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Jean-Bernard Huchet

Jean-Bernard Huchet
CNRS, Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France · Département Systématique et Adaptation

PhD HDR
Entomologist / Archaeoentomologist

About

122
Publications
52,310
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837
Citations
Introduction
Entomology Systematic entomology Archaeoentomology Funerary Archaeoentomology Taphonomy Ichnoarchaeology Paleoparasitology ...So many bugs, so many bones, so little time...
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Position
  • Archaeoentomologist

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on two early Pleistocene Australopithecus sediba hominin specimens and associated fauna from Malapa, South Africa. These specimens have been interpreted as having fallen through a shaft opening into a cave, where they died and likely mummified, before being washed into a lower chamber. In order to better understand the taphonomy...
Article
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The authors mention the presence in France of a new species of Eupariinae, Ataenius heinekeni (Wollaston, 1854). Described from Madeira, the species is originally native to the New World (Mexico, southern United States and Caribbean). It is the second species of the genus Ataenius Harold, 1867 discovered in France in the last few years. An illustra...
Article
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In light of the introduction of truffle cultivation into northern Israel, previously unrecorded damage to the edible ectomycorrhizal truffle Tuber aestivum in Northern Israel is described and attributed to the scarab beetle Ochodaeus berytensis (Coleoptera: Ochodaeidae). The unique presence of adults within the truffles indicates that the life cycl...
Chapter
By presenting the work carried out on the Chachapoya mummy, an emblematic figure of the Musée de l'Homme , this chapter presents the means used to study the mummified human remains of the Muséum's anthropological collections. After a brief historical review (chrono–cultural origin of the mummy, context of its discovery, its entry into collections,...
Article
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Nothochodaeus minotaurus Huchet, new species, and N. huxleyi Huchet, new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Ochodaeidae), from Palawan Island, Philippines, are described and illustrated. Following my study of the Ochodaeidae of the Philippine archipelago (Huchet 2014a, 2014b, 2017, 2018, 2019), I describe here two new species of the genus Nothocho...
Chapter
Insects are of interest to forensic scientists, because they enable them to reconstruct length of body exposure, a subsequent sequence of decomposition events, and local environment. Relatively little attention has been paid to insects and other invertebrates as agents of bone modification. In order to rectify this, we conducted mostly laboratory e...
Preprint
The Gironde estuary in SW France is the largest in Western Europe and has attracted human populations since prehistoric times. From the 1970s to the 1990s, intense archaeological research was undertaken on the long and highly dynamic coastline just south of the estuary mouth. In recent years, the combined action of increased coastal erosion and hum...
Article
Egypt’s Eastern Desert, located between the Nile and the Red Sea, is one of the most arid regions of the world, where organic remains are particularly well-preserved. Archaeobotanical, archaeoentomological and textual data from the excavation of the gold mining site in Samut North, occupied at the beginning of the Ptolemaic period (late 4th c. BCE)...
Article
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Phoberus bulirschi n. sp, a new species from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, is described and compared to Phoberus ngomensis (Van der Merwe & Scholtz, 2005) and P. sternbergi (Van de Merwe & Scholtz, 2005), its most morphologically related species. The main diagnostic characteristics distinguishing these taxa are indicated and illustrated. The distrib...
Article
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This study conducted on African species of Ochodaeinae leads to the transfer of Ochodaeus carinatus Benderitter, 1913 to the genus Parochodaeus, Nikolajev, 1995, the first mention of this genus for the African continent. Afrochodaeus n. gen., an endemic genus from South Africa, is described and illustrated. This new genus includes four species, nam...
Article
Detailed paleoecological evidence from Arctic Alaska’s past megafauna can help reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions and can illustrate ecological adaptation to varying environments. We examined a rare, largely articulated and almost complete skeleton of a steppe bison (Bison priscus) recently unearthed in Northern Alaska. We used a multi-proxy...
Article
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Archaeoentomological research at the precontact site of Nunalleq (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries AD), Southwest Alaska, has identified hundreds of lice and fleas that infested both the human inhabitants of the site and their canine companions. As lice are host specific, staying attached to the host’s hair or fur during the totality of their li...
Preprint
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Storage is crucial to the sequence of food management. It is nonetheless at times difficult to recognize in the archaeological record due to problems of preservation of ancient food remains. Archaeoentomology in this sense can be of great value as it sheds light on past storage techniques. This study presents the findings of the archaeoentomologica...
Chapter
Full-text available
HUCHET J.-B. (2020). Coléoptères Chironidae (p. 30-31). In : E. Jiroux (coord.) : Faune des Coléoptères de Corse, vol. II. Lucanidae Latreille, 1804 - Trogidae MacLeay, 1818 - Geotrupidae Latreille, 1802 - Hybosoridae, Erichson, 1847 - Aphodiidae Leach, 1815 - Scarabaeidae Latreille, 1802. Éditions Magellanes: 206 pp.
