Javier Baena Preysler

Javier Baena Preysler
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología

Phd

About

206
Publications
95,028
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3,487
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
1816 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Introduction
professor at the UAM university developing Experimental archaeology and lithic technology and GIS. Recent projects: Acheulian Mosterian in Madrid (Spain) Transition UP in souther Iberia Acheulian-mousterian in western europe Lithic technology origin
Additional affiliations
September 1990 - present
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (206)
Article
Full-text available
Predicting original flake mass is a major goal of lithic analysis. Predicting original flake mass allows for researchers to make estimations of remaining mass, lost mass, and other features. All these measures relate to the organization of lithic technology by past societies. The present work tests three different models to predict log of flake mas...
Presentation
Full-text available
The use of the indirect percussion technique in the production of bifacial elements during advanced stages ofthePrehistory has been taken into consideration in a very superficial way by prehistoric archaeologists and technologists. The widespread assumption of the use of soft direct percussion as the main technique involved in bifacial reductions h...
Article
Full-text available
Polyhedrons, spheroids and bolas (PSBs) are present in lithic series from the Lower Palaeolithic onwards and are found in several regions of the world. Nevertheless, very little is known about them. We propose here to summarise, illustrate and discuss the current state of our knowledge about these artefacts. Based on the available data in the liter...
Article
Full-text available
The consideration of quartzite as a secondary raw material has relegated in-depth research of this raw material in favour of such other rocks as flint or obsidian. The latter two are the most researched raw materials because of the information derived from their study: long-distance transport of rocks and mobility of people. In contrast, informatio...
Article
Full-text available
Shaped stone balls are ubiquitous in Oldowan and Acheulian sites worldwide. Despite years of research, very little is known about the shaping process of these items. A comprehensive literary review indicates variability in the types of rocks from which these items were shaped. At a number of sites, however, selectivity in the choice of materials us...
Article
Full-text available
The third edition of the Chronostratigraphic Chart for the Quaternary of the Iberian Peninsula (v 3.0) substitutes the older 2007 and 2009 versions. The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), and more specifically the Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (SQS), has been working since 2009 both in the formal definition of the Quaternary...
Presentation
Full-text available
Initial slide and abstract for the presentation "In between methods: a Machine Learning approach to Levallois, Discoid and intermediate systems" of session 11. KNAPPING TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES FOR COMPARATIVE STUDIES
Article
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En este trabajo abordamos las actividades de Arqueología Experimental desarrolladas en las Cuevas de La Araña. Éstas, cubren los campos más significativos de la Arqueología y sus protocolos -de campo y laboratorio-, así como la reproducción de los procesos tecnológicos con que se tuvieron que enfrentar los grupos prehistóricos para su supervivencia...
Article
Full-text available
The third edition of the Chronostratigraphic Chart for the Quatemary of the Iberian Peninsula (v 3.0) substitutes the older 2007 and 2009 versions (Silva et al., 2009). The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), and more specifically the Subcommission on Quatemary Stratigraphy (SQS), has been working since 2009 both in the formal definitio...
Article
Full-text available
El Esquilleu cave has one of the most complete Middle Paleolithic stratigraphies of northern Iberia with a complete chronological framework almost continuous from the beginning of MIS3. The complete analysis of the materials including the last section of the sequence corresponding to the last chronological interval of the occupation in the region s...
Article
Estimating flake mass based on remaining attributes bears an important relationship for the interpretation of lithic assemblages. Previous works have pointed out the relationship between flake attributes and prediction of flake mass. This study builds on previous works by using data from an experimental collection of flakes. Estimated mass was arri...
Article
Full-text available
Raw material characterization in Paleolithic archaeology has widened our knowledge of Middle Paleolithic societies. Procurement of raw material, specifically flint, has allowed the tracing of the mobility of both stones and people, as well as selective processes to obtain specific types or even extraction activities. The analysis of quartzite has a...
Article
Full-text available
More and more contributions to the field of lithics are taking into consideration skill levels and learning processes in prehistory, with the aim of clarifying not only how individuals acted when they produced their tools but also of addressing the processes of change or continuity in the technocultural traditions of past societies and the particip...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of shaped stone balls at early Paleolithic sites has attracted scholarly attention since the pioneering work of the Leakeys in Olduvai, Tanzania. Despite the persistent presence of these items in the archaeological record over a period of two million years, their function is still debated. We present new results from Middle Pleistocene...
Chapter
Either for food or as raw material, plants were probably the most important resource for past hunter-gatherer communities in the temperate regions of the planet. For this reason, if we want to know the economic and social organization of past societies, there is an urgent need to understand their relationship with plants. On the other hand, despite...
