs to improve patient care and workflow processes. However, the interaction between social and technical agents can introduce further complexity, making it difficult to identify the fact...
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Background Relatively little is understood about real-world provision of oncology care in ambulatory outpatient clinics (OPCs). This study aimed to: 1) develop an understanding of behaviours and practices inherent in the delivery of cancer services in OPC common areas by characterising the organisation and implementation of this care; and 2) identi...
Article
Purpose Clinical genomics demands close interaction of physicians, laboratory scientists, and genetic professionals. Taking genomics to scale requires an understanding of the underlying processes from the perspective of nongenetic physicians who are new to the field. We identified components of the processes amenable to adaptation when scaling up c...
Article
Background Emerging adulthood is a distinct segment of an individual’s life course. The defining features of this transitional period include identity exploration, instability, future possibilities, self-focus, and feeling in-between, all of which are thought to affect quality of life, health, and well-being. A longitudinal cohort study with a comp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and its mitigation measures and impacts, such as shelter-in-place orders, social isolation, restrictions on freedoms, unemployment, financial insecurity, and disrupted routines, have led to declines in mental health worldwide and concomitant escalating demands for mental health services. Under the circumstances, el...
Article
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In scaling up an ultra-rapid genomics program, we used implementation science principles to design and investigate influences on implementation and identify strategies required for sustainable “real-world” services. Interviews with key professionals revealed the importance of networks and relationship building, leadership, culture, and the relative...
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Background The diagnostic odyssey for people with a rare disease is well known, but difficulties do not stop at diagnosis. Here we investigate the experience of people, or parents of children with a diagnosed mitochondrial respiratory chain disorder (MRCD) in the management of their disease. The work complements ongoing projects around implementati...
Article
Hip fracture trajectories have not been examined for older adults in aged care or living in the community. Trajectories of health care use were defined by distinct predictive factors. These results can inform the development of targeted strategies to reduce health service use following hip fracture.Objective To examine hospital service use trajecto...
Article
People with disabilities are often subject to intersecting layers of social and economic disadvantage and other barriers that drive health inequity. As a result, they frequently experience worse health than people without disabilities, beyond the direct effects of their health condition or impairment. The aim of this overview of systematic reviews...
Article
THE climate crisis is also inextricably a health crisis. To prepare health care systems for the future, climate change must be seen as a priority issue. The voices and knowledge of health professionals and health consumers need to be incorporated into every country’s response. A broader view is crucial to understand not only the social determinant...
Article
Background Hip fracture is a major public health concern for older adults, requiring surgical treatment for patients presenting at hospitals across Australia. Although guidelines have been developed to drive appropriate care of hip fracture patients in hospitals, data on health outcomes suggest these are not well-followed. Objective This study aim...
Article
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Background Hospitals are perceived as fast-paced and complex environments in which a missed or incorrect diagnosis or misread chart has the potential to lead to patient harm. However, to date, limited attention has been paid to studying how hospital sociotemporal norms may be associated with staff wellbeing or patient safety. The aim of this study...
Article
Study design: Multiround wiki-based Delphi expert panel survey. Objective: To provide proof of concept for an alternative method for creating sets of nationally-agreed point-of-care clinical indicators, and obtain consensus among end-user groups on "appropriate care" for the assessment, diagnosis, acute, and ongoing care of people with low back...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The development and adoption of a Learning Health System (LHS) has been proposed as a means to address key challenges facing current and future healthcare systems. The first review of the LHS literature was conducted five years ago, identifying only a small number of published articles had empirically examined the implementation or testi...
Article
Background: The development and adoption of a learning health system (LHS) has been proposed as a means to address key challenges facing current and future health care systems. The first review of the LHS literature was conducted 5 years ago, identifying only a small number of published papers that had empirically examined the implementation or te...
Article
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Objective The aim of this study is to examine the pathways by which work–life balance influences safety climate in hospital settings. Design A national cross-sectional survey on patient safety culture. Settings Healthcare workers from 56 hospitals in Taiwan, covering three work settings: intensive care units, operation rooms and emergency departm...
Article
Background: The impact of hospital accreditation on the experiences of patients remains a weak point in quality improvement research. This is surprising given the time and cost of accreditation and the fact that patient experiences influence outcomes. We investigated the impact of first-time hospital accreditation on patients' experience of suppor...
