Jeff Bezemer

Jeff Bezemer
University College London | UCL · Department of Culture, Communication and Media

PhD

About

74
Publications
71,185
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2,684
Citations

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Video recording technologies offer a powerful way to document what happens in clinical areas.1 Cameras, and to a lesser extent, microphones, can be found in a growing number of modern operating rooms in the USA, UK and other parts of the world. While they could be used to create a detailed record of what happens in and around the operating table, t...
Article
Aim: The aim of this paper is to explore what might be gained from collecting and analysing visual data, such as photographs, scans, drawings, video and screen recordings, in clinical educational research. Its focus is on visual research that looks at teaching and learning 'as it naturally occurs' in the work place, in simulation centres and other...
Article
In this paper we develop a social semiotic account of continuity and change across texts. Our aims are to make a theoretical contribution to scholarly work on inter-textual relations by adopting a multimodal perspective; and to develop a framework for understanding how texts mediate knowing, learning and agency in education and beyond. We achieve t...
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In this article we attempt to provide some ways of thinking about touch. Our aim is to develop new insights into 'touch', as well as in meaning making and communication more generally, by bringing into 'explicitness' meanings which, at present, are referred to by labels such as 'implicit', 'tacit' or 'embodied'. We wish to show that this discussion...
Book
This state-of-the-art account of research and theorizing brings together multimodality, learning and communication through detailed analyses of signmakers and their meaning-making in museums, hospitals, schools and the home environment. By analyzing video recordings, photographs, screenshots and print materials, Jeff Bezemer and Gunther Kress go we...
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Effective teamwork is a critical feature of surgical practice and is based on shared expectations and understandings between team members. These shared understandings are intimately tied to a hierarchy of expertise pertaining to role, responsibility and participation status, and it has been suggested that this can sometimes negatively impact traine...
Chapter
The chapter provides an overview of both video-ethnography and video-reflexive ethnography. It relates these two orientations as providing complementary perspectives on socio-organizational complexity, and on enabling learning about that complexity. The first section provides background to the video-ethnographic and video-reflexive endeavours that...
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The aim of this paper is to critically review how social semiotics has contributed to the study of reading and to develop an agenda for further research. We consider the theoretical and methodological resources that social semiotics has developed to account for multimodal text in the contemporary semiotic landscape, and explore how they can be used...
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This review is on Lilian Pozzer and Wolff-Michael Roth’s “A cultural-historical perspective on the multimodal development of concepts in science lectures.” We offer some brief observations from within the paradigm of social semiotics, more specifically from our own attempts to produce multimodal accounts of learning in and beyond the classroom. We...
Chapter
This chapter outlines a theoretical framework to account for practices of meaning making in health care and sets out an agenda for clinical educational research. It shows how meaning making pervades all aspects of clinical work and how it can be explored and made explicit within a framework derived from social semiotics. The chapter illustrates how...
Chapter
This chapter presents an evidence-based overview of what is known about content and process of teaching and learning in the operating theatre. It starts out by identifying theoretical perspectives on learning and teaching and their methodological implications. Following that the possibilities and challenges of teaching and learning in the operating...
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In this chapter we explore how surgeons perform inspections inside patients’ bodies prior to making invasive manoeuvres that could damage vital anatomical structures. Drawing on a video corpus of keyhole operations, we show that the inspections are characterised by a distinct set of visibility manoeuvres. We describe these non-invasive operations o...
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This chapter provides a rationale for a multimodal perspective on meaning, communication and discourse. It draws attention to the range of different modes that people use beyond speech and writing and explores the theoretical and methodological implications of multimodality. The chapter addresses two key questions. First, what is multimodality? Why...
Book
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В сборнике рассматривается мировой и отечественный опыт исследований в области методологической трансдисциплинарности. Обсуждаются и анализируются проблемы «когнитивных оснований» трансдисциплинарных методов в науке как они представлены в современной когнитивистике, философии и методологии науки. В качестве наиболее перспективных трансдисциплинарны...
Article
Purpose: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. Method: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data w...
Book
This accessible textbook introduces multimodality: its origins, scope and the potential of multimodal research for understanding the ways in which people communicate. The authors illustrate the key concepts and methods in various domains while demonstrating how to engage critically with the notion of multimodality. Readers will learn to recognize s...
