Jean-Christophe Dumont

Jean-Christophe Dumont
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | OECD · Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs

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30
Publications
5,063
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1,236
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
This paper is a joint effort by the OECD and the European Commission to make a first evaluation of the situation on refugees on the labour market. It is based on the 2014 EU Labour Force Survey. Available evidence confirms that refugees are one of the most vulnerable groups when it comes to labour market integration but show however, significant di...
Article
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This paper offers a reappraisal of the impact of migration on economic growth for22 OECD countries between 1986–2006, and relies on a unique data set we compiledthat allows us to distinguish net migration of the native- and foreign-born populationsby skill level. Specifically, after introducing migration in an augmented Solow-Swan model, we estimat...
Article
Increasing international migration and changing immigrant populations in OECD countries make international comparable data on migrant populations essential. These data should be updated regularly to capture a detailed picture of migrant populations. This document presents the first results of the update of the Database on Immigrants in OECD Countri...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers a reappraisal of the impact of migration on economic growth for 22 OECD countries between 1986–2006, and relies on a unique data set we compiled that allows us to distinguish net migration of the native- and foreign-born populations by skill level. Specifically, after introducing migration in an augmented Solow-Swan model, we esti...
Article
Increasing international mobility makes international comparable data even more important, to depict global migration patterns and its characteristics, not only in receiving countries but also in origin countries. This paper provides a detailed picture of immigrant and emigrant populations around the year 2000 based on the new global bilateral migr...
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This report examines the role played by immigrant health workers in the Canadian health workforce but also the interactions between migration policies and education and health workforce management policies. Migrant health worker makes a significant contribution to the Canadian health workforce. Around 2005-06, more than 22% of the doctors were fore...
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This paper examines health workforce and migration policies in New Zealand, with a special focus on the international recruitment of doctors and nurses. 2. The health workforce in New Zealand, as in all OECD countries, plays a central role in the health system. Nonetheless, maybe more than for any other OECD country, the health workforce in New Zea...
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Two trends in international migration flows have attracted much attention recently: (i) the growing feminisation of migration flows; and (ii) the increasing selectivity of migration towards the highly skilled, which in turn has given rise to renewed concerns about the "brain drain" consequences for the sending countries. The two issues have not bee...
Article
Since the end of the 1990s, issues related to international migration, and more particularly to the international mobility of highly-qualified workers, are receiving once again increasing attention from policy makers. Despite the fact that the brain drain debate is an old one, however, little in the way of solid data was available until recently to...
Article
Using the 2003 National Survey of College Graduates, I examine how immigrants perform relative to natives in activities likely to increase U.S. productivity, according to the type of visa on which they first entered the United States. Immigrants who first entered on a student/trainee visa or a temporary work visa have a large advantage over natives...
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The paper provides an overview on recent trends of immigration in OECD countries and on the possible effects of immigration on labour markets and government budgets. It also discusses migration policies from an economic point of view. By bringing together a bulk of international literature on labour market and fiscal effects of migration in a syste...
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We examine fluctuations in the predicted educational attainment of newly arrived legal U.S. immigrants between 1972 and 1999 by combining data from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service with the Current Population Survey. A mid-1980s decline gave way to a noticeable improvement in the skill base of the immigrant population between 1987 an...
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Nous présentons une étude économétrique de l’effet des conditions nutritionnelles de long terme sur la réussite scolaire. Nous contrôlons les éventuels biais de sélectivité, qui sont relativement fréquents dans cette littérature, (i) soit en restreignant notre échantillon, (ii) soit en mettant en oeuvre une procédure de Heckman à deux étapes. Dans...
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Dans cet article nous spécifions et estimons des équations de salaire, de participation au marché du travail et d’offre de travail dans lesquelles figurent des variables sanitaires. Nous utilisons des données issues d’une d’enquête ménage, conduite en 1997 dans la capitale malgache, à partir desquelles nous construisons un Indicateur Composite d’In...
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This paper analyses the impact of public infrastructure on the competitiveness and growth of the Senegalese economy within the framework of a computable general equilibrium model. Latreille and Varoudakis (1996) demonstrated, in partial equilibrium, that the absence of competitiveness within Senegal’s economic sectors is attributable to a weakness...
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Full-text available
This paper proposes a study of the global impact of the level of wages paid to civil servants in the “Ile de la Réunion”, a French department located in the Indian Ocean, using historical data and a computable general equilibrium model. The wage bonuses paid to civil servants in French overseas districts (the ‘DOM’) have three main economic effects...
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Cette note est une note pédagogique sur la modélisation démo-économique en macroéconomie. Les première et deuxième sections dressent un bilan historique ainsi qu'une définition générale de ce type de modélisation. Il faut attendre l'explosion démographique des pays en développement des années 70 pour assister à un nouveau débat sur la relation entr...

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