Javier Sampedro

Javier Sampedro
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Deportes

Rendimiento Deportivo

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85
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1,216
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Publications

Publications (85)
Book
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Y el deporte inclusivo salió a la calle. Seguramente esa fue la mejor apuesta posible, tras dos exitosas celebraciones anteriores de la Semana del Deporte Inclusivo en 2010 y 2011, donde la actividad práctica de la Semana se desarrolló en las instalaciones deportivas del Consejo Superior de Deportes. Esta vez, quizá por la madurez del concepto mism...
Article
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ABSTRACT Basketball for athletes with intellectual impairment (II) requires the development of evidence-based eligibility systems in order to guarantee equal opportunities to success in this sport and also to have the possibility to be re-included in the Paralympic Program. To do this, it is required to investigate the influence of II on those fund...
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Las múltiples manifestaciones desde el ámbito de la Actividad Física Adaptada (AFA) en cuanto a los beneficios de la práctica deportiva inclusiva incita a profundizar sobre su influencia en contextos educativos. El interés demostrado por instituciones tanto de índole pública (instituciones educativas) como privada (federaciones del deporte adaptado...
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Breast cancer patients suffer impairment in cardiorespiratory fitness after treatment for primary disease, affecting patients' health and survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of a pragmatic exercise intervention to improve cardiorespiratory fitness of breast cancer patients after primary treatment. Between February 2013 and D...
Article
Las caídas son un serio problema para las personas mayores debido a la alta tasa de mortalidad y morbilidad. Los factores de riesgo relacionado con las caídas son muchos y es difícil aislar los elementos desencadenantes. Los déficits de equilibrio, los problemas de visión, la disminución de la fuerza de las piernas, la perdida de coordinación y los...
Book
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“El deporte inclusivo trasciende fronteras”: éste fue el lema de la II Semana del Deporte Inclusivo (SDI), celebrada los días 17 a 20 octubre de 2011, tras la exitosa celebración de su primera edición en 2010. Si la primera edición recabó un inusitado interés a nivel nacional, la II SDI, celebrada en octubre de 2011 vino a confirmar el interés y la...
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The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the differences in general and specific throwing capacity of handball players as a function of the age category. Differences between throwing velocity to goal without and with opposition have also been addressed. Ninety four handball senior and U-18 players were assessed in four different situations...
Book
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La Semana del Deporte Inclusivo (SDI) es un evento que combina sesiones técnicas en el INEF (UPM) con exhibiciones prácticas de deporte inclusivo en diferentes entornos de la ciudad de Madrid. Desde 2010, primer año de desarrollo del Centro de Estudios de Deporte Inclusivo (CEDI) y de la Alianza Estratégica por el Deporte Inclusivo 2010-2015 lidera...
Article
Background: Physical activity has been demonstrated to increase survival in breast cancer patients, but few breast cancer patients meet the general recommendations for physical activity. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate if a supervised integrated counseling and group-based exercise program could increase leisure-time activity in wome...
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Study aim: We examine the body sway differences between a) pistol and rifle and b) elite and national level senior male Olympic shooters, as well as the possible relation between body sway and performance at competition in Olympic shooting. Material and methods: Two body sway tests (feet together and feet apart) were performed by 28 Spanish male s...
Article
The purpose of the study was to compare the notational structure in men's singles games between the Olympic Games in Beijing and London to observe how badminton evolved from 2008 to 2012. Twenty games of each event (n=40), were analyzed using the official videos of the Beijing 2008 and London 2012 Olympic Games. Game duration (Beijing:1124.6±229.9...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to analyze the visual strategies prior to a throw from 7 metres in elite and amateur handball goalkeepers. To this end we analyzed the visual fixations in number and order of 10 goalkeepers (29.7±5.4 years; 14.7±8.6 years of experience), 3 elite and 7 amateurs, during the life size projection of 14 different throws,...
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The Relative Age Effect (RAE) has been analyzed in a population of Spanish international handball players (n=161) divided into four different levels: Senior, Junior, Juvenile and Promising Talents. The variables registered were quarter, half year and year of birth using the initial information of their date of birth. The data were collected from th...
Article
The purpose of the study was to compare the temporal and notational structures in games and matches between men's singles (MS) and women's singles (WS) in the current top level of world badminton players. Ten matches of each event (n=20), from the official videos of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, were analyzed. Match duration (MS: 2378.0±387.9 s,...
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Infrared thermography (IRT) is a safe and non-invasive tool used for examining physiological functions based on skin temperature (Tsk) control. The aim of this paper was to establish the probable thermal difference between the beginning and the end of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rehabilitation process after surgery. For this purpose thermo...
