Jean Pierre Poulain

Jean Pierre Poulain
University of Toulouse · Centre d'études et de recherches Travail Organisations Pouvoir

Professor of Sociology
Professor of sociologie, "Chair of Food Studies: Food, Cultures and Health"

About

307
Publications
174,652
Reads
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2,394
Citations
Citations since 2016
60 Research Items
1255 Citations
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Introduction
Socio-anthropologist, Prof. Jean Pierre Poulain holds a PhD in 1985, at University of Paris VII and a HDR in 2004, at University of Paris IV-Sorbonne. After 15 years at the Toulouse Hotel school, he move to an academic carrier in University of Toulouse focusing on "Sociology of Food" and "Food studies". He became associate professor in 1997 and full professor in 2007. He conducts researches on the links between Food, Cultures and Health in the frame of CERTOP UMR-CNRS 5044, and leads, since 2012, the chair of “Food Studies” conjointly set up by university of Toulouse (France) and Taylor's university (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). He is the co-director of the International Associated Laboratory (LIA-CNRS) "Food, Cultures and Health ».
Additional affiliations
May 2012 - present
Taylor's University
Position
  • Chair of food studies: Food, Cultures and Health
January 2007 - present
Université Toulouse  II - Jean Jaurès
Position
  • Professor (Full) in Sociology (Profile : Sociologie de l'alimentation)
January 2006 - present
University of Toulouse & Taylor's University
Position
  • Chair
Education
May 2004
Sorbonne Université
Field of study
  • Sociologie
September 1986 - July 1987
Centre de Formation des Professeurs Technique (CFPT), antenne de l'ENSET de Cachan
Field of study
  • Sciences économiques et Gestion, Option : Hôtellerie Tourisme
September 1982 - May 1985
Paris Diderot University
Field of study
  • Sociologie

Publications

Publications (307)
Book
Full-text available
Presentation of the Publisher: A classic text about the social study of food, this is the first English language edition of Jean-Pierre Poulain's seminal work. Tracing the history of food scholarship, The Sociology of Food provides an overview of sociological theory and its relevance to the field of food. Divided into two parts, Poulain begins by...
Book
Full-text available
Première édition de l'ouvrage désormais classique d'initiation à la sociologie de l'alimentation dans lequel la mise au pluriel de "sociologie de l'alimentation" est une invitation à explorer les différents paradigmes présents dans ce champ de recherche. La façon dont les hommes conçoivent la satisfaction de leurs besoins alimentaires ne saurait s...
Article
Full-text available
Data collected from a sample of working individuals lunching at staff cafeterias were analysed to characterise contemporary food habits in terms of meal structure, eating outside meals, and other aspects of the organization of the daily food intake. Discrepancies were found between individuals' ideas of a proper meal and their actual practices. Thi...
Book
Full-text available
This dictionary is the first to reveal the diversity and the richness in meaning covered by all aspects of food and eating. Thinking about this subject naturally takes us straight to the heart of social and cultural dialectics: those of home-grown produce and globalization, of authenticity and food standardization, of the symbolic and the real, of...
Book
Full-text available
Qualifiée d'épidémidie mondiale dans un rapport de l'OMS, l'obésité est un problème sanitaire dans toutes les sociétés développées. Les institutions scientifiques et médicales sont mobilisées pour proposer des plans de lutte appuyés sur une meilleure alimentation et une hygiène de vie. En effet, toutes les analyses se recoupent et constatent que la...
Chapter
Le vin est l’objet de multiples discours scientifiques, depuis l’épidémiologie, l’addictologie, la santé publique, les sciences des aliments, l’œnologie… mais aussi depuis les sciences humaines et sociales, l’histoire, l’anthropologie, la sociologie… ou encore la gastronomie et la littérature. Sur lui se déploient de longue date les diététiques pro...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing nutrition transition in lower- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in South East Asia may have a positive impact on protein nutrition. This study assessed the diversity of plant and animal protein food sources in relation to essential amino acid (EAA) adequacy in a population-based sample ( N 1665) in Indonesia. Dietary intakes from in-p...
