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Jean-Christophe Pignon

Jean-Christophe Pignon

Doctor of Philosophy

About

34
Publications
2,986
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2,706
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
2539 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Purpose: PD-L1 expression on tumor cells (TC) is associated with response to anti-PD-1-based therapies in some tumor types, but its significance in ccRCC is uncertain. We leveraged tumor heterogeneity to identify molecular correlates of TC PD-L1 expression in ccRCC and assessed their role in predicting response to anti-PD-1 monotherapy. Experimen...
Article
Blockade of the PD1 pathway is a broadly effective cancer therapy, but additional immune-inhibitory pathways contribute to tumor immune evasion. HERV–H LTR-associating 2 (HHLA2; also known as B7H5 and B7H7) is a member of the B7 family of immunoregulatory ligands that mediates costimulatory effects through its interaction with the CD28 family membe...
Article
Purpose: We sought to validate levels of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating cells (TIC) expressing PD-1 but not TIM-3 and LAG-3 (IF biomarker) (Pignon et al, 2019) and to investigate human endogenous retroviruses (hERVs) as predictors of response to anti-PD-1 in a randomized trial of nivolumab (nivo) versus everolimus (evero) in patients with metastatic clea...
Article
Purpose: Patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid features (sRCC) have poor prognoses and suboptimal outcomes with targeted therapy. This post hoc analysis of the phase III CheckMate 214 trial analyzed the efficacy of nivolumab plus ipilimumab (NIVO+IPI) versus sunitinib (SUN) in patients with sRCC. Patients and methods: Pati...
Article
Full-text available
PD-1 blockade has transformed the management of advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but the drivers and resistors of the PD-1 response remain incompletely elucidated. Here, we analyzed 592 tumors from patients with advanced ccRCC enrolled in prospective clinical trials of treatment with PD-1 blockade by whole-exome and RNA sequencing,...
Article
5023 Background: We previously showed that levels of CD8+ tumor infiltrating cells (TIC) expressing PD-1 but not TIM-3 and LAG-3 (CD8 ⁺ PD1 ⁺ TIM3 ⁻ LAG3 ⁻ ) were associated with response to nivolumab (nivo) in pretreated mccRCC pts (Pignon et al, 2019). Here, we sought to validate these findings in a randomized Phase III trial of nivo versus evero...
Article
5010 Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the PD-1 pathway have transformed the management of many advanced malignancies, including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but the drivers and resistors of PD-1 response remain incompletely elucidated. Further, the common paradigm in solid tumor immunology that pre-existing CD8+ T cell...
Article
4568 Background: hERV levels positively correlate with tumor immune infiltrate and were recently shown to be associated with clinical benefit to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade in two small cohorts of patients (pts) with mccRCC (Smith C.C. et al and Panda A. et al; 2018). We tested whether hERV levels correlate with efficacy of nivolumab in a prospective phase...
Article
Purpose: Immune-related RECIST (irRECIST) were designed to capture atypical responses seen with immunotherapy. We hypothesized that, in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC), candidate biomarkers for nivolumab response would show improved association with clinical endpoints capturing atypical responders (irRECIST) compa...
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The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is an established therapeutic target in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Mechanisms of secondary resistance to rapalog therapy in RCC have not been studied previously. We identified six patients with metastatic RCC who initially responded to mTOR inhibitor therapy and then progressed, and had pre-treatment and...
Article
619 Background: Development of predictive biomarkers would help select patients more likely to respond to nivolumab (nivo) in mccRCC. Here we evaluated biomarkers for nivo using endpoints based on either RECIST 1.1 (ORR and PFS) or irRECIST (irORR and irPFS), which were proposed to more accurately predict benefit of immunotherapy. Methods: We retro...
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Full-text available
In preclinical models, c-Met promotes survival of renal cancer cells through the regulation of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). However, this relationship in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is not well characterized. We evaluated c-Met expression in ccRCC patients using paired primary and metastatic samples and assessed the associat...
Article
4573 Background: Preclinical models show that c-Met promotes survival of renal cancer cells through the regulation of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). The relationship between c-Met and PD-L1 in human ccRCC is not well characterized. We compared c-Met expression between primary and metastatic sites in ccRCC tissues and evaluated the association w...
Article
