Jeffrey G. Andrews

Jeffrey G. Andrews
University of Texas at Austin | UT · Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

PhD, Stanford University

About

476
Publications
87,122
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
50,219
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2002 - present
University of Texas at Austin
Position
  • Professor
September 1997 - July 2002
Stanford University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (476)
Preprint
Modern millimeter wave (mmWave) communication systems rely on beam alignment to deliver sufficient beamforming gain to close the link between devices. We present a novel beam selection methodology for multi-panel, full-duplex mmWave systems, which we call STEER, that delivers high beamforming gain while significantly reducing the full-duplex self-i...
Preprint
The extension of wide area wireless connectivity to low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite communication systems demands a fresh look at the effects of in-orbit base stations, sky-to-ground propagation, and cell planning. A multi-beam LEO satellite delivers widespread coverage by forming multiple spot beams that tessellate cells over a given region on the...
Preprint
This work develops LoneSTAR, a novel enabler of full-duplex millimeter wave (mmWave) communication systems through the design of analog beamforming codebooks. LoneSTAR codebooks deliver high beamforming gain and broad coverage while simultaneously reducing the self-interference coupled by transmit and receive beams at a full-duplex mmWave transceiv...
Preprint
We present measurements and analysis of self-interference in multi-panel millimeter wave (mmWave) full-duplex communication systems at 28 GHz. In an anechoic chamber, we measure the self-interference power between the input of a transmitting phased array and the output of a colocated receiving phased array, each of which is electronically steered a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Future wireless systems are trending towards higher carrier frequencies that offer larger communication bandwidth but necessitate the use of large antenna arrays. Existing signal processing techniques for channel estimation do not scale well to this "high-dimensional" regime in terms of performance and pilot overhead. Meanwhile, training deep learn...
Preprint
We present measurements of the 28 GHz self-interference channel for full-duplex sectorized multi-panel millimeter wave (mmWave) systems, such as integrated access and backhaul. We measure the isolation between the input of a transmitting phased array panel and the output of a co-located receiving phased array panel, each of which is electronically...
Article
We present the construction and characterization of novel single channel equivalent representations of a Poisson Point Process (PPP) whose points follow multiple channel laws with respect to the origin. Two variants are presented. The first, called the Type 1 Equivalent Process (EPP), allows for IID fading while maintaining equivalence in terms of...
Preprint
Full-text available
In mmWave networks, a large or nearby object can obstruct multiple communication links, which results in spatial correlation in the blocking probability between a user and two or more base stations (BSs). This paper characterizes this blocking correlation and derives its impact on the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of a mmWave cellu...
Preprint
Integrated access and backhaul (IAB) facilitates cost-effective deployment of millimeter wave(mmWave) cellular networks through multihop self-backhauling. Full-duplex (FD) technology, particularly for mmWave systems, is a potential means to overcome latency and throughput challenges faced by IAB networks. We derive practical and tractable throughpu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing number of wireless devices operating in unlicensed spectrum motivates the development of intelligent adaptive approaches to spectrum access that go beyond traditional carrier sensing. We develop a novel distributed implementation of a policy gradient method known as Proximal Policy Optimization modelled on a two stage Markov decision...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing number of wireless devices operating in unlicensed spectrum motivates the development of intelligent adaptive approaches to spectrum access. We consider decentralized contention-based medium access for base stations (BSs) operating on unlicensed shared spectrum, where each BS autonomously decides whether or not to transmit on a given...
Preprint
Spectrum scarcity has led to growth in the use of unlicensed spectrum for cellular systems. This motivates intelligent adaptive approaches to spectrum access for both WiFi and 5G that improve upon traditional carrier sensing and listen-before-talk methods. We study decentralized contention-based medium access for base stations (BSs) of a single Rad...
Preprint
Full-text available
Beam alignment - the process of finding an optimal directional beam pair - is a challenging procedure crucial to millimeter wave (mmWave) communication systems. We propose a novel beam alignment method that learns a site-specific probing codebook and uses the probing codebook measurements to predict the optimal narrow beam. An end-to-end neural net...
