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Jean-Pierre Cling

Jean-Pierre Cling
INSEE (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques)

PhD

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128
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Publications

Publications (128)
Article
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 cover the three economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, as well as an additional institutional dimension related to governance. The monitoring framework of the SDGs is composed of 231 indicators. Our objective is to measure interlinkages...
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 cover the three economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, as well as an additional institutional dimension related to governance. The monitoring framework of the SDGs is composed of 231 indicators. Our objective is to measure interlinkages...
Article
Full-text available
En 2004, une délégation de l’Office Général de la Statistique (OGS) du Vietnam sollicitait un appui de l’Insee pour la mesure du secteur informel, qui l’orientait vers des chercheurs de l’IRD, spécialistes reconnus de la question. En 2018, l’histoire se répétait : l’OGS se tournait vers l’Insee pour les aider à quantifier l’économie non observée, q...
Article
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The United Nations adopted in September 2015 the 2030 Agenda, which contains 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. It covers the three traditional dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental. A fourth institutional dimension (governance) has also been included. A global indicator framework has be...
Article
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L’organisation du système statistique public en Allemagne, adaptée à une république fédérale, présente trois caractéristiques principales. En premier lieu, un légalisme contraignant qui exige que toute enquête statistique soit régie par une loi spécifique (ou dans certains cas par un acte législatif délégué). En second lieu, une décentralisation tr...
Article
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The United Nations adopted In September 2015 the 2030 Agenda, which is broken down into 17 goals and 169 targets. It covers the three traditional dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental. The European Union (EU) has developed its own dashboard involving 100 indicators, derived from the global Sustainable Develop...
Article
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This article provides some elements for reflection on an apparent paradox. On the one hand, Africa appears to be the continent most riddled by problems related to governance and conflict ; on the other hand, it is at the forefront in both promoting the issue of governance at the international level and in implementing its statistical measurement, a...
Chapter
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Ce chapitre s’interroge sur la portée et les chances de succès de l’ODD 1 consacré à l’élimination de la pauvreté, qui succède à l’OMD 1 dédié au même objectif. Nous présentons tout d’abord un bilan sommaire de l’OMD 1 sur la pauvreté, qui a atteint – voire dépassé – l’objectif de division par deux de la pauvreté monétaire extrême au niveau mondial...
Article
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SDG16 on governance and its measurement Africa in the lead This article examines an apparent paradox: on the one hand, Africa looks like the continent most plagued by issues of governance and conflict; but on the other hand, it is the continent that is most engaged in both the promotion of this topic at the international level and in implementing...
Article
Cet article apporte des éléments de réflexion sur un apparent paradoxe. D'un côté, l'Afrique apparaît comme le continent où les problèmes de gouvernance et de conflits sont les plus aigus ; de l'autre, c'est celui qui se montre le plus en pointe à la fois dans la promotion de cette thématique au niveau international et dans la mise en oeuvre de sa...
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La statistique n'a jamais été autant exposée sur la scène internationale. Entre "tragédie des statistiques" et "gouvernement par les nombres", le déficit de données socio-économiques et démographiques en Afrique permettra-t-il de mettre en oeuvre l'agenda 2030 sur les Objectifs du développement durable ? Quel rôle jouera alors l'aide publique au dé...
Article
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Informal employment – informality - is everywhere in the developing world. Although it provides badly needed jobs for the poor, it harms workers’ protection, earning predictability and social benefits. It also reduces the tax base. And so understanding the informal economy is critical if one wants to better understand the political, economic and so...
Book
Informality is ubiquitous in most developing countries. Understanding the informal economy is therefore of utmost importance from a political, economic and social point of view. Paradoxically, despite its economic importance, knowledge is extremely limited regarding the informal economy. It remains largely unrecognized by researchers, is neglected...
Article
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Labour market segmentation is usually defined as the division of the labour markets into separate sub-markets or segments, distinguished by different characteristics and behavioural rules (incomes, contracts, etc.). The economic debate on the segmentation issue has been focusing in developed countries, and especially in Europe, on contractual segme...
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Purpose – The global governance of trade is in a deadlock and the WTO is suffering from a long standing crisis of legitimacy. This paper aims to analyse the main issues which might influence the governance of world trade from now until 2030 and present quantitative projections of international trade. Design/methodology/approach – The research on t...
Article
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A strategic innovation : The French act on development and international solidarity policy A new act passed in July 2014 defines the objectives and principles of French development and international solidarity policy. The act aims at a greater focus of French public funding for development towards Africa. Thematic priorities are also defined : rule...