Article
Patient flow between the emergency department (ED) and hospital wards becomes problematic when bed availability is limited. To better understand the constraints that shape patient flow and everyday work in the ED, we applied Control Task Analysis (i.e., Contextual Activities Template, CAT) and Social Organisational Cooperation Analysis (SOCA) phase...
Chapter
Assessments of organisational cultures in Australian public hospitals are required by national standards. However, detailed guidance on how to evaluate organisational cultures is currently lacking. Here, Churruca et al. examine public sector surveys used in public hospitals to assess organisational cultures. A thematic analysis of 597 items from se...
Chapter
Policymakers advocate for integrated care as a solution to care fragmentation. In the case of older adults, informal carers (especially ‘dutiful daughters’) play a significant role in integrating and coordinating care. Ludlow and colleagues examine how the role of informal carers in integrating care across services and systems is reflected in polic...
Chapter
Pomare et al. take the theoretical lens of “work-as-imagined” versus “work-as-done” to examine the misalignment between policy and staff experiences during an Australian multimillion-dollar hospital redevelopment. Despite the “good news story” of allocating billions of dollars to redeveloping and modernising health services in Australia, this chapt...
Article
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Background Significant resources are spent on hospital accreditation worldwide. However, documentation of the effects of accreditation on processes, quality of care and outcomes in healthcare remain scarce. This study aimed to examine changes in the delivery of patient care in accordance with clinical guidelines (recommended care) after first-time...
Article
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Asthma is the most common chronic condition of childhood. Self-management is integral to good asthma control. This qualitative paper explores how children with asthma and their parents perceive asthma, their experience with asthma, and how they manage symptoms, preventions and medications within and outside the home. We undertook 15 focus groups wi...
Article
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Introduction Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) synthesise the latest evidence to support clinical and patient decision-making. CPG adherent care is associated with improved patient survival outcomes; however, adherence rates are low across some cancer streams in Australia. Greater understanding of specific barriers to cancer treatment CPG adheren...
Article
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Background Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with autonomic imbalance and significant secondary conditions, including cardiac and brain dysfunction that adversely impact health and wellbeing. This study will investigate the effectiveness (intention-to-treat) of a neuro-cardiac self-regulation therapy to improve autonomic and neural/brain activ...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND The complexity of clinical genomics – testing your entire genetic information for health benefit – is a rapidly evolving field demanding swift clinical practice change at multiple levels as widespread testing in healthcare becomes a reality. We aimed to a) describe a combined stakeholder- and evidence-driven approach to developing a tool...
Article
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The pace-of-life hypothesis is a socio-psychological theory postulating that citizens of different cities transact the business of life at varying paces, and this pace is associated with a number of population level variables. Here we apply the pace-of-life hypothesis to a hospital context to empirically test the association between pace and patien...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic and its mitigation measures such as shelter-in-place orders, social isolation, restrictions on freedoms, unemployment, financial insecurity and disrupted routines, have led to unprecedented declines in mental health worldwide and concomitant escalating demands for mental health services. Under the circumstances, e-m...
Article
Background The COVID-19 pandemic and its mitigation measures and impacts, such as shelter-in-place orders, social isolation, restrictions on freedoms, unemployment, financial insecurity, and disrupted routines, have led to declines in mental health worldwide and concomitant escalating demands for mental health services. Under the circumstances, ele...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: There have been few descriptions of how outpatient cancer care is provided to patients from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. As populations who experience disparities in cancer care access and outcomes, deeper understanding is needed to help identify those factors which can shape the receipt of multidisciplinary...
Article
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Objective To identify the risk factors associated with complaints, malpractice claims and impaired performance in medical practitioners. Design Systematic review. Data sources Ovid-Medline, Ovid Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from 2011 until March 2020. Reference lists and Google were also handsear...
Article
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Introduction There is a clear need for improved care quality and quality monitoring in aged care. Aged care providers collect an abundance of data, yet rarely are these data integrated and transformed in real-time into actionable information to support evidence-based care, nor are they shared with older people and informal caregivers. This protocol...
