Javier Garcia-Campayo

Javier Garcia-Campayo
Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet · Psiquiatria

PhD

About

535
Publications
237,103
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11,214
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (535)
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing interest in researching the effects of meditative practices on the mental health of students. However, less enthusiasm has been shown for research into their effects on social and proenvironmental attitudes. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a training program to promote mindful, empathic, and pro-e...
Article
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Fibromyalgia patients often experience anxiety and depressive symptoms; however, validated interventions show only limited efficacy. This pilot study analyzed the effects of a 16-session version of attachment-based compassion therapy (ABCT-16) for improving anxiety and depressive symptomatology, as well as self-compassion and decentering, in 11 fib...
Article
Objective Understanding how different psychotherapies produce their effect can lead to identifying mechanisms of change that could be enhanced to produce better outcomes. This study aims at exploring the potential mediating role of mindfulness and self-compassion facets in the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and attachment-based...
Article
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The aim of this study was to compare meditators and nonmeditators in terms of their tendency to have peak experiences and their dream lucidity, while examining the associations between these outcomes and some related variables such as nondual awareness, mindfulness facets and absorption. In this cross-sectional study, 237 participants from general...
Article
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Gambling has become a routine form of entertainment for many young people. The aim of this study was to describe the gambling behavior that university students are developing in Aragon, Spain, and to analyze whether these habits are more common among students of sports science, on the assumption that they are more likely to have a higher exposure t...
Article
Background and objectives This is the first multi-center study intended to document the prevalence, characteristics, and associations of depression in Medicine patients at the time of hospital discharge and their referral to Primary Care (PC). Methods Adult patients randomly selected among consecutive admissions to Medicine wards in 8 hospitals in...
Article
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Background: Most programmes developed to reduce aggressive attitudes among teenagers are based on cultivating nonviolence, a construct that has been related to compassion and, more indirectly, mindfulness. This study aims at testing the efficacy of ‘Unlearning’, a mindfulness and compassion-based programme, for reducing aggressive attitudes in adol...
Article
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Among mindfulness measures the three constructs acceptance, decentering, and non-attachment are psychometrically closely related, despite their apparent semantic differences. These three facets present robust psychometric features and can be considered core themes in most “third wave” clinical models. The aim of the present study was to explore the...
Article
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Objectives: To study the effectiveness of attachment-based compassion therapy (ABCT) for reducing affective distress in a sample of outpatients with depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders, and to explore its mechanisms of action. Methods: This randomised controlled trial involved the assessment time points of pre-treatment, post-treatment and...
Article
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Mindfulness training (MT) is considered appropriate for school teachers and enhances well-being. Most research has investigated the efficacy of instructor-led MT. However, little is known about the benefits of using self-taught formats, nor what the key mechanisms of change are that contribute to enhanced teacher well-being. This study compared ins...
Article
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Lucid dreaming, a specific phenomenon of dream consciousness, refers to the experience being aware that one is dreaming. The primary aim of this research was to validate a Spanish version of the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams scale (LuCiD). A secondary aim was to explore whether meditation experience and mindfulness trait were related to LuCi...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the inner retinal layers in fibromyalgia (FM) patients compared to control subjects using posterior pole protocol (PPole) analysis in optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to correlate structural retinal changes with subjective quality of life. Methods: Seventy-four eyes of healthy subjects and 55 eyes of those with FM were...
Presentation
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Congress presentation Results from the Ultreya study -final sample- : The effects of the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela (The Way of Saint James) on mental health and wellbeing
Article
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Aim: To evaluate the impact of a psychoeducational, mobile health intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness‐based approaches on the mental health of healthcare workers at the frontline against COVID‐19 in Spain. Design: We will carry out a two‐week, individually randomized, parallel group, controlled trial. Participants w...
Article
Background: The global health emergency generated by the COVID-19 pandemic is posing an unprecedented challenge to healthcare workers (HCWs), who are facing heavy workloads under psychologically difficult situations. Mental mobile Health (mHealth) interventions are now being widely deployed due to their attractive implementation features (low cost...
Article
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Diabetic patients have increased depression rates, diminished quality of life, and higher death rates due to depression comorbidity or diabetes complications. Treatment adherence (TA) and the maintenance of an adequate and competent self-care are crucial factors to reach optimal glycaemic control and stable quality of life in these patients. In thi...
Article
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Health professionals are among the most vulnerable to work stress and emotional exhaustion problems. These health professionals include tutors and resident intern specialists, due to the growing demand for the former and the high work overload of the latter. Mindfulness training programs can support these professionals during times of crisis, such...
Article
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Mindfulness is a psychological technique based on Eastern meditative practices that was developed in the late 1970s by Kabat-Zinn at the University of Massachusetts. Initially, there was a debate over whether it should be considered a scientific technique or labelled as part of the "new wave" practices. Today, mindfulness is omnipresent in modern s...