Poster
Full-text available
Do the strategies used during prevention actions targeted at elderly people take into account their food representations and practices? What social determinants of the participants are salient when they talk about change in their food practices? To answer these questions, we adopt a comprehensive approach, by observing prevention actions, then in...
Article
Full-text available
The use of experimental platforms in social sciences is recent. Their introduction has encountered several obstacles. The first is the a priori critical attitude towards the tools used in monitoring devices, as they could be described as Orwellian, grounded on George Orwell’s famous novel 1984. This perspective is in line with the critical nature o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Plant-based diets in lower-income countries are often associated with inadequate protein nutrition and adverse health outcomes. Objective To examine the diversity of protein food sources, in both animal and plant, across diverse socio-demographic groups in Indonesia as compared to Malaysia. Design The SCRiPT (Socio Cultural Research in...
Article
Full-text available
Through the paradigm of sensory evaluation, knowledge related to the individual-food relationship has been obtained and developed through the use of tasting rooms and laboratory settings. However, the neutralising effects of social factors have inspired further research into the context of eating behaviours moving past the traditional methods imple...
Chapter
Full-text available
Relying on a socio-historical perspective supported by a review of literature besides qualitative and quantitative empirical data resulting from the authors’ research programs carried out since 1995, this chapter investigates the methods used to institutionalize food systems at the workplace and how technical solutions (e.g. catering types from ent...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the Malaysian Food Barometer database in open access. Since the 1990s, research on nutrition has intensified in the country and led to the Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey of MANS 2003 (Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2008), which was followed by the second MANS in 2014. These studies however, focus on individual food consumption...
Article
The ability of the communities to controlling heritage has been questioned and analyzed in a broader perspective of socio-cultural cohesion and power. However, a research gap exists regarding the capabilities developed by the indigenous communities to collectively empower them-selves by appropriating external resources, such as research and develop...
Article
Full-text available
Background Preventive interventions for dementia are urgently needed and must be tested in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Selection (volunteer) bias may limit efficacy, particularly in trials testing multidomain interventions and may also be indicative of disparities in intervention uptake in real-world settings. We identified factors associa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Preventive interventions for dementia are urgently needed and must be tested in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Selection (volunteer) bias may limit efficacy, particularly in trials testing multidomain interventions and may also be indicative of disparities in intervention uptake in real-world settings. We identified factors associ...
Chapter
This text shows how the interest in biodiversity, which has made it possible to recognize ethno-diversity, can lead, thanks to the notion of food cultures, to a reformulation of the Malthus model. The connection of the “population” with the “food production” rests on implicit presuppositions on the way in which the men satisfy their need for food w...
Article
The aim of this article is to explore the French population's lay conceptions of ‘gastronomy’. To achieve this, a combined method of exploratory interviews and a web-based questionnaire (n=438) developed based on the sociology of eaters was conducted. The findings demonstrated that 1) gastronomy as a representation consists of five semantic classes...
Article
Full-text available
Among the different theories used to explain social change, the transition theory holds a special place. It has been applied to subjects such as demography, epidemiology, nutrition, etc. and most often from a multidisciplinary perspective. However, beyond the apparent uniqueness of the transition label there are quite different theoretical framewor...
Article
Abstract: The integration of technology in various sectors, including food studies, continues to increase exponentially. Computer vision, a research topic which initially started with object detection, facial detection, followed by facial recognition (FR), is currently focused on the more complex facial expression recognition (FER). The present res...
Chapter
Full-text available
Au sein des sciences médicales, l’obésité fait montre d’une quasi-ubiquité. On la retrouve de la nutrition à la psychiatrie, de la chirurgie à la médecine de l’activité physique, de la psychanalyse aux neuro-sciences…. Il en est de même au sein des sciences humaines sociales, elle apparait comme susceptible de relever de multiples voies de détermin...