Article
Full-text available
Many Paleolithic lithic collections are found in contexts where post-depositional alterations, such as those made by water streams or sedimentary displacement, have affected the surface of most of the lithic artifacts. A major alteration often observed is the rounding of lithic artifacts. Although there have been some proposals on how to classify d...
Chapter
One of most recent Mousterian sites discovered in Madrid (Spain) is El Cañaveral-Area 3 archaeological site, an open-air raw material quarrying site occupied during the MIS 3. In this site, we have excavated a total surface area of around 164 m² of coluvionar sediments affected by edaphic processes that have had an impact on the distribution of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The consideration of quartzite by prehistorian as a secondary raw material has avoided in-depth research of this raw material as other rocks, such as flint or obsidian. The two latter ones are the better studied raw materials because of the information derived from its study: long-transport of rocks and mobility of people. In contrast, the informat...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the lithic assemblage from Charco Hondo 2 (Madrid, Spain) indicates the existence of intense activities related to the quarrying of Miocene flint outcrops, within a drainage context inside the interfluvial plateau of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers (Madrid region). This lithic production was oriented to produce the first stages of lar...
Article
Retouched artifacts are one of the most common elements of Middle Paleolithic lithic assemblages. Resharpening of the edges by retouch is integral to key concepts of lithic technology and patterns of site occupation dynamics. This has led to the development of indexes that quantify retouch among artifacts, allowing comparisons according to raw mate...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we present a regional study with which we intend to analyze the possible exploitation models that on different ecosystems, were used the human groups throughout the Upper Pleistocene in the Madrid region. This area is not only characterized by abundant resources of different nature and especially abiotic, but also by its varied ecolog...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of raw material characterisation in Palaeolithic Archaeology in the last fifty years has widened our knowledge about the societies who inhabited Europe in the past. The characterisation of raw material, specially flint, has allowed defining the mobility of stones and people, selective processes to obtain specific varieties and proto...
Article
Full-text available
Las primeras evidencias achelenses en la Península Ibérica, tecnocomplejo de origen africano, se remontan a 1 Ma aproximadamente, si bien hasta el MIS 15-13 no se extiende de forma significativa en la cuenca media del Tajo. Mediante el estudio tecnológico de las muestras líticas de Pinedo, Cien Fanegas y Tafesa en la cuenca media del Tajo y las dat...
Article
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El Esquilleu cave provides one of the most interesting Mousterian sequences in recent decades. The upper part of its stratigraphic sequence has provided significant lithic materials with preliminary dating that places human occupation during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Both the regional chronological context and the dating question preliminary...
Article
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El presente trabajo pretende sintetizar los estudios realizados en las últimas décadas sobre los yacimientos paleolíticos situados en el valle inferior del río Manzanares, para contextualizar desde el punto de vista geoarqueológico, geocronológico y cronocultural los yacimientos allí localizados. La multiplicación de actuaciones arqueológicas de ur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of raw material characterisation in Palaeolithic Archaeology in the last fifty years has widened our knowledge about the societies that inhabited Europe in the past. The characterisation of raw material, specially flint, has allowed defining the mobility of stones and people, selective processes to obtain specific varieties and prot...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we present a regional study with which we intend to analyze the possible exploitation models that on different ecosystems, were used the human groups throughout the Upper Pleistocene in the Madrid region. This area is not only characterized by abundant resources of different nature and especially abiotic, but also by its varied ecolog...
Article
READ THE REVIEW AT: https://exarc.net/issue-2018-01/mm/conference-review-fifth-international-congress-experimental-archaeology-tarragona-spain-october-25 Experimental archaeology is an important methodological resource for academic and historical scientific research, not separated from the rest of archaeological and historical sciences, and usuall...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This work presents a synthesis on the stratigraphy and geochronology of the Quaternary Period after the chronological updating ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS-IUGS) and the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA). We show the more recent (updated) stratigraphic, chronologic and paleoclimatic data...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ethnographic and archaeological evidences showed that hunter-gatherers adaptive capacity was expressed, among other things, by strategy of raw material selection and diversification. The variability of lithic raw materials used included resources such as limestone, quartz, schist, and other highly inhomogeneous and less isotropic stone resources. F...
Article
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Introduction and objectives: Although the Iberian Peninsula is a key area for understanding the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the demise of the Neandertals, valuable evidence for these debates remains scarce and problematic in its interior regions. Sparse data supporting a late Neandertal persistence in the Iberian interior have been...
Data
Supporting tables on micromorphology and archeozoology and taphonomy. (PDF)
Article
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Characteristic pedunculated points have traditionally been assigned to the Upper Solutrean period. Evidence from the populations that inhabited thein El Higueral-Guardia Cave region indicate that this region was also occupied during this chronocultural period. In the first excavation season in August 2012 at El Higueral-Guardia Cave (Málaga, Spain)...
