Jean-Philippe Faivre

Jean-Philippe Faivre
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · UMR 5199 PACEA

PhD

About

65
Publications
23,853
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1,292
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (65)
Chapter
This chapter presents the first collective synthesis of Late Middle Palaeolithic lithic technology (MIS 4–3, ≈ 70-40 ka) from the Altai mountains to the Atlantic coast of Western Europe and the Mediterranean regions of Europe and the Levant. As early as the first half of the twentieth century, archaeological debates focused on characterising and in...
Article
Abstract: It is now well-acknowledged that the passage from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic was not a clear break in Europe, but more closely resembled a mosaic of innovations (art, ornament and osseous industries) that first appeared during the Middle Palaeolithic. However, one strong position reveals a clear distinction between the Middle an...
Article
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https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-84805-6 Neanderthals have often been seen as populations that sought refuge in southern regions of Europe during ice ages and whose ultimate disappearance could be attributed to their inability to adapt to climate change. An international team of archaeologists, ecologists, and climate modelers refute thi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le programme collectif de recherche Réseau de lithothèques en Nouvelle- Aquitaine peut être considéré comme l’un des pôles de l’élan national qui se met peu à peu en place. Il participe d’une synergie et d’une expertise attendue par la communauté des archéologues. Il fait partie des nouveaux programmes de recherche sur l’origine des matériaux et a...
Article
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La grotte Castaigne, commune de Torsac en Charente a été fouillée par L. Duport dans les années soixante. En dehors de courtes mentions dans quelques publications et de deux travaux princeps (Duport 1966 ; Duport et Vandermeersch 1965), le matériel archéologique et paléoanthropologique issu de ces recherches de terrain avait-jusqu'à présent-échappé...
Article
Neanderthal material culture patterning in Western Europe has been primarily approached from retouched stone tools and associated flake production methods. While considerable effort has been devoted over the past decade to better characterize Middle Palaeolithic lithic techno-complexes (LTCs) in this region, the extent to which they reflect cultura...
Article
Tourville-la-Rivière (Normandy, France) is one of the rare Middle Pleistocene palaeoanthropological localities of Northern France. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and combined ESR/U-series dating methods were independently applied by different teams on sediments and teeth from this site. The present work provides an overview of this multi-laboratory...
Article
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Le locus moustérien de Pradayrol (Caniac-du-Causse, Lot, France) a livré une importante série lithique essentiellement composée de quartz et de matériaux apparentés, associés à une composante de silex constituée d’une large gamme de types différents. L’étude technologique de ce matériel met en évidence la présence de plusieurs chaînes opératoires....
Technical Report
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Le programme collectif de recherche, « Réseau de lithothèques en Nouvelle-Aquitaine » existe depuis 3 ans. Il joue un rôle important dans la consolidation d’une structure coopérative de recherche à l’échelle régionale et nationale. Le présent rapport expose un état de l’art des activités menées à bien en 2018 pour participer de façon efficace à la...
Poster
Full-text available
The palaeontological and archaeological records provide a unique window of opportunity for researchers seeking to investigate the response of wild animals and human populations to environmental change in the long-term. In this vein, the DeerPal project hopes to acquire new fundamental knowledge on the palaeoecology of animal communities faced with...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The demise of Neanderthals and their interaction with dispersing anatomically modern human populations remain some of the most contentious issues in palaeoanthropology. The Châtelperronian, now generally recognized as the first genuine Upper Palaeolithic industry in Western Europe and commonly attributed to the Neanderthals, plays a pivota...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Les niveaux archéologiques de l’abri sous-roche Baume-Vallée (Haute-Loire), dans le Sud-Est, du Massif central, fouillés par A. Laborde (de 1966 à 1973), puis par J.-P. Raynal (de 1974 à 1996), ont livré un matériel lithique abondant attribué au Paléolithique moyen récent, avec une grande diversité de matières premières. L’industrie lithique...
Article
Full-text available
The recently discovered open-air site of Mirande 2 (Vaïssac, Tarn-et Garonne) lies on a gentle incline of the left bank of the Aveyron River approximately 100 metres from the site of Mirande 1 (Nègrepelisse, Tarn-et-Garonne), which was excavated between 1971 and 1976 by R. Guicharnaud. A test-pit carried out during rescue work evaluated the site’s...
Article
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The nature of the Lower–Middle Palaeolithic transition has been one of the most debated questions in early Prehistory since the mid-20th century. The root of these debates lies primarily in how early prehistorians constructed chronological models, relying heavily upon index fossils. Such models have “artificial boundaries designed to provide struct...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Palaeolithic of southwestern France has long been a testing ground for models of Neanderthal lithic assemblage variability and mobility strategies. Advances in our understanding of the lithological structure of the northern Aquitaine Basin combined with numerous raw material studies allows connections between different areas of the regio...
Article
In Palaeolithic archaeology, the resumption of fieldwork in previously excavated sites is a common practice, often motivated by the inadequacy of past recovery protocols for modern archaeological studies. Considering that areas open to new excavations are often limited at such sites, new fieldwork should integrate archival data as much as possible...
Article
Full-text available
Establishing and interpreting patterns of lithic assemblage variability is of great interest to archaeologists as they shed light on cultural adaptations in the deep past. Nowhere has this topic provoked more interest and debate than in the Middle Palaeolithic of southwestern France. The region's rich archaeological record has produced numerous sit...
Article
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Only a few years ago, Neanderthals were considered as unable to exploit fast-moving small prey. Several recent studies have reconsidered this matter and shown that in some setting Neanderthals exploited leporids and birds, as did anatomically modern human. However, detailed taphonomic and zooarchaeological analyses are still scarce, and this preven...
Article
Full-text available
