Jean-Luc Petit

Jean-Luc Petit
University of Strasbourg | UNISTRA · Faculté de philosophie

15.02
 · 
Doctorat philosophie Paris-I
About
43
Research items
4,177
Reads
126
Citations
Research Experience
Sep 2012
University of Strasbourg
Position
  • Naturalizing Phenomenology
Sep 2000 - Aug 2003
Collège de France
Position
Network
Cited By
Followers
Following
Projects
Projects (3)
Project
The embodiment of human action as described by phenomenology in contradistinction to the unilaterally conceptual approach of analytical philosophy of action is vindicated by the discovery of the neural bases of action in neurosciences.
Project
To uncover Marey's masterpiece , inventor of Chronophotography, see https://www.fun-mooc.fr And now in Brazil http://www.ufjf.br/fisiologia/curso-marey-a-arte-e-a-ciencia-do-movimento/
Research
Research items (43)
Article
Full-text available
Bergson opposait le temps à l'espace comme l'esprit à la matière, ce qui fait qu'il concevait la transition entre la rétention des événements dans le souvenir et l'orientation de l'habitude vers l'action comme une distraction de « notre attention à la vie ». Husserl fondait le sens d'être des événements et autres choses qui durent sur la pluridimen...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé: La conscience est toujours conscience de quelque chose, généralement une chose autre qu’elle-même - mais quelle sorte de chose est donc la conscience, considérée en et pour elle-même? Naguère redoutable paradoxe qu’une science sérieuse abandonnait volontiers aux philosophes, la conscience a-t-elle été ramenée finalement à la condition d’un...
Chapter
Full-text available
Tandis que la physique appliquée ou la chimie appliquée désignent des innovations qui changent notre vie, on peut se demander si les neurosciences sociales, la neuroéconomie ou la neuroéthique font plus qu'un recodage en termes neuroscientifiques des doctrines connues de disciplines existantes. Sous l'apparence académique d'une dispute de frontière...
Article
Full-text available
Lorsque les neurosciences conçoivent la nécessité de réhabiliter le corps contre la tendance des sciences cognitives à intellectualiser à outrance la cognition et qu'elles veulent fonder une neurophysiologie de l'action-et non seulement de la représentation-elles revisitent assez logiquement Bergson, et plus particulièrement Matière et mémoire, où...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary questions an assumption in the target article to the effect that science prohibits projecting any intentional properties or entities outside of human experience.
Research
Full-text available
Presentation of the volume of acts of the conference "La naturalisation de la Phénoménologie 20 après" held at Université de Strasbourg, 22-23/04/2014.
Chapter
Full-text available
An enquiry at the frontier between phenomenology and pathophysiology using the motor deficit of a patient suffering from Parkinson's disease as a test of robustness for Husserl's constitution theory which founds the subject's capability of sense-making on the normal disponibility of the kinaesthetic system of its own body.
Chapter
Full-text available
Dépassant le mécanisme physicaliste de la première physiologie du mouvement musculaire (E-J Marey), les neurosciences contemporaines tentent de relever le défi de la phénoménologie de l'expérience corporelle.
Article
Full-text available
A contribution to the history of a formerly hotly discussed, but short-lived scientific project: neurophenomeno-logy, the proposal of weaving together Husserlian phenomenology of consciousness and the neuroscience of brain functioning, this article traces back the opening and closing of an apparent window of opportunity, both in phenomenology and i...
Article
Full-text available
Ricoeur’s Philosophy of the Will is reexamined here both as a source of motivation for his project of dialoguing with the analytic theory of action and as an explanation for the lack of response on the part of his Anglo-American interlocutors.Keywords: Actions, Language, Body, Idealism. RésuméLa Philosophie de la volonté de Ricœur est revisitée ici...
Chapter
Full-text available
A theoretical frame in the horizon of phenomenology for the discussion of Alain Berthoz proposal of a new theory of the "simplexity" of the living being by specialists of complex systems in computational and empirical biology.
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we reflect on the motives underlying the search for extraterrestrial intelligent life (SETI) with a view to show that far from turning away from humanity it is profoundly rooted in human aspirations. We suggest that those motives derive their driving force from the fact that they combine two powerful aspirations of humanity. On the...
Article
Full-text available
A rallying cry in some sectors of cognitive science, the embodiment of language is understood here in the full content of meaning of phenomenological tradition to help assess the remaining distance from neuroscience to a science of language, provided that tracking down in the brain neural events correlative of verbal behavior would not be sufficien...
Chapter
Full-text available
A vindication of Paul Ricoeur's reinterpretation of phenomenology in the sense of an hermeneutics of culture as rooted in late Husserl's transcendental constitution of Lebenswelt.