Article
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The recent excavations (2008–2009) conducted at the open-air site of Las Delicias, located in the Manzanares River valley (Madrid), have revealed new important data for the understanding of the human settlement of Central Iberia during Solutrean times. In this paper, we present a geomorphological and taphonomic study of the Pleistocene deposits of...
Article
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During Prehistory, shells have been used for subsistence, ornamentation, symbolic behaviour and tools. The investigation of shell tools has been mainly carried out from the viewpoint of functional analysis by investigating use-wear traces to reconstruct the functional value of these artefacts. Little attention has been devoted to investigating the...
Article
Full-text available
The existence of a more or less complex handling technology with the lithic tools during the Lower and Middle Paleolithic is an interesting topic for understanding aspects of the human behavior during these periods. In this work we present a preliminary experimental evaluation of the possible functionality of prehensile area in some of the most rep...
Article
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We present partial results obtained in an interdisciplinary research project focused on the human settlement of the Guadalajara province (Spain) during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. The excavation of the Peña Capón, Peña Cabra and Los Casares sites have shown outstanding evidence for investigating population dynamics and human-environment inte...
Article
Full-text available
We present partial results obtained in an interdisciplinary research project focused on the human settlement of the Guadalajara province (Spain) during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. The excavation of the Peña Capón, Peña Cabra and Los Casares sites have shown outstanding evidence for investigating population dynamics and human-environment inte...
Article
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In this paper we use the characterization of scientific experiment put forward by the philosopher of science Mario Bunge to present a series of four experiments in the field of lithic technology. We pay especial attention to how these experiments deal with control of variables and we present them in order from the lowest to the highest level of con...
Article
Full-text available
Open Access at https://revistas.uam.es/index.php/arqexp/article/view/7180/7548 -- The existence of a more or less complex handling technology with the lithic tools during the Lower and Middle Paleolithic is an interesting topic for understanding aspects of the human behavior during these periods. In this work we present a preliminary experimental...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Solutrean settlement of the Manzanares River valley (Madrid basin) has been a controversial topic over the history of the discipline. Despite the large number of bifacial assemblages, often considered Solutrean, known in the valley since the beginnings of the 20th century, their lack of stratigraphic references, chronometric dates and environme...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of thermally altered and broken flint artifacts is common at archaeological sites. Most studies focus their attention on the effects of heat treatment on flint to improve knapping qualities, disregarding the effects of fire over flint under uncontrolled conditions. This paper aims to show how under uncontrolled heating processes flint...
Article
Full-text available
The basins of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers have been connected to human activity since the early Palaeolithic. At the boundary between these rivers the abundance of flint has given place to exploitation and mining activities even in historical times. In recent years, projects related to urban expansion in the southeast of Madrid have brought to...
Article
Neanderthal shell tools have been discovered in several coastal sites along the Mediterranean Sea in the past 50 years. These technological artefacts have rarely been investigated, and only typological considerations have been published. Recent studies have investigated retouched shell tools at Grotta del Cavallo with a new multidisciplinary method...
Article
Full-text available
Middle Paleolithic catchment patterns have been exhaustively studied in the past. However, it is essential to clearly define Neanderthal technical and strategic abilities in relation to raw materials self-provide, from a temporal perspective. Here we present a study of quarrying activities in open air sites occupied during Mousterian period in Madr...
Article
Middle Paleolithic catchment patterns have been exhaustively studied in the past. However, it is essential to clearly define Neanderthal technical and strategic abilities in relation to raw materials self-provide, from a temporal perspective. Here we present a study of quarrying activities in open air sites occupied during Mousterian period in Madr...
Article
Full-text available
New investigations carried out over the last few years in the Madrid Tertiary basin have revealed a large number of Acheulean sites used for the exploitation of flint. The find is significantly important because it adds context to the understanding of the intense human activity in the central parts of the Iberian Peninsula during the middle Pleisto...
Article
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Durante los ?ltimos a?os, la investigaci?n sobre el Paleol?tico en la regi?n de Madrid ha proporcionado nuevos yacimientos y datos que permiten llevar a cabo una actualizaci?n de nuestro conocimiento del poblamiento humano de esta regi?n durante el Pleistoceno superior. Las condiciones geo-litol?gicas de la cuenca sedimentaria madrile?a, sumada a l...
Article
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In this paper we present a new interdisciplinary project focused on the investigation of the Late Pleisto-cene deposits still preserved in the Room A of Los Casares cave (Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara, Spain). We first make a historical reconstruction of the research carried out in the cave, then we present our objectives, working hypotheses and me...