Javier Tardío

Javier Tardío
Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario | IMIDRA · Investigación Agroalimentaria

PhD in Agricultural Engineering

About

113
Publications
112,687
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4,087
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
2553 Citations
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Introduction
Javier Tardío currently works at the Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario (Madrid Institute for Research and Rural Development in Food and Agriculture) at the Department of Food Research. Javier does research in Ethnobotany and Food Science. Our current project is the Spanish Inventory of Traditional Knowledge on Agrobiodiversity
Additional affiliations
March 1990 - present
Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario
Education
October 1992 - July 1997
October 1980 - September 1987
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Field of study
  • Agricultural Engineering

Publications

Publications (113)
Chapter
In Spain, as in other Mediterranean countries, wild edible plants have played an important role in complementing and balancing a diet based on agricultural foods, especially during times of shortage. This chapter analyses the ethnobotanical data currently available on wild plants traditionally used for human consumption in Spain, particularly veget...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural Importance Indices: A Comparative Analysis Based on the Useful Wild Plants of Southern Cantabria (Northern Spain). This paper compares four indices based on informant consensus. Each index aims to assess the cultural significance of plant species and is suitable for statistical testing of different hypotheses. For the comparison, we used d...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compiles and evaluates the ethnobotanical data currently available on wild plants traditionally used for human consumption in Spain. Forty-six ethnobotanical and ethnographical sources from Spain were reviewed, together with some original unpublished field data from several Spanish provinces. A total of 419 plant species belonging to 67...
Book
Full-text available
A través de un exhaustivo trabajo en el medio rural madrileño se han catalogado las plantas silvestres que tradicionalmente son usadas como alimento, recogiendo así una sabiduría y una tradición popular que este libro pone al alcance de todos. Con esta curiosa, útil y eficaz guía se pueden reconocer desde el conocido paluduz, el chupamiel hasta el...
Poster
Full-text available
Around 7% of the 350,000 vascular plant species are useful, mostly as medicine (25,791 species)1. Medicinal plants are used for self-treatment, and as source of income2. The growing demand has led to unmonitored commercial gathering, which could result in the over-harvest of some species3. Here, we explore the connection between the cultural import...
Book
Full-text available
This book constitutes the second volume of the Spanish Inventory of Traditional Knowledge related to Agricultural Biodiversity (IECTBA), which will be completed in the coming years with two more volumes. A total of 75 inventory monographs are included, of which there are 36 main species monographs that include information on 45 species (47 taxa) an...
Article
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The purpose of this work was to morphologically characterize an apple tree collection composed of 67 individuals from 41 accessions belonging to 23 old Spanish apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh) alongside 9 reference cultivars. The studied germplasm was collected previously in rural areas of central Spain (Sierra Norte de Madrid and Tagus rive...
Preprint
Full-text available
The harvest of wild plants with medicinal uses is increasing globally, but we know little of the effects of non-commercial harvesting in their conservation status. Here, we explore the connection between the cultural importance of the 1,376 wild medicinal vascular plants traditionally used in Spain for self-treatment (22% of the autochthonous flora...
Chapter
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Conference Paper
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Spanish biocultural diversity is very rich and varied due to its location, linguistic diversity, and the influence of the different peoples that have passed through the Iberian peninsula throughout history. Nonetheless, industrialization and economic development in Spain resulted in the depopulation of rural areas and the abandonment of most tradit...
Article
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Ethnopharmacological relevance: The documentation and protection of traditional knowledge face new challenges in the era of open science. Focusing on medicinal and food uses, we discuss two innovative initiatives in Spain to document, protect and return to the society traditional knowledge. Materials and methods: The Spanish Inventory of Traditi...
Data
El 26 de febrero de este 2021 la Sociedad de Etnobiología, promovida por los investigadores firmantes de esta calenda, fue inscrita en el Registro Nacional de Asociaciones. La motivación surge de la gran acogida que tuvieron, desde principios de la pasada década, varios proyectos que tenían por objetivo el estudio de los conocimientos tradicionales...
Article
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Despite the increasing scientific and public interest in wild food plants, their traditional knowledge is undergoing a deep cultural erosion process at a global scale. The paper assesses past and present use of wild food plants in Sierra Norte de Madrid (Spain) in order to understand which are the main drivers of its evolution. We interviewed 132 i...
Article