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A method that provides a three-dimensional representation of the basin of attraction of a dynamical system from experimental data was applied to the problem of dynamic balance restoration. The method is based on the density of the data on the phase space of the system under study and makes use of modeling and numerical curve fitting tools. For the...
Article
The purpose of the study was to compare the temporal and notational structures in games and matches between men's singles (MS) and women's singles (WS) in the current top level of world badminton players. Ten matches of each event (n=20), from the official videos of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, were analyzed. Match duration (MS: 2378.0±387.9 s,...
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of this study were: a) analyze the influence of the satisfaction of basic psychological needs on dispositional flow in athletes in training and b) to study possible differences in the explanation of this relationship by sex of the participants. Questionnaires PNSE and FFS were administered to 131 basketball players in training. Resul...
Article
Este estudio describe las relaciones entre el clima motivacional percibido, la competencia percibida, el compromiso y la ansiedad en una muestra estudiantes de educación física y analiza las diferencias mostradas en estas variables según la obligatoriedad o no de la enseñanza. 1587 alumnos de edades comprendidas entre 12 y 18 años (M = 15.26 años;...
Article
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Surface texturing is gaining interest in the field of surface engineering. Enhancements can be obtained by carefully creating textures with arrangement of 3D-cavities; such textures retain lubricant and enhancing the hydrodynamic effect, reducing therefore the friction coefficient and wear of sliding contact surfaces 3D-cavities may have flat or cu...
Article
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This study proposes a verification tool, validated by experts, for detecting the presence of quality indicators in scientific portals and websites related to Social and Health Sciences. Three studies were carried out using a non-experimental mixed design: document analysis and qualitative and quantitative assessments performed by referees. The resu...
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Objective Breast cancer is the most common cancer in occidental women. It presents a very high survival with a lot of side effect produced by the treatments, what affect to these women quality of life. Our goal is to know the effect of a guide exercise program on quality of life of breast cancer women.Methods This program consisted in 24 classes an...
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist between the dominant and non-dominant side in anthropometric measurements in the best Spanish badminton players, and to verify if the side of the body where the measurement was made could influence the calculation of body composition and somatotype. Forty-six elite badminton playe...
Article
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Introduction: Infrared thermography (IFT) is an analysis tool that emits no radiation and is non-invasive, making it suitable for the study of physiological functions related to the control of skin temperature. Objectives: To establish the thermographic behaviour of a professional basketball player. Materials and methods: The study involved a profe...
Article
Full-text available
This study proposes a verification tool, validated by experts, for detecting the presence of quality indicators in scientific portals and websites related to Social and Health Sciences. Three studies were carried out using a non-experimental mixed design: document analysis and qualitative and quantitative assessments performed by referees. The resu...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist between the dominant and non-dominant side in anthropometric measurements in the best Spanish badminton players, and to verify if the side of the body where the measurement was made could influence the calculation of body composition and somatotype. Forty-six elite badminton playe...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción: La termografía infrarroja (IFT) es una herramienta de análisis que no emite irradiación y no es invasiva por lo que es adecuada para el estudio de las funciones fisiológicas relacionadas con el control de temperatura de la piel. Objetivos: Establecer el comportamiento termográfico de un jugador de baloncesto. Material y mét...
Article
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Objective: To analyze the relationship between registered and perceived physical activity in persons with physical disabilities using accelerometry and questionnaire, and to study the differences evaluated with both instruments regarding personal level of physical activity and other variables like gender or use of a wheelchair. Methodology: 37 subj...
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The aim of this research was to study the effect of scoring first and its relationship with home advantage in professional Spanish football and indoor soccer leagues, in order to analyse the effect of scoring first on game outcome in relation to home advantage, whether home or away team scores first. Each league was first studied individually, and...
Article
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The low density, excellent high temperature mechanical properties and good corrosion resistance of titanium and its alloys have led to a diversified range of successful applications. As a consequence, there is a demand of increasing the capabilities of processing such alloys. The laser cladding technique allows direct metal deposition with an excel...
Article
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Pure commercial titanium is widely used because of its high corrosion resistance and lower cost compared with other titanium alloys, in particular when there is no high wear requirements. Nevertheless, the wear resistance is poor and surface damage usually occurs in areas under contact loadings. Laser cladding is a suitable technique for manufactur...