Article
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Nothochodaeus yeti Huchet, new species, from Nepal and Sikkim (north India) and N. martensi Huchet, new species, from Nepal, are described and illustrated (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Ochodaeidae). A distribution map and an updated catalogue of the Ochodaeidae occurring on the Indian subcontinent are provided.
Article
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A new genus of flightless spider beetle from Peru with two new species is described. It is characterized by unique heart-shaped fused elytra and a broad pronotum with five basal depressions. The characters of this new genus and species are illustrated and discussed and the possible phylogenetic placement of this taxon is also included.
Chapter
L'Égypte, eu égard à l'aridité de son climat, agit comme un conservatoire privilégié de la matière organique et d'écofacts tant végétaux qu'animaux. Malgré cet énorme potentiel, l'étude des vestiges d'insectes ou "archéoentomologie" ne figure qu'exceptionnellement dans l'arsenal des disciplines bioarchéologiques ayant trait aux contextes désertique...
Article
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Description and illustration of Chiron elegans n. sp., new species from Sub-Saharan Africa.
Article
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The authors report the recent discover of the alien species Hybosorus illigeri Reiche, 1853 in Martinique, which adds a new subfamily to the Scarabaeoidea fauna of the Lesser Antilles. A summary list of Scarabaeoidea species reported from the Lesser West Indies since 1983 is also proposed.
Article
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Jekelius jeannei n. sp., a new species from Turkey, is described and compared with J. brullei anatolicus (Jekel, 1866), the second species of the genus represented in this country. A bilingual key to the genera Thorectes Mulsant, 1842, and Jekelius López-Colón, 1989, as well as an updated catalogue of the Geotrupinae of Turkey are provided.
Chapter
Les collections naturalistes ont désormais acquis une place inédite dans la recherche scientifique. Constituées à l’origine par la systématique et la taxonomie, elles se révèlent aujourd’hui fondamentales pour répondre à diverses questions scientifiques et sociétales, aussi importantes qu’actuelles.Les collections naturalistes dans la science du XX...
Article
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Abstract Three new species of the genus Chiron MacLeay, 1819 from east-Africa, C. bartolozzii n. sp., C. massaicus n. sp. and C. oddurensis n. sp, are described and illustrated. A geographical distribution map of all species herein described is provided.
Article
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Description and illustration of Chiron demirei n. sp., new species from Sub-Saharan Africa. Description et illustration de Chiron demirei n. sp., nouvelle espèce d'Afrique subsaharienne.
Article
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Abstract Four new species of the genus Chiron MacLeay, 1819, from the Afrotropical region: Chiron lucifer n. sp., C. mariannae n. sp., C. stuempkei n. sp., and C. aberlenci n. sp. are described and compared with their most related species. Due to the importance of the external genitalia within the systematics of the genus Chiron MacLeay, and notabl...
Article
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The status of the taxon Ceratochodaeus Huchet, 2017 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea), initially described as a subgenus of Nothochodaeus Nikolajev, 2005, is reconsidered and raised to generic level. New information on the distribution of Ceratochodaeus eliotti (Huchet, 2014), new combination, in the Philippine archipelago is provided. Ceratochodaeus dar...
Poster
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Osteolytic lesions on human remains resulting from insect activity are relatively unknown by anthropologists and palaeopathologists. However, traces on bones related to the activity of subterranean termites (Isoptera) are undoubtedly among the most frequent taphonomic alterations found both in the fossil record and in archaeological contexts. The e...
Presentation
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Bone surface modifications (BSM), including the ones left by insects, are relevant sources of information to characterize the taphonomic history of bone assemblages in archaeological and palaeontological contexts.
Presentation
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This talk presents the results of a pilot study that incorporates archaeoentomology in the investigation of a scene of indigenous conflict, at Nunalleq, a pre-contact Yup'ik site in southwestern Alaska.
Presentation
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While the entomofauna associated with human and animal mummies in ancient Egypt is relatively well documented today, few archaeoentomological studies have been devoted to pre-Hispanic mummies, despite their high prevalence in most of the American and European museums. We present here the first results of an archaeoentomological and archaeoparasitol...
Article
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Polynoncus vazdemelloi Huchet & Costa-Silva new species (Coleoptera: Trogidae) from Brazil is described and illustrated with data about the natural history and geographic distribution. Comparative data between P. vazdemelloi, P. juglans (Ratcliffe, 1978), and P. gemmingeri (Harold, 1872), species closely related morphologically, are given. Omorgus...
Poster
Sur les restes humains, les lésions ostéolytiques résultant de l'action des insectes sont relativement peu connues des anthropologues et des paléopathologistes. Cependant, les traces sur ossements liées à l'activité des termites souterrains (Isoptera) figurent incontestablement parmi les altérations taphonomiques les plus fréquemment rencontrées ta...
Article
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Description and illustration of Nothochodaeus (Ceratochodaeus) montgomeryi n. sp., new species from Luzon, the Philippines islands.
