Jean Sévigny

Jean Sévigny
Laval University | ULAVAL · Department of Microbiology and Immunology

PhD

About

379
Publications
39,048
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11,897
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2001 - present
Laval University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2001 - present
Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec
Position
  • Researcher
August 2001 - present
CHU de Québec
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (379)
Article
Full-text available
The ectonucleotidase NTPDase1 (CD39) terminates P2 receptor activation by the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides (i.e., the P2 receptor ligands). In agreement with that role, exacerbated inflammation has been observed in NTPDase1-deficient mice. In this study, we extend these observations by showing that inhibition of NTPDase1 markedly increas...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases 1, 2, 3 and 8 (NTPDases 1, 2, 3 and 8) are the dominant ectonucleotidases and thereby expected to play important roles in nucleotide signaling. Distinct biochemical characteristics of individual NTPDases should allow them to regulate P2 receptor activation differentially. Therefore, the biochemical and ki...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we report that Entpd1-/- mice, deficient for the ectonucleotidase nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1), produce smaller litters (27% reduction) compared to wild type C57BL6 animals. This deficit is linked to reduced in vivo oocytes fertilization by Entpd1-/- males (61±11% vs. 88±7% for Entpd1+/+). Normal epididymal s...
Article
Objective Nucleotides are danger signals that activate inflammatory responses via binding P2 receptors. The nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-8 (NTPDase8) is an ectonucleotidase that hydrolyses P2 receptor ligands. We investigated the role of NTPDase8 in intestinal inflammation. Design We generated NTPDase8-deficient ( Entpd8 –/– ) mice t...
Article
Full-text available
We have generated polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies by genetic immunization over the last two decades. In this paper, we present our most successful methodology acquired over these years and present the animals in which we obtained the highest rates of success. The technique presented is convenient, easy, affordable, and generates antibodies aga...
Article
Full-text available
Dexamethasone (DEX) is frequently used to treat women at risk of preterm delivery, but although indispensable for the completion of organ maturation in the fetus, antenatal DEX treatment may exert adverse sex-dimorphic neurodevelopmental effects. Literature findings implicated oxidative stress in adverse effects of DEX treatment. Purinergic signali...
Article
Full-text available
Plasmodium falciparum, a dangerous parasitic agent causing malaria, invades human red blood cells (RBCs), causing hemolysis and microvascular obstruction. These and other pathological processes of malaria patients are due to metabolic and structural changes occurring in uninfected RBCs. In addition, infection activates the production of micropartic...
Article
Purinergic signaling plays a major role in T cell activation leading to IL-2 production and proliferation. However, it is unclear whether purinergic signaling contributes to the differentiation and activation of effector T cells. In this study, we found that the purinergic receptor P2X4 was associated with human Th17 cells but not with Th1 cells. I...
Article
Full-text available
Sepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated inflammatory and immune response to infection. Sepsis involves the combination of exaggerated inflammation and immune suppression. During systemic infection and sepsis, the liver works as a lymphoid organ with key functions in regulating the immune response. Extracellular nucleot...
Article
Importance of extracellular nucleotides is widely understood. These nucleotides act as ligand for P2X and P2Y receptors and modulate a variety of biological functions. However, their extracellular concentration is maintained by a chain of enzymes termed as ecto-nucleotidases. Amongst them, nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDase) is an...
Article
Full-text available
The antithrombotic prodrugs ticlopidine and clopidogrel are thienotetrahydro-pyridine derivatives that are metabolized in the liver to produce thiols that irreversibly block adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-activated P2Y12 receptors on thrombocytes. In their native, nonmetabolized form, both drugs were reported to act as inhibitors of ectonucleoside tri...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleotide signaling is a key element of the neutrophil activation pathway. Neutrophil recruitment and migration to injured tissues is guided by purinergic receptor sensitization, mostly induced by extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its hydrolysis product, adenosine (ADO), which is primarily produced by the CD39-CD73 axis located at the...
Article
Quinoline derivatives have interesting biological profile. In continuation for the comprehensive evaluations of substituted quinoline derivatives against human nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (h-NTPDases) a series of substituted quinoline derivatives (2a-g, 3a-f, 4, 5a-c, 6) was synthesized. The inhibitory activities of the synthesized...
