Jay P Uhler

Jay P Uhler
University of Gothenburg | GU · Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology

PhD

About

40
Publications
5,824
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1,427
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2008 - present
University of Gothenburg
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (40)
Chapter
Human mitochondrial DNA is a small circular double-stranded molecule that is essential for cellular energy production. A specialized protein machinery replicates the mitochondrial genome, with DNA polymerase γ carrying out synthesis of both strands. According to the prevailing mitochondrial DNA replication model, the two strands are replicated asyn...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine the pathogenicity of a novel POLG mutation in a man with late-onset autosomal recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia using clinical, molecular, and biochemical analyses. Methods: A multipronged approach with detailed neurologic examinations, muscle biopsy analyses, molecular genetic studies, and in vitro biochemic...
Article
Full-text available
Ubiquitin domain-containing protein 1 (UBTD1) is highly evolutionary conserved and has been described to interact with E2 enzymes of the ubiquitin–proteasome system. However, its biological role and the functional significance of this interaction remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that depletion of UBTD1 drastically affects the mechanical...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions are associated with mitochondrial disease, and also accumulate during normal human ageing. The mechanisms underlying mtDNA deletions remain unknown although several models have been proposed. Here we use deep sequencing to characterize abundant mtDNA deletions in patients with mutations in mitochondrial DNA repli...
Article
Full-text available
Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication is first initiated at the origin of H-strand replication. The initiation depends on RNA primers generated by transcription from an upstream promoter (LSP). Here we reconstitute this process in vitro using purified transcription and replication factors. The majority of all transcription events from LSP are...
Article
Full-text available
The role of Ribonuclease H1 (RNase H1) during primer removal and ligation at the mitochondrial origin of light-strand DNA synthesis (OriL) is a key, yet poorly understood, step in mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Here, we reconstitute the replication cycle of L-strand synthesis in vitro using recombinant mitochondrial proteins and model OriL substrat...
Article
G-quadruplexes are higher-order nucleic acid structures formed in G-rich sequences in DNA or RNA. G-quadruplexes are distributed in many locations in the human genome, including promoter regions, and are viewed as promising therapeutic targets. Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) is a mito- chondrial thermogenic gene critical for energy expenditure in the...
Article
Full-text available
Replication of mammalian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is an essential process that requires high fidelity and control at multiple levels to ensure proper mitochondrial function. Mutations in the mitochondrial genome maintenance exonuclease 1 (MGME1) gene were recently reported in mitochondrial disease patients. Here, to study disease pathophysiology,...
Poster
Full-text available
We report in this poster that a G-quadruplex forming sequence exists in the promoter of UCP1. TMPyP4 enhanced cellular expression of UCP1 and destabilized the G-quadruplex formed by the sequence from the promoter of UCP1. Mutations in the G-quadruplex regulated the cellular activity of UCP1 promoter as evidenced by a UCP1-promoter luciferase assay.
Article
Full-text available
Recently, MGME1 was identified as a mitochondrial DNA nuclease with preference for single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) substrates. Loss-of-function mutations in patients lead to mitochondrial disease with DNA depletion, deletions, duplications and rearrangements. Here, we assess the biochemical role of MGME1 in the processing of flap intermediates during m...
Article
Full-text available
The small circular mitochondrial genome in mammalian cells is replicated by a dedicated replisome, defects in which can cause mitochondrial disease in humans. A fundamental step in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and maintenance is the removal of the RNA primers needed for replication initiation. The nucleases RNase H1, FEN1, DNA2, and MGME1...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of mitochondrial DNA replication events are terminated prematurely. The nascent DNA remains stably associated with the template, forming a triple-stranded displacement loop (D-loop) structure. However, the function of the D-loop region of the mitochondrial genome remains poorly understood. Using a comparative genomics approach we here...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase γ (POLγ) harbours a 3′–5′ exonuclease proofreading activity. Here we demonstrate that this activity is required for the creation of ligatable ends during mtDNA replication. Exonuclease-deficient POLγ fails to pause on reaching a downstream 5′-end. Instead, the enzyme continues to polymerize into double-stranded...
Article
Full-text available
In human mitochondria the transcription machinery generates the RNA primers needed for initiation of DNA replication. A critical feature of the leading-strand origin of mitochondrial DNA replication is a CG-rich element denoted conserved sequence block II (CSB II). During transcription of CSB II, a G-quadruplex structure forms in the nascent RNA, w...
Article
Full-text available
The human mitochondrial transcription machinery generates the primers required for initiation of leading-strand DNA replication. According to one model, the 3' end of the primer is defined by transcription termination at conserved sequence block II (CSB II) in the mitochondrial DNA control region. We here demonstrate that this site-specific termina...
Article
Consistent with the common role of Nkx6 family members in specifying motor neuron identity, we show that over-expression of Drosophila Nkx6 results in an increase in the number of Fasiclin II expressing motor neurons in the intersegmental nerve B branch. Our dissection of the regulatory domains of Nkx6 using chimeric cell culture assays revealed th...
Article
The final outcome of protein polyubiquitylation is often proteasome-mediated proteolysis, meaning that "proofreading" of ubiquitylation by ubiquitin proteases (UBPs) is crucial. Transcriptional arrest can trigger ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) so a UBP reversing RNAPII ubiquitylation might be expected. Here, we show th...
Article
Full-text available
Noncoding, or intergenic, transcription by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) is remarkably widespread in eukaryotic organisms, but the effects of such transcription remain poorly understood. Here we show that noncoding transcription plays a role in activation, but not repression, of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PHO5 gene. Histone eviction from the PHO5 pr...
Article
The transcription factor, Vnd, is a dual regulator that specifies ventral neuroblast identity in Drosophila by both repressing and activating target genes. Vnd and its homologues have a conserved amino acid sequence, the Nk-2 box or Nk specific domain, as well a conserved DNA-binding homeodomain and an EhI-type Groucho interaction domain. However,...
Article
Nk(x)-type homeobox genes are an evolutionarily conserved family that regulate diverse developmental processes. Here we describe a novel Drosophila gene, Nk6, which encodes an Nk-type transcription factor most homologous to vertebrate Nkx6.1 and Nkx6.2. The homeodomains and NK decapeptide domains of all three proteins are highly conserved. Nk6 is e...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the role of synaptic activity in the development of identified Drosophila embryonic motorneurons. Synaptic activity was blocked by both pan-neuronal expression of tetanus toxin light chain (TeTxLC) and by reduction of acetylcholine (ACh) using a temperature-sensitive allele of choline acetyltransferase (Cha(ts2)). In the absence of synap...
Article
Full-text available
The lethal mutation l(2)CA4 causes specific defects in local growth of neuronal processes. We uncovered four alleles of l(2)CA4 and mapped it to bands 50A-C on the polytene chromosomes and found it to be allelic to kakapo (. Genetics. 146:275- 285). In embryos carrying our kakapo mutant alleles, motorneurons form correct nerve branches, showing tha...

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