Jean-Pierre Suc

Jean-Pierre Suc
Sorbonne Université | UPMC · Institut des Sciences de la Terre Paris (iSTeP)

MS, PhD, Doctorat d'état

About

298
Publications
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Publications

Publications (298)
Article
Full-text available
The French Massif Central is a key basement relief. This region experienced an intense period of alkaline volcanism, beginning with the Cantal Stratovolcano at 11 Ma and ending at 3 Ma. To quantify the palaeoelevation of the Cantal Stratovolcano and to replace it in the frame of the uplift history of the Massif Central, we first reconstructed the v...
Article
Full-text available
Depuis 1970, lors de la reconnaissance initiale par forage de la partie sommitale des évaporites messiniennes en Méditerranée occidentale, la communauté scientifique débat âprement des causes et processus de dépôt de cette puissante série salifère. La mer Méditerranée s'est-elle subitement asséchée ? Comment ? Cet article retrace d'une part l'histo...
Article
Full-text available
The Messinian Salinity Crisis (5.971-5.4 Ma) corresponds to a ca. 1 500 m of sea-level drop of the Mediterranean Sea that resulted in a deep incision of its rivers (e.g., Clauzon, 1996; Clauzon et al., 2015). The evidence of the Messinian incision can be found in Provence up to the southern Western Alps (Clauzon, 1999 ; Hippolyte et al., 2011). The...
Article
Full-text available
Professor Dr. Waldo H. Zagwijn passed away on 26 June, 2018, in his ninetieth year. His thesis research (Zagwijn, 1960) stimulated palynological investigations into the Pliocene and early Quaternary, and caused a fundamental shift in our understanding of the transition from the warm and relatively stable climate of the late Neogene to the extreme g...
Technical Report
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Field trip guide-book
Chapter
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The Messinian Salinity Crisis
Article
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Sedimentological, micropaleontological and geochemical studies of IODP Leg 302 boreholes, M0004A and M0002A, drilled on the Lomonosov Ridge near the North pole, are reported to construct chronostratigraphy and helped unravel Paleogene palaeoclimatic. These studies concluded to a mean annual temperature of sea surface waters ranging between 21 and 2...
Article
Aim: Phylogeography of fruit trees is challenging due to recurrent exchanges between domesticated and wild populations. Here we tested the eastern refugium hypothesis (ERH) for the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, which supports its natural and domestica-tion origins in the eastern Mediterranean and a feral origin in the west. Location: Mediterranean...
Article
Bernasso is an Early Pleistocene locality that has a well-dated floral fossil content including both pollen grains and megaremains. Pollen record shows vegetation changes corresponding to two glacial and one interglacial periods. The megafloral fossil assemblage was interpreted as an association of present-day Mediterranean and Caucasian taxa that...
Article
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Morphological sills condition sedimentary, water and fauna exchanges between different domains. In particular, sills are crucial factors to consider during the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) palaeogeographic evolution (5.97–5.33 Ma) of the NW Mediterranean area. Here we focus on the Ebro River and its up to now unexplained short Messinian onshore...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the Paleocene–Eocene, the Earth experienced the warmest conditions of the Cenozoic and reduced equator-to-pole temperature gradients. Compared to low- and mid-latitude sites, Paleogene environmental changes are less documented in Arctic regions, although such high latitude areas constitute a critical domain to constrain global climate change...
Article
The Amazon continental shelf hosted one of the world's largest mixed carbonate-siliciclastic platforms from the late Paleocene onwards - the Amapá carbonates. The platform architecture, however, remains poorly understood and causes and timing of the cessation of carbonate deposition are still controversial. Here we present a stratigraphic analysis...
Article
The Zambezi Delta draining the Southern African Plateau and the southern part of the East African Rift is one of a the largest delta of Africa with a long-lasting history starting during Early Cretaceous with more than 12 km of sediments deposited. The Zambezi Delta is therefore a unique archive of the past topographic evolution of southern and eas...
Article
Propagation processes of plate-scale faults through continental lithosphere are poorly documented. The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a continental right-lateral transform with striking evidence for propagation processes in the Marmara Sea pull-apart region. Earlier work (Armijo et al., 1999, https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0267:WPOTNA>2...
Preprint
Propagation processes of plate-scale faults through continental lithosphere are poorly documented. The North Anatolian fault (NAF) is a continental right-lateral transform with striking evidence for propagation processes in the Marmara Sea pull-apart region. Earlier work [Armijo et al., 1999] suggests that in the Dardanelles, where the principal, n...
Poster
Full-text available