Chapter
In this chapter we explore communication and learning in the contemporary social world. Taking the textbook as a 'case study' we identify changes in multimodal text making – in the use of writing, image, layout and typography – and highlight their social pedagogic significance. The theoretical frame of our account is social semiotics. Drawing on a...
Article
Aim: To explore the unsettling effects of increased mobility of nurses, surgeons and other healthcare professionals on communication and learning in the operating theatre. Background: Increasingly, healthcare professionals step in and out of newly formed transient teams and work with colleagues they have not met before, unsettling previously rel...
Article
Context: The ability to interpret visual cues is important in many medical specialties, including surgery, in which poor outcomes are largely attributable to errors of perception rather than poor motor skills. However, we know little about how trainee surgeons learn to make judgements in the visual domain. Objectives: We explored how trainees learn...
Article
To observe the extent and the detail with which playing music can impact on communication in the operating theatre. According to the cited sources, music is played in 53-72% of surgical operations performed. Noise levels in the operating theatre already exceed World Health Organisation recommendations. There is currently a divide in opinions on the...
Article
The authors aimed to map and explicate what surgeons perceive they learn in the operating room. The researchers used a grounded theory method in which data were iteratively collected through semistructured one-to-one interviews in 2010 and 2011 at four participating hospital sites. A four-person data analysis team from differing academic background...
Article
This article introduces a data-grounded simulation model for training social interaction strategies to operating theatre nurses. Video-supported Simulation for Interactions in the Operating Theatre (ViSIOT) draws on original video-based research on teamwork in the operating theatres in the UK. The objective of the ViSIOT model is to improve verbal...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this chapter is to explore and illustrate how linguistic ethnography might make a distinct contribution to health care services and the everyday lives of people beyond academia more generally. Drawing on studies in surgical education and decision making I discuss the potentials and limitations of different models for collaborating with p...
Article
Background The aim of the study was to gain insight in the involvement of non-operating surgeons in intraoperative surgical decision making at a teaching hospital. The decision to proceed to clip and cut the cystic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy was investigated through direct observation of team work.Method Eleven laparoscopic cholecyste...
Article
This project explores how video recordings of clinical care in the operating theatre can be used by social scientists to address theoretical, methodological and substantive issues. IOE Research Briefings are short descriptions of significant research findings, based on the wide range of projects carried out by IOE researchers.
Article
Communication is extremely important to ensure safe and effective clinical practice. A systematic literature review of observational studies addressing communication in the operating theatre was conducted. The focus was on observational studies alone in order to gain an understanding of actual communication practices, rather than what was reported...
Article
This study looks at the effects of transient team work on the communication between surgeons and nurses in the operating theatre. IOE Research Briefings are short descriptions of significant research findings, based on the wide range of projects carried out by IOE researchers.
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Full-text available
In this article, we show what surgical training looks like in situ. Drawing on fieldwork in a London hospital, we explore how a trainer and trainee jointly achieve surgical care when the trainee holds the scalpel. We make this common pedagogic arrangement visible through transcription and analysis of audio- and video-recorded interaction in the ope...
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One important form of surgical training for residents is their participation in actual operations, for instance as an assistant or supervised surgeon. The aim of this study was to explore what participation in operations entails and how it might be described and analyzed. A qualitative study was undertaken in a major teaching hospital in London. A...
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The aim of this paper is to show how a substantive area of social research –learning– can be investigated using a multimodal social semiotic approach. We apply the approach to three different institutions – a school, a museum and a hospital, illustrating key concepts and addressing issues around pedagogy and technology in contemporary society. A mu...
Chapter
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Article
The focus of this article is on professional activity in the operating theater. We explore how surgeons and nurses organize their activities, how social interaction is used to help structure and define situations, and how differentials in knowledge are constructed and oriented to. We utilize some ideas and concepts from symbolic interactionism, eth...
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
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With the increasing use of video recording in social research methodological questions about multimodal transcription are more timely than ever before. How do researchers transcribe gesture, for instance, or gaze, and how can they show to readers of their transcripts how such modes operate in social interaction alongside speech? Should researchers...