Article
A high-quality network traffic dataset is essential to the development of accurate network traffic classification algorithms. In this work, we present a new labeled public network traffic dataset with realistic mobile traffic from a wide range of popular applications. An automated platform is constructed to generate and collect data traffic from sp...
Article
Optimizing a hybrid beamforming transmitter is a non-convex problem and requires channel state information, leading in most cases to nontrivial feedback overhead. We propose a methodology relying on the principles of deep generative models and unfolding to achieve near-optimal hybrid beamforming with reduced feedback and computational complexity. W...
Article
Future cellular networks will increasingly rely on the millimeter-wave bands to increase capacity. Migrating to ever higher carrier frequencies will require increasingly directional beamforming to establish and maintain the link. Intelligent beam management (BM) protocols will be critical for establishing and maintaining connections between the bas...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing number of wireless devices operating in unlicensed spectrum motivates the development of intelligent adaptive approaches to spectrum access.We consider decentralized contention-based medium access for base stations (BSs) operating on unlicensed shared spectrum, where each BS autonomously decides whether or not to transmit on a given...
Article
Beam alignment is a challenging and time-consuming process for millimeter wave (mmWave) systems, particularly as they trend towards higher carrier frequencies which require ever narrower beams. We propose a beam alignment method that is assisted by machine learning (ML), where we train ML models to predict the optimal access point (AP) and beam – o...
Article
We propose a decentralized caching policy for wireless heterogeneous networks that makes content placement decisions based on pairwise interactions between cache nodes. We call our proposed scheme $\gamma $ -exclusion cache placement ( $\mathop {\mathrm {\sf {GEC}}} $ ), where a parameter $\gamma $ controls an exclusion radius that discourag...
Article
Full-text available
In cellular systems, the user equipment (UE) can request a change in the frequency band when its rate drops below a threshold on the current band. The UE is then instructed by the base station (BS) to measure the quality of candidate bands, which requires a measurement gap in the data transmission, thus lowering the data rate. We propose an online-...
Article
Communication at high carrier frequencies such as millimeter wave (mmWave) and terahertz (THz) requires channel estimation for very large bandwidths at low SNR. Hence, allocating an orthogonal pilot tone for each coherence bandwidth leads to excessive number of pilots. We leverage generative adversarial networks (GANs) to accurately estimate freque...
Preprint
Communication at high carrier frequencies such as millimeter wave (mmWave) and terahertz (THz) requires channel estimation for very large bandwidths at low SNR. Hence, allocating an orthogonal pilot tone for each coherence bandwidth leads to excessive number of pilots. We leverage generative adversarial networks (GANs) to accurately estimate freque...
Article
This paper presents a novel compressed sensing (CS) approach to high dimensional wireless channel estimation by optimizing the input to a deep generative network. Channel estimation using generative networks relies on the assumption that the reconstructed channel lies in the range of a generative model. Channel reconstruction using generative prior...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we develop DeepWiPHY, a deep learning-based architecture to replace the channel estimation, common phase error (CPE) correction, sampling rate offset (SRO) correction, and equalization modules of IEEE 802.11ax based orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) receivers. We first train DeepWiPHY with a synthetic dataset, which is...
Article
We abstract the core logical functions from applications that require ultra-low-latency wireless communications to provide a novel definition for reliability. Real-time applications — such as intelligent transportation, remote surgery, and industrial automation — involve a significant element of control and decision making. Such systems involve thr...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this work, we develop DeepWiPHY, a deep learning-based architecture to replace the channel estimation, common phase error (CPE) correction, sampling rate offset (SRO) correction, and equalization modules of IEEE 802.11ax based orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) receivers. We first train DeepWiPHY with a synthetic dataset, which is...