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The genetic diversity of many Spanish apple collections has been evaluated, but some areas from Central Spain have not been included. In the present work, a set of 41 accessions (33 diploids and 8 triploids) of 23 traditional apple cultivars collected in the region of Madrid and maintained at the IMIDRA collection was analysed with 13 simple sequen...
Article
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Studies are scarce on the nutritional and phytochemical composition of wild edible Mediterranean plants after culinary processing. This work provides the nutritional composition after culinary treatment (including dietary fiber and mineral composition) and bioactive compounds (folates, vitamin C and organic acids) of wild Rumex pulcher L., Silene v...
Article
The crab apple is the most widespread wild relative of the apple tree in Europe. Although it is more extended in the northern regions, in Spain this species is mainly located on mountainous areas. Archaeobotanical records show that human beings have used Malus sylvestris since ancient times. After an exhaustive search in almost 200 ethnobotanical a...
Article
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Understanding valuation of and access to traditional agroecological knowledge (TAeK) in industrialized countries is key to designing initiatives that can reverse the erosion of TAeK. We explored these issues using a quasi-experimental design. We measured valuation and access to TAeK with a survey before and after an intervention based on a citizen...
Chapter
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En este capítulo se describen los conocimientos tradicionales de los nabos cultivados en España, que mayoritariamente pertenecen a Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa, aunque también los hay del taxon B. napus var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb. (=B. napus subsp. rapifera Metzg.).
Chapter
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Esta ficha recoge únicamente los usos del acebuche (Olea euro-paea var sylvestris Brot), la variedad silvestre del olivo cultivado (O europaea L var europaea) Solo se ha incluido la información etno-gráfica que hace referencia específicamente al acebuche, excluyendo los usos del olivo cultivado que, si bien posee algunas aplicaciones similares, su...
Book
Full-text available
Pardo de Santayana, Manuel; Morales, Ramón; Tardío, Javier; Aceituno-Mata, Laura y Molina, María (editores). 2018. INVENTARIO ESPAÑOL DE LOS CONOCIMIENTOS TRADICIONALES RELATIVOS A LA BIODIVERSIDAD. FASE II (2). Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Madrid. 425 pp
Book
Full-text available
Pardo de Santayana, Manuel; Morales, Ramón; Tardío, Javier; Aceituno-Mata, Laura y Molina, María (editores). 2018 INVENTARIO ESPAÑOL DE LOS CONOCIMIENTOS TRADICIONALES RELATIVOS A LA BIODIVERSIDAD. FASE II (3). Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Madrid. 488 pp.
Book
Full-text available
The joint challenges of population increase, food security and conservation of agrobiodiversity demand a rethink of plant breeding and agricultural research from a different perspective. While more food is undeniably needed, the key question is rather about how to produce it in a way that sustains biological diversity and mitigates climate change....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Here we determinate populations de crabapple tree (Malus sylvestris Mill.) and other Malus trees such as domestica and feral ones in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, and we characterised them with 48 morphological descriptors. The results will help us to understand better the populations structure of the crabapple tree here in the centre of Spa...
Poster
Full-text available
The crab apple tree (Malus sylvestris Mill.) is a species belonging to the Rosaceae family. Although it can grow higher than 7 meters under determinate conditions, it is considered a little tree from forestry and cultured landscapes. The common name in Spain for the crab apple is “maíllo”, but here have been reported other local Spanish names such...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More than 17,000 of the plant species of the world have been used as medicines. The Mediterranean basin, and specifically Spain, has a great floristic and ethnobotanical richness, comprising its useful flora around 3,000 plant species. This paper studies medicinal plants traditionally used in Spain in order to analyze the sustainability of their ex...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Debates sobre quién, cómo y con qué implicaciones sociales, económicas y ecológicas alimentará el mundo. Las variedades tradicionales o variedades locales son bienes comunales, ya que han sido creadas y mantenidas por las comunidades campesinas. Sin embargo, la apropiación privada de las variedades tradicionales amenaza los derechos de uso colectiv...
Article
Despite wild food plants' potential nutritional and economic value, their knowledge and consumption is quickly decreasing throughout the world. We examine how the consideration that a wild plant use is within the cultural tradition of a given area relates to its consumption by analysing 1) current perception and 2) past and present use of six wild...
Chapter
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El Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (CDB, ONU 1992) puso de manifiesto la importancia del conocimiento ecológico tradicional para la conservación y el uso sostenible de la biodiversidad y urgió a que se realizaran estrategias nacionales para la recopilación y conservación de los conocimientos tradicionales relativos a la biodiversidad. En Esp...
Book
Full-text available
Desde tiempos lejanos la especie humana se ha servido de la naturaleza de la cual forma parte, de aquí nace una ciencia encargada de estudiar el conocimiento tradicional de las plantas, la etnobotánica. Un botánico norteamericano, fue el primero en utilizar este término a finales del siglo XIX (Harshberger, 1896) y le siguieron botánicos y antropól...