Chapter
Full-text available
Normally, we perfectly know where we are: we know that we are viewing the world from a particular and unique point of view. We know that we inhabit the physical body that is situated precisely at this same point of space. We localize ourselves in an absolute manner: definitely, we are ‘here’! We know where our hand is without having to watch it con...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive neuroscience established the existence of patterns of neural functioning in brain that could be construed as causal correlates of behaviours. Far from being limited to sensorimotor con-nexions inside one isolated brain, the research stretches out to larger scale behaviours, which imply interacting organisms. Overcoming the traditional iso...
Article
Full-text available
I wish to come back to the "failed dialogue" between Changeux and Ricœur in order to understand better what is the difficulty in the relation between neurosciences and phenomenology. Is this apparent difficulty real, and in that case, should it be considered insurmountable? Long before there was talk of "cognitive neurosciences", the Voluntary and...
Article
How do we extrapolate the final position of hand trajectory that suddenly vanishes behind a wall? Studies showing maintenance of cortical activity after objects in motion disappear suggest that internal model of action may be recalled to reconstruct the missing part of the trajectory. Although supported by neurophysiological and brain imaging studi...
Article
Full-text available
This article falls into two parts, the first critical, the second constructive. The aim is to formulate, explicitly, a recent claim advanced in the cognitive neurosciences, namely, that of being able to found a neuroscience of social cognition. This claim is examined with regard to its origins, which go back the pre-phenomenological psychology ofEi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Progress in brain cartography affords an opportunity for a new, non conflictual relationship between Leib/Körper phenomenology and a neuroscience becoming to acknowledge brain representational plasticity under the effect of experience.
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenological theory of constitution promises a solution for the problem of consciousness insofar as it changes the traditional terms of this problem by systematically correlating subject and object in the unifying context of intentional acts. I argue that embodied constitution must depend upon the role of kinesthesia as a constitutive opera...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenological tradition stands opposed to contemp orary cognitive science in this, that so far from being a mere thing in the physical world, a thing whose mind would contain some mental representation, the lived body is constituted in its sense of being for the subject by being used and actively appropriated by this self-same subject, as ag...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenological tradition stands opposed to contemporary cognitive science in this, that so far from being a mere thing in the physical world, a thing whose mind would contain some mental representation, the lived body is constituted in its sense of being for the subject by being used and actively appropriated by this self-same subject, as age...
Chapter
Full-text available
Certains, aujourd'hui, pourraient être tentés de penser que la philosophie de l'action n'est plus d'actualité et qu'elle doit céder la place aux neurosciences, parce que - notamment en appliquant les méthodes d'imagerie cérébrale à une observation non invasive du sujet dans l'accomplissement de tâches définies - ces sciences se sont dotées de la te...
Article
Full-text available
Dans un effort d'interprétation charitable d'une remarque, obscurantiste à première vue, d'un Wittgenstein qui n'écartait pas l'éventualité d'un chaos cérébral sous l'ordre des mots du discours, nous avons parcouru la littérature scientifique des 25 dernières années dans les domaines de la neurologie de l'aphasie, de l'électro-encéphalographie et d...
Chapter
Full-text available
For Husserl, the movement of an organism, as oriented by its tendencies toward some vital aim from whose attainment it draws satisfaction, is an operative factor in the process of the subjective constitution of the world. Firsr of all, effort and practice are required for the articulation and mastery of the integrated system of kinesthetic and hyle...
Chapter
Full-text available
Je m'adresse ici plus spécialement au neurophysiologiste. Je me propose de le convaincre de l'existence en un secteur de la philosophie contemporaine: la phénoménologie, en particulier l'œuvre posthume de Husserl, d'une théorie, ou peut-être seulement d'une conception du sens comme intentionnalité, dans laquelle le phénomène de l'orientation active...
Article
Full-text available
Contrairement à une lecture "cartésienne" superficielle, Husserl ne s'est pas contenté du cogito comme source des actes, mais s'est intéressé aux aspects pulsionnels et kinesthésiques de l'action intentionnelle. Ses suggestions en ce sens dans les manuscrits inédits sont mises en parallèle avec les données expérimentales récentes sur les illusions...
Article
Full-text available
Qui doit avoir peur de Wittgenstein ? Ni les psychanalystes freudiens, puisqu'il était, à sa façon, « sectateur de Freud » ; ni les fonctionnalistes cognitivistes, dans la mesure où ceux-ci redécouvrent sa thèse d'aulonomie grammaticale. La réponse est dans ses ultimes manuscrits sur la philosophie de la psychologie : il s'attaquait à W. James et à...