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Jean-Luc Solandt

Jean-Luc Solandt
Marine Conservation Society · Ocean Recovery

Bachelor of Science (Hons) Liverpool; PhD (Queen Mary, London) & University West Indies (Jamaica)

About

67
Publications
29,279
Reads
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1,112
Citations
Introduction
Specialist on UK and EU MPA policy, ecology and delivery; and coral reef citizen science and bleaching.
Additional affiliations
October 2002 - present
Marine Conservation Society
Position
  • Principal Specialist, Marine Protected Areas
September 1994 - May 1998
Queen Mary, University of London
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
The global marine environment has seen recent rapid growth in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). In UK (English) waters, MPAs incorporate Special Protection Areas (SPAs), Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs), each with specific conservation objectives. In accordance with legislation, the UK has adopted a feature-bas...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A report indicating fishing pressure using bottom towed fishing gears inside UK Protected Areas in offshore waters. Focusing on activity in those protected areas designated to protect the seabed. We overlay sediment data, and provisional carbon storage data from Luisetti et al., (2019) to illustrate the potential carbon mitigation costs, and loss o...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In September 2019 Biosphere Expeditions ran its ninth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives. Local and international citizen scientists, supervised by a professional reef biologist, performed surveys for one week. We undertook surveys using the Reef Check methodology at exposed, semi-exposed and sheltered sites in South Male...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Technical report investigating the legal drivers and ecological mechanisms required to be understood and satisfied in order to allow fishing activities in a sandbank Special Area of Conservation
Article
Full-text available
• Case studies of Marine Protected Area (MPA) upscaling were solicited from participants of a workshop at the International Marine Protected Areas Conference held in Autumn 2013 in Marseille. • One such case study was Solandt, Jones, Duval‐Diop, Kleiven, and Frangoudes (2014; Governance challenges in scaling up from individual MPAs to MPA networks....
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation: Little and large: surveying and safeguarding coral reefs & whale sharks in the Maldives (September 2019). Wrap-up presentation with voiceover. Download full file from https://app.box.com/s/2se4hguifg3uqgpn2j2q5y08xi5jsdpz
Article
Full-text available
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are designated to enable the management of damaging activities within a discrete spatial area, and can be effective at reducing the associated impacts, including habitat loss and over-exploitation. Such sites, however, may be exposed to the potential impacts from broader scale pressures, such as anthropogenic litter, d...
Article
Full-text available
Healthy marine ecosystems provide a wide range of resources and services that support life on Earth and contribute to human wellbeing. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are accepted as an important tool for the restoration and maintenance of marine ecosystem structure, function, health and ecosystem integrity through the conservation of significant spe...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of UK marine diver recording project 'Seasearch' in helping with designation, management and mitigation of impacts in Marine Protected Areas.
Preprint
Full-text available
A paper investigating the value of the UK approach to protecting features in Marine Protected Areas, rather than moving to protecting the whole of sites, investigating management, legal opportunities and current governance mechanisms to put this in place.
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: During the third global coral bleaching event in 2016, the Maldives experienced elevated water temperatures inducing coral bleaching. The bleaching intensity and mortality of coral communities was recorded in different habitats, depths, and wave exposure conditions around North Ari Atoll in the central Maldives to investigate the effect o...
Article
During the third global coral bleaching event in 2016, the Maldives experienced elevated water temperatures, inducing coral bleaching. We recorded the bleaching intensity and mortality of coral communities in different habitats, depths and wave exposure conditions around North Ari Atoll in the central Maldives to investigate the effect of physical...
Article
Full-text available
Comparisons between bleaching resilience in northern Red Sea reefs in comparison to Maldives from the latest research.
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2018 Biosphere Expeditions ran its eighth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives since 2011. One week of surveys was carried out in July 2018 by local and international citizen scientists and a professional reef biologist in Ari atoll, the Maldives. Surveys using the Reef Check methodology were undertaken at three ‘inner’ and three...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In 2018 Biosphere Expeditions ran its eighth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives since 2011. One week of surveys was carried out in July 2018 by local and international citizen scientists and a professional reef biologist in Ari atoll, the Maldives. Surveys using the Reef Check methodology were undertaken at three ‘inner’...
Article
Full-text available
The basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is an endangered species in the north-east Atlantic, having been historically over exploited. Whilst near-shore aggregation hotspots in the UK have been identified, robust knowledge on species distribution and abundance outside these areas remains limited. Research techniques, such as habitat modelling, could...