Chapter
In the Mediterranean, traditional food systems have typically used a large number of plants harvested from the wild, including fruit-tree species, climbing plants with edible young shoots, wild tubers, and leafy greens. In this chapter we review the studies on natural production of wild edible plants, including those carried out by our research gro...
Book
This book is the result of collaboration between botanists and food chemists, with the purpose of improving the knowledge of the main wild species of traditional use as foods in the Mediterranean area, focus on ethnobotanical aspects, natural production, uses and nutritional aspects. One of the novelties of the book would be the publication of comp...
Chapter
This chapter presents 38 monographs about 41 selected wild edible plants traditionally consumed in different countries of the Mediterranean basin: Allium ampeloprasum, Anchusa azurea, Apium nodiflorum, Arbutus unedo, Asparagus acutifolius, Beta marítima, Borago officinalis, Bryonia dioica, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Chenopodium album, Chondrilla junc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Spain is one of the largest countries of Europe with an area of 505,992 km2 and a population of more than 46,500,000 people. It has a very rich vascular flora composed of 7071 species given its climatic, geographic and ecologic diversity. Inaddition to this high plant biodiversity, a complex history has brought about a great cultural diversity. A t...
Article
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Folic acid and folates (vitamin B 9 ) are essential for human metabolism . Their nutritional importance mainly lies in the prevention of neural tube formation defects, and other degenerative diseases . The determination of folates in food matrices is a very complex task due to the large number of chemical compounds included under the definition of...
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Traditional knowledge on the species Terfezia arenaria registered in Spain is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales sobre la especie Terfezia arenaria registrados en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Chilidaneus glutinosus registered in Spain is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Chilidaneus glutinosus registrados en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Chondrilla juncea, registered in Spain, is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Chondrilla juncea que se han registrado en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Silene vulgaris registered in Spain is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Silene vulgaris que se han registrado en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Arbutus unedo, registered in Spain, is presented Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Arbutus unedo que se han registrado en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Quercus ilex registered in Spain is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Quercus ilex que se han registrado en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Osmunda regalis, registered in Spain, is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Osmunda regalis que se han registrado en España
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Traditional knowledge on the species Scolymus hispanicus, registered in Spain, is presented. Se describen los conocimientos tradicionales asociados a la especie Scolymus hispanicus que se han registrado en España
Article
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Introduction. Several studies reveal the important role played by 'lesserknown' wild fruits since they contain nutritional and functional compounds which have biological properties. Materials and methods. Our work studied the presence of bioactive compounds as vitamin C (ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid), total phenolic content, phenolic acid...
Article
Interest in wild leafy vegetables has significantly increased in Europe, and elsewhere, because they provide high nutrient levels and potential health benefits. Some Asteraceae species are widely cultivated, and many non-cultivated species are also traditionally eaten as green vegetables; however, the information on their nutrient composition is sc...
Chapter
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The geographical location of Spain and its mountainous ranges have helped confer highly varied environmental conditions and, consequently, a very rich flora on the country. The landscape of mainland Spain can be broadly divided into two distinct areas: the Euro-Siberian floristic region and the Mediterranean region. The first, popularly known as “G...
Article
Full-text available
Wild edible plants, and particularly weeds, continue to be an important dietary component of many people around the world. We study the availability and yield of 15 weedy vegetables traditionally consumed in the Mediterranean region to assess their potential sustainable exploitation. Field work was conducted in Central Spain during 2007–2009. Yield...
Article
Full-text available
Many ethnobotanical studies show that people in industrial countries still rely on their traditional knowledge of medicinal plants for self-treatment, although the trend might not be as common as some decades ago. Given the social and public health implications of ethnopharmacological practices, this survey aims at recording and analyzing the medic...
Article
Non-cultivated vegetables whose basal leaves have been traditionally consumed in Spain were evaluated for their potential in human nutrition, considering vitamin C, organic acids, tocopherols, phenolics and flavonoids, and antioxidant activity. As far as we know, this is the first report on organic acids and vitamin C of Anchusa azurea and Apium no...