Javier Benayas

Javier Benayas
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Department of Ecology

Doctor of Ecology

About

162
Publications
70,975
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2,805
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1984 - present
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (162)
Article
Full-text available
There has been increasing research on pedagogical approaches, sustainability competences, and how to connect them in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). This paper's aim is to provide deeper insights into the system of pedagogical approaches and sustainability competences, as well as how these interrelate. A survey was developed to investigate su...
Article
Full-text available
Urban resilience is an emergent concept that is receiving an increasing attention. Its definition is linked with the ability of an urban system to resist, maintain continuity and recover through all stresses while adapting and transforming towards sustainability. The aim of this study is two-fold. First, we analyse the research output on urban resi...
Article
Understanding the success factors underlying each step in the process of biological invasion provides a robust foundation upon which to develop appropriate biosecurity measures. Insights into the processes occurring can be gained through clarifying the circumstances applying to non-native species that have arrived, established and, in some cases, s...
Article
Tourism in Antarctica has been growing and diversifying. While Antarctic tourists are purported to have meaningful interactions with the Antarctic environment, little empirical research exists to understand how motivations and trip characteristics of the Antarctic journey shape tourists' experiential outputs, which may in turn influence their pro-e...
Article
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Human activities in Antarctica were increasing before the COVID-19 pandemic, and tourism was not an exception. The growth and diversification of Antarctic tourism over the last few decades have been extensively studied. However, environmental impacts associated with this activity have received less attention despite an increasing body of scholarshi...
Article
Visitor Site Guidelines are the principal instruments guiding tourist activities and behaviour at intensively visited sites. These instruments attempt to minimize tourist impacts on Antarctic wildlife, including penguins. However, some recommendations still need to be reinforced by empirical research. Although penguins have enjoyed considerable res...
Article
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Biological invasions are one of the most important threats to Antarctic biodiversity. Springtails (Collembola) make up most of the diversity in soil arthropod communities in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems. However, the potential range expansion of already established alien springtails and their consequent impacts on Antarctic ecosystems remains l...
Article
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Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have been incorporating sustainability into education and curricula, where recent research has focussed on sustainability competences, pedagogical approaches, and how to connect them, generally on a single HEI. The process of integrating sustainability into education based on curricula assessment has been explai...
Article
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Growth and diversification of tourism activities in Antarctica have not been matched by proactive strategies for planning or management. Recognizing that the adaptive management approach has been effectively implemented in managing tourism in protected areas, we examine to what extent this approach has been incorporated into the Antarctic tourism r...
Article
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In 2017, the United Nations adopted a global Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator framework, calling on member countries to collect complementary national and regional indicators. Cities are crucial to channelling efforts towards sustainability through the use of these indicators. They provide an integrated approach to the city situation m...
Article
Antarctic ecosystem services are rich and diverse and include global climate modulation, biodiversity and habitat protection, cultural heritage, scientific knowledge, education and recreation as well as the extraction of marine living resources. However, environmental protection studies have rarely examined the full complement of Antarctic values r...
Chapter
Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (UAM) is a public medium size university, based in Madrid, Spain. It was established in 1968. UAM has 33,633 students (23,249 undergraduate, and 10,373 postgraduate) and 2,368 teaching staff. It has a long tradition in contributing to sustainability in its teaching, research, and campus operations. This chapter presen...
Article
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La formación del profesorado universitario en Educación para la Sostenibilidad es una prioridad para dotar de calidad a las universidades y dar respuesta, desde este ámbito, a las problemáticas socioambientales enmarcadas en la Agenda 2030 a través de los Objetivos para el Desarrollo Sostenible. La presente investigación pretende poner en valor una...
Article
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El desarrollo profesional del profesorado de Educación Superior y su formación en sostenibilidad en es una prioridad máxima para dotar de calidad a las universidades y así, dar respuesta desde este ámbito a las problemáticas socioambientales enmarcadas en la Agenda 2030 a través de los Objetivos para el Desarrollo Sostenible. La presente investigac...
Article
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This study analyses how Spanish universities are communicating their commitment to sustainability to society. That entailed analysing the content of their websites and their scientific papers in sustainability science and technologies and measuring the impact of such research in social media. Results obtained from bibliometric approaches and instit...
Article
Antarctica has been witnessing continued growth of tourism, both in the overall visitation and in the diversity of itineraries and visitor activities. Expanding tourism presents unique business and educational opportunities, but it is also putting immense pressure on Antarctica's natural, and for the most parts, pristine environment. Understanding...
Book
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El propósito principal de este proyecto es mejorar el conocimiento de los beneficios ambientales que los espacios verdes del campus de Cantoblanco de la UAM proporcionan al bienestar de la comunidad universitaria. Para ello, el proyecto ha establecido los siguientes objetivos específicos: Identificar, cartografiar y evaluar cuatro servicios de regu...