Article
Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based programme (MBP) for reducing stress in university students and its action mechanisms and to explore the capacity of virtual reality (VR) exposure to enhance adherence to the intervention. Methods This randomized controlled trial (RCT) involved assessment time points of baseline, posttreatm...
Preprint
Objectives: To study the effectiveness of Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy (ABCT) for reducing affective distress in a sample of outpatients with depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders, and to explore its action mechanisms.Methods: This randomised controlled trial involved assessment time points of pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 6-month...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. There is burgeoning interest in studying the effectiveness of mindfulness-based and traditional contemplative practices, and brief yet suitably and comprehensive measures of mindfulness are needed to assess related changes. There is preliminary evidence that pilgrimage may share some aspects with contemplative practices. This study exam...
Article
Background: Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) are widely used to measure the impact of various diseases on both the quality and quantity of life and in their economic valuations. It will be clinically important and informative if we can estimate QALYs based on measurements of depression severity. Objective: To construct a conversion table from t...
Article
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Background Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) are widely used to measure the impact of various diseases on both the quality and quantity of life and in their economic valuations. It will be clinically important and informative if we can estimate QALYs based on measurements of depression severity. Objective To construct a conversion table from the...
Article
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Background: Police officers' high-stress levels and its deleterious consequences are raising awareness to an epidemic of mental health problems and quality of life (QoL) impairment. There is a growing evidence that mindfulness-based interventions are efficacious to promote mental health and well-being among high-stress occupations. Methods: The POL...
Article
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Depression is one of the most common disorders in psychiatric and primary care settings, and is associated with disability, loss in quality of life, and economic costs. Internet-based psychological interventions have been shown to be effective in depression treatment but present problems with a low degree of adherence. The main aim of this study is...
Article
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Background: Work stress is a common problem among the health personnel of the Spanish National Health System. The objective of this paper is to assess the state of mindfulness among Spanish primary care providers and to evaluate its potential relationship with work stress and basic labor and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: Cross-secti...
Article
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Background/Objective: ‘Third-wave’ psychotherapies have shown effectiveness for treating psychopathological symptoms such as anxiety and depression. There is burgeoning interest in examining how these therapies’ core constructs produce their therapeutic benefits. This study explores the hypothetical mediating effect of resilience in the impact of m...
Article
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Aim: To evaluate the impact of a psychoeducational, mobile health intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness-based approaches on the mental health of healthcare workers at the frontline against COVID-19 in Spain. Design: We will carry out a two-week, individually randomized, parallel group, controlled trial. Participants w...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Personalized treatment choices would increase the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for depression to the extent that patients differ in interventions that better suit them. Objective To provide personalized estimates of short-term and long-term relative efficacy of guided and unguided iCBT for depressi...
Article
Purpose of the study To assess the ability of the new Spectralis Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Posterior Pole protocol to detect degeneration of the inner retinal layers in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and to assess the correlation between the neuroretinal thickness and disease duration. Materials and Methods Twenty-five eyes of 25 pat...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND The global health emergency generated by the COVID-19 pandemic is posing an unprecedented challenge to healthcare workers (HCWs), who are facing heavy workloads under psychologically difficult situations. OBJECTIVE This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a psychoeducational mobile Health (mHealth) intervention to reduce mental...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: There is a growing interest in mindfulness-and acceptance-based interventions in sport, with empirical results that support improvements in athletes' performance and well-being. Chess is a sport in which the demand is maximum and where mental preparation can have an important impact on the results. The objective of this work is to ident...
Article
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Interest of the study: mindfulness is a concept describing the focus on the present moment, intentionally and without judgement. This approach has only recently been applied to sport psychology. Objectives: the aim of the current review is to investigate which indicators and questionnaires are used in mindfulness research in sport, being specifical...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim To evaluate the impact of a psychoeducational, mobile health intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness-based approaches on the mental health of healthcare workers at the frontline against COVID-19 in Spain. Design We will carry out a two-week, individually randomised, parallel group, controlled trial. Participants wil...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A large number of low-intensity Internet-based interventions (IBIs) for the treatment of depression have emerged in Primary Care; most of them focused on decreasing negative emotions. However, recent studies have highlighted the importance of addressing positive affect (PA) as well. This study is a secondary analysis of a randomized con...
Article
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Objectives Mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) have been tested as promising alternatives for managing stress in Primary health care (PHC) providers. The study compared the feasibility and efficacy of an MBP on burnout symptoms in Brazilian PHC providers with a briefer relaxation-based program and with a nonactive control group.MethodsA nonrandomized...
Article
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental disorder characterised by episodes of extremal mood changes. In recent years, some researchers found neurodegeneration in patients with BD using Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Evaluation of the optic nerve and the retinal layers using optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proved to be a useful, non-invasive tool for...
Article
Full-text available
Interest of the study: mindfulness is a concept describing the focus on the present moment, intentionally and without judgement. This approach has only recently been applied to sport psychology. Objectives: the aim of the current review is to investigate which indicators and questionnaires are used in mindfulness research in sport, being specifical...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of highly effective treatments for fibromyalgia (FM) represents a great challenge for public health. The objective of this parallel, pilot randomized controlled trial was two-fold: (1) to analyze the clinical effects of mindfulness plus amygdala and insula retraining (MAIR) compared to a structurally equivalent active control group of rela...