Article
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Thanks to a remarkable economic performance, Vietnam has achieved huge poverty reduction and has become a middle income country. Although Vietnam considers itself as a ‘socialist-oriented market economy’, the World Bank presents it as a model student of liberalism and market-oriented reforms. The relationship of mutual interest between the World Ba...
Chapter
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Cet article a pour objectif de guider l'action publique sur la façon de traiter le secteur informel, en s'appuyant sur un riche corpus de données quantitatives collectées à l'instigation des auteurs, afin d'en mesurer le poids, d'en analyser les caractéristiques, le mode d'insertion, la logique de fonctionnement et la dynamique, notamment en temps...
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La plupart des emplois dans les pays en développement (PED) se trouvent dans l’économie informelle, qui y joue un rôle prédominant au sein de l’économie. On peut même penser que la crise économique mondiale renforce le poids de l’informel en raison des pertes d’emplois subies dans les autres secteurs d’activité économique. Mieux comprendre le fonct...
Article
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This article sets out to investigate the reasons why some household businesses decide to register and become formal (while others do not) in order to shed light on the origins of informality. We use qualitative as well as quantitative data on household businesses (HB) derived from first-hand representative surveys implemented in Hanoi and Ho Chi Mi...
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The growth model embraced by Vietnam during the last two decades, in an urbanization context, has prompted deep social economic transformation. The private sector has been thriving with the transition of a command economy towards a “socialist-oriented market economy” since the Doi Moi (Reform) launched in 1986. Economic growth has helped reduce pov...
Article
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Paradoxically, despite its economic size, knowledge of the informal economy is extremely limited in Vietnam, as it is in most developing countries, and researchers, whether Vietnamese or foreign, have paid little attention to the subject. This situation is due to a number of factors. Firstly, the concept of what constitutes informal is vague with a...
Article
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The World Bank, between Transformation and Resilience Since its creation, the role and mission of the World Bank have gradually expanded, allowing it to acquire its present leadership role in development policy. Faced with the crisis of legitimacy of the 1990s, this institution implemented profound, continuous changes. The promotion of new poverty...
Book
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Les « Journées de Tam Dao 2009 » s’inscrivent ainsi dans une logique de capitalisation scientifique et méthodologique des précédentes éditions en l’élargissant: la définition d’une thématique fédératrice abordée suivant différents angles de vue; une première ouverture régionale à d’autres stagiaires non vietnamiens (Cambodge, Laos); un nouveau part...
Book
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Apart from presenting the methodology adopted for measuring the informal sector as well as the challenges in this field, the book sheds light on the main characteristics of this sector: its importance and structure at the national level; the size and the operating conditions of informal production units and profile of the labour force; working cond...
Book
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Tổ chức Hợp tác và Phát triển báo cáo rằng “việc làm phi chính thức là một quy phạm không một quốc gia nào trên thế giới không có”. Lưu ý này tất nhiên là áp dụng cả cho Việt Nam. Lẽ tất nhiên khu vực kinh tế phi chính thức (KTPCT) xuất hiện khắp nơi ở Việt Nam cũng như ở hầu hết các nước đang phát triển khác, và rất nhiều hộ, đặc biệt là các hộ ng...
Article
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Although the impact was less dramatic than in other Asian countries, Vietnam has been affected by the international crisis which started in 2008, resulting in a significant slowdown of economic growth. This paper aims at assessing the impact of this economic crisis on employment, unemployment and the informal sector. Contrarily to previous studies...
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Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization in January 2007. The fast economic growth observed for the last decades has resulted in a strong reduction of poverty and increasing inequalities. This paper evaluates the potential distributive impact of the WTO accession using a macro-micro model. The latter couples a CGE model, including imperfect labo...
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The emergence of China has raised some doubts concerning the possibility for new Asian countries to take off and join the group of emerging countries. This paper addresses this question in the case of Vietnam, which has been following China's path closely and very successfully during the last two decades. We first describe Vietnam's export-led grow...
Chapter
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The success of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) or the Zone Franche in Madagascar is, with the exception of Mauritius, an isolated and unrecognized case in Africa. The Zone Franche has had a highly significant macroeconomic impact in terms of exports and jobs. Madagascar became the number two clothing exporter in sub-Saharan Africa. At its peek in 20...
Article
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Vietnam is a very important country for the World Bank. It is the first recipient of IDA credits. It is also presented by the Bank as a model country for development success, especially in terms of poverty reduction. At the same time, the Bank is very active in Vietnam: it is the first provider of development aid; it is also the leader in economic...