Article
Members of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) constitute the major family of enzymes responsible for the maintenance of extracellular levels of nucleotides and nucleosides by catalyzing the hydrolysis of nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) and nucleoside diphosphates (NDP) to nucleoside monophosphate (NMP). Although, NTPDase i...
Article
Extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides activate signaling pathways that play major roles in the physiology and pathophysiology of the gastrointestinal tract. Ectonucleotidases hydrolyze extracellular nucleotides and thus regulate ligand exposure to purinergic receptors. In this study, we investigated the expression, localization and activities o...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant and deadly brain tumor. GBM cells overexpress the CD73 enzyme, which controls the level of extracellular adenosine, an immunosuppressive molecule. Studies have shown that some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and methotrexate (MTX) have antiproliferative and modulatory effects on CD73 in vitro a...
Article
Full-text available
Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-2 (NTPDase2/CD39L1) has been described in human non-pathological endometrium in both epithelial and stromal components without changes along the cycle. It was identified as a stromal marker of basalis. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate NTPDase2 distribution, using immunolabeling and in situ en...
Article
Ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases (NPPs) together with nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) and alkaline phosphatases (APs) are nucleotidases located at the surface of the cells. NPP1 and NPP3 are important members of NPP family that are known as druggable targets for a number of disorders such as impaired calcif...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive brain tumor in adults and the current treatments only have a modest effect on patient survival. Recent studies show that bozepinib (BZP), a purine derivative, has potential applications in cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of BZP against GBM cells, specially con...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dexamethasone (DEX) is frequently used to treat women at risk of preterm delivery, but although indispensable for completion of organ maturation in fetus, antenatal DEX treatment may exert adverse sex-dimorphic neurodevelopmental effects. Literature findings implicated oxidative stress in adverse effects of DEX treatment.. Purinergic signalling is...
Article
Background Ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 3 (NTPDase3), also known as CD39L3, is the dominant ectonucleotidase expressed by beta cells in the islet of Langerhans and on nerves. NTPDase3 catalyzes the conversion of extracellular ATP and ADP to AMP and modulates purinergic signaling. Previous studies have shown that NTPDase3 decrease...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleotides released by smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and by innervating nerve terminals activate specific P2 receptors and modulate bladder contraction. We hypothesized that cell surface enzymes regulate SMC contraction in mice bladder by controlling the concentration of nucleotides. We showed by immunohistochemistry, enzymatic histochemistry, and bi...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular ATP mediates proinflammatory and antiproliferative effects via activation of P2 nucleotide receptors. In contrast, its metabolite, the nucleoside adenosine, is strongly immunosuppressive and enhances tumor proliferation and metastasis. The conversion of ATP to adenosine is catalyzed by ectonucleotidases, which are expressed on immune...
Article
Ecto‐nucleotide pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases (ENPPs) are important family of ecto‐nucleotidases. There are seven members of ENPP family out of which ENPP1 and ENPP3 hydrolyze nucleotides whereas, ENPP2 preferably hydrolyzes phospholipids as compared to nucleotides. Overexpression of ENPP1 and ENPP3 has been reported to be associated with man...
Article
Full-text available
Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) are ectoenzymes that play an important role in the hydrolysis of nucleoside triphosphate and diphosphate to nucleoside monophosphate. NTPDase1, -2, -3 and -8 are the membrane bound members of this enzyme family that are responsible for regulating the levels of nucleotides in extracellular e...
Article
Ectonucleotidases are a broad family of ectoenzymes that play a crucial role in purinergic cell signaling. Ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases (NPPs) belong to this group and are important drug targets. In particular, NPP1 and NPP3 are known to be druggable targets for treatment of impaired calcification disorders (including patholo...
Article
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (ecto-5'-NT, CD73) inhibitors are promising drug candidates for cancer therapy. Traditional efforts used to inhibit the ecto-5'-nucleotidase have involved antibody therapy or development of small molecule inhibitors that can mimic the acidic and ionizable structure of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP). Herein, we report an effic...
Article
Aims: The present study was conducted to examine the inhibitory effects of synthesized sulfonylhydrazones on the expression of CD73 (ecto-5'-NT). Background: CD73 (ecto-5'-NT) represents the most significant class of ecto-nucleotidases which are mainly responsible for dephosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate to adenosine. Inhibition of CD73...