Article
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Background: The study of safety culture and its relationship to patient care have been challenged by variation in definition, dimensionality and methods of assessment. This systematic review aimed to map methods to assess safety culture in hospitals, analyse the prevalence of these methods in the published research literature and examine the dimen...
Article
Purpose: Clinical genomics is a complex, innovative medical speciality requiring clinical and organizational engagement to fulfil the clinical reward promised to date. Focus thus far has been on gene discovery and clinicians' perspectives. The purpose of this study was to use implementation science theory to identify organizational barriers and en...
Article
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Purpose As a discipline, health organisation and management is focused on health-specific, collective behaviours and activities, whose empirical and theoretical scholarship remains under-utilised in the field of implementation science. This under-engagement between fields potentially constrains the understanding of mechanisms influencing the implem...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster explores current person-centred healthcare in the management of refractory epilepsy, in Australia from the perspectives of people living with refractory epilepsy, general practionners, neurologists and epilepsy specialists. The findings will be outlined in this poster but highlight the need for building models of integrated care. Effect...
Article
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Background: Resilience, a system's ability to maintain a desired level of performance when circumstances disturb its functioning, is an increasingly important concept in healthcare. However, empirical investigations of resilience in healthcare (RiH) remain uncommon, particularly those that examine how government actions contribute to the capacity...
Article
Background Implementation science (IS) should contribute to maintaining high standards of care across healthcare systems and enhancing care practices. However, despite the evident need for greater and more rapid uptake and integration of evidence in practice, IS design and methodology fall short of the needs of effective translation. Aim In this p...
Article
Full-text available
Background An existing hospital avoidance program, the Aged Care Rapid Response Team (ARRT), rapidly delivers geriatric outreach services to acutely unwell or older people with declining health at risk of hospitalisation. The aim of the current study was to explore health professionals’ perspectives on the factors impacting ARRT utilisation in the...
Article
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Background Q-methodology is an approach to studying complex issues of human ‘subjectivity’. Although this approach was developed in the early twentieth century, the value of Q-methodology in healthcare was not recognised until relatively recently. The aim of this review was to scope the empirical healthcare literature to examine the extent to which...
Article
Full-text available
Background A key characteristic of healthcare systems that deliver high quality and cost performance in a sustainable way is a systematic approach to capacity and capability building for quality improvement. The aim of this research was to explore the factors that lead to successful implementation of a program of quality improvement projects and a...
Poster
Full-text available
Qualitative research exploring the family experiences living with parental epilepsy in Australia.
Article
Purpose Millions around the world still cannot access safe, timely and affordable surgery. Considering access as a function of efficiency, this paper examines how the latter can be improved within the context of operating theatres. Carried out in France and Australia, this study reveals different types of waste in operating theatres and a series of...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Emerging adulthood is a distinct segment of an individual’s life course. The defining features of this transitional period include identity exploration, instability, future possibilities, self-focus, and feeling in-between, all of which are thought to affect quality of life, health, and well-being. A longitudinal cohort study with a comp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are questionnaires that collect health outcomes directly from the people who experience them. This review critically synthesizes information on generic and selected condition-specific PROMs to describe trends and contemporary issues regarding their development, validation and application. Meth...
Article
Rationale, aims and objectives: Teamworking across sociotechnical boundaries in healthcare is growing as technological advances in medicine abound. With this progress, teams need to find new ways of working together in non-traditional settings. The novel field of clinical genomics provides the opportunity to rethink the existing approach to teamwo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lean management practices are increasingly used in hospitals. However, their impacts on staff have not been systematically synthesised. This scoping review aims to synthesise the evidence on the effects of Lean Management practices on frontline healthcare professionals. Methods A search was conducted in February 2020 on multiple databas...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Despite acute respiratory infections (ARIs) being the single largest reason for antibiotic use in under-5 children in Bangladesh, the prevalence of antibiotic use in the community for an ARI episode and factors associated with antibiotic use in this age group are unknown. Methods: We analysed nationally representative, population-bas...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a common physiological state in infants and young children, with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) its pathological manifestation. Management of GOR/GORD requires elimination of possible underlying causes, parental reassurance, modification of feeding and symptom mitigation, monitoring, and referra...
Presentation
For our implementation science study, we use a complexity science lens, combined with systems-level thinking to explore precision medicine’s complex context.