Jeffrey Allen

Jeffrey Allen
NYU Langone Medical Center | NYUMC · Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

MD

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351
Publications
29,116
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20,100
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
5897 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (351)
Article
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) predisposes affected individuals to vestibular schwannomas (VS), non-vestibular schwannomas (NVS), meningiomas, and ependymomas. We developed an adaptive platform-basket trial to screen multiple drugs against any type of progressive NF2-related tumor. We report the interim analysis of the first treatment arm with brig...
Article
Full-text available
Background ONC201, a dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) antagonist and caseinolytic protease P (ClpP) agonist, has induced durable tumor regressions in adults with recurrent H3 K27M-mutant glioma. We report results from the first phase 1 pediatric clinical trial of ONC201. Methods This open-label, multi-center clinical trial (NCT03416530) of ONC201 for p...
Article
Diffuse spinal cord gliomas (SCGs) are rare tumors associated with a high morbidity and mortality that affect both pediatric and adult populations. In this retrospective study, we sought to characterize the clinical, pathological, and molecular features of diffuse SCG in 22 patients with histological and molecular analyses. The median age of our co...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND H3 K27M-mutant diffuse midline glioma is a universally fatal malignancy primarily affecting children and young adults; no effective systemic therapy is available. ONC201, a first-in-class imipridone, is an oral, blood-brain barrier penetrating, selective small molecule antagonist of dopamine receptor D2/3 and agonist of the mitochondrial...
Article
Introduction: Liquid biopsy offers a noninvasive approach to monitor cancer burden during therapy and surveillance period. However, in pediatric brain cancers, liquid biopsy methods from the blood have been unsuccessful due to a low tumor burden and low number of mutations in coding regions. We hypothesized that a whole genome sequencing (WGS)-deri...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) germinomas are commonly located in the suprasellar and/or pineal regions. Current treatment strategies include irradiation (RT) alone or chemotherapy with RT to reduce the dose and field of RT. However, given their rarity and poorly defined imaging characteristics, germinomas originating in the basal ganglia...
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Full-text available
BACKGROUND RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway activation is the primary driver for most pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGG). MEK162 (binimetinib) is an orally bioavailable MEK1/2 inhibitor with superior brain penetration in a preclinical model. The primary objective of this multi-institutional phase II and target validation study was to assess stratum-specific...
Article
TPS2082 Background: H3 K27M-mutant diffuse midline glioma is a universally fatal malignancy primarily affecting children and young adults; while radiotherapy (RT) provides transient benefit, no effective systemic therapy is currently available. ONC201, a first-in-class imipridone, is an oral, blood-brain barrier penetrating, selective small molecul...
Article
ONC201, an anti-cancer DRD2 antagonist and ClpP agonist, is in Phase II trials for adult H3 K27M-mutant diffuse midline gliomas. The recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 625mg ONC201 once a week has been established as a biologically active dose that is well tolerated in adult and pediatric populations. Radiographic regressions with single agent ONC2...
Article
Full-text available
The incidence of intracranial germ cell tumors (iCGT) is much lower in European and North American (E&NA) than in Asian population. However, E&NA cooperative groups have successfully developed in parallel treatment strategies with specific attention paid to long-term sequelae. Neurological sequelae may be reduced by establishing a diagnosis with an...
Article
Objective To determine a suitable outcome measure for assessing muscle strength in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and type 2 (NF2) clinical trials, we evaluated the intra-observer reliability of hand-held dynamometry (HHD) and developed consensus recommendations for its use in neurofibromatosis clinical trials. Methods Patients ≥5 years with weakn...
Article
p>Inhibition of mTORC1 signaling has been shown to diminish growth of meningiomas and schwannomas in preclinical studies, and clinical data suggest that everolimus, an orally administered mTORC1 inhibitor, may slow tumor progression in a subset of NF2 patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS). To assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and pot...
Article
Full-text available
Background Central nervous system (CNS) germinomas are treatment-sensitive tumors with excellent survival outcomes. Current treatment strategies combine chemotherapy with radiotherapy (RT) in order to reduce the field and dose of RT. Germinomas originating in the basal ganglia/thalamus (BGTGs) have proven challenging to treat given their rarity and...
Article
PURPOSE Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) frequently develop plexiform neurofibromas (PNs), which can cause significant morbidity. We performed a phase II trial of the MAPK/ERK kinase inhibitor, mirdametinib (PD-0325901), in patients with NF1 and inoperable PNs. The primary objective was response rate based on volumetric magnetic resonan...