Article
Full-text available
Immunotherapy as an approach for cancer treatment is clinically promising. CD73, which is the enzyme that produces extracellular adenosine, favors cancer progression and protects the tumor from immune surveillance. While CD73 has recently been demonstrated to be a potential target for glioma treatment, its role in regulating the infammatory tumor m...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase1 (NTPDase1, CD39) inhibitors have potential as novel drugs for the (immuno)therapy of cancer. They increase the extracellular concentration of immunostimulatory ATP and reduce the formation of AMP, which can be further hydrolyzed by ecto-5’-nucleotidase (CD73) to immunosuppressive, cancer-promoting adenosi...
Article
Full-text available
Alkaline phosphatases are homodimeric protein enzymes which removes phosphates from several types of molecules. These catalyze the hydrolysis of monoesters in phosphoric acid which in turn catalyze a transphosphorylation reaction. Thiazoles are a privileged class of heterocyclic compounds which may potentially serve as effective phosphatase inhibit...
Article
Full-text available
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for cell-based therapies, mainly due to their unique biological properties such as multipotency, self-renewal and trophic/immunomodulatory effects. However, clinical use has proven complex due to limitations such as high variability of MSCs preparations and high number of cells required for...
Article
Oxazole derivatives are important medicinal compounds which are inhibitors of various enzymes such as NPP1, NPP2, NPP3, tyrosine kinase, dipeptidyl-peptidase IV, cyclooxygenase-2, and protein tyrosine phosphatase. In this study, an extensive range of new biologically active biphenyl oxazole derivatives was synthesized in high to excellent yields (5...
Article
Full-text available
Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleoside tri- and di-phosphates to mono-phosphates. The products are subsequently hydrolyzed by ecto-5′-nucleotidase (ecto-5′-NT) to nucleosides. NTPDase inhibitors have potential as novel drugs, e.g., for the treatment of inflammation, neurodegenerative disease...
Article
Background and methods: Essential arterial hypertension triggers a chronic inflammatory process that seems to be linked to purinergic signaling. Physical exercise exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and is able to modulates purinergic system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 months of resistance training on inflammatory marke...
Article
Alkaline phosphatases (APs) are a class of homodimeric enzymes which physiologically possess the dephosphorylation ability. APs catalyzes the hydrolysis of monoesters into phosphoric acid which in turn catalyze a transphosphorylation reaction. Thiazoles are nitrogen and sulfur containing aromatic heterocycles considered as effective APs inhibitors....
Article
Alkaline phosphatases (ALPs) are membrane bound metalloenzymes, distributed all over the body. Recent studies have revealed that by targeting ALPs can lead towards the treatment of many deadliest diseases including cardiac, cancerous and brain diseases. Thioureas and their derivatives are of considerable significance and are privileged scaffolds in...
Article
In this study, we have discovered small druglike molecules as selective inhibitors of human tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (h-TNAP), an enzyme critical for the regulation of extracellular matrix calcification. The upregulation of h-TNAP is associated with various pathologies particularly the vascular calcification (VC). Selective inhibitio...
Article
Aim: To characterize a method to isolate glioma-derived extracellular vesicles (GEVs) and understand their role in immune system modulation and glioma progression. Materials & methods: GEVs were isolated by differential centrifugation from C6 cell supernatant and characterized by size and expression of CD9, HSP70, CD39 and CD73. The glioma model wa...
Article
Medicinal importance of the sulfonylhydrazonesis well-evident owing to their binding ability with zinc containing metalloenzymes. In the present study, we have synthesized different series of sulfonylhydrazones by using facile synthetic methods in good to excellent yield. All the successfully prepared sulfonylhydrazones were screened for ectonucleo...
Article
Full-text available
Human subcutaneous fibroblasts (HSCF) challenged with inflammatory mediators release huge amounts of ATP, which rapidly generates adenosine. Given the nucleoside’s putative relevance in wound healing, dermal fibrosis, and myofascial pain, we investigated the role of its precursor, AMP, and of its metabolite, inosine, in HSCF cells growth and collag...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm, characterized by the occurrence of the t(9;22)(q34;q11) translocation. First-line therapy for CML consists of treatment with imatinib mesylate, which selectively inhibits the BCR-ABL protein by competing for its ATP-binding site. Adenine nucleotide signaling is modulated by the ectonu...