Book
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El papel de las universidades es clave para la implementación de la Agenda 2030 y la consecución de las metas englobadas en los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) que contempla. Tanto es así, que la Red de Soluciones para el Desarrollo Sostenible (SDSN por sus siglas en inglés) fue creada para apoyar la consecución de esta Agenda. Las univ...
Book
Full-text available
El presente informe es una aproximación al impacto del turismo en la consecución de los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), a través del análisis de antecedentes históricos y de los diferentes actores implicados en el desarrollo turístico sostenible de un territorio. Asimismo, incluye una propuesta metodológica para aplicar la Agenda 2030...
Article
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Context European agricultural landscapes are facing contradictory phenomena in that some areas are experiencing unsustainable land-use intensification while others are being abandoned. Specifically, agricultural intensification is increasing resulting in numerous negative environmental impacts on European soils, water and biodiversity; increased cr...
Article
Context European agricultural landscapes are facing contradictory phenomena in that some areas are experiencing unsustainable land-use intensification while others are being abandoned. Specifically, agricultural intensification is increasing resulting in numerous negative environmental impacts on Euro-pean soils, water and biodiversity; increased c...
Article
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A thorough understanding of long-term temporal social-ecological dynamics at the national scale helps to explain the current condition of a country’s ecosystems and to support environmental policies to tackle future sustainability challenges. We aimedcto develop a methodological approach to understand past long-term (1960-2010) social-ecological dy...
Article
Full-text available
A thorough understanding of long-term temporal social-ecological dynamics at the national scale helps to explain the current condition of a country's ecosystems and to support environmental policies to tackle future sustainability challenges. We aimed to develop a methodological approach to understand past long-term (1960-2010) social-ecological dy...
Article
Biological invasions are one of the major threats to Antarctic native biodiversity and to ecosystems integrity. Regional environmental change and increasing human activity in Maritime Antarctica facilitates the introduction, establishment and colonisation of an increasing number of non-indigenous species. Systematic monitoring is an essential tool...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to outline the scientific production in Portuguese universities in environmental education (EE) and education for sustainable development (ESD). It takes doctoral theses presented in public universities as reference, assuming that, in Higher Education, the production of doctoral theses is a key beacon of the scientific devel...
Article
Land-use intensification is occurring worldwide and is impacting the delivery of multiple ecosystem services. We developed an approach to understand land-use change in relation to ecosystem services synergies and trade-offs at a national level. We test the proposed approach for Spain by mapping the spatial distribution of 14 high-resolution indicat...
Article
Sustainability is increasing their presence at universities, so it is convenient to reflect on the impact and effectiveness that university sustainability actions are having. Several authors have recognized mature experiences about environmental sustainability in the different dimensions of higher education: teaching, research, operations and outre...
Article
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Higher education institutions (HEIs) have been steadily progressing towards the integration of sustainable practices in their structures and operations. Several studies have reported the variety of drivers of change and the barriers to change that universities have found in the integration process. The present investigation is aimed at further char...
Article
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How do Spaniards frame climate change? Is it something negative and depressing? Is it an environmental question or a human issue? What is their perceived role? Are they mere observers, victims or part of the problem? To explore these issues, in a series of opinion polls prepared in Spain in 2008, 2010 and 2012, the interviewed persons were asked, ‘...
Article
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El índicE mundial dE los ods España, junto con otros 192 países, se enfrenta en la próxima década a la consecución del de-safío más ambicioso en materia de desarrollo social, económico y ambiental: el compromi-so de alcanzar los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) establecidos por las Naciones Unidas mediante una agenda de desarrollo que de...
Article
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Barrientos Island is a small islet in the South Shetland archipelago frequently visited by Antarctic tourists. Collembola were recently used in another study developed in this site to assess the environmental conditions of two paths used by visitors, showing the importance of this soil faunal community. This motivated the realization of the first c...
Article
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The Antarctic Treaty recognizes the outstanding scientific values of the Antarctic environment through the designation of Antarctic Specially Protected Areas (ASPAs) that have rigorous management plans specific to each site. Deception Island has the largest concentration of rare bryophyte species and communities in Antarctica, while also offering s...
Article
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The object of study focused on the aspects, both internal and external that influence and relate to the integration of sustainability in higher education institutions (hereinafter IES). The study was developed within the framework of the second phase of the RISU project, "Definition of indicators for the evaluation of sustainability policies in Lat...
Article
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The main soil physical-chemical features, the concentrations of a set of pollutants, and the soil microbiota linked to penguin rookeries have been studied in 10 selected sites located at the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula (Maritime Antarctica). This study aims to test the hypothesis that biotransport by penguins increases the co...