Despite numerous sites of great antiquity having been excavated since the end of the 19th century, Middle Pleistocene human fossils are still extremely rare in northwestern Europe. Apart from the two partial crania from Biache-Saint-Vaast in northern France, all known human fossils from this period have been found from ten sites in either Germany o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The results obtained emphasize the need of de-tailed, regional-scale, paleoenvironmental analyses of faunal communities in order to discuss human -environ-ment interactions. Moreover, our integrated approach of large and small fauna communities allows estimating to what degree changes in subsistence strategies were in-fluenced by changes in prey av...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The results obtained emphasize the need of de-tailed, regional-scale, paleoenvironmental analyses of faunal communities in order to discuss human -environ-ment interactions. Moreover, our integrated approach of large and small fauna communities allows estimating to what degree changes in subsistence strategies were in-fluenced by changes in prey av...
Article
Disentangling the relative contribution of the various factors underlying Middle Palaeolithic industrial variability remains one of the foremost problems for researchers interested in Neandertal technological and behavioural adaptations. The site of Combe-Grenal (Dordogne) has figured prominently in these discussions given its long stratigraphic se...
Article
Full-text available
The bouffia Bonneval at La Chapelle-aux-Saints is well known for the discovery of the first secure Neandertal burial in the early 20th century. However, the intentionality of the burial remains an issue of some debate. Here, we present the results of a 12-y fieldwork project, along with a taphonomic analysis of the human remains, designed to assess...
Article
Full-text available
Middle Paleolithic of Quercy: techno-economic behaviour and variability of lithic production. We develop here technological, lithological and typological analysis of lithic industries. The purpose is to identify behavioural patterns on the technical and economic plans and to correlate these behaviours with the variability of these lithic production...
Article
Full-text available
Southwestern France has long played a prominent role in the definition of Mousterian industries and in the succeeding debates concerning Neandertal lithic production in Western Europe. Current analytical approaches applied to Mousterian industries from the Aquitaine Basin demonstrate technical behaviours previously unknown or poorly documented. The...
Article
Full-text available
Le gisement de Combe-Grenal, célèbre pour son implication dans l’histoire de la recherche sur le Paléolithique moyen aquitain, offre une imposante séquence moustérienne contemporaine du Dernier Glaciaire (couches 1 à 37). Celle-ci se caractérise notamment par une série de couches attribuée au Moustérien de type Quina (couches 26 à 17), au sein de l...
Chapter
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Material ProcurementFlake ProductionQuina ImplementsThe Quina SystemReferences
Article
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Fouillé dans les années soixante, le Piage est un gisement de référence pour le Paléolithique supérieur ancien du sud-ouest de la France. L’analyse récente des séries lithiques a conduit à réviser l’interprétation de sa séquence archéostratigraphique sur deux points : absence d’interstratification Aurignacien/Châtelperronien/Aurignacien ; présence,...
Article
Full-text available
First excavated during the 1960's, Le Piage is a key site for the Early Upper Palaeolithic in southwestern France. A recent analysis of the classic lithic assemblages led us to modify two aspects of the published stratigraphic sequence: first, there is no interstratification of Chatelperronian and Aurignacian levels, and second, between the Chatelper...
Article
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Le niveau Ks des Fieux (locus 1) a livré une petite série moustérienne composée de plusieurs types de matériaux. Les modalités d'approvisionnement et de gestion diffèrent singulièrement en fonction des composantes lithologiques. On note ainsi des discordances technologiques qui traduisent la richesse des compétences techniques, s'inscrivant ici dan...
Article
Full-text available
Ramification of the chaînes opératoires : specificity of the european mousterian ? Technological analyses of Mousterian industries from the Aquitaine Basin show the systematic use of a chaîne opératoire based on flake blanks that parallels another one based on exploiting nodules. Depending on the technology (Levallois, Quina, Discoide), the product...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The continuation of petroarchaeological works on the Middle Paleolithic flint series from Quercy allows us to be more precise regarding the supply networks, the non-local raw materials circulation and human group mobility. Therefore, Les Bosses site clearly shows that there were some contacts between Perigord and Quercy as early the OIS 8/9 (import...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The DeerPal ANR project hopes to acquire new fundamental knowledge on the palaeoecology of animal communities faced with major and rapid climate changes, as well as increase our understanding of how human societies coped with these changes in the past. It focuses on the history of two large mammal species, reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus), during the Late Pleistocene epoch, prior to the advent of agriculture, when these animals were key resources to hunter-gatherer groups. At a crossroads between archaeology and palaeoecology, the DeerPal project goals are twofold: 1) To document past variability in reindeer and red deer ecological niches and behaviours and test whether variability is higher than what can be inferred from current highly anthropised ecosystems, thus providing a more complete vision of cervid ecology through an evolutionary study of their past adaptations to natural habitats. 2) To carry out a deep-time retrospective study on the impact of climatic changes on two wild mammal species that were central resources to hunter-gatherer societies, and thus provide a necessary backdrop for understanding the scale of climate changes and resource variability that human groups had to adapt to, before altering wild animal habitats. To achieve its objectives, the DeerPal project will test, for the first time, the large-scale and simultaneous application of four analytical techniques (dental microwear texture analysis, stable isotopic studies, cementochronology and 3D morphometric methods) for archaeological assemblage analysis in order to better describe the past ecology and ethology of prey communities. Two archaeological periods with significant environmental and cultural shifts were selected for study, corresponding to two distinct research angles: the long sequences of the Middle Palaeolithic of southwestern France, for a diachronic approach, and Late Glacial sites from the Pyrenees to the Paris Basin, for a large biogeographical perspective on the response of past cervid communities to climate warming.
Project
definition, evolution and diversity of this techno-complex