Article
A series of six compounds (1a-f) possessing pyridine-pyrazole-benzenethiourea or pyridine-pyrazole-benzenesulfonamide scaffold were synthesized. The target compounds were screened to evaluate their inhibitory effect on human nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 and -3 (ENPP1 and ENPP3) isoenzymes. Compounds 1c-e are the most potent inhibi...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary brain tumor. Effective therapies are not available, mainly due to high tumor heterogeneity, chemoresistance, and the difficulties imposed by blood-brain barrier. CD73, an enzyme responsible for adenosine (ADO) production, is overexpressed in cancer cells and emerges as a target for glioblastoma treatment...
Article
Adenosine pathway, including its generating enzyme (CD73) and its receptors represents a key target for cancer immunotherapy. Here we aimed to search for novel compounds able to co-target the CD73 and the A2A adenosine receptor (A2A AR) as dual-blockers of adenosine generation and activity. The design project was to combine in the same molecule the...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common malignant brain tumor and is characterized by high invasiveness, poor prognosis, and limited therapeutic options.Silencing gene expression, through the use ofsmall interfering RNA (siRNA), has been proposed as an alternative to conventional cancer therapy. Here, we evaluated the potential of CD73 a...
Conference Paper
Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common primary brain tumor, characterized by high aggressiveness and poor prognostic. Although all efforts, current therapy is just palliative. Therefore, new biological targets are needed to treat this invasive cancer. In this regard, immune modulation emerges as a possibility for cancer therapeutic. Literature has sh...
Article
Full-text available
A two-step palladium-catalyzed procedure based on Suzuki–Miyaura cross coupling, followed by a double Buchwald–Hartwig reaction, allows for the synthesis of pharmaceutically relevant benzo[4,5]furo[3,2-b]indoles in moderate to very good yield. The synthesized compounds have been analyzed with regard to their inhibitory activity (IC50) of nucleotide...
Article
Nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (NPP1) inhibitors have been suggested as a potential treatment for calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) deposition disease. Here, we targeted the development of improved NPP1 inhibitors based on acyclic mimics of Pα,α-phosphorodithioate-substituted adenine nucleotides, 7-10. The latter were obtained...
Article
Full-text available
Endometriosis is a prevalent disease defined by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), as a proinflammatory molecule, promotes and helps maintain the inflammatory state of endometriosis. Moreover, ATP has a direct influence on the two main symptoms of endometriosis: infertility and pain. Purinergic sign...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in cell-to-cell communication and modulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes. EVs are found in large quantities in milk and contain several inflammation- and immunity-modulating proteins and microRNAs, through which they exert beneficial effects in several inflammatory disease models. H...
Article
Overexpression of ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase-1 (NPP1) is associated with diseases such as calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease, calcific aortic valve disease, and type 2 diabetes. In this context, NPP1 inhibitors are potential drug candidates for the treatment of these diseases. The present study focuses on the analysis of the st...
Article
Extracellular nucleotides are released as constitutive danger signals by various cell types and activate nucleotide (P2) receptors such as P2Y6 receptor. P2Y6 activation on monocytes induces the secretion of the chemokine CXCL8 which may propagate intestinal inflammation. Also, P2Y6 expression is increased in infiltrating T cells of Crohn's disease...
Article
A new series of raloxifene sulfonate/sulfamate derivatives were designed and synthesized. The target compounds were tested for inhibitory effect against nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 and -3 (NPP1 and NPP3) enzymes. Furthermore, all the ten target compounds were subjected to cytotoxic studies on various cancer cell lines, and the mo...
Article
Background: The ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) terminates nucleotide signaling via the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleoside-5'-triphosphate and nucleoside-5'-diphosphate, to nucleoside-5'- monophosphate and composed of eight Ca2+/Mg2+ dependent ectonucleotidases (NTPDase1-8). Extracellular nucleotides are involved in...
Article
ATP is both an important mediator of physiological gut functions such as motility and epithelial function, and a key danger signal that mediates cell death and tissue damage. The actions of extracellular ATP are regulated through the catalytic functions extracellular nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1), -2, -3 and -8 that ultima...