Article
Multihop self-backhauling is a key enabling technology for millimeter wave cellular deployments. We consider the multihop link scheduling problem with the objective of minimizing the end-to-end delay experienced by a typical packet. This is a complex problem, and so we model the system as a network of queues and formulate it as a Markov decision pr...
Article
We study how dense multi-antenna millimeter wave (mmWave) cellular network performance scales in terms of the base station (BS) spatial density $\lambda $ , by studying the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and the area spectral efficiency (ASE). If the number of antennas at each BS scales at least linearly with $\lambda $ , which...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents a novel compressed sensing (CS) approach to high dimensional wireless channel estimation by optimizing the input to a deep generative network. Channel estimation using generative networks relies on the assumption that the reconstructed channel lies in the range of a generative model. Channel reconstruction using generative prior...
Preprint
We propose a decentralized caching policy for wireless networks that makes content placement decisions based on pairwise interactions between cache nodes. We call our proposed scheme {\gamma}-exclusion cache placement (GEC), where a parameter {\gamma} controls an exclusion radius that discourages nearby caches from storing redundant content. GEC ta...
Preprint
Full-text available
System level simulations of large 5G networks are essential to evaluate and design algorithms related to network issues such as scheduling, mobility management, interference management, and cell planning. In this paper, we look back to the idea of spatial indexing and its advantages, applications, and future potentials in accelerating large 5G netw...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study how dense multi-antenna millimeter wave (mmWave) cellular network performance scales in terms of the base station (BS) spatial density $\lambda$, by studying the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and the area spectral efficiency (ASE). If the number of antennas at each BS scales at least linearly with $\lambda$, which increase...
Article
This paper proposes a novel deep learning-based error correction coding scheme for AWGN channels under the constraint of one-bit quantization in receivers. Specifically, it is first shown that the optimum error correction code that minimizes the probability of bit error can be obtained by perfectly training a special autoencoder, in which “perfectl...
Preprint
This paper proposes a method for designing error correction codes by combining a known coding scheme with an autoencoder. Specifically, we integrate an LDPC code with a trained autoencoder to develop an error correction code for intractable nonlinear channels. The LDPC encoder shrinks the input space of the autoencoder, which enables the autoencode...
Preprint
the core logical functions from applications that require ultra-low-latency wireless communications to provide a novel definition for reliability. Real-time applications -- such as intelligent transportation, remote surgery, and industrial automation -- involve a significant element of control and decision making. Such systems involve three logical...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the scaling laws of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and area spectral efficiency (ASE) in multi-antenna cellular networks, where the number of antennas scales with the base station (BS) spatial density $\lambda$. We start with the MISO case having $N_t(\lambda)$ transmit antennas and a single receive antenna and prove th...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the scaling laws of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and the area spectral efficiency (ASE) in multi-antenna cellular networks, where the number of antennas scales with the base station (BS) spatial density $\lambda$. We start with the MISO case with $N_t(\lambda)$ transmit antennas and a single receive antenna and prove...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We characterize the stability, metastability, and the stationary regime of traffic dynamics in a single-cell uplink wireless system. The traffic is represented in terms of spatial birth-death processes, in which users arrive as a Poisson point process in time and space, each with a file to transmit to the base station. The service rate of each user...
Preprint
Full-text available
In cellular systems, the user equipment (UE) can request a change in the frequency band when its rate drops below a threshold on the current band. The UE is then instructed by the base station (BS) to measure the quality of candidate bands, which requires a measurement gap in the data transmission, thus lowering the data rate. We propose an online-...
Article
Full-text available
Providing a high quality video streaming experience in a mobile data network via the ubiquitous HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS) protocol is challenging. This is largely because HAS traffic arrives as regular Internet Protocol (IP) packets, indistinguishable from those of other data services. This paper presents real-time network-based Machine Learnin...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper studies the effect of the user hand grip on the design of beamforming codebooks for 5G millimeter-wave (mmWave) mobile handsets. The high-frequency structure simulator (HFSS) is used to characterize the radiation fields for fourteen possible handgrip profiles based on experiments we conducted. The loss from hand blockage on the antenna g...
