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Javier Fernández-Álvarez

Javier Fernández-Álvarez
Aiglé Foundation

Phd

About

74
Publications
42,923
Reads
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923
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - August 2020
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Position
  • Master's Student
September 2015 - August 2017
Universitat Jaume I
Position
  • Becario Santiago Grisolía

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Este estudio analiza las propiedades psicométricas del In-ventario de Problemas Interpersonales-32 (IIP-32), la medida más utilizada para evaluar dificultades en las relaciones interpersona-les. Una muestra de 2128 participantes completaron el IIP-32 y otras medidas de dificultades interpersonales antes de comenzar un tratamiento psicoterap...
Article
This work presents a case study in which Cognitive-Integrative psychotherapy was used to treat a patient with obsessive-compulsive disorder with the implementation of routine outcome monitoring (ROM) at Aiglé Foundation in Argentina. The patient, a 34-year-old female with a university degree reports having obsessive ideas about dirt or pollution, c...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral activation (BA) is a structured psychotherapeutic approach for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), which aims at increasing the engagement in activities that might bring enjoyment and meaning to patients' lives. Although a growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of BA, enhancing the motivation and activity level...
Chapter
Over the last years, Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) emerged as an alternative data collection strategy to repeatedly assess people in real-life, thus improving the ecological validity and reliability of data. As a matter of fact, the increasing field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and the growing availability of smartpho...
Chapter
Emotion regulation has emerged as one of the most researched topics in clinical psychology over the last years. But what does differentiate emotion regulation from other important constructs? Furthermore, what do digital technologies can add to the understanding and delivery of clinical interventions? Considering that alongside other regulatory pro...
Article
Full-text available
Background For many years, biofeedback and neurofeedback have been implemented in the treatment of depression. However, the effectiveness of these techniques on depressive symptomatology is still controversial. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies extracted from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Embase. Methods Two different strings wer...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in the field of psychotherapy is to reach people in need, especially underserved populations that do not have access to psychological services. Scaling psychotherapy interventions broadly across societies requires delineating an appropriate model and structure to implement care. Living marginalized is a negative predictor...
Article
The use of virtual reality (VR) and mixed reality (MR) technology in clinical psychology is growing. Efficacious VR-based treatments for a variety of disorders have been developed. However, the field of technology-assisted psychotherapy is constantly changing with the advancement in technology. Factors such as interdisciplinary collaboration, consu...
Article
Full-text available
No se han encontrado instrumentos breves válidos en Argentina para monitorear sintomatología psicológica en psicoterapia. Este trabajo presenta la adaptación argentina del Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-11) y estudia sus propiedades psicométricas. Una muestra de 356 participantes completó la adaptación del HSCL-11 junto con medidas de depresión,...
Article
Full-text available
When facing a negative event, people implement different strategies to regulate ongoing emotions. Although the previous literature has suggested that the emotional intensity of a negative episode is associated with the characteristics of the subsequent autobiographical memory, it is still unknown whether emotion regulation (ER) moderates this relat...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, a growing body of literature has focused on emotion regulation (ER), which refers to the ability to implement strategies in order to modulate emotional responses and reach desirable goals. To date, impaired ER (i.e., emotion dysregulation) has been identified as a transdiagnostic factor across a wide range of psychopathological c...
Article
Full-text available
So far, several aspects of autobiographical memory (AM) have been found to be impaired in depression. Among others, depressed patients show the tendency to recall more negative than positive events (i.e., negative bias) and usually retrieve memories that lack of specificity and details (i.e., overgeneral memories). Based on this, we designed an AM...
Article
Full-text available
According to a long tradition of research, people are used to mentally time travel: That is, to recreate memories from the past and envision future scenarios. To date, a growing body of evidence has revealed that people’s estimations about past and future emotional states are inaccurate. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying these biases are stil...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research has investigated the regulation of negative emotions in ecological settings, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying positive emotion regulation in everyday life. Although some evidence suggests that adopting positive strategies is beneficial for emotional well-being, the literature is inconsistent about the e...