Article
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Objective: to analyze an online course on health promotion based on mindfulness (mindfulness) through the theory of discursive semiotics in one of its most recent developments, the visual or plastic aspect. The objective is to identify how the verbal-visual text of the course produces meanings and how it can help in the design of other courses. Met...
Article
Resumen El trastorno bipolar (TB) es una enfermedad mental caracterizada por episodios de alteraciones extremas del humor en la que existe evidencia de presencia de neurodegeneración, determinada mediante resonancia magnética nuclear. En los últimos años, la evaluación del nervio óptico y de las capas de la retina mediante tomografía de coherencia...
Article
The objective was to identify immune alteration in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) compared to healthy controls (HC) using meta-analysis and meta-regression. The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane and Web of Science were searched for suitable original articles investigating immune biomarkers in FMS in comparis...
Article
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Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) represent positive effects on mental health in diverse populations. However, the detailed associations between MBIs and biomarkers in patients with psychiatric disorders remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of MBIs on biomarkers in psychiatric illness, trying to summarize...
Article
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Mindfulness and meditation techniques have proven successful for the reduction of stress and improvement in general health. In addition, meditation is linked to longevity and longer telomere length, a proposed biomarker of human aging. Interestingly, DNA methylation changes have been described at specific subtelomeric regions in long-term meditator...
Article
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A recent study has supported the efficacy of Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy (ABCT) compared to relaxation (REL) for the management of fibromyalgia (FM). The main objective of this paper is to examine the cost-utility of ABCT compared to REL in terms of effects on quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) as well as healthcare costs. Forty-two Spanis...
Article
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There is a high prevalence of stress in the logistics sector owing to very demanding, fast-paced and unpredictable tasks. Mindfulness-based programmes may reduce stress but require considerable practice. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a shortened, workplace-adapted, mindfulness-based programme for the logistics sector...
Article
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Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy (ABCT) ‒a standardized programme that includes practices to improve compassionate awareness with the aim of addressing maladaptive attachment‒ for improving mindfulness and self-compassion in fibromyalgia (FM) patients, and to determine whether gai...
Article
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Primary healthcare personnel show high levels of burnout. A new model of burnout has been developed to distinguish three subtypes: frenetic, under-challenged and worn-out, which are characterized as overwhelmed, under-stimulated and disengaged at work, respectively. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the long/short B...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment-based compassion therapy (ABCT) is a new protocol of compassion based on attachment theory. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of this protocol for improving self-compassion in a healthy population and determine whether improvements in self-compassion mediate changes towards a more secure attachment style. The study consist...
Article
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The study of social cognition (SC) has emerged as a key domain of mental health, supporting the notion that poorer performance in SC tasks is linked to psychopathology, although most studies have primarily addressed only schizophrenia (SZ). Some recent studies have also shown deficits of SC in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients; however,...
Article
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Purpose: Health factors that enhance an individual’s ability to perceive and maintain health and well-being are referred to as "health assets". Of these assets, resilience, mindfulness and self-compassion are considered to be of special importance. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between these psychological constructs on...
Article
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Background: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are times of great change for women and their partners, often bringing substantial challenges and stress. Approximately 10%-20% of women suffer from mood disorders such as depression in the perinatal period. There are risks involved in using psychopharmacological interventions to treat perinatal depr...
Article
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) represents a great challenge for clinicians and researchers because the efficacy of currently available treatments is limited. The present study examined the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for reducing functional impairment as well as the role of mindfulness-related constructs as mediators of treatm...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Little is known about the applicability of mindfulness-based interventions in Spanish adults with overweight/obesity. The objective of the present study protocol is to describe the methods that will be used in a cluster randomized trial (CRT) that aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a mindfulness eating (ME) programme to reduce emot...
Article
Currently, depression is a global health problem recognized by the WHO. The prevalence of this pathology in Primary Care is estimated at 19.5% worldwide, and 20.2% in Spain. In addition, the current intervention policies and protocols involve significant costs, both personal and economic, for people suffering from this disorder, as well as for soci...
Article
Full-text available
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disabling syndrome characterized by chronic pain associated with fatigue. Its pathogenesis is unknown, but alterations in central sensitization, involving an imbalance of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory biomarkers, appear to be implicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of attachmen...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Compassion-based interventions delivered over the Internet are showing promising results for the promotion of psychological health and well-being. Several studies have highlighted their feasibility, acceptance and preliminary efficacy. However, this is an incipient field of research, and to the best of our knowledge, there is no data ava...
Article
Background: Compassion-based interventions delivered over the internet are showing promising results for the promotion of psychological health and well-being. Several studies have highlighted their feasibility, acceptance, and preliminary efficacy. However, this is an incipient field of research, and to the best of our knowledge, there are no data...