Article
Full-text available
Laser cladding with Al-Si powders have been carried out on three different magnesium alloys (AZ61, ZK30 and WE54) in order to improve their wear and corrosion properties using Nd:YAG CW laser. Optimized parameters allow obtaining crack and pore free coatings with good metallurgical bonding. Special care in shielding atmosphere is required to avoid...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of different degrees of opposition on ball velocity in the jump throw in elite, amateur and adolescent team handball players. Thus, one hundred and nineteen elite, amateur and under 18 team handball players performed jump throws under three different conditions: 1) without opposition...
Conference Paper
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purpose This study examined the effect of the use of ITCs in the ability of perception and analysis competitive situations by university students of basketball, handball and athletics. Methods Fifty-six students from the Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport (U.P.M.) belonging to High Performance Sports course formed the sample. We carried out an...
Article
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Carbide metal matrix composite materials are known for a high resistance to all types of wear. It is due to a beneficial combination of properties given by hard phase particles included in a tough matrix. Different kinds of those materials have been employed in the development of new high properties cutting tools. Laser cladding (LC) technique allo...
Article
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Rivilla-García J, Martínez I, Grande I, Sampedro-Molinuevo J. Relation between general throwing tests with a medicine ball and specific tests to evaluate throwing velocity with and without opposition in handball. J. Hum. Sport Exerc. Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 414-426, 2011. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship among general throwin...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on consecutive "all out" sprint tests, analyzing the acid-base status and its influence on performance and perceived effort. Ten elite bicycle motocross (BMX) riders (20.7 ± 1.4 years, training experience 8-12 years) participated in this study which consisted of...
Article
The stochastic optimization method ALOPEX IV has been successfully applied to the problem of detecting possible changes in the maternal heart rate kinetics during pregnancy. For this reason, maternal heart rate data were recorded before, during and after gestation, during sessions of exercises of constant mild intensity; ALOPEX IV stochastic optimi...
Article
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Resumen La precisión así como la velocidad del balón determinan el éxito del lanzamiento en balonmano. Así, varios estudios han analizado la relación entre ambos factores, aunque ninguno incluyó la oposición del portero, desconociéndose su influencia en la precisión. El presente estudio analizó la precisión del lanzamiento en función de la oposició...
Article
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The aim of this research was to study home advantage in the professional Spanish football and futsal leagues in a general way, and to make a regional analysis to identify geographical variations and whether they can be interpreted in terms of territoriality as a factor associated with home advantage. Last fifteen seasons were examined, after the in...
Conference Paper
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Introducción La experiencia de usuario (look and feel) es un parámetro que tiene un peso específico dentro de la navegación en Internet. Cada vez que un usuario visita una Web, sea del contenido que sea, realiza una valoración intrínseca a cerca de la capacidad que tiene una página de hacer agradable y no fatigosa la navegación. En este sentido, el...
Article
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This article explain the origin of the Centre for Inclusive Sport Studies (CEDI), an institution, at the Spanish level, for the analysis and dissemination of the inclusion processes of persons with disabilities into mainstream sport. For this, the sport experience and academic knowledge of the university have come together with private sector inter...
Article
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ResumenEl presente estudio ha analizado las diferencias entre puestos específicos ofensivos en la distancia delanzamiento con balón medicinal pesado y liviano y en la velocidad de lanzamiento con y sin oposición en jugadores en formación. Para ello, cincuenta y ocho jugadores realizaron pruebas de progresiva especificidad: lanzamiento con balón med...
Article
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AbstractThe accuracy and the speed of the ball determine the success throw in handball. Several studies have analyzed the relationship between both factors, although none included opposition of the goalkeeper, his influence on accuracy is unknown. This study analyzed the throwing accuracy depending on the opposition. Ninety-four senior and U-18 pla...
Article
The success of goal shooting in handball depends mostly on accuracy and throwing velocity. Several researchers have investigated the relationship between ball velocity and accuracy, but few investigations have included opposition, and there is no evidence on how opposition affects throwing accuracy. The present study analysed differences in throwin...
Article
Laser metal deposition (LMD) with high power lasers consists of manufacturing precise layers of materials by fusing metal powder with a laser beam over a substrate. Typical dilution of 5% allows metallurgical adhesion of the coating. This technique provides a unique combination of high accuracy and low heat affecting zone which is attractive for pr...
Article
Pure commercial titanium is widely used because of its high corrosion resistance and lower cost compared with other titanium alloys, in particular when there is no high wear requirements. Nevertheless, the wear resistance is poor and surface damage occurs in areas under contact loadings. Laser melting deposition using a high power laser is a suitab...
Article
Full-text available
La danza, es la actividad física artística por excelencia y es además patrimonio cultural de toda civilización. Desde cualquier época y cultura, sus composiciones nos traen la abstracción de los ideales de una determinada cultura física. Un exhaustivo análisis coreográfico nos permite acercarnos al pensamiento que sobre el cuerpo y el espacio tiene...