The Adriatic Basin (Central Mediterranean Sea) is the place of intense controversy concerning the sedimentary dynamics and palaeogeographic evolution during the Neogene, especially during the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC: 5.97 to 5.46 Ma). Following the various interpretations, this basin was totally disconnected or connected to the deep basins d...
Poster
The connection of the endoreic Ebro Basin (NE Spain) to the Valencia Basin (VB) in geological time is still a matter of debate, with a timing being before, within or after the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC: 5.97 to 5.46 Ma), one of the most dramatic environmental event that deeply changed the face of the Mediterranean area. These different interpr...
Article
Sediments deposited after the peak of the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) in the Apennine foredeep of Italy embody a topic debated on both chronostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental grounds. We performed micropalaeontological (calcareous nannofossil and dinoflagellate cyst) analyses on four stratigraphic sections (Monticino, Civitella del Tronto,...
Article
The early Eocene (ca. 56-47.8 Ma) was an interval of exceptional warmth with reduced pole-to-equator temperature gradients. Climate proxies indicate mean annual air temperatures (MATs) and sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) exceeding 8-18 °C and frost-free, mild winters in polar areas, features that have proven difficult to reproduce with the most ela...
Article
The calcareous nannofossil Ceratolithus acutus (= C. armatus) is an important species associated with the final flooding that ended the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean. We emphasize its robust identifying features and stratigraphic value in the global ocean. This species is particularly useful in recognising and constraining the Mess...
Article
van Baak et al. provide magnetostratigraphy for DSDP Hole 380A along a 175 m interval and a 40Ar/39Ar date at 706.8 mbsf. The biostratigraphic basis for their interpretation is the first consistent occurrence (FCO) of the dinoflagellate cysts Galeacysta etrusca and Caspidinium rugosum at 841 and 850 mbsf, respectively (Groothe et al., 2014), instea...
Article
Van Baak et al. (2015) provide magnetostratigraphy for DSDP Hole 380A along a 175 m interval and a 40Ar/39Ar date at 706.8 mbsf. The biostratigraphic basis for their interpretation is the first consistent occurrence (FCO) of the dinoflagellate cysts Galeacysta etrusca and Caspidinium rugosum at 841 and 850 mbsf, respectively (Grothe et al., 2014),...
Article
Full-text available
Basin-wide correlation of Messinian units and Plio-Quaternary chronostratigraphic markers (5.3 Ma, 2.6 Ma, 0.9 Ma and 0.45 Ma), the mapping of total sediment thickness, and the determination of overall sedimentary volumes enabled us to provide a high resolution quantitative history of sediment volumes for the last 6 Ma along the Gulf of Lions margi...
Chapter
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Le delta du Rhône représente aujourd’hui une vaste plaine de niveau de base dont la surface est estimée à 1742 km2(fig. 1). Ancrée entre les deux bras du Rhône, la « Grande Camargue » n’en constitue à peine que la moitié (850 km2).La présente étude vise à retracer l’histoire hydrogéomorphologique et végétale du « grand delta » à l’échelle del’Holoc...
Article
Full-text available
The two sides of the Strandja Sill show a highly discontinuous stratigraphic succession since the Late Oligocene. This area, together with the Sea of Marmara Basin, is usually proposed as the gateway for the Paratethyan freshwaters and organisms that constituted the Lago Mare facies in the Mediterranean Sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC...
Article
Full-text available
The Roussillon Basin is a non-silled Miocene sedimentary basin filling a late Oligoceneeearly Miocene graben. The basin was intensively impacted by the Messinian fluvial erosion, as evidenced in exposed sections, in seismic profiles and in deep boreholes drilled for hydrocarbon exploration. As the basin was open to the Mediterranean Sea, the huge d...
Article
Full-text available
The scenario of the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) remains one of the most debated topics in the Mediterranean realm and especially in the Sorbas Basin, which is one of the type-localities of MSCrelated deposits. After a recently improved chronostratigraphic framework of the Miocene and Pliocene deposits of the basin, this work is an attempt to im...
Article
Full-text available
The Sorbas Basin is the land reference of the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) that affected the Mediterranean Sea in the latest Miocene. Its stratigraphy has been re-visited using calcareous nannofossils and planktonic foraminifers, which provide a reliable biostratigraphic frame and lead to particularly specify the relationships between the Sorbas...
Article
Full-text available
Since the discovery of calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellate cysts and planktonic foraminifers in deposits from the Dacic Basin, intensive research has been performed in order to evidence which gateway this microplankton used to connect Paratethys and the Mediterranean prior and after the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC). Such a gateway is also to...
Article
Full-text available
We present a high-resolution analysis of planktonic foraminifers, calcareous nannofossils, ostracods, dinoflagellate cysts and pollen grains in four sequences from DSDPeODP holes in the southwestern Mediterranean Alboran and Balearic basins (976B, 977A, 978A and 134B) encompassing the previously defined MessinianeZanclean boundary. The study focuse...