Article
RESUME= Cet article étudie les attentes et les aspirations des Bamakois-es concernant leur alimentation. Dans un contexte de transition alimentaire en milieu urbain, il s’intéresse à la façon dont les représentations de l’alimentation et à travers elles, les modèles alimentaires, se déploient entre attentes liées au manque et à la faim et celles re...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview of Moroccan people’s eating habits, in a context of urbanisation and, more broadly, of ongoing changes in lifestyles and social aspirations. The analysis is mainly based on data from a quantitative survey conducted between 2012 and 2013. It focuses on the differences and commonalities between the meals of Casablanc...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article étudie la contribution de Maxime Rodinson à la thématisation de l'alimentation dans les Sciences humaines et sociales (SHS), c' est-à-dire à sa reconnaissance comme objet légitime. Son apport consiste à avoir créé les conditions de la sociologisation des aliments. La mise en évidence de l'intérêt des livres de cuisine comme source de do...
Article
Full-text available
Alan Warde’s aim in writing this book is to show how the academic discourse on food and its links to consumption, health and sustainable development has been "colonized" by two approaches: on the one hand, theories of rational choice which focus on decision-making and, on the other hand, culturalist perspectives regarding choices and practices seen...
Article
Résumé Nombreux sont les chercheurs, les professionnels et les parents à mettre en avant le fait que les enfants avec un Trouble du Spectre Autistique (TSA) présentent des « troubles de l’alimentation ». Cette recherche se propose de dépasser l’approche en termes de « sélectivité » ou de « problèmes » alimentaires. Elle s’intéresse, à travers le pr...
Article
Image association influences the public’s risk perception. Several studies have investigated these associated images such as on nuclear waste repositories. It has also been reported that image association factor has a significant impact on the perceived risk of health effects of radioactive substances in food released from the Fukushima nuclear pow...
Article
Full-text available
Countries in South East Asia are undergoing a nutrition transition, which typically involves a dietary shift from plant to animal proteins. To explore the main drivers of protein consumption, the SCRiPT (Socio Cultural Research in Protein Transition) study recruited a population sample in Malaysia (N = 1604). Participants completed in-person 24 h d...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The Malaysian society is undergoing rapid modernisation. The emerging middle class in Malaysia is influencing the lifestyles and traditional food habits of the main three ethnics (i.e. Malays, Chinese, and Indians). This article studied the impact of compressed modernisation on food in a multicultural context. The Malaysian Food Barom...
Article
Full-text available
Malaysian society is undergoing rapid modernization. A middle class emerged, influencing the lifestyles and traditional food habits of the main three ethnics (Malays, Chinese, Indians). This article studies the impact of compressed modernization on food in a multicultural context. The Malaysian Food Barometer (MFB), published in 2014, focus on the...
Article
Full-text available
L’ambition de ce livre peut se résumer ainsi : la pensée sur l’alimentation, et ses liens à la consommation, à la santé et au développement durable, est « colonisée » par deux approches. D’un côté les théories du choix rationnel se concentrent sur les décisions et, de l’autre, les perspectives culturalistes regardent les choix et les pratiques comm...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo investiga, a partir de uma perspectiva sociológica, a emergência da genômica nutricional, um campo de pesquisa que surgiu do Projeto Genoma Humano, cujo objetivo é renovar o diagnóstico, a prevenção e o manejo de patologias crônicas relacionadas à alimentação. Nesta abordagem, a identificação precisa de fatores de risco genéticos e epig...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo investiga, a partir de uma perspectiva sociológica, a emergência da genômica nutricional, um campo de pesquisa que surgiu do Projeto Genoma Humano, cujo objetivo é renovar o diagnóstico, a prevenção e o manejo de patologias crônicas relacionadas à alimentação. Nesta abordagem, a identificação precisa de fatores de risco genéticos e epig...