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes: los tratamientos psicológicos han mostrado su eficacia, efectividad y eficiencia para el abordaje de los trastornos mentales; no obstante, considerando el conocimiento científico generado en los últimos años, no se dispone de trabajos de actualización en español sobre cuáles son los tratamientos psicológicos con respaldo empírico. El...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-Based Psychological Treatments for Adults: A Selective Review. Background: Psychological treatments have shown their effi cacy, effectiveness, and effi ciency in dealing with mental disorders. However, considering the scientifi c knowledge generated in recent years, in the Spanish context, there are no updating studies about empirically su...
Article
Full-text available
With the advent of COVID-19, a sudden, unexpected, and forced shift has been produced in the field of psychotherapy. Worldwide, many therapists closed their offices and started to deliver psychotherapy online through a screen. Although different media started to be incorporated, videoconferencing is undoubtedly the most common way in which therapis...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Emotional disorders (EDs) are among the most prevalent mental disorders. Existing evidence-based psychological treatments are not sufficient to reduce the disease burden of mental disorders. It is therefore essential to implement innovative solutions to achieve a successful dissemination of psychological treatment protocols, and in this...
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes: los tratamientos psicológicos han mostrado su efi cacia, efectividad y efi ciencia para el abordaje de los trastornos mentales; no obstante, considerando el conocimiento científi co generado en los últimos años, no se dispone de trabajos de actualización en español sobre cuáles son los tratamientos psicológicos con respaldo empírico....
Article
Full-text available
Background According to a growing body of literature, people are quite inaccurate in recalling past affective experiences. Nevertheless, the mechanism underlying this recall bias (i.e., the tendency to overestimate and/or underestimate positive or negative past emotional experiences) remains unclear, and its association with mental health has not b...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Living in the time of the COVID-19 means experiencing not only a global health emergency but also extreme psychological stress with potential emotional side effects such as sadness, grief, irritability, and mood swings. Crucially, lockdown and confinement measures isolate people who become the first and the only ones in charge of their...
Chapter
Emotions and stress have a great impact on mental states and well-being, and the mind-body problem has historically been conceived as a continuum from dualism to physicalism. Stress and emotions are undoubtedly defined by the physical underpinnings but cannot be reduced to them. Mental states, such as beliefs, goals, or values, play also an essenti...
Article
Full-text available
La brecha entre investigación y práctica clínica constituye uno de los rasgos distintivos de la psicoterapia. Esta brecha se ha conceptualizado históricamente como un problema de diseminación unidireccional. Sin embargo, existen razones consistentes para considerar que la desarticulación entre ciencia y práctica también responde al modo en que se h...
Article
Full-text available
The gap between research and clinical practice is one of the distinctive features of psychotherapy. This gap has historically been conceptualized as a problem of unidirectional dissemination. However, there are compelling reasons to consider that the disarticulation between science and practice also responds to the way in which scientific knowledge...
Preprint
Full-text available
For many years, biofeedback and neurofeedback have been implemented in the treatment of depression. However, the effectiveness of these techniques on depressive symptomatology is still controversial. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies extracted from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Embase. Two different strings were considered for eac...
Article
Full-text available
According to a growing body of studies, people's ability to forecast future emotional experiences is generally biased. Nonetheless, the existing literature has mainly explored affective forecasting in relation to specific events, whereas little is still known about the ability to make general estimations of future emotional states. Based on existin...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Emotional disorders (EDs) are among the most prevalent mental disorders. Existing evidence-based psychological treatments are not sufficient to reduce the disease burden of mental disorders. It is therefore essential to implement innovative solutions to achieve a successful dissemination of psychological treatment protocols, and in this...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Living in the time of the COVID-19 means experiencing not only a global health emergency but also extreme psychological stress with potential emotional side effects such as sadness, grief, irritability and mood swings. Crucially, lockdown and confinement measures isolate people who become the first and the only ones in charge of their o...
Article
Full-text available
Stress is an inescapable element of the modern age. Instances of untreated stress may lead to a reduction in the individual’s health, well-being and socio-economic situation. Stress management application development for wearable smart devices is a growing market. The use of wearable smart devices and biofeedback for individualized real-life stress...
Article
Full-text available
An automatic stress detection system that uses unobtrusive smart bands will contribute to human health and wellbeing by alleviating the effects of high stress levels. However, there are a number of challenges for detecting stress in unrestricted daily life which results in lower performances of such systems when compared to semi-restricted and labo...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers strive hard to develop effective ways to detect and cope with enduring highlevel daily stress as early as possible to prevent serious health consequences. Although research has traditionally been conducted in laboratory settings, a set of new studies have recently begun to be conducted in ecological environments with unobtrusive wearabl...