Article
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ResumenEl presente estudio pretendió analizar la capacidad de lanzamiento general y específica en función de las etapas de vida deportiva. Con dicho objetivo, ciento seis jugadores de balonmano de diferentes edades y niveles competitivos fueron evaluados en cuatro pruebas de lanzamiento de progresiva especificidad: 1) lanzamiento de balón medicinal...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of agility training (training of acceleration, deceleration and quick change of the direction of movement) on athletic power performance. Eighty healthy male college students (age 19±1.1 years; body mass 77.2±7.1 kg; body height 180.1±7.1 cm; body fat percentage 10.8±1.6) participated in this s...
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We show how asymmetries in the movement patterns during the process of regaining balance after perturbation from quiet stance can be modeled by a set of coupled vector fields for the derivative with respect to time of the angles between the resultant ground reaction forces and the vertical in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions. In our...
Article
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We present a method of modeling the basin of attraction as a three-dimensional function describing a two-dimensional manifold on which the dynamics of the system evolves from experimental time series data. Our method is based on the density of the data set and uses numerical optimization and data modeling tools. We also show how to obtain analytic...
Article
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La capacidad de salto (Di Cagno et al., 2008; Ferro, 1998; Ferro et al., 1999; Grande et al, 2009; Hutchinson et al., 1998; Kums et al., 2005; Miletíc, Sekulic & Wolf-Cvitak, 2004; Pérez-Gómez at al., 2006; Yi & Kwon, 2005). y amortiguación (Sabick et al., 2006; Mills et al., 2008; Mills et al., 2009) ha sido evaluada en gimnastas. Todas las gimnas...
Article
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Resumen El éxito del lanzamiento a portería en balonmano depende en gran medida de la velocidad del balón. Existen escasas evidencias sobre cómo afecta la toma de decisión y oposición en la velocidad del lanzamiento, sin embargo estas hacen presagiar cierta influencia. El presente estudio pretende analizar las diferencias en la velocidad de lanzami...
Article
Falls are a serious problem for the elderly because the high rate of mortality and morbidity. The risk factors related to falls are many and it is difficult to isolate the triggering elements. Deficits in balance, problems of sight, decreases of strength in the legs, loss of coordination and changes in propioception are important factors. It is nec...
Article
The main aim of the study is to analyze the performance of field hockey goalkeeper, from the perspective of the number of goals achieved depending on the zone of shot and of the place where the throwing was goal. 278 shots on goal scored to different goalkeepers of international level of senior national teams were analyzed. According to Piñeiro (20...
Article
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The purpose of the study was to investigate what factors affect basketball players in the transition from junior and amateur to senior and professional sport respectively. The study was a qualitative research which uses a semi-structured interview to get the data. There were interviewed five Spanish basketball players who were starting playing in a...
Article
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Abstract Training programs for basketball players are often targeted at improving game tactics. The main objectives of this study were: a) to establish a relationship between exercise intensity and performance in basketball technical and tactical proficiency drills; and b) to determine the existing relationship between the opposition exerted by a d...
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In the present article, we analyze the place that cooperative physical activities should have in the present Physical Education curriculum. In the first part, we show that the actual trend that can help our field of knowledge gain rigour and effectiveness to order the learning outcomes is known as «Programming through Action Domains», based on the...
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La praxiología motriz guía las propuestas de este artículo con el objetivo de ofrecer al profesorado una herramienta eficaz para evaluar a los alumnos y alumnas en educación física. Partiendo de una clasificación de las tareas basada en criterios precisos de acción motriz, se utilizan seis dominios a modo de parámetros estables para evaluar transve...
Article
This study explores the potential ability of laser metal deposition (LMD) as metal foaming process, considering that its intrinsic high heating/cooling rates can avoid some of the common problems of gas leakage, in-homogeneity and anisotropy that arise when manufacturing metallic foams by conventional powder metallurgy (PM) methods. Highly porous c...
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We demonstrate the successful application of ALOPEX stochastic optimization to the problem of calculating the optimal critical curve in a dynamical systems model of the process of regaining balance after perturbation from quiet stance. Experimental data provide the time series of angles for which the subjects were able to regain balance after an in...
Article
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We present a mathematical model, in the form of two coupled ordinary differential equations, for the heart rate kinetics in response to exercise. Our heart rate model is an adaptation of the model of oxygen uptake kinetics of Stirling et al. [21]; a physiological justification for this adaptation, as well as the physiological basis of our heart rat...