Jean Clarke

Jean Clarke
emlyon business school | EMLYON

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27
Publications
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Publications

Publications (27)
Article
This article presents an exercise designed for successors and other business family members with the aim to enable them to communicate their understandings of their family and family business’ past legacies and to express their future-related projections. First initiated in France in 2014, then duplicated in United States in 2019, the exercise has...
Article
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Gestures are an underresearched but potentially significant aspect of organizational conduct that is relevant to researchers across a range of theoretical and empirical domains. In engaging the cross-disciplinary field of gesture studies, we develop and apply a protocol for analyzing gestures produced in naturalistic settings during ongoing streams...
Article
Entrepreneurship is a generative and transformative process of altering convention where personal/social history, assets, technologies, and trading activity are gathered in organizational form. How entrepreneurs frame this process, and are, in turn, organised by this process, constitutes the entrepreneurial experience. Typically this framing has be...
Article
We examine how visual metaphor can reveal the tacit assumptions entrepreneurs use to make sense of their lives. While metaphor is often equated with linguistic metaphor, here we argue that metaphors created through the modality of drawing can offer a more nuanced insight into how entrepreneurs make sense of their entrepreneurial identity. From an a...
Article
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Little attention has been given to the ethics of fashion consumption despite the often trenchant critique of the fashion industry for intensifying cycles of production, consumption, and disposal and encouraging in consumers a superficial sense of identity and the good life through apparel. In this article, we suggest that although relationships wit...
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We investigate the role and influence of the biological metaphor ‘growth’ in studies of organizations, specifically in entrepreneurial settings. We argue that we need to reconsider metaphorical expressions of growth processes in entrepreneurship studies in order to better understand growth in the light of contemporary challenges, such as environmen...
Chapter
Entrepreneurial cognition research, reflecting classic assumptions within cognitive science more generally, has traditionally conceptualized cognition as static, disembodied and individual. In this chapter, we outline a more dynamic, embodied and social perspective of entrepreneurial cognition. This perspective focuses in particular on the formativ...
Article
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Gaining and sustaining support for novel ventures is a vital yet difficult entrepreneurial process. Previous research on this topic has generally focused on the social competence and social capital of those creating new ventures, and their ability to align their ventures, with collective norms of novel ventures as sensible, acceptable and legitimat...
Article
To gain and sustain support for novel ventures, entrepreneurs must use symbolic means to signal to resource providers that their venture is feasible and legitimate. Previous research has generally focused on how entrepreneurs use language to symbolically represent their ventures as compatible with more widely established sets of activities. This pa...
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We argue that creating novel ventures consists of inductive analogical or metaphorical reasoning, which generates a platform for the creation and commercialization of novel ventures and facilitates the comprehension and justification of a venture. We argue that such inductive reasoning is shaped by two determinants (the applicability of prior entre...
Article
Recently, the ethical rather than just the economic resonance of entrepreneurship has attracted attention with researchers highlighting entrepreneurship and ethics as interwoven processes of value creation and management. Recognising that traditional normative perspectives on ethics are limited in application in entrepreneurial contexts, this strea...
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The majority of existing research on entrepreneurial goals is individualistically oriented and tends to begin with the assumption that entrepreneurs are animated solely by the pursuit of independence, freedom and profit-making. In this study, we employ Kant’s concept of maturity to develop insight into entrepreneurial goals as socially embedded. Dr...
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This paper considers the work of the Russian social philosopher and cultural theorist, Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin as a source of understanding for those involved in action learning. Drawing upon data gathered over two years during the evaluation of 20 action learning sets in the north of England, we will seek to work with the ideas of Bakhtin to...
Article
Entrepreneurs regularly "operate at the edge of what they do not know" (Hill & Levenhagen 1995:1057), trying to identify and pursue potential business opportunities. It is claimed that they have "to make the unfamiliar familiar by framing the new venture (often through metaphor and analogy) in terms that are understandable and thus legitimate" (Lou...
Chapter
Since the 1970s it has become increasingly common for academics and policy makers alike to claim that the impetus for economic growth and innovation depends on both improved performance of existing small firms and increasing the number of start-up companies. Herbig et al. (1994, p. 37), for example, report: ‘small, new businesses have been the main...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to argue that action learning (AL) may provide a means of successfully developing small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach – The literature around SME learning suggests a number of processes are important for SME learning which similarity, it is argued, are encompassed in AL. AL ma...
Article
We introduce conceptions of ‘enacted cognition’,‘practical authorship’ and ‘maturity’ that help us to investigate entrepreneurship as an activity. The first two stem from social constructionist perspectives on patterns of recognition and the articulation of knowledge respectively (Shotter, 1993; Vygotsky, 1986). The third is found in Kant’s (1784/1...