Article
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The purpose of this application, under Article 23.9.3 of the Code, is to conserve the widely used specific name Hybosorus illigeri Reiche, 1853 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea, Hybosoridae), a globally widespread and common scarab beetle. The name is threatened by the very rarely used senior subjective synonyms Hybosorus pinguis Westwood, 1845, Hybosoru...
Article
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Most small terrestrial vertebrate accumulations in archaeological and palaeontological sites result from predation but we are far from having an exhaustive knowledge of modern predators’ diet, ecological niches and bone modification patterns especially in North African sites. The few neotaphonomic referentials available result from taxon-specialize...
Article
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Abstract Recent archaeoentomological investigations of a funeral platform at the Mochica site of Huaca de la Luna, Peru, have highlighted the importance of necrophagous insects in the funeral rites of these Indians. A rich iconography showing flies flying over dancing skeletons or accompanying future sacrificed individuals corroborates the existenc...
Article
Full-text available
Most small terrestrial vertebrate accumulations in archaeological and palaeontological sites result from predation but we are far from having an exhaustive knowledge of modern predators’ diet, ecological niches and bone modifcation patterns especially in North African sites. The few neotaphonomic referentials available result from taxon-specialized...
Article
Les travaux de construction d’un immeuble conduits dans la parcelle 1598 à Ashrafiyeh ont permis la mise au jour d’un hypogée creusé dans la roche dont la période d’utilisation s’étend entre le 1er siècle avant J.-C. et le 2e siècle après J.-C. environ. Un minimum de trente-quatre défunts y ont été successivement inhumés avec des déplacements impor...
Article
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Description and illustration of Ceratochodaeus n. subgen., new endemic subgenus from the Philippines, characterized by a strong cephalic horn truncated at top in males, a strong abdominal acuminate median process, and by characteristic unserrated copulatory sclerites in the endophallus. This new subgenus includes Nothochodaeus (Ceratochodaeus) elio...
Article
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Two parasitoid wasp species of the Brachymeria minuta species group are studied. The specimens were collected in Peru at the archaeological site of Huacas de Moche, the former capital of the Mochica culture between 400–600 A.D. Brachymeria mochica Delvare sp. nov. (Chalcididae) is described and illustrated while B. podagrica (Fabricius, 1787) is re...
Article
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Au sein des disciplines bioarchéologiques, l’étude des vestiges d’insectes provenant de sédiments quaternaires est une science récente. Désignée sous le nom « d’entomologie du Quaternaire » (Quaternary entomology des auteurs anglo-saxons), cette discipline englobe deux entités distinctes désignées respectivement sous les noms de « paléoentomologie...
Article
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The genus Mimochodaeus Nikolajev, 2009, synonymized by Nikolajev (2015) due to confusion within the specific identity of the type species is reestablished. Mimochodaeus nikolajevi n. sp., new species from China, is described and illustrated. This species is designated as the type species of the genus Mimochodaeus Nikolajev, 2009.
Article
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This paper presents a case study of the Late Pleistocene skeletal remains of Olduvai Hominid 1, which were unearthed in Tanzania. Excavated in 1913, this fossil shows severe damage due to subterranean termites (Insecta: Isoptera). By combining methods to quantify and locate traces on the skeleton with the study of the different taphonomic processes...
Article
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This paper presents a case study of the Late Pleistocene skeletal remains of Olduvai Hominid 1 (OH1), which were unearthed in Tanzania. Excavated in 1913, this fossil shows severe damage due to subterranean termites (Insecta: Isoptera). By combining methods to quantify and locate traces on the skeleton with the study of the different taphonomic pro...
Article
Full-text available
Pathological and taphonomic agents can sometimes produce bone modifications that seem indistinguishable from one another, even to an experienced eye. The aim of this study is to propose a classification system to identify modifications observed on skeletal elements from different environmental and chronological contexts, with similar morphologies b...
Chapter
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Forensic entomology can be divided into three main fields: urban entomology, stored product entomology and forensic entomology sensu stricto, also called medico-legal entomology or medico-criminal entomology. The latter deals with the reconstruction of peri- and post-mortem events and with funerary archaeoentomology. The main question in which fore...
Article
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Despite the meticulous care bestowed by Ancient Egyptian embalmers, numerous mummies have suffered from attacks by depredatory insects. The Egyptian mummy from the Museum Anne de Beaujeu, entrusted for restoration to the C2RMF (Versailles), did not escape the invasions of thanatophagous arthropoda, which have been preserved up till now. Beyond this...
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L’étude de vestiges d’origine végétale conduite sur des corpus de contextes archéologiques permet parfois la découverte de restes d'insectes ou de leurs traces qui témoignent, a posteriori, de leur activité sur les graines et autres restes botaniques. Ces ravageurs, majoritairement synanthropes, ont eu un impact notable sur les économies agro-sylvo...