Chapter
The principal aim to this chapter is to present the latest ideas in virtual reality (VR), some of which have already been applied to the field of anxiety disorders, and others are still pending to be materialized. More than 20 years ago, VR emerged as an exposure tool in order to provide patients and therapists with more appealing ways of deliverin...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, emotion regulation (ER) has been one of the most widely studied constructs within the psychological field. Nevertheless, laboratory experiments and retrospective assessments have been the 2 most common strands of ER research; thus, leaving open several crucial questions about ER antecedents and consequences in daily life. Beyond...
Chapter
Full-text available
The emerging fields of predictive and precision medicine are changing the traditional medical approach to disease and patient. Current discoveries in medicine enable to deepen the comprehension of diseases, whereas the adoption of high-quality methods such as novel imaging techniques (e.g. MRI, PET) and computational approaches (i.e. machine learni...
Chapter
Emotions and stress have a great impact on mental states and well-being, and the mindbody problem has historically been conceived as a continuum from dualism to physicalism. Stress and emotions are undoubtedly defined by the physical underpinnings but cannot be reduced to them. Mental states, such as beliefs, goals, or values, play also an essentia...
Article
Full-text available
El Cuestionario de Evaluación del Estilo Personal del Terapeuta (EPT-C) es un instrumento con más de 20 años de desarrollos teóricos y empíricos a nivel internacional, especialmente en Latinoamérica. El objetivo del estudio consistió en proporcionar evidencia preliminar sobre sus propiedades psicométricas y estructura factorial en una muestra de ps...
Chapter
Internet-based psychological treatments have shown to be a promising solution to increase the accessibility to evidence-based treatments. However, the implementation of these interventions is still a challenge in health care settings. The study of the acceptability of these interventions may be a key aspect to reach successful implementation. Speci...
Chapter
Full-text available
Virtual Reality (VR) Therapy has emerged in the 90s as an appealing way of delivering exposure treatment. Throughout these years, ample evidence has been published. Although there is an agreed consensus regarding its efficacy, currently a quick shift in the field is being experienced, especially due to the advent of off-the-shelf technology that is...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditional clinical and research assessments rely on retrospective questionnaires, that ask individuals to retrospectively summarize how they felt during the last period. Nevertheless, people are not accurate at recalling past experiences without altering the content, especially when they are required to report their affect. In this study, we adop...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, emotion regulation (ER) received increasing attention and became one of the most studied topics within the psychological field. Nevertheless, this construct has not been fully updated with the latest technological advancements. In this perspective, we will show how diverse technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), wearable bi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of technology-based Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) allows to repeatedly assess patients during daily life, in naturalistic settings and in precise moments of the day. To date, EMAs have been broadly adopted for the investigation of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Nevertheless, adherence still represents a clinical challenge, as de...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and ecological momentary intervention (EMI) are alternative approaches to retrospective self-reports and face-to-face treatments, and they make it possible to repeatedly assess patients in naturalistic settings and extend psychological support into real life. The increase in smartphone applications and the avai...
Article
Full-text available
We read with great interest the commentary by David et al. (1) in which the authors give a series of reasons to support that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) constitutes the current gold standard of psychotherapy. Their main argument revolves around the fact that CBT provides the most solid evidence in terms of efficiency (both efficacy and effec...
Article
Full-text available
Argentina posee una auténtica cultura psicoterapéutica, siendo el psicoanálisis su expresión más difundida y aceptada, particularmente en las universidades públicas. Sin embargo, Argentina carece de un sistema que provea formación continua y apropiada para los psicoterapeutas. Por tanto, las habilidades de los psicólogos han sido reiteradamente des...
Article
Ample evidence supports the use of Virtual Reality (VR) for anxiety disorders. Nonetheless, currently there is no evidence about moderators or potential negative effects of VR treatment strategies. An Individual Patient Data (IPD) approach was employed with 15 retrieved datasets. The current study sample was composed of 810 patients. Randomized con...