Data
Raw data for soil variables given in Table 2. R stands for each replicate. (DOCX)
Data
Brief description of sampling sites. (DOCX)
Data
Standard element recovery (%) comparison for methods used in our study, to those given by the method 3050B given by USEPA [38] and those used by Roca-Perez et al. [39]. (DOCX)
Article
In recent years, there have been a considerable number of efforts to integrate sustainability into Higher Education Institutions; however, there are still a number of challenges that need to be overcome. A process that has received an increasing attention has been the Organisational Change Management for Sustainability. This article is aimed at rev...
Article
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Purpose The world is shaped by an education system that reinforces unsustainable thinking and practice. Efforts to transform our societies must thus prioritise the education of educators – building their understanding of sustainability and their ability to transform curriculum and wider learning opportunities. The purpose of this paper is to focus...
Article
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Cualquier actividad humana lleva consigo una relación más o menos estrecha con el medio en que se desarrolla. Incluidas las actividades deportivas. El grado de impacto y afección al medio de estos deportes va a depender de variables como la necesidad de infraestructuras temporales o permanentes; la capacidad de penetración en la naturaleza de la ac...
Article
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Costa Rica is internationally recognized for its abundant biodiversity and being a leader in the promotion of education strategies for biodiversity conservation. We interviewed staff from 16 institutions developing key environmental communication, education, and participation projects for biodiversity conservation in the country. Through content an...
Article
The on-going introduction of non-native species to Antarctica due to expanding human activity presents an increasing threat to biodiversity. Under the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, all introduced non-native species should be removed from the Antarctic Treaty area. The non-native grass Poa pratensis was first introduc...
Article
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Three polls carried out in 2008, 2010 and 2012 explored media consumption and sources used by Spaniards to receive information on climate change issues. These polls revealed a sharp drop in the amount of information received both through personal conversations and the media. Studies carried out by different researchers concluded that media coverag...
Book
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This report presents a synthesis and integration of the key findings of the socio-economic valuation presented in the Technical Report which was completed in 2015, which is available in Spanish at the web site (http://www.ecomilenio.es). Overall, twelve ecosystem services have been valued using three main techniques: (1) a meta-analysis of the stud...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization is a major driver of land use change and global environmental decline. With accelerated urbanization worldwide, it is essential to put in place new policies to conserve urban ecosystems, species and the services these provide in order to secure more sustainable, resilient and livable cities for the 21st century. In urban planning, the...
Article
Two Antarctic expeditions (in 2009 and 2011) were carried out to assess the local and remote anthropogenic sources of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as potential biogenic hydrocarbons. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), n-alkanes, biomarkers such as phytane (Ph) and pristane (Pr), and the aliphatic unresolved complex mixture (UC...
Article
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The preambles of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty and the 1991 Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic state that Antarctica is to be managed in the interest of all mankind. However, key phrases such as ‘interest of all mankind’ and ‘wilderness and aesthetic values’ are subject to interpretation. The objective of this study is to gain a bett...
Article
Thousands of tourists visit certain Antarctic sites each year, generating a wide variety of environmental impacts. Scientific knowledge of human activities and their impacts can help in the effective design of management measures and impact mitigation. We present a case study from Barrientos Island in which a management measure was originally put i...
Article
We analyzed the state of the art in research on the economic valuation of ecosystem services in Spain. A review of 150 publications was conducted and included 649 economic value estimates. The results showed an increase in the number of scientific studies on the economic valuation of ecosystem services and a dissimilar distribution across regions....
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to illustrate by means of a series of case studies the implementation of mapping and assessment of forest ecosystem services in different contexts and geographical levels. Methodological aspects, data issues, approaches, limitations, gaps and further steps for improvement are analysed for providing good practices and decis...
Chapter
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The ecosystem services (ES) framework opens the door to common ground between ecology science and economics in facing the challenge of planetary sustainability. Application of the available methodologies and instruments reveals both the high potential and the controversies related to this new socio-ecological management approach. Feeding on the res...
Book
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The Leading Practice Publication (LPP) is the result of nearly two years of work on the UE4SD project building on the knowledge and experience of 53 partners from 33 countries active in the area of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) at European higher education institutions (HEIs). In these two years (2013-2015), a wealth of information ha...
Research
Full-text available
Equipo de Investigación e Uso Público en Espacios Naturales Protegidos del Departamento de Ecología de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.
Conference Paper
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This paper summarizes preliminary results of a research study that investigated university students’ perceptions of Antarctic wilderness and reports on discussions of these results at a workshop held at the 10th World Wilderness Congress. The purpose of the research study was to determine whether nationality and cultural differences were associated...
Research
The history of the Environmental Education and interpretation in Costa Rica goes back to the 70s, when the develop- ment of the international policies in these areas occurred. We present a description of the evolution of these disciplines from its origins until now, from a four-levels approach: (1) the National System of Conservation Areas, (2) the...