Article
Résumé En France métropolitaine, l’industrialisation de la filière alimentaire et la massification de la distribution ont considérablement transformé les modalités d’accès aux aliments. Dans les sociétés ultra-marines, où des transformations très rapides, plus encore que celles ayant touché l’hexagone, sont intervenues dans l’environnement aliment...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the social construction process of nasi lemak as a national dish in Malaysia. Considering its institutional valorisation, especially in the eld of tourism, the study attempts to understand the social imaginaries related to the dish as well as its practical status in the day-to-day food habits using empirical data from the Mala...
Book
Full-text available
La forma en la que los humanos conciben la satisfacción de sus necesidades alimentarias no se reduce a estrictas lógicas biológicas. Comer es un «acto social»; más aún: un «acontecimiento social», central tanto en la vida familiar como en la vida pública. El momento de comer forma parte de la socialización alimentaria como lugar de aprendizaje de l...
Chapter
Full-text available
The question of ‘risk’ in food safety has become particularly important, for scholars and more widely. The risk paradigm focuses attention on health and tends to reject other dimensions. But contemporary crises cannot be reduced to the question of food safety; they interact with food security, food fraud, and social controversies. The concept of ‘c...
Chapter
Full-text available
As societies modernized, the topic of food became a subject of debates and controversies. The classical food safety and food security concerns have given way to more controversial issues like “genetically modified products”, animal “cruelty”, raw milk cheese, junk food and its supposed connections with obesity and Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD). N...
Article
Full-text available
Dietary changes that occur in response to economic development are collectively known as the nutrition transition. More specifically, diets built around staple cereals and tubers give way to diets with more animal products and more added sugars and fats. Although the proportion of dietary protein stays constant, plant proteins are replaced by anima...
Article
Full-text available
Dietary changes that occur in response to economic development are collectively known as the nutrition transition. More specifically, diets built around staple cereals and tubers give way to diets with more animal products and more added sugars and fats. Although the proportion of dietary protein stays constant, plant proteins are replaced by anima...
Book
Around the world, food has probably never been as safe as it is today. However, periodic crises have aroused consumer anxiety and contributed to a general lack of confidence in the agro-industrial system. The diverse nature of these crises increases governments’ and industry difficulties in predicting and tackling them. This book addresses the rela...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we analyze qualitatively the understanding of and reactions to personalized nutrition (PN) among the French public. Focus groups were conducted to identify the opinions and discourses about two applications of knowledge from nutritional (epi)genomics: a biotechnology (nutrigenetic testing) and a public awareness campaign (the “firs...
Chapter
La sociologie et l’ethnologie ont montré que les pratiques et les représentations alimentaires sont marquées par les milieux sociaux et par les cultures dans lesquelles vivent les individus. La psychologie et la psychanalyse ont pointé le rôle des expériences précoces. Ces grilles de lecture contribuent à mettre en évidence l’importance de détermin...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article étudie d'un point de vue sociologique l'émergence de la génomique nutritionnelle, thématique scientifique née du Projet Génome Humain qui ambitionne de renouveler le diagnostic, la prévention et la prise en charge des pathologies chroniques dans lesquelles l'alimentation serait impliquée. Souvent présentée comme une révolution scientifi...
Book
Full-text available
À l’occasion de son 30e anniversaire, le Conseil national de l’alimentation a interviewé les acteurs qui ont fait son histoire. Certains ont pris la plume pour engager une relecture réflexive de leur expérience. D’autres, depuis leurs disciplines, ont rédigé un bilan théorique. Organisées autour d’une frise interactive, ces réflexions croisées repè...
Article
The interest of social sciences and humanities for food developed almost simultaneously in English and French speaking worlds, but in different ways. From the 2000s, a movement called food studies develops in the Anglo-Saxon world, which operates on the model of "cultural studies" a multidisciplinary thematic focus. In contrast, the European approa...
Book
Nouvelle édition de l'ouvrage désormais classique d'initiation à la sociologie de l'alimentation dans lequel la mise au pluriel de "sociologie de l'alimentation" est une invitation à explorer les différents paradigmes présents dans ce champ de recherche. « La façon dont les hommes conçoivent la satisfaction de leurs besoins alimentaires ne saurait...