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Full-text available
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) are progressive, multicellular neoplasms that cause morbidity and may transform to sarcoma. Treatment of Nf1fl/fl;Postn-Cre mice with cabozantinib, an inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases, caused a reduction in PN size and number and differential modulation of kinases in cell lineages t...
Article
Data for visual acuity (VA) after treatment of neurofibromatosis type 1‐associated optic pathway gliomas (NF1‐OPGs) are limited. We retrospectively collected VA, converted to logMAR, before and after targeted therapy with everolimus for NF1‐OPG, and compared to radiologic outcomes (14/18 with NF1‐OPG, 25 eyes [three without quantifiable vision]). U...
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INTRODUCTION Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), and c-KIT represent clinically and/or preclinically validated molecular targets in vestibular schwannomas. We conducted a single institution, prospective, open-label, two-stage phase II study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02129647)...
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BACKGROUND Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) can cause significant morbidity. In this phase 2 study, we assessed imaging and functional outcomes to the MEK-inhibitor Binimetinib in pediatric patients with PNs. METHODS Children (age 1–17 years) with PN that were progressive or causing significant morbidity were eligible. Binimetinib is dosed twice-dail...
Article
Full-text available
H3 K27M-mutant gliomas often manifest as midline gliomas, have a dismal prognosis, and have no effective treatments. ONC201 efficacy has been shown in high-grade glioma preclinical models and durable responses with single agent ONC201 have been reported in adults with recurrent H3 K27M-mutant gliomas. These observations led to a Phase I pediatric c...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway activation is the primary driver for most pediatric low-grade gliomas (LGG). Binimetinib is an orally bioavailable MEK1/2 inhibitor found to have significant central nervous system penetration in a preclinical model. OBJECTIVE The primary objective of this multi-institutional open-label phase II study was to asse...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Central nervous system (CNS) germinomas are radiotherapy (RT)-sensitive tumors with excellent survival. Current treatment strategies combine chemotherapy with RT to reduce the field and dose of RT. There is no standard treatment for germinomas originating in the basal ganglia/thalami (BGTG) given their rarity and poorly-defined imaging c...
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Full-text available
INTRODUCTION Because treatment and clinical management decisions for children with NF1-OPG remain challenging, we sought to establish evidence-based guidelines. We prospectively enrolled children with newly-diagnosed NF1-OPGs, and gathered standardized clinical neuro-oncology and ophthalmology assessments. METHODS Only children with NF1 and newly...
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Full-text available
BACKGROUND We report the responses, toxicities and long-term outcomes of gemcitabine, paclitaxel and oxaliplatin (GemPOx) regimen administered, in responsive patients, prior to single cycle marrow-ablative chemotherapy (thiotepa, etoposide and carboplatin) with autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell rescue (HDCx+AuHPCR). METHODS Since December 2...
Article
ONC201, an anti-cancer DRD2 antagonist and ClpP agonist, is in Phase II trials for adult H3 K27M-mutant diffuse midline gliomas. In adults, the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 625mg ONC201 once a week has been established as a biologically active dose that is well tolerated. Radiographic regressions with single agent ONC201 have been reported in...
Article
BACKGROUND Bevacizumab treatment at 2.5–5 mg/kg/week is associated with hearing improvement and tumor shrinkage in about 40% of patients with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) and progressive vestibular schwannomas (VS). Treatment-emergent hypertension and proteinuria are common with prolonged treatment, and data supporting strategies to maintain hearing a...
Article
Background To evaluate efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of single‐agent everolimus in pediatric patients with radiographically progressive low‐grade glioma (LGG). Methods Everolimus was administered at 5 mg/m² once daily as a tablet or liquid for a planned 48‐week duration or until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression....
Article
Full-text available
We report a case of a slow-growing, diffuse, infiltrating glioma in the right brainstem of an 9 year-old boy. The tumor was negative by immunohistochemical staining for histone H3 K27M, BRAF V600E, and IDH1 R132H mutations. Fluorescence in situ hybridization did not reveal a BRAF duplication. Genomic profiling of the tumor, by DNA methylation array...
Article
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare type of brain tumor that affects children and young adults. Molecular prognostic markers of PXAs remain poorly established. Similar to gangliogliomas, PXAs show prominent immune cell infiltrate, but its composition also remains unknown. In this study, we correlated DNA methylation and BRAF status with c...
Article
3619 Background: ONC201 is a first-in-class DRD2 antagonist and ClpP agonist that has demonstrated promising activity in high-grade glioma preclinical models and radiographic regressions with single agent ONC201 in recurrent H3 K27M-mutant glioma patients . The recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 625mg ONC201 orally once a week has been established...