Article
Full-text available
The big question for the MPA field: How effective are our MPAs? An interview with Jean-Luc Solandt As the global MPA community approaches the 2020 deadline for meeting Aichi Target 11, it must achieve two potentially very different goals. There is the numerical goal of covering 10% of coastal and marine areas in MPAs. And there is the qualitative g...
Technical Report
Full-text available
July 2017 Surveys of central atoll Maldives reefs showing inner reef vs outer reef comparison in response to the May 2016 bleaching event.
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Two weeks of coral reef surveys were carried out in July 2017 by Biosphere Expeditions in Ari, South Male’, Felidhu and Mulaku atolls, Maldives. The surveys were undertaken by Maldivian placement recipients, fee-paying volunteer citizen scientists from around the world and staff from Biosphere Expeditions. Surveys using the Reef Check m...
Article
Full-text available
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have developed in number and area at an unprecedented rate over the past 20 years in the UK. As with all other states, UK MPA designation and management requires evidence on the location, state, extent and vulnerability of marine organisms. Whilst the evidence base has been used to designate 297 sites in two decades co...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Article
The UK network of Marine Protected Areas and the application of management measures to protect conservation features has grown over the past decade. Bodies that regulate activities within MPAs require advice from 'statutory' conservation bodies. Therefore to assess the developing MPA networks resilience it is important to assess the ability of bodi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Brexit may be the single biggest constitutional change that will happen to the UK in its history. The UK government and civil service are still coming to terms with the process of change, the complexity of developing new laws, and the new political horizon of working with our European partners once the UK exits the EU. The environment and MPAs are...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In July 2016 Biosphere Expeditions volunteers carried out a week of Reef Check surveys in Ari atoll, Maldives. The surveys were undertaken by four Maldivian placement recipients, fee-paying volunteer citizen scientists from around the world, and staff from Biosphere Expeditions and the Marine Conservation Society. A half-day effort-based whale shar...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In July 2016 Biosphere Expeditions volunteers carried out a week of Reef Check surveys in Ari atoll, Maldives. The surveys were undertaken by four Maldivian placement recipients, fee-paying volunteer citizen scientists from around the world, and staff from Biosphere Expeditions and the Marine Conservation Society. A half-day effort-based...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the particularly concerning attributes of coral reefs is the potential for ‘phase shifts’ from coral to non-coral dominated assemblages (e.g. Jamaica 25 years ago). The reefs of the Maldives were variously regarded as ‘pristine’ or a ‘wonderland’ by initial visitors with SCUBA such as Cousteau in the 1950s, but profound ecological changes ha...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract One week of Reef Check surveys was carried out in September 2015 with Biosphere Expeditions volunteers in Ari Atoll, Maldives. Surveys concentrated on revisiting permanent monitoring sites that have been surveyed in Ari Atoll, central Maldives. The surveys were carried out whilst an El Niño event was taking place elsewhere in the world, b...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, the need to identify and establish integrated and connected systems of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) is becoming increasingly recognised. For best practice, these networks need to be planned and assessed against multiple criteria. However, building a sound evidence base to support decision-making processes is complex, as well as fiscally...
Research
Full-text available
ReefCheck 2014 expedition report for Musandam, Northern Oman.
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Research
Full-text available
An article on the role of Seasearch in developing marine environmental management in UK seas over the past decade
Research
Full-text available
2014 monitoring survey trip of North Male' atoll reefs that were initially surveyed by ReefCheck in 1997 before the mass-bleaching event.
Research
Full-text available
Abstract One week of Reef Check surveys was carried out in September 2014 with Biosphere Expeditions volunteers in North Male’ atoll, Maldives. Surveys concentrated on re-visiting sites that were initially surveyed prior to or just after the 1998 bleaching event. CoralWatch, and photo quadrat surveys (analysed using Coral Point Count software) were...
Article
1. With the drive for greater numbers and areas of MPAs to be put in place to meet national and international targets, challenges have emerged in both the establishment and development of sustainable governance of the networks of sites that are emerging. 2. Using 12 presentations given in a workshop on 'Improving participation for better governance...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract One week of Reef Check surveys was carried out in September 2013 with Biosphere Expeditions volunteers in central Maldives atolls. Reef Check sites visited were predominantly inshore house reefs and sheltered locations, both in North Male’ and Ari atolls. We re-surveyed reefs first visited in 2011 including Rasdhoo Madivaru, Bathaalaa Mag...