Preprint
Full-text available
We characterize the stability, metastability, and the stationary regime of traffic dynamics in a single-cell uplink wireless system. The traffic is represented in terms of spatial birth-death processes, in which users arrive as a Poisson point process in time and space, each with a file to transmit to the base station. The service rate of each user...
Article
We show that two point processes ˜Φeq and ˜Φeq2, which were claimed in YinHass17 to be equivalent in terms of the their signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR), are in fact not SINR equivalent. We discuss the importance of this distinction and explain how the correction impacts the results derived in the original paper.
Article
Full-text available
Owing to its flexibility in modeling real-world spatial configurations of users and base stations (BSs), the Poisson cluster process (PCP) has recently emerged as an appealing way to model and analyze heterogeneous cellular networks (HetNets). Despite its undisputed relevance to HetNets – corroborated by the models used in industry – the PCP’s use...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contributes a comprehensive study on the effect of the user hand grip on the design of 5G millimeter-wave (mmWave) mobile handsets, specifically in terms of antenna module placement and the beamforming codebook. The high-frequency structure simulator (HFSS) is used to characterize the radiation fields for different antenna placements and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Owing to its flexibility in modeling real-world spatial configurations of users and base stations (BSs), the Poisson cluster process (PCP) has recently emerged as an appealing way to model and analyze heterogeneous cellular networks (HetNets). Despite its undisputed relevance to HetNets -- corroborated by the models used in industry -- the PCP's us...
Article
We consider a downlink periodic wireless communications system where multiple access points (APs) cooperatively transmit packets to a number of devices, e.g. actuators in an industrial control system. Each period consists of two phases: an uplink training phase and a downlink data transmission phase. Each actuator must successfully receive its uniq...
Preprint
Full-text available
(Latest version at https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.09387) We consider a downlink periodic wireless communications system where multiple access points (APs) cooperatively transmit packets to a number of devices, e.g. actuators in an industrial control system. Each period consists of two phases: an uplink training phase and a downlink data transmission p...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers the following question for viable wide-area millimeter wave cellular networks. What is the maximum extended coverage area of a single fiber site using multi-hop relaying, while achieving a minimum target per user data rate? We formulate an optimization problem to maximize the minimum end-to-end per user data rate, and exploit u...
Article
(Older version available at https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.05741) Competing cellular operators aggressively share infrastructure in many major US markets. If operators also were to share spectrum in next-generation millimeter-wave (mmWave) networks, intra-cellular interference will become correlated with inter-cellular interference. We propose a mathem...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies the asymptotic properties of area spectral efficiency (ASE) of a downlink cellular network in the limit of very dense base station (BS) and user densities. This asymptotic analysis relies on three assumptions: (1) interference is treated as noise; (2) the BS locations are drawn from a Poisson point process; (3) the path loss func...
Article
We consider a single cell uplink in which many devices randomly transmit a data payload to the base station. Given a fixed latency constraint per device, we propose a time and frequency slotted random access scheme with retransmissions, which when necessary, are Chase combined at the receiver. We analyze the proposed setting at constant SNR. We cha...
Article
Full-text available
In this letter, we reconsider a popular simplified received signal power model with single stream beamforming employed by the transmitter and the receiver in the regime when the beams have high gain and narrow beamwidth. We define the correction factor as the ratio of the average actual received signal power divided by the average received signal p...
Article
We propose a distributed bidding-aided Matern carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) policy for device-to-device (D2D) content distribution. The network is composed of D2D receivers and potential D2D transmitters, i.e., transmitters are turned on or off by the scheduling algorithm. Each D2D receiver determines the value of its request, by bidding on...
Article
Full-text available
We characterize the rate coverage distribution for a spectrum-shared millimeter wave downlink cellular network. Each of multiple cellular operators owns separate mmWave bandwidth, but shares the spectrum amongst each other while using dynamic inter-operator base station (BS) coordination to suppress the resulting cross-operator interference. We mod...