Article
Full-text available
Metacognition refers to the set of skills that allow us to know how our mental system works and to think about this experience of knowledge. The objectives of this study were first, to design a selfreport questionnaire to assess metacognitive skills in psychopathology, and secondly, to compare the metacognitive abilities assessed through the new in...
Article
Full-text available
Argentina owns an authentic psychotherapeutic culture, being psychoanalysis its most spread expression, particularly in public-managed universities. Nevertheless, Argentina lacks of a system to provide appropriate and continuous education for psychotherapists. Thus, psychologists' abilities have been repeatedly described as biased and deficitary. A...
Article
Full-text available
Background Ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs) represent a novel approach for the assessment and delivery of psychological support to depressed patients in daily life. Beyond the classical paper-and-pencil daily diaries, the more recent progresses in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)...
Article
This study aggregated data from three randomized control trials to explore the differential efficacy of three forms of exposure therapy, namely, in vivo (iVET), virtual reality (VRET), and augmented reality (ARET), in the treatment of small animal phobia. Additionally, baseline patient characteristics were used to detect subgroups of patients who s...
Article
La regulación emocional se ha convertido a lo largo de las últimas dos décadas en uno de los constructos más estudiados en el campo de la psicología clínica. En el presente artículo se exponen en una primera sección los conceptos primordiales en torno a los hallazgos psicopatológicos que dan cuenta del papel primordial de la regulación emocional co...
Article
Full-text available
Podríamos decir que con el Siglo XXI llega al campo de las psicoterapias uncambio de paradigma que comienza a trascender los sistemas categoriales quedirigieron la práctica clínica durante el último Siglo. En respuesta a las evidentesfalacias tanto epistemológicas como prácticas de los sistemas psicopatológicostradicionales, han surgido en los últi...
Article
Full-text available
In this concluding paper the central subjects that have been elaborated in the 10 works that make up the special issue on Practice Oriented Research are developed. In this direction the topics are presented relation to the current panorama of psychotherapy research field, posing the fundamental challenges that must be overcome to favor a better art...
Chapter
Full-text available
Gemischte Realitäten (engl. Mixed Realities, MR) und Serious Games (SG) stellen zwei Ausprägungen jener technologischen Entwicklungen dar, die aktuell das Feld der psychischen Gesundheit inklusive der Klinischen Psychologie und Psychotherapie maßgeblich verändern. Obgleich es eine Reihe von Gründen gibt, die den Einsatz dieser Technologien im Rahme...
Article
Full-text available
Red para el desarrollo de jóvenes psicoterapeutas e investigadores (Network for the Development of Young Psychotherapists and Researchers) is a Practice Research Network (PRN) conformed by early career clinicians and researchers. Following Practice-Oriented Research principles, the present study aims to describe the building process of this PRN by...
Data
Openness to the Future Scale (English version) (Botella et al., 2018)
Data
Escala de Apertura hacia el Futuro en Español (Botella et. al 2018)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Most of the research on psychopathology has provided an incomplete picture of mental health by focusing on vulnerability factors and omitting the transversal processes that may explain human adapted functioning. Moreover, research has not sufficiently addressed prospective protective factors for mental health. New theoretical and empiri...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Given the rise of internet-based treatments as an effective therapeutic tool for psychological disorders, it is necessary to carry out research that examines clients’ experiences with this type of intervention. The qualitative methodology has been found to be useful for analyzing clients’ perceptions in terms of facilitators and barriers...
Chapter
Full-text available
Emotion regulation (ER) is defined as the processes deployed by an individual or group of individuals to explicitly or implicitly influence the experienced emotions in order achieve desirable states or goals. The available literature within this domain has grown exponentially in the last years. Nevertheless, to the best of our knowledge no scientom...
Article
Full-text available
The personal style of the therapist (PST) is defi ned as the set of characteristics that lead the therapist to behave in a particular professional way. This empirical study aims to provide evidence of the concurrent validity of the EPT-C, an instrument to assess PST. Cluster analysis was performed with data from 79 audio-taped recorded sessions of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: An important concern in Internet-based treatments (IBTs) for emotional disorders is the high dropout rate from these protocols. Although dropout rates are usually reported in research studies, very few studies qualitatively explore the experiences of patients who drop out of IBTs. Examining the experiences of these clients may help to...
Article
Full-text available