Book
Full-text available
Nouvelle édition de l'ouvrage désormais classique d'initiation à la sociologie de l'alimentation dans lequel la mise au pluriel de "sociologie de l'alimentation" est une invitation à explorer les différents paradigmes présents dans ce champ de recherche. Cette nouvelle édition est augmentée d'un chapitre et d'une post-face bilan. Le nouveau chapitr...
Article
Full-text available
Manger, c'est bien plus que se nourrir : une introduction sociologique. Avec des illustrations de Romain Taszek.La socialisation est un processus par lequel un enfant fait siennes les règles de l’espace social dans lequel les hasards de la naissance lui on fait voir le jour. On distingue classiquement la socialisation « primaire » qui est le fait d...
Article
Pourquoi manger sain est-il devenu un enjeu de société? Au-delà de son rôle vital, l’alimentation révèle aussi la manière dont nous formons une société.
Article
Full-text available
The Malaysian society is experiencing and coping with a fast modernization process, which is characterized by a rapid urbanization and rural exodus, an important reduction of the size of households, and the emergence of a new middle class. The Malaysian Food Barometer launched in 2013 has provided better understanding how these macro issues have af...
Article
Full-text available
Since their creation, the Cahiers de nutrition et de diététique have given an important space to social sciences and humanities. Jean Trémolières and Jean Claudian – who worked for a time in Romania at the Social Sciences Institute of Dimitrie Gusti – contributed to set up a framework open to HSS within the nutritional sciences. The CND's history c...
Research
Full-text available
International Seminar, "Food, Risks and Sustainability: An Asian Perspective", The Hong Kong Polytechnic, University, 6–7 July 2015
Research
Full-text available
Université de Lille, Rendez-vous d’Archimède, « Le repas : le menu ou la carte », Mardi 31 mars 2015.
Research
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Communication given at International Seminar: “Food Heritage”, organized by the Faculty of Tourism of �Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. �10 august 2015
Research
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“Avant de chercher à changer les habitudes alimentaires ”, question que posent toujours les nutritionnistes aux représentants des sciences humaines, il convient d’abord de “comprendre ce que manger veut dire” (Mead et Guth, 1945).
Article
Full-text available
A sociological approach to infant nutritional neophobia The authors investigate autistic children’s nutritional singularities, the difficulties encountered by their nurturing entourage and the adjustments they have to make during meals. They look closely at changes in the range of food in their diet and more especially the neophobic phase. This wor...
Article
The authors investigate autistic children's nutritional singularities, the difficulties encountered by their nurturing entourage and the adjustments they have to make during meals. They look closely at changes in the range of food in their diet and more especially the neophobic phase. This work addresses both the simultaneity and complementarity of...
Article
A sociological approach to infant nutritional neophobia The authors investigate autistic children’s nutritional singularities, the difficulties encountered by their nurturing entourage and the adjustments they have to make during meals. They look closely at changes in the range of food in their diet and more especially the neophobic phase. This wor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poster for the Congrès annuel de la SOFFCO-MM (SOciété Française et Francophone de Chirurgie de l’Obésité et des Maladies Métaboliques), Lyon (France), 28th-30th May 2015 La chirurgie de l’obésité est en pleine expansion. La décision de se faire opérer est le résultat d’une construction sociale qui implique le monde médical, la personne opérée, ma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poster for the Congrès annuel de la SOFFCO-MM (SOciété Française et Francophone de Chirurgie de l’Obésité et des Maladies Métaboliques), Lyon (France), 28th-30th May 2015 La chirurgie de l’obésité connaît un développement rapide depuis quelques années en France. 83% des personnes opérées sont des femmes. Or, cette très large surreprésentation fémin...
Article
Full-text available
Malaysian society is experiencing rapid urbanization and modernization. A sizeable new middle class has emerged and the traditional ways of life and eating habits of the different ethnic communities are changing. For many years, nutritional surveys have been capturing the transformations of food consumptions. To date no comprehensive survey focusin...