Jean-Luc Nespoulous

Jean-Luc Nespoulous
University of Toulouse · Laboratoire de NeuroPsychoLinguistique (LNPL). E.A 4156 & Toulouse Mind Brain Institute (TMBI)

M.A in English Language & M.A in General Linguistics, Phd in Linguistics (1973), "Doctorat d'Etat" in Neuropsycholinguistics (1986)

About

248
Publications
32,653
Reads
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3,673
Citations
Introduction
Over the last 50 years, Pr. Nespoulous (and his 52 PhD &/or postdoctoral students) has constantly studied language disturbances in aphasia, at all levels of structural/functional architecture : "from intention to articulation". His major contributions bear on phonetic/phonemic as well as on lexical, syntactic and discourse impairments. With J. Virbel, at the turn of the century, he proposed a revision of the notion of "handicap", including "palliative strategies", through which patients try to "by-pass" their deficit.
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - September 2020
University of Toulouse 2 - Jean Jaurès
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
July 1990 - September 2010
University of Toulouse
Position
  • Managing Director
January 1990 - October 2010
Programme de Recherche en Sciences Cognitives de Toulouse. PRESCOT
Position
  • One of the founding members and member of the Board of Governors
Description
  • Federation of several laboratories, in Toulouse, open to interdisciplinary research in Cognitive Science. Interdisciplinary Research Program launched by the C.N.R.S (P.I.R)