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In this paper we provide a multimodal account of historical changes in secondary school textbooks in England and their social significance. Adopting a social semiotic approach to text and text making we review learning resources across core subjects of the English national curriculum, English, Science and Mathematics. Comparing textbooks from the 1...
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In this article, the authors provide an empirically based, social semiotic account of changes in textbook design between 1930 and the present day. They look at the multimodal design of textbooks rather than at image or any other mode in isolation. Their review of 23 textbooks for secondary education in English shows that profound changes have taken...
Article
This paper offers a historically comparative picture of the latest waves of policy and technological changes that have occurred between 2000-2006 and discusses their impact on the practices of secondary school English in the UK. It draws on data from two previous research projects to explore significant moments of micro-interaction in a classroom t...
Chapter
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Article
This paper is about the displays of orientation that students use to participate in the classroom. It is argued that students use their direction of gaze, body posture, gesture and other modes of communication to realize such displays and respond to what goes on when they are not nominated speakers. The focus of the paper is on the silent but activ...
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Frequently writing is now no longer the central mode of representation in learning materials—textbooks, Web-based resources, teacher-produced materials. Still (as well as moving) images are increasingly prominent as carriers of meaning. Uses and forms of writing have undergone profound changes over the last decades, which calls for a social, pedago...
Article
This article reports the findings of a qualitative investigation into the e-learning experiences of educational practitioners in England studying for accredited Continuing Professional Development. The research was conducted with a cohort of participants studying on a mixed-mode professional learning masters programme for teachers. It focused on th...
Article
This article explores the attribution of linguistic resources to multilingual students in a primary school in the Netherlands. Drawing on an ethnographic study of a regular, multicultural classroom, it describes patterns of attribution emerging from observations of classroom activities and interviews with the teacher. Its focus is on the discrepanc...
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This paper discusses recent developments in policies and practices of immigrant minority language teaching in the Netherlands. It focuses on the realisation of this provision as 'language support'. Within this arrangement, an immigrant minority language is used as a medium of instruction for parts of the regular primary school curriculum. Following...
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In this paper, multicultural primary school classes in Norway and the Netherlands are compared in terms of language teaching and learning. Drawing on observations, interviews, and school and policy documents, four dimensions of comparison are discussed. First, we deal with the different ways in which separate language classes for language minority...
Article
One of the central issues in research on native-nonnative speaker (NS-NNS) interaction is the negotiation of meaning that is initiated when problems of understanding arise. In lingua franca (LF) interaction, interlocutors communicate in a language other than their mother tongue. The interlocutors have to clarify problems of understanding without ha...
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Full-text available
In the past decades, efforts have been made in various countries in Western Europe to set up state‐funded Islamic schools. Until recently, it was only in the Netherlands that these efforts were successful. At present, 28 Islamic primary schools are completely funded by the Dutch Government. They are attended by about 7000 pupils, who are largely of...
Article
This paper focuses on the ways in which a teacher at a Dutch primary school deals with multilingual school populations in everyday practice. An illustrative episode from an arithmetic lesson is discussed that was observed in a classroom of seven-year-old, first and second language learners of Dutch, in which they are taught to split up addends. The...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To develop theory relating to parental engagement in physical therapy EI. To use this understanding to create recommendations, professional education and support future EI research relevant within the NHS. This project is funded by the NIHR as part of a Clinical Doctoral Research Fellowship.
Project
The aim of this Wellcome-funded project is to explore the possibilities and challenges of video-recording inter-professional teams in the ICU. Video recordings provide an essential data source for an approach to communication research which is now commonly used in the social sciences yet currently not widely applied in health research. This approach draws on recent theoretical and methodological advances in discourse analysis, which allow for the development of a much more fine grained and inclusive set of categories for describing communication. With this approach, currently largely tacit, unverified understandings of what counts as ‘good’ communication, teamwork and leadership can be made explicit, tested empirically, and refined accordingly.