Article
Background: "Head Start" III, was a prospective clinical trial using intensive induction followed by myeloablative chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic cell rescue (AuHCR) to either avoid or reduce the dose/volume of irradiation in young children with medulloblastoma. Methods: Following surgery, patients received five cycles of induction fo...
Article
Background: Activation of the mTOR pathway is observed in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) associated low grade gliomas (LGGs), but agents that inhibit this pathway, including mTOR inhibitors, have not been studied in this population. We evaluate the efficacy of the orally administered mTOR inhibitor everolimus for radiographically-progressive NF1-a...
Article
BACKGROUND Inhibition of mTORC1 signaling has been shown to diminish growth of NF2 deficient tumors in preclinical studies, and clinical data suggest that everolimus, an orally administered mTORC1 inhibitor, may slow tumor progression in a subset of adult and pediatric NF2 patients with VS. To assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and poten...
Article
Purpose: Bevacizumab treatment at 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks results in improved hearing in approximately 35%-40% of patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and progressive vestibular schwannomas (VSs). However, the optimal dose is unknown. In this multicenter phase II and biomarker study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of high-dose bevaci...
Article
We present the case of a 22-year-old woman who developed increasing headaches, nausea, and vomiting. Imaging identified a 3 × 3 cm heterogeneously enhancing cystic mass in the posterior III ventricular/pineal region. Pathology review of the initial lesion revealed a highly malignant spindle cell neoplasm composed of round to mostly oval elongated c...
Conference Paper
Background: Cabozantinib, an oral FDA approved multi-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was tested in our preclinical mouse model of PN. After finding significant reduction of tumor number and size in cabozantinib treated versus control mice, we sought to translate these findings to a phase 2 human study. Here we report the activity of cabozantini...
Conference Paper
Background: Cabozantinib, an oral FDA approved multi-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was tested in our preclinical mouse model of PN. After finding significant reduction of tumor number and size in cabozantinib treated versus control mice, we sought to translate these findings to a phase 2 human study. Here we report the activity of cabozantini...
Article
10046 Background: ONC201 is the first DRD2 antagonist for clinical oncology. The recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 625mg ONC201 orally once a week has been established in adult patients. ONC201 efficacy has been shown in high-grade glioma preclinical models and radiographic regressions with single agent ONC201 have been reported in adult recurrent...
Article
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of mTORC1 signaling has been shown to diminish growth of NF2 deficient tumors in preclinical studies, and clinical data suggest that everolimus, an orally administered mTORC1 inhibitor, may slow tumor progression in a subset of adult and pediatric NF2 patients with VS. To assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and pote...
Article
Full-text available
Background The dismal outcome in children with high-grade brainstem gliomas (BSG) accentuates the need for effective therapeutic strategies. We investigated the role of intensive, including marrow-ablative, chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of young children with newly-diagnosed high-grade BSG. Methods Between 1991-and-2002, 15 eligible child...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Epidermal growth factor receptors EGFR and ErbB2 are overexpressed in schwannomas and meningiomas. Preclinical and clinical data indicate that lapatinib, an EGFR/ErbB2 inhibitor, has antitumor activity against vestibular schwannomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients. Its antitumor activity against meningiomas, however, is un...
Article
Profound hearing loss is common in patients with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) and vestibular schwannomas (VS). Bevacizumab treatment at 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks has been associated with hearing improvement and tumor shrinkage in 36% and 43% of patients, respectively. However, the optimal treatment dose and schedule are unknown. This multicenter, phase...
Article
Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) can cause significant disfigurement, compression of vital structures, neurologic dysfunction, and pain. MEK pathway inhibition results in significant PN shrinkage in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) mouse models of PN. We evaluated the efficacy of the MEK inhibitor, PD0325901, in adolescents (≥ 16 years of age) and adult...
Article
Program cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) membranous expression on >5% tumor cells (PD-L1 positive tumors) is an unfavorable prognostic marker in many solid tumors. We previously showed that approximately 40% of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) meningiomas are PD-L1 positive tumors. However, due to the invasive nature of biopsies, collection of tumor tissu...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) are histologically complex peripheral nerve sheath tumors composed of Schwann cells and fibrocytes. Pre-clinical models have demonstrated that altering the microenvironment with molecular targeting therapy may lead to the shrinkage of PN. Here we test the activity of Cabozantinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor...
Article
Vestibular schwannomas (VSs) in patients with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) are associated with hearing loss. Recently published data from a prospective clinical trial showed that bevacizumab treatment at a fixed dose of 7.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks was associated with hearing improvement and tumor shrinkage in 36% and 43% of patients, respectively. The opt...
