Javier Puche Gil

Javier Puche Gil
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Economic History and Public Economics (FECEM)

Ph.D History. Teacher of Economic History

About

39
Publications
6,055
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283
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - September 2016
University of Zaragoza
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Anthropometric studies have given much attention to the impact of industrialization and urbanization on the biological standards of living of urban populations. Instead, we know less about the evolution of height and the disparities within the rural world and how they have changed during the modern economic growth process. This article analyzes the...
Article
This article analyses the relationship between male height and age at death and its evolution over time among conscripts born in fourteen villages in north-east rural Spain. A total of 1,488 conscripts born between 1835 and 1939 (and who died between 1868 and 2019) have been included in the analysis (based on the study of 3 sub-periods: 1835-1869,...
Article
This article aims to assess the impact of autarchic policies on the biological dimensions of human well-being during Francoist regime in Spain. This is done by examining the nutritional status of the population through the study of male adult heights. Our case study is the Valencian Community with the focus on the period 1940-59 which witnessed the...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article analyses the relationship between male height and age at death among adults born between 1835 and 1939 in fourteen villages in northeast Spain. A total of 1,488 conscripts who died between 1868 and 2019 have been included in the analysis. The height data have been obtained from conscriptions for military service; demographic and socioe...
Article
This article analyses the nutritional status during the interwar period. It studies the fascist Italian period (1922-1940). As an indicator of the biological well-being of the populations, the height data of the military replacements constitutes the main source of study. The results reveal that, contrary to other European dictatorships, the health...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the evolution of nutritional inequality in Spain among cohorts born between 1840 and 1964. With male height data ( N = 358,253), the secular trend of biological well-being and intergenerational anthropometric inequalities are studied based on the coefficient of variation, height percentiles and socioeconomic categories (studen...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the evolution of nutritional inequality in Spain among cohorts born between 1840 and 1964. With male height data (N = 358,253), the secular trend of biological well-being and intergenerational anthropometric inequalities are studied based on the coefficient of variation, height percentiles and socioeconomic categories (student...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the evolution and geographic distribution of the rural unrest that prevailed during the years of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1936), a period characterised by political instability and social conflict. The number of provincial strikes recorded in the forestry and agricultural industries and complied by the Ministry of Lab...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of anthropometric evidence about conscripts born in the region of València (Mediterranean Spain) between 1850 and 1949, in conjunction with high-resolution gridded climatic data and GIS analysis, finds that modern agriculture within a warm climate was conducive not only to regional economic development but also to improvements in health, a...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: desde la década de 2000 el estado nutricional de las poblaciones rurales españolas ha sido objeto de estudio por parte de la historia antropométrica. A pesar de este indudable avance, apenas contamos con ensayos comparativos sobre la estatura y la desigualdad biológica entre zonas agrarias de distinta especialización productiva (regad...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: desde la década de 2000 el estado nutricional de las poblaciones rurales españolas ha sido objeto de estudio por parte de la historia antropométrica. A pesar de este indudable avance, apenas contamos con ensayos comparativos sobre la estatura y la desigualdad biológica entre zonas agrarias de distinta especialización productiva (regad...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: since the 2000s the nutritional status of Spanish rural populations has been studied by anthropometric history. But despite this undoubted progress, we hardly have comparative studies on the height and biological inequality between agrarian zones of different productive specialization (irrigated and dryland agriculture). Objectives:...
Poster
Full-text available
The research analyzes the evolution of the biological standard of living and its determinants in Mediterranean Spain between the 18th and 20th centuries. It studies the impact on the stature of factors such as: economic crises, industrialization and urbanization processes, public health policies, technological change or commercial development. Fina...
Poster
Full-text available
The project aims to analyze the evolution of inequality and nutritional poverty in Spain in the very long term since anthropometric history. The socioeconomic and environmental differences (occupation, place of residence and access to education, mainly) are analyzed. Nutritional differences at the regional level with height data from the mid - 19th...
Article
This article analyses the biological welfare and inequality of the male population of the irrigated area of Valencia between 1859 and 1939. It studies the effects that the agrarian development process had on physical welfare and the relationship between height and access to land ownership. Height data for conscripts in five municipalities constitut...
Article
Full-text available
This paper looks at the effects of early industrialisation in Spain on biological living standards. The case study focuses on Alcoy, one of the towns that pioneered Spanish industrialisation in the nineteenth century. Based on anthropometric data for the height of military conscripts between 1860 and 1936 (cohorts born between 1840 and 1915), the s...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the effects of the sanitary reform on the biological welfare and the Health of the Spanish population during the industrialization process. Examines the case of Alcoy, one of the pioneer hubs of the Spanish industrialization. The main sources of the study are the municipality budgets of Public Health and the stature of the con...
Working Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines the urban-rural differences of the height during the early stages of modern economic growth and industrialization in Spain. Its aim is to explore the extent of the urban penalty, and the changes of biological welfare in the cities and villages, in the rural and urban areas. We use height data of military recruitment records betw...
Poster
Full-text available
Analiza la dimensión biológica del nivel de vida y la desigualdad en España en los siglos XVIII-XX y las relaciones cambiantes que se establecen entre la estatura y los indicadores de bienestar. Entre otros objetivos, estudia la variabilidad y adaptabilidad de las estaturas a los diferentes contextos ambientales, explora la vertiente biológica de l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the urban-rural differences in height during the early stages of industrialization Spanish. Its aim explore the extent of the urban penalty and welfare biological changes in cities compared to rural areas, which was more backward. We use data height of military recruitment records registered in replacement between 1857 and 1936,...
Article
Full-text available
este artículo tiene dos objetivos: en primer lugar, poner de manifiesto cómo desde el inicio de la transición política y la instauración de la democracia, el Estado español inauguró una política de reparaciones económicas a favor de quienes padecieron violencia como consecuencia de la Guerra Civil y la Dictadura franquista; en segundo lugar, analiz...
Article
Using data on the height of enlisted conscripts, this article examines the trend in average height of the generations born in the Valencia Region between 1840 and 1969. This makes it possible to explore the biological standard of living of the region's inhabitants from the mid-19th to the mid-20th century. The results show that in the long term the...
Article
Full-text available
La estatura es utilizada por los pediatras y los antropólogos como medida de salud y bienestar de las poblaciones humanas. En las últimas décadas los historiadores la usan como indicador biológico del nivel vida para explorar el impacto producido por las transformaciones ambientales, sociales y económicas en el bienestar del pasado. Este artículo m...
Article
Full-text available
This article goes into the study of Spanish Civil post-war effects in the nutritional conditions and health of the populations. It analyses the impact the Civil War (1936-1939) and francoist autarchy (1940-1959) had in the biological standards of living of the Valencian rural populations. We have built series of medium heights from the height data...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the relationships between height and education in the process of literacy and modernization in Spain. Using longitudinal data from recruitment sources of the Community of Valencia, we report on features of biological well-being and inequality between literate and illiterate groups. Evidences show that stature increased togethe...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The main purpose of the project is to explore the 'Great Escape' of malnutrition, poverty and deprivation in populations of the past, and to examine the biological well-being and nutritional inequality in three dimensions: by region, socioeconomic groups and trends in the very long term. And also it analyzes the determinants that were influenced by environmental and institutional conditions. (Sponsored by MINECO and the Seneca Foundation)