Book
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Ngân hàng thế giới được thành lập năm 1944 nhằm cung cấp vốn vay phục vụ công cuộc tái thiết ở Châu Âu và giúp đỡ các nước đang phát triển, lúc bấy giờ chưa mấy đông đảo. Từ đó đến nay cơ cấu của Ngân hàng đã thay đổi rất nhiều. Từ một Ngân hàng tái thiết và phát triển quốc tế (IBRD) chuyên cho khu vực nhà nước vay, đã dần dần mở rộng thêm Hiệp hộ...
Book
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Le Vietnam est devenu en janvier 2007 le 150ème membre de l’OMC (Organisation mondiale du commerce). Depuis le lancement du «Doi Moi » (Renouveau) intervenu fin 1986, ce pays connaît une croissance économique très rapide, parmi les plus élevées du monde. Le processus d’intégration accélérée du Vietnam à l’économie mondiale après plusieurs décennies...
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Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2007 and became its 150th member. This accession is something of an endorsement of a long process of trade reform and international integration, which started more than two decades before in 1986 with the launch of Doi Moi (Renovation). Indeed, the launch of Doi Moi marked Vietnam's transition to...
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Vietnam has been following China?s path closely and very successfully for the last two decades, since the adoption of ?Doi moi? in 1986. Over those last two decades, economic growth rates in both countries have been the highest worldwide (with GDP growing by 8 per cent and 10 per cent per year, respectively). The increase of the Vietnamese share of...
Book
La Banque mondiale a été créée à l’issue de la Seconde Guerre mondiale pour financer les pays en développement. Elle exerce aujourd’hui une influence déterminante dans la définition et la mise en œuvre des politiques de développement. De ce fait, quiconque s’intéresse aux grandes problématiques actuelles du développement a besoin de connaître les p...
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(english) The strong growth of the Vietnamese economy over the last two decades has brought about sweeping economic and social changes. In particular, there has been a sharp downturn in poverty along with an upturn in social inequalities (albeit not as sharp as in China). This makes the question of the distributional impact of the country’s WTO acc...
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Compte tenu de la mission historique remplie par STATECO depuis l’origine, et de l’ampleur persistante des besoins dans ce domaine, il était naturel que ce numéro anniversaire soit consacré à la coopération économique et statistique avec l’Afrique, ce qui fournit également l’opportunité de revisiter à travers ce prisme les différentes thématiques é...
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Published in Stateco, N°100, Spécial Issue
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The World Bank's World Development Report 2006 addresses equity and development, defining equity as respect for equal opportunities combined with the avoidance of absolute deprivation. Equity has up to now remained a marginal issue in development economics. This detailed analysis endeavours to place the subject within the context of the evolution o...
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Le Rapport sur le développement dans le monde de la Banque mondiale pour 2006, publié en septembre 2005, porte sur le thème «Equité et développement ». L’équité y est définie comme le respect de l’égalité des chances combiné à l’absence de privation absolue. Ce sujet est au cœur des débats politiques actuels, tant en France que dans de nombreux aut...
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(English) This paper is dedicated to a theoretical and empirical survey of the relationship between trade, growth, poverty and inequality in developing countries. This relationship has been widely discussed by economists during the last few years. The first part presents the main stylised facts concerning this debate. In the second part, we recall...
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DIAL Working Paper N°DT/2005-15 Le Rapport sur le Développement dans le monde de la Banque mondiale pour 2006 porte sur le thème « Equité et Développement ». L’équité y est définie comme le respect de l’égalité des chances combiné à l’absence de privations absolues. Même si les théories de la justice se sont intéressées depuis longtemps au thème de...
Article
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The success of export processing zones or the Zone Franche in Madagascar since 1990 is, with the exception of Mauritius, an isolated and unknown case in Africa. This paper, based on first-hand data, explains that the Zone Franche has had a highly significant macroeconomic impact in terms of exports and jobs. We show that average wages in the Zone F...
Article
Full-text available
La Banque mondiale et le Fonds monétaire international (FMI) ont lancé fin 1999 une initiative conjointe qui marque une réorientation de leurs stratégies. Suivant cette initiative, les pays à bas revenu désireux de bénéficier d’une aide financière, ou d’un allégement de leur dette dans le cadre de l’Initiative PPTE (Pays Pauvres Très Endettés), doi...
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[fre] Jean-Raphaël Chaponnière Jean-Pierre Cling Mohamed Ali Marouani Les conséquences de la fin de l'AMF : le cas de la Tunisie. Les PED réalisent aujourd'hui la quasi- totalité des exportations mondiales d'habillement et la majorité des exportations textiles. Depuis 1974, les quotas instaurés pour les exportations des PED vers les pays industrial...