Publications

Publications (248)
Research
Full-text available
Conférence invitée au Colloque de Pausologie de Montpellier (Praxiling) du 16 octobre 2014
Chapter
"Stable state" just do not exist. Even thogh relyong on universal (biological?) properties, language behavior constantly vary according to many environnemental and personal factors
Article
Of digits and numbers : their use and misuses at the time of the coronavirus
Article
About the use and misuses of the word "distancing" at the time of the coronavirus
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with the past and future evolution of neuropsychology
Presentation
My presentation is about across-task and cross-linguistic variability in agrammatic production. It questions an excessive unitary account of agrammatism. It emphasizes the role that may play palliative (adaptive) strategies in language production.
Preprint
Full-text available
Même si le langage vient aux enfants du fait de prédispositions biologiques caractéristiques de l'espèce humaine, ceux-ci se doivent d'apprendre la langue de leur environnement et cet apprentissage va prendre plusieurs années et il ne sera même, en fait, jamais terminé, particulièrement au niveau lexical. Qui, en effet, peut prétendre maîtriser la...
Preprint
Full-text available
L'étude des relations mutuelles du cerveau/esprit et du langage n'attendit certainement pas d'être baptisée neurolinguistique ou neuropsycholinguistique pour que soit avancée une première caractérisation des troubles du langage (ou « aphasies ») consécutifs à telle ou telle lésion cérébrale ordinairement située dans l'hémisphère cérébral gauche. C'...
Article
This paper is about the evolution of neuropsychology. It focuses upon the necessity to resort to various scientific disciplines, including Human and Social Sciences, to cover the intrinsically interdisciplinary field required to give a well-founded motivated account of the structural and functional architecture of behavior in the human brain/mind
Article
The present study aims to assess the assumption that number transcoding processing is driven by the linguistic properties of verbal number systems, through the analysis of errors produced by a Basque–French bilingual adult with aphasia, in a number dictation task. In particular, it was predicted that errors would not be the same in Basque and Frenc...
Preprint
Full-text available
An increasing number of studies focus on discourse production in patients with neurodegenerative diseases and underline its clinical usefulness. However, if this is to be used as a clinical tool, one needs to consider how normal discourse varies within cognitively unimpaired elderly populations. In the current study, the aim has been to investigate...
Article
Full-text available
Semantics and Aphasia – A neuropsycholinguistic approach to high level cognitive/linguistic processes The current paper is an attempt to show in what way the observation of behavioral dissociations –both verbal and non-verbal– in brain-damaged patients, with or without aphasia, is liable to enrich the modelling of the functional architecture of lan...
Article
The current paper is an attempt to show in what way the observation of behavioral dissociations-both verbal and non-verbal- in brain-damaged patients, with or without aphasia, is liable to enrich the modelling of the functional architecture of language and cognition in the human brain/mind. In parallel, some limitations and caveat are identified in...
Research
Full-text available
Conférence invitée au Congrès SOFMER. Toulouse 18-20 octobre 2012
Article
Background: The Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery - Brazilian version (MTL-BR) provides a general description of language processing and related components in adults with brain injury. Objective: The present study aimed at verifying the criterion-related validity of the Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery - Brazilian versio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Compared to normal speech, agrammatic utterances are “telegraphic” with frequent closed-class words omissions, simple clauses, short utterances and reduced morpho-syntactic complexity. Besides, its predominant symptom comprises fluency disturbances and great efforts needed to produce speech. Results from previous corpora analyses confirm that varia...
Research
Full-text available
Powerpoint file in relation with oral presentation as Keynote lecture at the CPLOL European Congress, Florence 8 & 9 May 2015
Research
Full-text available
Keynote lecture. CPLOL European Congress, Florence, May 8 & 9 2015
Article
Full-text available
There is growing concern about understanding how sociodemographic variables may interfere with cognitive functioning, especially with regard to language. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between performance in the Brazilian version of the Montreal-Toulouse language assessment battery (MTL-BR) and education, age and frequency of read...
Article
This article describes the case of a patient who, following herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE), retained the ability to access rich conceptual semantic information for familiar people whom he was no longer able to name. Moreover, this patient presented the very rare combination of name production and name comprehension deficits for different categor...
Article
This paper is about the future of Speech Therapist Formation in France
Article
This paper presents the findings of a longitudinal study of seven Basque-French bilingual children and three monolingual Basque-speaking children concerning the acquisition of the morphological marking of the ergative case in Basque. Following the hypotheses put forth to account for the development of early bilingualism, the aim of the study was to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery-Brazilian version (MTL-BR) has been adapted, extensively revised, and redesigned from French to Brazilian Portuguese to assess components of spoken and written language, praxis, and arithmetical skills after brain injury. Aims: The aim of the present study was to verify the influence of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Retrieving a specific name is sometimes difficult and can be even harder when pathology affects the temporal lobes. Word finding difficulties have been well documented in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) but analyses have mostly concentrated on the study of accuracy. Our aim here was to go beyond simple accuracy and to provide both a quantitati...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this presentation we share some results of our work in phonetics and and its application to the study of aphasic speech errors and other disorders.
Article
Full-text available
In Brazil, no standardized instruments are available to assess language in patients with aphasia. The aim of the current study was to search for reliability and validity evidence for the Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery (MTL-BR). The sample was composed of 537 adults, of whom 463 were healthy individuals and 74 had neurological lesions...
Article
This paper presents the findings of a longitudinal study of seven Basque-French bilingual children and three monolingual Basque-speaking children concerning the acquisition of the morphological marking of the ergative case in Basque. Following the hypotheses put forth to account for the development of early bilingualism, the aim of the study was to...
Article
A great number of studies in aphasiology have reported devoicing of voiced consonants in patients who have particular difficulty with the phonetic processing of speech. Recently, other studies have made attempts to account for these difficulties not only in negative terms of ‘deficit’ but also, positively, as a palliative strategy which patients wo...
Article
Background: As agrammatism is, at least partly, an adaptive behaviour, we investigated how compensation strategies manifest themselves in agrammatic performance.Aims: Within a functional theoretical framework of language use we conducted an in-depth exploration of across-task variability in agrammatic patients' oral production, submitting the morph...
Article
Landau–Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare childhood neurological disorder characterized by subacute aphasia, auditory agnosia and abnormal EEG. Prosody structures utterances, indicates sentence modality (linguistic prosody) and expresses the speaker’s intention, attitude and emotions (affective prosody). It not only functions as (para-) linguistic f...
Article
Full-text available
Languages differ considerably in how they lexicalize and grammaticalize spatial information (Talmy, 2000). Satellite-framed languages such as English express Manner in the verb root and Path in satellites, while Verb-framed languages such as French lexicalize Path in the verb, leaving Manner implicit or expressing it in the periphery of the sentenc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Do the specificities of a language matter for people with aphasia ? Despite a few cross-linguistic studies in aphasia, little is known about universal vs. language-specific aspects of the linguistic deficits and compensation strategies people with aphasia develop. This question not only contributes to the debates concerning the relationship between...
Article
Full-text available
Declarative memory is a long-term store for facts, concepts and words. Procedural memory subserves the learning and control of sensorimotor and cognitive skills, including the mental grammar. In this study, we report a single-case study of a mild aphasic patient who showed procedural deficits in the presence of preserved declarative memory abilitie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Notre poster présente le bilan d’une étude-pilote menée en Pays Basque de France auprès d’enfants bilingues basco-français. Ce travail a consisté à recueillir et à comparer la production orale en français et en basque de quatre profils de bilingues précoces. Les résultats préliminaires sur l’acquisition du marqueur de l’ergatif en basque remettent...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with research for the design of "sound fonts" and development of an evaluation methodology suitable for use with non visual presentation based on the speech modality or on multimodality (speech and tactile). The work hypothesis of the study presented here relies on the fact that both structure and typographic attributes increase th...
Article
Full-text available
Since the pioneering study by Rosch and colleagues in the 70s, it is commonly agreed that basic level perceptual categories (dog, chair...) are accessed faster than superordinate ones (animal, furniture...). Nevertheless, the speed at which objects presented in natural images can be processed in a rapid go/no-go visual superordinate categorization...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of our work is modeling the detection and the correction of spelling and typing errors, especially in the linguistic disabil ities context. The work is based on a fine analysis of clerical errors committed. The first pa rt of this article is devoted to a detailed description of error. In the second part, we analyz e error in (1) determining...
Article
Full-text available
Several experiments have been carried out in which L2 learners (L1: French) listened to a MP3-track in German on a computer while a video of the screen recorded "on-line" the movements of the mouse and its time-course. Such a new method enabled accurate analysis of the subjects'self-controlled cognitive strategies in information input/intake. Data...
Article
The goal of this article is to share some reflection on the astonishing evolution of the ideas in communication neuroscience and neurolinguistics over the last 30 years, since the founding of the société de neuropsychologie de langue française. in particular, a number of conceptual and methodological advancements have characterized this period, man...
Article
Cet article fait le point sur l’évolution conceptuelle et méthodologique qui a caractérisé la recherche en neurosciences cognitives du langage et en neurolinguistique au cours des 30 dernières années. Les éléments soulignés ont trait (a) à l’élargissement du concept de langage et ses impacts théorique et clinique, (b) aux apports de la neuroimageri...
Article
Full-text available
After introducing what is known about potential interactions between phonetic/phonological and orthographic representations in first (L1) and second (L2) language speech perception studies, loanword and interphonology, and literacy-related phonological awareness research, the paper describes the case of Japanese learners of French, with particular...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents the results from a pointing task that examined French adult’s processing of Internal Localization Nouns (ILNs), with particular attention to avant ('front') and devant ('front surface'). Performance in this task shows that the parameters governing the frontal orientation(s) implied by these markers ("static function", "dynamic...
Article
Full-text available
Simultaneous interpreting is generally assumed to be particularly demanding with respect to cognitive resources such as attention and working memory, which are thought to gradually increase with professional practice. Experimental data to corroborate this assumption is still rather sparse, however. Here we report an in-depth investigation of workin...