Article
Midbrain gliomas are a group of slow-growing, low-grade tumors that arise from the tectum and/or tegmentum. Clinical symptoms at diagnosis are usually due to aqueductal compression resulting in non-communicating hydrocephalus and managed by an endoscopic third ventriculostomy. In the majority of patients, diagnosis is based on imaging characteristi...
Article
Pediatric glioblastoma is one of the most common and most deadly brain tumors in childhood. Using an integrative genetic analysis of 53 pediatric glioblastomas and five in vitro model systems, we identified previously unidentified gene fusions involving the MET oncogene in ∼10% of cases. These MET fusions activated mitogen-activated protein kinase...
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Full-text available
Patients with marker-positive central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors are typically monitored for tumor recurrence with both tumor markers (AFP and b-hCG) and MRI. We hypothesize that the recurrence of these tumors will always be accompanied by an elevation in tumor markers, and that surveillance MRI may not be necessary. We retrospectively i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To report the final analysis of survival outcomes for children with newly diagnosed high-grade glioma (HGG) treated on the "Head Start" (HS) II and III protocols with chemotherapy and intent to avoid irradiation in children <6 years old. Patients and methods: Between 1997 and 2009, 32 eligible children were enrolled in HS II and III wit...
Article
Background Central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors account for 3 % of all pediatric brain tumors in the USA. Presenting symptoms are typically location based with pineal tumors presenting with obstructive hydrocephalus and suprasellar tumors with hypothalamic/pituitary dysfunction and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Psychiatric manifestations s...
Article
Schwannomatosis is characterized by multiple non-intradermal schwannomas with patients often presenting with a painful mass in their extremities. In this syndrome malignant transformation of schwannomas is rare in spite of their large size at presentation. Non-invasive measures of assessing the biological behavior of plexiform neurofibromas in neur...
Article
Introduction: Although molecular profiling is increasingly being applied to improve subgroup classification and to provide novel prognostic and predictive biomarkers, clinical neuropathology practice is largely based on morphology and immunohistochemistry. Current molecular methods play only a small role in determining the diagnosis itself. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECT The impact of central pathology review on outcome has been described in pediatric patients with high-grade glioma (HGG). The objective of this report was to analyze the impact of the central pathology review on outcome in the subgroup of patients with institutional diagnosis of HGG of the spinal cord enrolled in the Children's Cancer Group 9...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Pineoblastoma (PB) is one of the rarest and most aggressive brain tumors of childhood. PB is considered a "primitive neuroectodermal tumor" (PNET) based on histology, and commonly treated using treatment protocols developed for medulloblastoma. A subset of PBs may occur in the setting of germline mutations involving DICER1, but no nex...
Article
BACKGROUND: EGFR and ErbB2 are overexpressed schwannomas and meningiomas. Preclinical and clinical data indicate that lapatinib, an EGFR/ErbB2 inhibitor, has antitumor activity against schwannomas. METHODS: We conducted a single institution, retrospective review of patients with NF2 and progressive vestibular schwannomas treated on a Phase II clini...
Article
SUMMARY The following is a general overview of the management of CNS germinomas. Over the last 35 years, CNS germinomas have become one of the pediatric brain tumors with the best outcomes with a greater than 85% overall survival over 5 years. This is in part due to the fact that germinomas are very responsive to chemotherapy and radiation. Some of...
Article
Full-text available
This phase II trial evaluated the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without second-look surgery before craniospinal irradiation on response rates and survival outcomes in children with newly diagnosed nongerminomatous germ cell tumors. Induction chemotherapy consisted of six cycles of carboplatin/etoposide alternating with ifosfamide/etopo...
Article
Objectives To evaluate patterns of relapse and outcome in patients newly diagnosed with CNS Mixed Malignant GCT (MMGCT) treated initially with chemotherapy alone.MethodsA retrospective chart review was conducted using all 25 patients enrolled on the International CNS GCT Study III, with at least 7 years follow-up for all surviving patients.ResultsT...
Article
Ependymal tumors across age groups are currently classified and graded solely by histopathology. It is, however, commonly accepted that this classification scheme has limited clinical utility based on its lack of reproducibility in predicting patients' outcome. We aimed at establishing a uniform molecular classification using DNA methylation profil...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Pineoblastoma (PB) is one of the rarest and most aggressive brain tumors of childhood. PB is considered a “primitive neuroectodermal tumor” (PNET) based on histology, and commonly treated using treatment protocols developed for medulloblastoma; however the survival remains poor. A subset of PBs may occur in the setting of germline mut...