Article
Full-text available
The temperate waters of the North-Eastern Atlantic have a long history of maritime resource richness and, as a result, the European Union is endeavouring to maintain regional productivity and biodiversity. At the intersection of these aims lies potential conflict, signalling the need for integrated, cross-border management approaches. This paper fo...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract One week of Reef Check surveys were carried out in September 2012 with Biosphere Expeditions volunteers in central Maldives atolls. Surveys concentrated on re-visiting sites that were initially surveyed prior to or just after the 1998 bleaching event. Coralwatch, and photo quadrat surveys (analysed using Coral Point Count software) were a...
Article
Full-text available
The article outlines one of the earliest applications of the directive to commercial fishing in the UK'S Fal and Helford Special Area of Conservation (SAC), where a national NGO brought pressure to bear on local and national administrators over failure to implement the directive in a European marine site. The UK Habitats Regulations work relatively...
Article
Full-text available
Basking sharks Cetorhinus maximus have undergone widespread historic exploitation in the northeast Atlantic and are of conservation concern. A greater knowledge of their spatial and temporal habitat use is required to better inform subsequent monitoring and management strategies. Techniques such as light-based geolocation have provided great insigh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study undertook survey dives in North Male’, Rasdhoo and South Ari Atolls between 6 and 15 September 2011, using the internationally accredited survey method Reef Check. Two one-week training and survey programmes with layperson volunteers were undertaken based on the live-aboard vessel MV Carpe Diem. Training for each week lasted 2.5 days, a...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study undertook survey dives in North Male’, Rasdhoo and South Ari Atolls between 6 and 15 September 2011, using the internationally accredited survey method Reef Check. Two one-week training and survey programmes with layperson volunteers were undertaken based on the live-aboard vessel MV Carpe Diem. Training for each week lasted 2...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-based policy requires researchers to provide the answers to ecological questions that are of interest to policy makers. To find out what those questions are in the UK, representatives from 28 organizations involved in policy, together with scientists from 10 academic institutions, were asked to generate a list of questions from their organ...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based coastal resource management has been widely applied within the Philippines. However, small-scale community-based reserves are often inefficient owing to management inadequacies arising because of a lack of local support or enforcement or poor design. Because there are many potential pitfalls during the establishment of even small co...
Article
Full-text available
Current concerns about the population levels of the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in the north-east Atlantic have prompted a need to understand population distribution, habitat preference and centres of abundance. In this study, spatial distribution maps derived from satellite-tag geolocations, boat surveys and public sightings data were compa...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of shallow water coral reef organisms is often a function of competition for limited resources (Connell, 1983). Coral reefs are intrinsically patchy, and the spatial distribution of benthic habitats can have important consequences for populations of motile site-attached species (Foster, 1987; Connell and Slatyer, 1977). An abundant...
Article
Full-text available
T wenty two fringing reef sites within the Mamanuca Islands, western Fiji were surveyed during 2001 and 2002, using Reef Check methods. A mean increase of 14.3% in hard coral cover was recorded over the 12-month period. This increase in hard coral cover suggests a significant recovery of scleractinian coral colonies that were originally impacted by...
Article
Full-text available
The mangroves of the Philippines have declined by 75% over the past 80 years due to a range of anthropogenic pressures. However, there is relatively little information available on mangrove stands in the central Visayas region of the Philippines. This paper represents first detailed inventory of the mangrove resources of Danjugan Island, Cauayan, N...
Article
Full-text available
Food choice of Diadema antillarum Philippi was investigated in 1995 at Discovery Bay, Ja-maica, using a variety of laboratory experiments. In two food choice experiments, D. antillarum was offered five species of macroalgae common on shallow fore-reefs away from resident populations. The urchin was attracted towards water passing over heavily calci...
Article
Full-text available
Populations of Diadema antillarum and Tripneustes ventricosus were monitored on the forereef and backreef at Discovery Bay, Jamaica, from 1995 to 2000. On the primarily coralline substrate of the forereef, T. ventricosus densities were normally low but showed a ten-fold increase in 1998, followed by a decline to normal levels. On the backreef, with...
Article
Full-text available
Mission Statement: Providing resources to help sustain livelihoods and alleviate poverty through the protection, restoration and management of coral reefs and tropical forests.