Jean-Luc Thomas

Jean-Luc Thomas
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Laboratoire INMG-PGNM UCBL - CNRS UMR5261 - Inserm U1315

PhD

About

22
Publications
4,001
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1,426
Citations
Citations since 2017
3 Research Items
428 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal muscles are composed of hundreds of multinucleated muscle fibers (myofibers) whose myonuclei are regularly positioned all along the myofiber's periphery except the few ones clustered underneath the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) at the synaptic zone. This precise myonuclei organization is altered in different types of muscle disease, includi...
Article
Full-text available
Microtubules (MTs) are known to be post-translationally modified at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), hence increasing their stability. To date however, the function(s) of the dynamic MT network and its relative stability in the formation and maintenance of NMJs remain poorly described. Stabilization of the MT is dependent in part on its acetylatio...
Article
Full-text available
Telomere shortening follows a developmentally regulated process that leads to replicative senescence of dividing cells. However, whether telomere changes are involved in postmitotic cell function and aging remains elusive. In this study, we discovered that the level of the TRF2 protein, a key telomere‐capping protein, declines in human skeletal mus...
Article
Full-text available
Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) expression in innervated muscle is limited to the synaptic region. Neuron-induced electrical activity participates to this compartmentalization by promoting the repression of AChR expression in the extra synaptic regions. Here, we show that the co-repressor CtBP1 (C-terminal Binding Protein 1) is present on the myogeni...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial fission and fusion are essential processes in the maintenance of the skeletal muscle function. The contribution of these processes to muscle development has not been properly investigated in vivo because of the early lethality of the models generated so far. To define the role of mitochondrial fission in muscle development and repair,...
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal muscle atrophy is a severe condition of muscle mass loss. Muscle atrophy is caused by a down-regulation of protein synthesis and by an increase of protein breakdown due to the ubiquitin-proteasome system and autophagy activation. Up-regulation of specific genes, such as the muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase MAFbx, by FoxO transcription f...
Article
A transgenesis programme has been developed for Impatiens balsamina that will allow elucidation of the roles played by individual genes in the flower reversion phenomenon shown by this model species. The lack of explants exhibiting adventitious shooting in I. balsamina hinders Agrobacterium-based transformation, but the multiple shoots that arise f...
Article
Full-text available
In adult skeletal muscle, the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) specifically accumulates at the neuromuscular junction, to allow neurotransmission. This clustering is paralleled by a compartmentalization of AChR genes expression to subsynaptic nuclei, which acquire a unique gene expression program and a specific morphology in response to neur...
Article
Full-text available
There are few powerful techniques available to transfect insect tissues. We previously used biolistics to transfect Bombyx mori embryos, and larval and pupal tissues (Thomas J-L et al. 2001. Journal of Insect Science 1/9, Kravariti L et al. 2001. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 31: 473–479). As the main limitation was the irregularity in...
Article
Transgenesis was recently achieved in Bombyx mori L., but it has proved difficult and time-consuming to screen the numerous progeny to identify the transgenic individuals. As the 3xP3-EGFP marker has been shown to be a suitable universal marker for transgenic insects (Nature 402 (1999) 370), we evaluated its use for embryonic-stage screening for B....
Article
Bombyx mori unpaired early chorion gene copies 6F6.1,.2 and.3 are exceptions to the typical organization and distribution pattern of known early ErA/ErB, middle A/B and late HcA/HcB divergently transcribed gene pairs. Contrary to such pairs, the boundaries of the 6F6 regulatory sequences are not easily defined; moreover, they share common sequence...
Article
Full-text available
To compensate for the extremely low penetration efficiency of the original PDS/1000-He Bio Rad biolistic device and the deleterious blast effect, design modifications have been made to the launching module. These modifications were evaluated on Bombyx mori embryos and fragile tissues, such as oocytes and imaginal wing disks. The original floppy mac...
Article
Full-text available
To compensate for the extremely low penetration efficiency of the original PDS/1000-He Bio Rad biolisticreg; device and the deleterious blast effect, design modifications have been made to the launching module. These modifications were evaluated on Bombyx mori embryos and fragile tissues, such as oocytes and imaginal wing disks. The original floppy...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a system for stable germline transformation in the silkworm Bombyx mori L. using piggyBac, a transposon discovered in the lepidopteran Trichoplusia ni. The transformation constructs consist of the piggyBac inverted terminal repeats flanking a fusion of the B. mori cytoplasmic actin gene BmA3 promoter and the green fluorescent prot...
Article
Three methods of isolating primordial germ cells (PGCs) from gonads of 5-day-old chick embryos were compared. PGCs were then cultured in vitro in DMEM/F12 medium containing 10% fetal calf serum. BrdU incorporation showed that at least 10% of the PGC population were dividing, under our culture conditions, during the 2nd day of in vitro culture. Duri...
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Defective avian leukosis-based vectors expressing the bacterial lacZ gene were used as helper-free preparations to infect early stage Brown-Leghorn embryos. Both in toto X-gal staining and DNA analysis using Southern blot technique were applied to detect virus integration and expression. Our results demonstrate a low efficiency of in vitro infectio...
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Production and expression of double-expression vectors which transduce both Neo(r) and lacZ genes and are based on the structure of avian leukosis virus were enhanced by using cis-acting sequences (long terminal repeats and noncoding sequences) from Rous-associated virus-1 and Rous-associated virus-2 rather than those of avian erythroblastosis viru...
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An avian leukosis virus-based packaging cell line was constructed from the genome of the Rous-associated virus type 1. The gag, pol, and env genes were separated on two different plasmids; the packaging signal and the 3' long terminal repeat were removed. On a plasmid expressing the gag and pol genes, the env gene was replaced by the hygromycin res...
Article
Full-text available
We constructed an avian leukosis virus-based packaging cell line, pHF-g, containing Rous-associated virus DNA with several alterations to abolish RNA packaging. One of them is a 52-base-pair deletion encompassing the putative encapsidation signal in the leader region. The 3' long terminal repeat was also removed and replaced by the polyadenylation...

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