4576 Background: In the prospective, biomarker validation HD IL-2 “Select” study, durable remissions and prolonged survival were seen in both proposed “good” and “poor-risk” patients, based on clear-cell histology subclassification and carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA-9) IHC staining. Given the toxicity and limited efficacy of HD IL-2, efforts to improve i...
Article
During renal branching morphogenesis, ureteric bud tip cells (UBTC) serve as the progenitor epithelium for all cell types of the collecting duct. While the transcriptional circuitry of ureteric bud (UB) branching has been intensively studied, the transcriptional control of UBTC differentiation has been difficult to ascertain. This is partly due to...
Article
477 Background: PD-1 blockade with nivolumab has demonstrated efficacy in mccRCC patients who have failed prior therapy; however, durable benefit is observed only in a subset of patients. Correlative studies have demonstrated that tumor PD-L1 expression alone fails to reliably identify patients likely to benefit. Therefore, the development of more...
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Full-text available
Background Understanding the interactions between tumor and the host immune system is critical to finding prognostic biomarkers, reducing drug resistance, and developing new therapies. Novel computational methods are needed to estimate tumor-infiltrating immune cells and understand tumor–immune interactions in cancers. ResultsWe analyze tumor-infil...
Article
We developed a computational method to infer the complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) sequences of tumor-infiltrating T cells in 9,142 RNA-seq samples across 29 cancer types. We identified over 600,000 CDR3 sequences, including 15% that were full length. CDR3 sequence length distribution and amino acid conservation, as well as variable gene...
Article
Purpose: We examined the hypothesis that mutations in mTOR pathway genes are associated with response to rapalogs in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Experimental design: We studied a cohort of mRCC patients who were treated with mTOR inhibitors with distinct clinical outcomes. Tumor DNA from 79 subjects was successfully analyzed for muta...
Article
Background: The circulating tumor cell (CTC) field is rapidly advancing with the advent of continuously improving technologies for enriching these rare neoplastic cells from blood. CTC enumeration provides prognostic information, and CTC characterization has the potential to provide more useful information for the clinical decision-making process...
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Full-text available
There is evidence that stem cells and their progeny play a role in the development of the prostate. Although stem cells are also considered to give rise to differentiated progeny in the adult prostate epithelium ex vivo, the cohort of adult prostate stem cells in vivo as well as the mechanisms by which the adult prostate epithelium is maintained an...
Article
Basal cells of benign prostate glands are typically p63 positive, whereas malignant glands are usually p63 negative. A rare subset of prostatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) demonstrates aberrant diffuse p63 expression but is negative for high-molecular-weight cytokeratin. Strong p63 staining of the tumor cells can obscure the loss of high-molecular-weight...
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The tumor protein p63 (p63), and more specifically the NH2-terminal truncated (ΔN) p63 isoform, is a marker of basal epithelial cells and is required for normal development of several epithelial tissues, including the bladder and prostate glands. Although p63-expressing cells are proposed to be the stem cells of the developing prostate epithelium a...
Data
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that Ku and AP-2 protein interaction is specific.
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effect of Ku70/Ku80 and AP-2 deregulation on ERBB2 mRNA and protein expression in SKBR3 cells.
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that Ku proteins are necessary for the recruitment of AP-2 on the proximal ERBB2 gene promoter in SKBR3 cell line.
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Mass Spectometry identification of the Ku proteins interacting with AP-2α.
Data
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that Ku70/80 proteins control ERBB2 promoter activity in SKBR3 cell line.
Article
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Activator protein-2 (AP-2) alpha and AP-2gamma transcription factors contribute to ERBB2 gene overexpression in breast cancer. In order to understand the mechanism by which the ERBB2 gene is overexpressed we searched for novel AP-2 interacting factors that contribute to its activity. Ku proteins were identified as AP-2alpha interacting proteins by...
Article
Full-text available
EGFR or ERBB2 contributes to prostate cancer (PCa) progression by activating the androgen receptor (AR) in hormone-poor conditions. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which androgens regulate EGFR and ERBB2 expression in PCa cells. In steroid-depleted medium (SDM), EGFR protein was less abundant in androgen-sensitive LNCaP than in androgen abl...

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